The Joyous Meditation Teachings of Lorin Roche


Effort-Sarga


ātmaśakti

ātma--śakti [p= 135,3] [L=23620]
one's own power or effort Pan5cat. ( Hit. )

(H3) 

f.

 prayāsa

pra-° yāsá [p= 688,1] [L=136211]
exertion , effort , pains , trouble (ibc. , with loc. or gen. , -arthāya or -nimittena) VS. TS. Ka1v. &c (cf. a-prayāsena)

Ja1takam.
pra-yāsa [L=136262]
under pra-yas.

(H3) 

m.
[L=136212]high degree
(H1) »







samudyama

sam-udyama [p= 1168,2] [L=235522]
lifting up MBh.

loc. dat. , or comp.) Ka1v. Katha1s.

(H2) 

m.
[L=235523]great effort or exertion , setting about , readiness to or for (

 samprayāsa

sam-prayāsa [p= 1175,3] [L=236515]
great exertion , effort , exhaustion BhP.

(H1) 

m.








sarga

sárga [p= 1183,3] [L=237844]
(ifc. f(ā). ; fr. √ sj) letting go , discharging , voiding (as excrement) MBh. R.

RV.

ib. Ra1jat.

RV.
1184,1] [L=237848]
acc. with √ k , " to cast or strike down " RV. )

ib.

opp. to pratisarga " secondary creation ") , creation of the world (as opp. to its pralaya " dissolution " , and sthiti , " maintenance in existence " ; 9 different creations are enumerated in BhP. iii , 10 , 13 ; ā sargāt , " from the creation or beginning of the world " ; sarge " in the created world ") Up. Mn. MBh. &c

daiva " a divine creation " , " a god ") Ragh.

MBh.

BhP.

ib.

Bhag. v , 19

Ragh. S3is3.

esp. in an epic poem)

L.

= moha) L.

MBh. xi , 2165 ( Ni1lak. )

visarga , the aspiration at the end of a word Cat.

of śiva MBh.

rudra Pur.
sarga [p= 1245,2] [L=251925]
» [p= 1182,3].

(H1) 

m.
[L=237845]starting (a race-horse) , racing
[L=237846]a herd let loose from a stable , any troop or host or swarm or multitude
[L=237847]a draught of air , gust of wind
[p= a stream , gush , rush , downpour (of any fluid ;
[L=237849]a dart , shot
[L=237850]emission or creation of matter , primary creation (as
[L=237851]a created being , creature (with
[L=237852]begetting , procreation
[L=237853]origin
[L=237854]offspring , a child
[L=237855]nature , natural property , disposition , tendency
[L=237856]effort , exertion , resolution , resolve , will
[L=237857]a section , chapter , book , canto (
[L=237858]assent , agreement
[L=237859]fainting (
[L=237860]implement of war
[L=237861]=
[L=237862]N.
[L=237863]of a son of
(H2) &c



udyama

ud-yama [p= 191,1] [L=33438]
the act of raising or lifting up , elevation R. Ya1jn5. Pan5cat. &c


R. Kum. Pan5cat. VarBr2S. &c

(H2) 

m.
[L=33439]undertaking , beginning
[L=33440]the act of striving after , exerting one's self , exertion , strenuous and continued effort , perseverance , diligence , zeal







1 aghoṣa (effort) 2 atisara (effort) 3 adhyavasāna (effort) 4 adhyavasāya (effort) 5 adhyavasiti (effort) 6 anāpta (effort) 7 anutsāha (effort) 8 anudyoga (effort) 9 aprabhūti (effort) 10 aprayatna (effort) 11 abhikramanāśa (effort) 12 abhiyoga (effort) 13 abhihāra (effort) 14 abhyāsa (effort) 15 ayatna (effort) 16 ayatnena (effort) 17 ayatnāt (effort) 18 ayatnatas (effort) 19 ayatnabālavyajanībhū (effort) 20 ayoga (effort) 21 alpaceṣṭita (effort) 22 alpaprāṇa (effort) 23 ātman (effort) 24 ātmaśakti (effort) 25 ābhoga (effort) 26 ābhyantaraprayatna (effort) 27 āyasta (effort) 28 āyāsa (effort) 29 āyāsaka (effort) 30 ārambha (effort) 31 īṣatkārya (effort) 32 īhā (effort) 33 īhita (effort) 34 ujjṛmbhita (effort) 35 uttāpa (effort) 36 utthāna (effort) 37 utthānayukta (effort) 38 utthānavat (effort) 39 utsāha (effort) 40 udghāṭita (effort) 41 udyama (effort) 42 udyamabhaṅga (effort) 43 udyamana (effort) 44 udyamin (effort) 45 udyāsa (effort) 46 udyogin (effort) 47 upa (effort) 48 upadhmā (effort) 49 upalabdhisama (effort) 50 ūrja (effort) 51 ūrdhveha (effort) 52 ekaprayatna (effort) 53 ojāya (effort) 54 kakṣyā (effort) 55 kāra (effort) 56 kiyadetikā (effort) 57 kiyadehikā (effort) 58 kṛtaprayatna (effort) 59 kṛtotsāha (effort) 60 kram (effort) 61 gandhana (effort) 62 guṇa (effort) 63 gur (effort) 64 gurv (effort) 65 graha (effort) 66 ghaṭā (effort) 67 ceṣṭ (effort) 68 ceṣṭā (effort) 69 ceṣṭaka (effort) 70 ceṣṭana (effort) 71 ceṣṭārha (effort) 72 ceṣṭita (effort) 73 tathā (effort) 74 tuṣakhaṇḍana (effort) 75 dīrghaprayatna (effort) 76 durbalāyāsa (effort) 77 nirīhā (effort) 78 paryārin (effort) 79 pātraparīṣṭi (effort) 80 puruṣakāra (effort) 81 puruṣakāraphala (effort) 82 puruṣārtha (effort) 83 puṣpagaṇḍikā (effort) 84 pratiyatna (effort) 85 prayatana (effort) 86 prayatna (effort) 87 prayati (effort) 88 prayāsa (effort) 89 prayāsita (effort) 90 prastuta (effort) 91 bāhyaprayatna (effort) 92 bhagīrathapatha (effort) 93 bhagīrathaprayatna (effort) 94 bhagnaceṣṭa (effort) 95 manoyuj (effort) 96 mahodyama (effort) 97 mānuṣopeta (effort) 98 mṛduprayatna (effort) 99 yat (effort) 100 yatana (effort) 101 yatna (effort) 102 yatnatas (effort) 103 yatnavattva (effort) 104 yatnākṣepa (effort) 105 yatnāntara (effort) 106 yathotsāha (effort) 107 yātnika (effort) 108 yoktṛ (effort) 109 yogatas (effort) 110 laghuprayatna (effort) 111 līlādagdha (effort) 112 līlāmātreṇa (effort) 113 vāh (effort) 114 vāhana (effort) 115 viceṣṭā (effort) 116 veh (effort) 117 beh (effort) 118 vyavaso (effort) 119 vyavasāya (effort) 120 vyavasita (effort) 121 vyas (effort) 122 vyasana (effort) 123 vyāyam (effort) 124 vyāyāma (effort) 125 śakti (effort) 126 śami (effort) 127 śamī (effort) 128 śimī (effort) 129 śrathana (effort) 130 śram (effort) 131 śrama (effort) 132 śramaṇa (effort) 133 ślathodyama (effort) 134 saṃyama (effort) 135 saṃyas (effort) 136 saṃyāsa (effort) 137 saṃskṛti (effort) 138 saṃhati (effort) 139 saṃhatyakārin (effort) 140 saceṣṭa (effort) 141 samādhā (effort) 142 samānāsyaprayatna (effort) 143 samīkṣā (effort) 144 samīhita (effort) 145 samutthāna (effort) 146 samutpatana (effort) 147 samudyama (effort) 148 samprayāsa (effort) 149 samyakprahāṇa (effort) 150 sayatna (effort) 151 sarga (effort) 152 sarvaprayatna (effort) 153 sarvayatna (effort) 154 sukhā (effort) 155 sūtthāna (effort) 156 sotsāha (effort) 157 svayamīhitalabdha (effort) 158 upakrama (effort)




aghoṣa

(H1) a-ghoṣa [p= 7,1] [L=1401] m. (in Gr.) " non-sonance , absence of all sound or soft murmur " , hard articulation or effort as applied to the hard consonants and visarga
(H1B) a-ghoṣa [L=1402] mfn. soundless , hard (as the hard consonants).
atisara

(H2) ati-sará [p= 16,1] [L=3278] m. effort , exertion AV.
adhyavasāna

(H3) adhy-ava-sāna [p= 23,2] [L=4610] n. attempt , effort , exertion
[L=4611] energy , perseverance
[L=4612] determining
[L=4613] (in rhetoric) concise and forcible language.
adhyavasāya

(H2) adhy-ava-sāya [L=4614] m. id.
[L=4615] (in phil.) mental effort , apprehension.
(H2) adhy-avasāya [p= 1310,3] [L=304170] (also) clinging to (earthly things), Divya7v.
adhyavasiti

(H2) adhy-ava-siti [p= 23,2] [L=4620] f. exertion , effort.
anāpta

(H1) án-āpta [p= 28,1] [L=5557] mfn. unattained , unobtained RV. i , 100 , 2 , &c , unsuccessful in the effort to attain or obtain
[L=5558] not apt , unfit Mn. viii , 294
(H1B) án-āpta [L=5559] m. a stranger.
anutsāha

(H1) an-utsāha [p= 33,1] [L=6401] m. non-exertion , want of effort
[L=6402] want of energy or determination
[L=6403] listlessness
(H1B) an-utsāha [L=6404] mfn. deficient in determination.
anudyoga

(H1) an-udyoga [p= 33,3] [L=6482] m. absence of exertion or effort , inactivity , laziness.
aprabhūti

(H2) á-prabhūti [p= 58,2] [L=10678] f. (Ved. instr. °tī) , little effort RV. x , 124 , 7.
aprayatna

(H1) a-prayatna [p= 58,3] [L=10714] m. absence of effort , indifference
(H1B) a-prayatna [L=10715] mfn. indifferent , apathetic in (loc.) Mn. vi , 26.
abhikramanāśa

(H3) abhi-krama--nāśa [p= 61,2] [L=11231] m. unsuccessful effort Bhag.
abhiyoga

(H2) abhi-yoga [p= 68,1] [L=12147] m. application
[L=12148] energetic effort , exertion , perseverance in , constant practice (with loc. or inf.)
[L=12149] attack , assault Kum. vii , 50 , &c
[L=12150] (in law) a plaint , a charge , accusation Ya1jn5. &c
abhihāra

(H2) abhi-hāra [p= 74,2] [L=12975] m. bringing near Pat. (cf. ābhi-hārika)
[L=12976] robbing , seizing anything (in the owner's presence) MBh. xiii , 3047
[L=12977] brisk attack L.
[L=12978] effort L.
[L=12979] arming , taking up arms L.
[L=12980] mingling together Car. &c
(H2) abhi-hāra [p= 1315,2] [L=312500] (also) offering, sacrifice, Ja1takam.
abhyāsa

(H2) abhy-āsa 2 [p= 76,3] [L=13341] m. the act of adding anything , S3ulb.
[L=13342] (in Gr.) " what is prefixed " , the first syllable of a reduplicated radical Pa1n2.
[L=13343] reduplication Nir.
[L=13344] repetition Mn. xii , 74 , &c
[L=13345] (in poetry) repetition of the last verse of a stanza ([ Nir. ]) or of the last word of a chapter [Comm. on AitBr. ]
[L=13346] (in arithm.) multiplication
[L=13347] repeated or permanent exercise , discipline , use , habit , custom
[p= 77,1] [L=13348] repeated reading , study
[L=13349] military practice L.
[L=13350] (in later vedānta phil.) inculcation of a truth conveyed in sacred writings by means of repeating the same word or the same passage
[L=13351] (in yoga phil.) the effort of the mind to remain in its unmodified condition of purity (sattva).
(H1) abhy-āsa [p= 77,3] [L=13473] » (abhy- √1. aś and) 2. abhy- √2. as.
ayatna

(H2) a-yatna [p= 84,3] [L=14713] m. absence of effort or exertion
ayatnena

(H2C) a-yatnena [L=14714] ind. without effort or exertion. [ Mn. v , 47 , &c ]
ayatnāt

(H2C) a-yatnāt [L=14714.1] ind. (or incomp. ayatna-) without effort or exertion.
ayatnatas

(H3) a-yatna--tas [L=14718] without effort or exertion.
ayatnabālavyajanībhū

(H3) a-yatna--bālavyajanī- √ bhū [L=14719] (perf. 3. pl. babhūvuḥ) to become or be changed into a fan without effort Ragh. xvi , 33.
ayoga

(H2) a-yoga 1 [p= 85,3] [L=14929] m. separation , disjunction
[L=14930] separation from a lover Das3ar.
[L=14931] unfitness , unsuitableness , nonconformity Ka1vya7d.
[L=14932] impossibility Comm. on Kum. iii , 14
[L=14933] inefficacy of a remedy Sus3r.
[L=14934] medical treatment counter to the symptoms , non-application or mis-application of remedies Sus3r.
[L=14935] vigorous effort , exertion L.
[L=14936] inauspicious conjunction of planets L.
[L=14937] N. of a certain conjunction of planets.
(H1) ayoga 2 [p= 86,1] [L=14982] m. ([ NBD. ]) = ayogava MBh. xii.
(H3) ayo--ga [p= 1316,1] [L=313500.1] mfn. relating to iron, Nalac.
alpaceṣṭita

(H3) álpa--ceṣṭita [p= 95,3] [L=16835] mfn. " making little effort " , inert.
alpaprāṇa

(H3) álpa--prā* ṇa [L=16864] m. (in Gr.) slight breathing or weak aspiration (the effort in uttering the vowels , the semivowels y , r , l , v , the consonants k , c , ṭ , t , p , g , j , ḍ , i , b , and the nasals , is said to be accompanied with slight aspiration , but practically alpaprā*ṇa is here equivalent to unaspirated , as opposed to mahā-prā*ṇa q.v.) Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 Sch.
(H3B) álpa--prā* ṇa [L=16865] mfn. having short breath , not persevering , soon tired Sus3r. pronounced with slight breathing Ka1vya7d.
ātman

(H1) ātmán [p= 135,1] [L=23455] m. (variously derived fr. an , to breathe ; at , to move ; vā , to blow ; cf. tmán) the breath RV.
[L=23456] the soul , principle of life and sensation RV. AV. &c
[L=23457] the individual soul , self , abstract individual [e.g. ātmán (Ved. loc.) dhatte , or karoti , " he places in himself " , makes his own TS. v S3Br. ; ātmanā akarot , " he did it himself " Ka1d. ; ātmanā vi- √yuj , " to lose one's life " Mn. vii , 46 ; ātman in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders e.g. ātmānaṃ sā hanti , " she strikes herself " ; putram ātmanaḥ spṛṣṭvā nipetatuḥ , " they two having touched their son fell down " R. ii , 64 , 28 ; see also below s.v. ātmanā ]
[L=23463] essence , nature , character , peculiarity (often ifc. e.g. karmā*tman , &c ) RV. x , 97 , 11 , &c
[L=23464] the person or whole body considered as one and opposed to the separate members of the body VS. S3Br.
[L=23465] the body Ragh. i , 14 Ra1matUp.
[L=23466] (ifc.) " the understanding , intellect , mind " » naṣṭā*tman , mandā*°
[L=23467] the highest personal principle of life , brahma (cf. paramā*tman) AV. x , 8 , 44 VS. xxxii , 11 S3Br. xiv , &c
[L=23468] effort L.
[L=23469] (= dhṛti) firmness L.
[L=23470] the sun L.
[L=23471] fire L.
[L=23472] a son L. ; [Old Germ. a1tum ; Angl.Sax. oedhm ; Mod. Germ. Athem , Odem ; Gk. ἀϋτμήν , (?).]
ātmaśakti

(H3) ātma--śakti [p= 135,3] [L=23620] f. one's own power or effort Pan5cat. ( Hit. )
ābhoga

(H2) ā-bhogá 1 [p= 145,3] [L=25336] m. winding , curving , curve , crease MBh. R. &c
[L=25337] a serpent RV. vii , 94 , 12
[L=25338] the expanded hood of the Cobra Capella (used by varuṇa as his umbrella) MBh. Hcar.
[L=25339] circuit , circumference , environs , extension , fulness , expanse S3ak. Bhartr2. &c
[L=25340] variety , multifariousness Bhartr2.
[L=25341] effort , pains L.
[L=25342] (for 2. ā-bhoga » s.v.)
(H1) ā-bhoga 2 [p= 146,1] [L=25369] m. ( √2. bhuj) , enjoyment , satiety , fulness , completion L.
[L=25370] N. of wk.
(H1B) ā-bhoga 2 [L=25371] mfn. ifc. enjoying , eating TA1r.
(H1B) ā-bhoga 2 [L=25372] mfn. (for 1. ā-bhoga » ā- √1. bhuj.)
ābhyantaraprayatna

(H3) ābhyantara--prayatna [L=25381] m. internal effort (of the mouth in producing articulate utterance) Comm. on Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 Siddh. p.10.
āyasta

(H2) ā-yasta [p= 148,2] [L=25820] mfn. exerted , managed or effected with difficulty
[L=25821] labouring , toiling , making effort or exertion MBh. R. Hariv. &c
[L=25822] pained , distressed
[L=25823] wearied , vexed , angry ib.
[L=25824] sharpened , whetted
[L=25825] thrown , cast L.
(H2) ā-yasta [p= 1320,1] [L=319650] (also) n. resoluteness, R. (B.).
āyāsa

(H2) ā-yāsa [p= 148,2] [L=25826] m. effort , exertion (of bodily or mental power) , trouble , labour MBh. R. Sus3r. S3ak. Katha1s. &c
[L=25827] fatigue , weariness MBh. R. Das3.
(H2) ā-yāsá [p= 1320,1] [L=319700] ( VS. )
āyāsaka

(H2) ā-yāsaka [p= 148,2] [L=25828] mfn. causing effort , causing fatigue or weariness Bhartr2.
ārambha

(H2) ā-rambhá [p= 150,1] [L=26111] m. undertaking , beginning Mn. Pan5cat. Megh. &c
[L=26112] a thing begun
[L=26113] beginning , origin , commencement S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Megh. &c
[L=26114] (in dram.) the commencement of the action which awakens an interest in the progress of the principal plot Sa1h. 324 and 325
[L=26115] haste , speed
[L=26116] effort , exertion
[L=26117] pride
[L=26118] killing , slaughter (erroneous for ālambha » Zachariae , Beitrge , p.20 , l. 9) L.
(H2) ā-rambha [p= 1320,1] [L=319810] (in comp.)
īṣatkārya

(H3) īṣát--kārya [p= 171,2] [L=29934] mfn. connected with slight effort.
īhā

(H2B) īhā [p= 171,3] [L=29987] f. effort , exertion , activity Mn. MBh. R. &c
(H2B) īhā [L=29988] f. request , desire , wish R. Sa1h. MBh. &c
(H2) īhā [p= 1321,1] [L=321750] (in comp.)
īhita

(H2) īhita [p= 171,3] [L=29994] mfn. sought , attempted , striven for
[L=29995] wished , desired
(H2B) īhita [L=29996] n. desire , request , wish , effort Hit. Katha1s. Prab. &c
ujjṛmbhita

(H2) uj-jṛmbhita [p= 174,3] [L=30569] mfn. opened , stretched
[L=30570] expanded , blown
(H2B) uj-jṛmbhita [L=30571] n. effort , exertion L.
uttāpa

(H2) ut-tāpa [p= 177,3] [L=31067] m. great heat , glow
[L=31068] ardour , effort , excessive energy Hit. Ba1lar.
[L=31069] affliction , distress
[L=31070] excitement , anxiety L.
(H1) ut-tāpa [p= 179,2] [L=31390] » ut-tap.
utthāna

(H2) ut-thā́na [p= 179,3] [L=31490] n. the act of standing up or rising S3Br. Sus3r. Gaut. S3a1n3khGr2. Bhartr2. &c
[L=31491] rising (of the moon &c ) BhP. Ragh. &c
[L=31492] resurrection MBh. Pan5cat.
[L=31493] rising up to depart
[p= 180,1] [L=31494] leaving off S3Br. TS. Ka1tyS3r. &c : starting on a warlike expedition Mn. MBh. R. &c
[L=31495] coming forth , appearing Kap.
[L=31496] bursting open Jaim.
[L=31497] tumult , sedition Ra1jat.
[L=31498] rise , origin Sus3r.
[L=31499] effort , exertion
[L=31500] manly exertion , manhood MBh. Ra1jat. A1p. &c
[L=31501] evacuating (by stool &c ) Sus3r. Kaus3.
[L=31502] an army L.
[L=31503] joy , pleasure L.
[L=31504] a book L.
[L=31505] a court-yard L.
[L=31506] a shed where sacrifices are offered L.
[L=31507] a term , limit L.
[L=31508] business of a family or realm , the care of subjects or dependants L.
[L=31509] reflection L.
[L=31510] proximate cause of disease L.
(H2B) ut-thā́na [L=31511] mfn. causing to arise or originate MBh.
utthānayukta

(H3) ut-thā́na--yukta [L=31512] mfn. possessed of effort or energy , ready for action , zealous , diligent MBh.
utthānavat

(H3) ut-thā́na--vat [L=31513] mfn. possessed of effort or energy , ready for action , zealous , diligent MBh.
utsāha

(H2) ut-sāha [p= 182,1] [L=31884] m. power , strength
[L=31885] strength of will , resolution
[L=31886] effort , perseverance , strenuous and continuous exertion , energy
[L=31887] firmness , fortitude R. Mn. Sus3r. S3ak. Hit. &c
[L=31888] joy , happiness Vet.
[L=31889] a thread L.
(H2) ut-sāha [p= 1321,3] [L=322770] (in comp.)
udghāṭita

(H2) ud-ghāṭita [p= 187,3] [L=32864] mfn. opened , manifested
[L=32865] undertaken , commenced
[L=32866] raised , hoisted , lifted up
[L=32867] done with effort , exerted
[L=32868] stroked , tickled Sus3r.
udyama

(H2) ud-yama [p= 191,1] [L=33438] m. the act of raising or lifting up , elevation R. Ya1jn5. Pan5cat. &c
[L=33439] undertaking , beginning
[L=33440] the act of striving after , exerting one's self , exertion , strenuous and continued effort , perseverance , diligence , zeal R. Kum. Pan5cat. VarBr2S. &c
udyamabhaṅga

(H3) ud-yama--bhaṅga [L=33441] m. frustration of effort , discouragement , dissuasion
[L=33442] desisting.
udyamana

(H2) ud-yamana [L=33444] n. raising , elevation Pa1n2. Sarvad.
[L=33445] effort , exertion Das3.
udyamin

(H2) udyamin [L=33447] mfn. undertaking , persevering
[L=33448] making effort , active Ya1jn5. Katha1s. Bhartr2.
udyāsa

(H1) ud-yāsá [L=33471] m. ( √yas) , exertion , effort VS. xxxix , 11.
udyogin

(H2) udyogin [L=33486] mfn. one who makes effort , active , laborious , persevering , energetic.
upa

(H1) úpa [p= 194,3] [L=34067] ind. (a preposition or prefix to verbs and nouns , expressing) towards , near to (opposed to apa , away) , by the side of , with , together with , under , down (e.g. upa- √gam , to go near , undergo ; upa-gamana , approaching ; in the veda the verb has sometimes to be supplied from the context , and sometimes upa is placed after the verb to which it belongs , e.g. āyayur upa = upā*yayuḥ , they approached). (As unconnected with verbs and prefixed to nouns upa expresses) direction towards , nearness , contiguity in space , time , number , degree , resemblance , and relationship , but with the idea of subordination and inferiority (e.g. upa-kaniṣṭhikā , the finger next to the little finger ; upa-purāṇam , a secondary or subordinate purāṇa ; upa-daśa , nearly ten)
[L=34067.1] sometimes forming with the nouns to which it is prefixed compound adverbs (e.g. upa-mūlam , at the root ; upa-pūrva-rātram , towards the beginning of night ; upa-kūpe , near a well) which lose their adverbial terminations if they are again compounded with nouns (e.g. upakūpa-jalā*śaya , a reservoir in the neighbourhood of a well)
[L=34067.2] prefixed to proper names upa may express in classical literature " a younger brother " (e.g. upe*ndra , " the younger brother of indra ") , and in Buddhist literature " a son. " (As a separable adverb upa rarely expresses) thereto , further , moreover (e.g. tatro*pa brahma yo veda , who further knows the brahman) RV. AV. S3Br. Pa1rGr2. (As a separable preposition) near to , towards , in the direction of , under , below (with acc. e.g. upa āśāḥ , towards the regions)
[L=34067.3] near to , at , on , upon
[p= 195,1] [p= 194,3] [L=34067.4] at the time of , upon , up to , in , above (with loc. e.g. upa sānuṣu , on the tops of the mountains)
[L=34067.5] with , together with , at the same time with , according to (with inst. e.g. upa dharmabhiḥ , according to the rules of duty) RV. AV. S3Br. upa , besides the meanings given above , is said by native authorities to imply disease , extinction ; ornament ; command ; reproof ; undertaking ; giving ; killing ; diffusing ; wish ; power ; effort ; resemblance , &c ; ([cf. Zd. upa ; Gk. ὑπό ; Lat. sub ; Goth. uf ; Old Germ. oba ; Mod. Germ. ob in Obdach , obliegen , &c ])
upadhmā

(H1) upa- √ dhmā 1 [p= 200,1] [L=34848] P. -dhámati , to blow or breathe at or upon RV. v , 9 , 5 S3Br. Ta1n2d2yaBr. Shad2vBr. Ma1nS3r. Mn.
(H2) upa-dhmā 2 [L=34850] f. id.
[L=34851] the effort of the voice which produces the sound upadhmānīya.
upalabdhisama

(H3) upa-labdhi--sama [p= 205,3] [L=35663] m. (in log.) a kind of sophistical refutation of an argument (e.g. the argument , " sound is uneternal because it is produced by some effort " , is refuted by saying that sound is also produced by wind) Sarvad. Nya1yad. Nya1yak.
ūrja

(H2) ūrjá [p= 221,3] [L=38041] mfn. strong , powerful , eminent BhP. S3is3.
[L=38042] invigorating , strengthening
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38043] m. N. of a month (= kārttika) TS. i VS. S3Br. Sus3r. i , 19 , 9 BhP. &c
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38044] m. power , strength , vigour , sap MBh. Mn. ii , 55 BhP. &c
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38045] m. life , breath L.
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38046] m. effort , exertion L.
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38047] m. N. of several men
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38049] m. N. of a daughter of dakṣa and wife of vasiṣṭha VP. BhP.
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38050] n. water L.
ūrdhveha

(H3) ūrdhve* ha [p= 222,3] [L=38289] m. wish or effort to raise one's self Vop.
ekaprayatna

(H3) éka--prayatna [p= 228,3] [L=39462] m. one effort (of the voice).
ojāya

(H2) ojāya [p= 235,2] [L=40640] Nom. A1. ojāyate (p. ojāyámāna) to exhibit strength or energy , make effort RV. i , 140 , 6 ; ii , 12 , 11 ; iii , 32 , 11 Pat. on Pa1n2. 3-1 , 11 Bhat2t2.
kakṣyā

(H2B) kakṣyā́ [p= 242,1] [L=41581] f. girth (of an animal) , girdle , zone RV. AV. viii , 4 , 6 ; xviii , 1 , 15 MBh. &c (cf. baddha-kakṣya)
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41582] f. the enclosure of an edifice (either the wall &c so enclosing it , or the court or chamber constituting the enclosure , the inner apartment of a palace) MBh. R. &c
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41583] f. the orbit of a planet A1ryabh.
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41584] f. the scale of a balance Pat.
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41585] f. an upper garment L.
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41586] f. similarity , equality L.
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41587] f. effort , exertion L.
(H2B) kakṣyā́ [L=41588] f. a shrub yielding the black and red berry (that serves as a jeweller's weight) , the Retti or guñja , Abrus Precatorius L.
(H2B) kákṣyā [L=41589] f. pl. the fingers Nigh.
kāra

(H1) kāra 1 [p= 274,2] [L=48503] mf(ī)n. ( √1. kṛ Pa1n2. 3-2 , 23), making , doing , working , a maker , doer (ifc. » kumbha-k° , yajña k° , suvarṇa-k°)
[L=48504] an author (e.g. vārttika-k°)
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48505] m. (ifc.) an act , action (» kāma-k° , puruṣa-k°)
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48506] m. the term used in designating a letter or sound or indeclinable word (e.g. a-k° , ka-k° , qq. vv. ; eva-k° , the word eva ; phūt-k° q.v.) Pra1t. Mn. &c
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48507] m. effort , exertion L.
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48508] m. determination L.
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48509] m. religious austerity L.
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48510] m. a husband , master , lord L.
(H1B) kāra 1 [L=48511] (as or ā) m. or f. act of worship , song of praise Divya1v.
(H1) kāra 2 [p= 274,3] [L=48593] m. (= 2. kara) tax , toll , royal revenue Pa1n2. 6-3 , 10
[L=48594] a heap of snow or a mountain covered with it L.
(H1B) kāra 2 [L=48595] mfn. produced by hail Sus3r.
(H1) kārá 3 [L=48600] m. ( √2. kṛ) , a song or hymn of praise RV.
[L=48601] a battle song RV.
(H1) kāra 4 [L=48604] m. ( √2. kṝ) , killing , slaughter L.
(H2) kāra [p= 1324,2] [L=327590] (accord. to some in RV. also, "gain, prize, booty" ; "contest, war")
kiyadetikā

(H3) kiyad--etikā [p= 283,3] [L=50477] f. effort , vigorous or persevering exertions according to one's strength L.
kiyadehikā

(H3) kiyad--ehikā [L=50478] f. effort , vigorous or persevering exertions according to one's strength L.
kṛtaprayatna

(H3) kṛtá--prayatna [p= 302,2] [L=54293] mfn. one who makes effort , active , persevering Pan5cat. (= Hit. )
kṛtotsāha

(H3) kṛto* tsāha [p= 303,2] [L=54529] mfn. one who has made effort , striving.
kram

Whitney Roots links: kram
(H1) kram [p= 319,3] [L=57749]
cl.1 P. A1. krā́mati ( Pa1n2. 7-3 , 76 ; ep. also kramati) , kramate ( Pa1n2. 1-3 , 43 , ep. also krāmate ; according to Pa1n2. 3-1 , 70 also cl.4 P. krāmyati [kramyati Vop. ] ; aor. akramīt RV. &c ; A1. krámiṣṭa , kraṃsate [ RV. i , 121 , 1] , 3. pl. cákramanta [ RV. ii , 19 , 2] ; perf. cakrāma , or cakrame ; p. cakramāṇá RV. x , 123 , 3 ; fut. kramiṣyati or kraṃsyate ind.p. krāntvā , krantvā , or kramitvā Pa1n2. 6-4 , 18 and vii , 2 , 36) , to step , walk , go , go towards , approach (with áccha , ádhi acc. or loc.) RV. AV. TS. &c ;

to approach in order to ask for assistance (with loc.) AV. iv , 11 , 12 and xix , 17 , 1 ;

to go across , go over MBh. R. &c ;

Ved. to climb (as on a tree's branch) Pa1n2. 7-1 , 40 Ka1s3. ;

to cover (in copulation) AV. iv , 4 , 7 ;

to stretch over , project over , tower above , (ind.p. krāntvā) Ragh. i , 14 ;

to take possession of Pan5cat. ;

A1. to undertake , strive after , make effort for (dat.) Pa1n2. 1-3 , 38 ; 3-1 , 14 Ka1s3. ;

(loc.) Bhat2t2. xv , 20 ;

A1. ( Pa1n2. 1-3 , 38) to proceed well , advance , make progress , gain a footing , succeed , have effect MBh. R. Bhat2t2. ;

to be appliable or practicable Sarvad. ;

P. to be liable to the peculiar arrangement of a Vedic text called krama (i.e. to be doubled , as a letter or word) RPra1t. vi , 4 ;

A1. to read according to the krama arrangement of a Vedic text RPra1t. La1t2y. (a-krānta): Caus. P. kramayati , to cause to step S3Br. v ; xi ;

kramayati or krām° , to make liable to the peculiar arrangement called krama (i.e. to double a letter or word) RPra1t. &c : Intens. caṅkramyate ( Pa1n2. 3-1 , 23 Ka1s3. ; p. caṅ-kramyámāṇa [ TS. vii , 1 , 19 , 3 MBh. ] or °kramam° MBh. i , 7919 and BhP. v , 6 , 7) or caṅkramīti ( MBh. xiv , 137 and 141 ; impf. 2. pl. caṅkramata RV. viii , 55 , 4 ; fut. p. caṅkramiṣyát TS. vii , 1 , 19 , 3 ; ind.p. °mitvā Vop. v , 3 ; cf. °mitá) , to step to and fro , walk or wander about.

gandhana

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 24.42
(H2) gandhana 1 [p= 344,3] [L=62968] n. hurting , injury L.
[p= 345,1] [L=62969] pointing out or alluding to the faults of others , derision Hcar. iv
[L=62970] continued effort , perseverance Pa1n2. 1-2 , 15 and 3 , 32.
(H2) gandhana 2 [p= 345,3] [L=63249] n. the spreading or diffusion of odours Dha1tup. xxiv , 42 ( Sus3r. i , 21 , 3)
(H2B) gandhana 2 [L=63250] m. (= °dha-taṇḍula &c ) a kind of rice Car. i , 27 , 10.
guṇa

(H1) guṇá [p= 357,1] [L=65497] m. ( √ grah Un2. ) a single thread or strand of a cord or twine (e.g. tri-g° q.v.) , string or thread , rope TS. vii Mr2icch. Kum. Ragh.
[L=65498] a garland W.
[L=65499] a bow-string R. iii , 33 , 16 (cāpa-) Ragh. ix , 54 R2itus. Hit.
[L=65500] (in geom.) a sinew
[L=65501] the string of a musical instrument , chord S3is3. iv , 57 : ifc. (f(ā). ) with numerals " fold , times " (» cátur- , tri- , daśa- , dví- , pañca- ; rarely the numeral stands by itself along with guṇá [e.g. viśiṣṭo daśabhir guṇaiḥ , " of ten times higher value " Mn. ii , 85] AV. x , 8 , 43 MBh. iii , 15649 Hariv. 509 ; [guṇa = bhāga] Pa1n2. 5-2 , 47 Ka1s3. )
[L=65502] a multiplier , co-efficient (in alg.)
[L=65503] subdivision , species , kind (e.g. gandhasya guṇāḥ , the different kinds of smell MBh. xii , 6847)
[L=65504] the 6 subdivisions of action for a king in foreign politics (viz. peace , war , march , halt , stratagem , and recourse to the protection of a mightier king) Mn. vii , 160 Ya1jn5. i , 346 MBh. ii , 155
[L=65505] = upā*ya (q.v. , denoting the 4 ways of conquering an enemy) R. v , 81 , 41
[L=65506] " requisite " » °ṇo*pe*ta
[L=65507] a secondary element , subordinate or unessential part of any action (e.g. sarva-guṇa mfn. " reaching to all subordinate parts " , hence " valid throughout " Ka1tyS3r. ) S3a1n3khS3r. A1s3vS3r. Ka1tyS3r. R. v , 1 , 71
[L=65508] an auxiliary act S3a1n3khBr. xxvi , 4
[L=65509] a secondary dish (opposed to anna i.e. rice or the chief dish) , side-dish Mn. iii , 224 ff.
[L=65510] (= -karman , in Gr.) the secondary or less immediate object of an action Pa1n2. 1-4 , 51 Sch.
[L=65511] a quality , peculiarity , attribute or property La1t2y. S3a1n3khGr2. Mn. iii , ix , &c
[L=65512] an attribute of the 5 elements (each of which has its own peculiar quality or qualities as well as organ of sense ; thus 1. ether has śabda , or sound for its guṇa and the ear for its organ ; 2. the air has tangibility and sound for its guṇas and the skin for its organ ; 3. fire or light has shape or colour , tangibility , and sound for its guṇas , and the eye for its organs ; 4. water has flavour , shape , tangibility , and sound for its guṇas , and the tongue for its organ ; 5. earth has the preceding guṇas , with the addition of its own peculiar guṇa of smell , and the nose for its organ) Mn. i , 20 and 76-78 MBh. xii , 6846 ff. S3ak. i , 1 BhP. iii , 5 , 35
[L=65513] (in sāṃkhya phil.) an ingredient or constituent of prakṛti , chief quality of all existing beings (viz. sattva , rajas , and tamas i.e. goodness , passion , and darkness , or virtue , foulness , and ignorance ; cf. RTL. pp. 31 ; 36 ; 163) Mn. i ; iii , 40 ; xii , 24 ff. Sa1m2khyak. Bhag. xiii f.
[L=65514] (hence) the number " three " VarBr2S. iic , 1
[L=65515] a property or characteristic of all created things (in nyāya phil. twenty-four guṇas are enumerated , viz. 1. rūpa , shape , colour ; 2. rasa , savour ; 3. gandha , odour ; 4. sparśa , tangibility ; 5. saṃkhyā , number ; 6. parimāṇa , dimension ; 7. pṛthaktva , severalty ; 8. saṃyoga , conjunction ; 9. vibhāga , disjunction ; 10. paratva , remoteness ; 11. aparatva , proximity ; 12. gurutva , weight ; 13. dravatva , fluidity ; 14. sneha , viscidity ; 15. śabda , sound ; 16. buddhi or jñāna , understanding or knowledge ; 17. sukha , pleasure ; 18. duḥkha , pain ; 19. icchā , desire ; 20. dveṣa , aversion ; 21. prayatna , effort ; 22. dharma , merit or virtue ; 23. adharma , demerit ; 24. saṃskāra , the self-reproductive quality)
[L=65516] an epithet Ka1tyS3r.
[L=65517] good quality , virtue , merit , excellence Mn. MBh. &c
[L=65518] the merit of composition (consistency , elegance of expression , &c ) Ka1vya7d. i , 41 f. Kpr. viii Sa1h. viii
[L=65519] the peculiar properties of the letters (11 in number , viz. the 8 bāhya-prayatnās [q.v.] and the 3 accents) Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 and 50 (cf. -mātra)
[L=65520] the first gradation of a vowel , the vowels a (with ar , al Pa1n2. 1-1 , 51) , e , o Nir. x , 17 RPra1t. xi , 6 Pa1n2.
[L=65521] an organ of sense L.
[L=65522] a cook (cf. -kāra) L.
[L=65523] bhīma-sena (cf. -kāra) L.
(H2) guṇa [p= 1326,2] [L=330400] (also "power, might" ; āt, "by virtue of", "in consequence of", "by means of")
gur

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 28.103
Whitney Roots links: gur
(H1) gur [p= 359,2] [L=65978]
(cf. √1. gṝ) cl.6. gurate , to raise , lift up (or " to make effort ") Dha1tup. xxviii , 103 ;

(cf. ati- , apa- , abhi- , ava- , ā- , ud- , pra-): gur , or gūr cl.4. gūryate , to hurt , xxvi , 45 ;

to go ib. : Caus. gorayate or gūray° , to raise , lift up (or " to make effort ") , xxxiii , 21 ;

to eat ib. (cf. √ gūr.)

gurv

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 15.65
(H2) gurv [p= 360,1] [L=66160] in comp. for °rú q.v.
(H1) gurv 2 [L=66185] (= √gur) cl.1 P. gūrvati , to raise , lift up (or " to make effort ") Dha1tup. xv , 65.
graha

(H2) gráha [p= 372,1] [L=68596] mfn. ( Pa1n2. 3-3 , 58 ; g. vṛṣā*di) ifc. (iii , 2 , 9 Va1rtt. 1) seizing , laying hold of , holding BhP. iii , 15 , 35 (cf. aṅkuśa- , dhanur- , &c )
[L=68596.02] obtaining , v , viii
[L=68596.04] perceiving , recognising , iv , 7 , 31
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.06] m. " seizer (eclipser) " , rāhu or the dragon's head MBh. &c
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.08] m. a planet (as seizing or influencing the destinies of men in a supernatural manner ; sometimes 5 are enumerated , viz. Mars , Mercury , Jupiter , Venus , and Saturn MBh. vi , 4566 f. R. i , 19 , 2 Ragh. iii , 13 &c ; also 7 i.e. the preceding with rāhu and ketu MBh. vii , 5636 ; also 9 i.e. the sun [cf. S3Br. iv , 6 , 5 , 1 and 5 MBh. xiii , 913 ; xiv , 1175] and moon with the 7 preceding Ya1jn5. i , 295 MBh. iv , 48 VarBr2S. ; also the polar star is called a graha , Garg. ?? ( Jyot. 5 Sch.) ; the planets are either auspicious śubha- , sad- , or inauspicious krūra- , pāpa- VarBr2S. ; with jainas they constitute one of the 5 classes of the jyotiṣkas)
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.10] m. the place of a planet in the fixed zodiac W.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.12] m. the number " nine "
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.14] m. N. of particular evil demons or spirits who seize or exercise a bad influence on the body and mind of man (causing insanity &c ; it falls within the province of medical science to expel these demons ; those who esp. seize children and cause convulsions &c are divided into 9 classes according to the number of planets Sus3r. ) MBh. &c
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.16] m. any state which proceeds from magical influences and takes possession of the whole man BhP. vii , ix BrahmaP. Hit. ii , 1 , 20
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.18] m. a crocodile MBh. xvi , 142 (ifc. f(ā).) R. iv f. BhP. viii
(H2B) gráha [p= 371,3] [L=68596.20] m. any ladle or vessel employed for taking up a portion of fluid (esp. of soma) out of a larger vessel Mn. v , 116 Ya1jn5. i , 182
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.22] m. N. of the 8 organs of perception (viz. the 5 organs of sense with manas , the hands and the voice) S3Br. xiv Nr2isUp. i , 4 , 3 , 22
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.24] m. (= gṛha) a house R. vii , 40 , 30 (cf. a- , khara- , -druma and -pati)
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.26] m. " anything seized " , spoil , booty MBh. iii , 11461 (cf. °hā*luñcana)
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.28] m. as much as can be taken with a ladle or spoon out of a larger vessel , ladleful , spoonful (esp. of soma) RV. x , 114 , 5 VS. TS. AitBr. S3Br. &c
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.30] m. the middle of a bow or that part which is grasped when the bow is used MBh. iv , 1351 (su- , 1326)
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.32] m. the beginning of any piece of music
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.34] m. grasp , seizing , laying hold of (often ifc.) Kaus3. 10 MBh. &c
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.36] m. keeping back , obstructing Sus3r.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.38] m. imprisoning , imprisonment (°haṃ- √gam , " to become a prisoner " Ka1m. ) R. ii , 58 , 2
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.40] m. seizure (by demons causing diseases e.g. aṅga- , spasm of the limbs) Sus3r.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.42] m. seizure of the sun and moon , eclipse AV. xix , 9 , 7 and 10 VarBr2S.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.44] m. stealing , robbing Mn. ix , 277 MBh. vi , 4458
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.46] m. effort Hit.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.48] m. insisting upon , tenacity , perseverance in (loc. or in comp.) BhP. vii , 14 , 11 Naish. ix , 12 Katha1s. Ra1jat. viii , 226
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.50] m. taking , receiving , reception Mn. viii , 180 S3r2in3ga1r.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.52] m. taking up (any fluid)
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.54] m. choosing MBh. xii , 83 , 12 Sa1h. vi , 136
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.56] m. " favour " » -nigraha
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.58] m. mentioning , employing (a word) Mn. viii , 271 Pa1n2. 7-1 , 21 , Ka1r. 2 Amar. Ra1jat.
(H2B) gráha [L=68596.60] m. apprehension , perception , understanding Bha1sha1p. BhP. Sarvad. Sch. on Jaim. and KapS.
ghaṭā

(H2B) ghaṭā [p= 375,1] [L=69232] f. (gaṇas arśa-ādi , sidhmā*di and picchā*di) effort , endeavour L.
(H2B) ghaṭā [L=69233] f. an assembly L.
(H2B) ghaṭā [L=69234] f. a number , collection , assemblage BhP. iii , 17 , 6 Kpr. vii , 11÷12
(H2B) ghaṭā [L=69235] f. a troop (of elephants) assembled for martial purposes Ma1lati1m. v , 19 VarBr2S. xliii S3is3. i , 64 Katha1s. Ra1jat.
(H2B) ghaṭā [L=69236] f. justification (°ṭām- √aṭ , " to have one's self justified by another ") Bhadrab. iv
(H2B) ghaṭā [L=69237] f. (perhaps °ṭa , m.) a kind of drum
(H2B) ghaṭā [L=69238] f. a sweet citron L.
ceṣṭ

Whitney Roots links: cezw
(H1) ceṣṭ [p= 402,1] [L=74971]
cl.1. céṣṭati , °te (inf °ṭitum) to move the limbs , move , stir MBh. R. BhP. S3ak. ;

to make effort , exert one's self , struggle , strive , be active AV. xi , 4 , 23 f. S3Br. iii La1t2y. Kaus3. Mn. MBh. ;

to be busy or occupied with (acc.) ;

to act , do , perform , care for Gobh. i , 6 , 19 MBh. R. S3ak. Ra1jat. iii , 493 ;

to prepare S3Br. xiv , 9 , 4 , 18 (ind.p. ceṣṭitvā́): Caus. tayati , °te (aor. aciceṣṭat [ Bhat2t2. xv , 60] or acac° Pa1n2. 7-4 , 96) to cause to move , set in motion , impel , drive S3a1n3khS3r. viii , 9 , 3 Mn. xii , 15 MBh. R. Sus3r. iv , 32 , 17.

ceṣṭā

(H2B) ceṣṭā [L=74975] f. ( Pa1n2. 2-3 , 12) moving any limb , gesture Mn. vii f. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c (ifc. Ragh. ii , 43)
(H2B) ceṣṭā [L=74976] f. action , activity , effort , endeavour , exertion A1s3vS3r. i S3vetUp. ii , 9 (ifc.) Mn. iv , 65 Bhag. &c
(H2B) ceṣṭā [L=74977] f. doing , performing Mn. i , 65
(H2B) ceṣṭā [L=74978] f. behaving , manner of life Mn. vii , 194 KapS. iii , 51 VarBr2S. (ifc.) &c
(H2B) ceṣṭā [L=74979] f. cf. a- , naṣṭa- , niś-.
(H2) ceṣṭā [L=74988] f. » °ṭa.
ceṣṭaka

(H2) ceṣṭaka [L=74980] mfn. making effort or exertion W.
(H2B) ceṣṭaka [L=74981] m. a kind of fish (= °ṭa) L.
(H2B) ceṣṭaka [L=74982] m. a kind of coitus.
ceṣṭana

(H2) ceṣṭana [L=74983] n. making effort W.
[L=74984] motion Mn. xii , 120 MBh. xii , 6363 R. BhP.
[L=74985] ifc. performing KapS. i , 3
[L=74986] effort , exertion W.
ceṣṭārha

(H3) ceṣṭā--° rha [L=74992] (°ṭā*r°) mfn. worthy of effort W.
ceṣṭita

(H2) ceṣṭita [L=74995] mfn. set in motion W.
[L=74996] done with effort , exerted W.
[L=74997] done S3ak. iii , 23÷24 (v.l.) ; v , 9
[L=74998] frequented Ragh. xi , 51
(H2B) ceṣṭita [L=74999] n. moving any limb , gesture Mn. Sus3r. VarBr2S.
(H2B) ceṣṭita [L=75000] n. doing , action , behaviour , manner of life Mn. MBh. R. KapS. iii , 59 ff. S3ak. &c (ifc. f(ā). Bhar. xxxiv , 118) .
tathā

(H2) tá-thā [p= 433,3] [L=81989] ind. (tá-thā , correlative of yá-thā Pa1n2. 5-3 , 26 ; g. cā*di Ka1s3. and Gan2ar. ) in that manner , so , thus (the correlative standing in the preceding or in the subsequent clause , e.g. yathā priyaṃ , tathā*stu , " as is agreeable , so let it be " ; tathā prayatnam ātiṣṭhed yathā*tmānaṃ na pīḍayet , " he should so make effort as that he may not injure himself. " Mn. vii , 68 ; tathā tathā-yathā , so much that VP. iv ; also correlative of iva Mn. iii , 181 R. i , 4 , 12 ; of yena Katha1s. iii , 18 ; of yādṛśa Mn. i , 42 ; used in forms of adjuration e.g. yathā*ham anyaṃ na cintaye tathā*yam patatāṃ kṣudraḥ parā*suḥ , " as surely as I do not think on any other man , so surely let this wretch fall dead " Nal. xi , 36) RV. &c
[L=81989.1] yes , so be it , so it shall be (particle of assent , agreement , or promise ; generally followed by iti) AV. iii , 4 , 5 S3Br. AitBr. &c (tathe*ty uktvā , having said " so be it " or " yes " Nal. &c )
[L=81989.2] so also , in like manner (e.g. sukhaṃ seved duḥkhaṃ tathā , " let him make use of prosperity and also adversity ") Mn. MBh. &c
[L=81989.3] = tathā hi Nal. xix , 25
[L=81990] tá°thā ca and likewise , accordingly (introducing quotations) Mn. ix , 19 and 45 Dhu1rtas. Hit.
[L=81991] tá°thā*pi even thus , even so , nevertheless , yet , still , notwithstanding (correlative of yady api [ R. iii , 3 , 3 Dhu1rtas. &c ] , api [ Amar. ] , api yadi [ Prab. ] , kāmam [ S3ak. ] , varam) MBh. &c
[L=81991.1] tathā*pi tu id. S3ak.
[L=81992] tá°thā hi (g. svar-ādi) for so , for thus (it has been said) , for instance Ragh. S3ak. &c
[L=81993] tá°thaiva exactly so , in like manner Mn. &c
[L=81993.1] tá°thaiva (with ca or api following) likewise Mn. &c
[L=81994] atho tathā id. ib.
[L=81995] yathā tathā in whatever way , in any way , by all means , iv , 17 MBh. i , 45 , 17 ; vii , 6332 Nal. Naish. ix , 29
[L=81996] yathā yathā -- tathā tathā in whatever manner or degree-in that manner or degree the more-the more Mn. MBh. ( Nal. viii , 14) VarBr2S. xi Vet.
[L=81996.1] yathā yathā -- tathā tathā cf. yathā-tatham , a- and vi-tatha.
tuṣakhaṇḍana

(H3) túṣa--khaṇḍana [p= 452,1] [L=86280] n. " chaff-grinding " , useless effort Hit. iv , 5 , 3 (v.l.)
dīrghaprayatna

(H3) dīrghá--prayatna [p= 482,2] [L=93124] m. persevering effort MW.
durbalāyāsa

(H4) dur--balā* yāsa [p= 486,1] [L=94099] mfn. " weak of effort " , ineffective MW.
nirīhā

(H3) nir--īhā [p= 540,2] [L=106837] f. ( BhP. ) = nir--iha---tā f. ( MBh. ) , nir--iha---tva n. ( MW. ) , °hā*vasthā f. ( Sa1h. ) absence of effort or desire , indifference.
paryārin

(H1) pary-ārín [p= 608,2] [L=119821] mfn. ( √4. ṛ) toiling a long time without success , attaining one's object in the end (after long effort) TS. S3Br. Ka1t2h.
pātraparīṣṭi

(H3) pā́tra--parī* ṣṭi [p= 613,1] [L=120818] f. untimely effort to obtain a new alms-bowl Buddh.
puruṣakāra

(H3) púruṣa--kāra [p= 637,1] [L=126464] m. human effort (opp. to daiva , fate) Mn. Ya1jn5.
[L=126465] manly act , virility , heroism MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=126466] haughtiness , pride Pat.
[L=126467] N. of a grammarian Cat.
puruṣakāraphala

(H4) púruṣa--kāra---phala [L=126468] n. the fruit or result of human effort L.
puruṣārtha

(H3) puruṣā* rtha [p= 637,3] [L=126586] m. any object of human pursuit
[L=126587] any one of the four objects or aims of existence (viz. kāma , the gratification of desire ; artha , acquirement of wealth ; dharma , discharge of duty ; mokṣa , final emancipation) Mn. Prab. Kap. (-tva n.) Sa1m2khyak. &c
[L=126588] human effort or exertion MBh. R. &c
puṣpagaṇḍikā

(H3) púṣpa--gaṇḍikā [p= 639,2] [L=127003] f. N. of a kind of farce in which men act as women and women as men Bhar. Sa1h. (" contrary purpose or effort of man and woman " W. )
pratiyatna

(H3) prati-° yatna [p= 669,2] [L=132909] m. care bestowed upon anything , effort , endeavour , exertion Pa1n2. 1-3 , 32
[L=132910] ii. 3 , 53 &c
[L=132911] preparation , elaboration , manufacture S3is3. iii , 54 (cf. a-prati-pūrva)
[L=132912] imparting a new quality or virtue Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 53
[L=132913] retaliation , requital W.
[L=132914] (also = lipsā , upagraha or °haṇa , nigrahā*di , grahaṇā*di , pratigraha L. )
(H3B) prati-° yatna [L=132915] mfn. exerting one's self , taking care or trouble L.
(H3B) prati-° yatna [L=132916] mfn. cautious , heedful Ja1takam.
prayatana

(H3) pra-° yatana [p= 687,3] [L=136172] n. effort , endeavour (used to explain pra-yatna) Pat.
prayatna

(H3) pra-° yatna [L=136177] m. persevering effort , continued exertion or endeavour , exertion bestowed on (loc. or comp.) , activity , action , act Mn. MBh. &c (instr. sg. and pl. abl. and -tas ind. with special effort , zealously , diligently , carefully ; °tna ibc. and °tnāt ind. also = hardly , scarcely)
[L=136178] great care , caution Pan5cat.
[L=136179] (in phil.) active efforts (of 3 kinds , viz. engaging in any act , prosecuting it , and completing it)
[L=136180] pl. volitions (one of the 17 qualities of the vaiśeṣikas) IW. 68
[L=136181] (in gram.) effort in uttering , mode of articulation (also āsya-pray° , distinguished into ābhyantara-p° and bāhya-p° , internal and external effort) Pra1t. Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 Sch.
prayati

(H3) prá-° yati [L=136200] f. (prá-) offering , gift , donation RV.
[L=136200.1] intention , will , effort , exertion ib. VS.
prayāsa

(H3) pra-° yāsá [p= 688,1] [L=136211] m. exertion , effort , pains , trouble (ibc. , with loc. or gen. , -arthāya or -nimittena) VS. TS. Ka1v. &c (cf. a-prayāsena)
[L=136212] high degree Ja1takam.
(H1) pra-yāsa [L=136262] » under pra- √yas.
prayāsita

(H3) pra-° yāsita [L=136214] n. (fr. Caus.) effort , exertion Ma1lati1m. (v.l. ā-yāsita).
prastuta

(H2) prá-stuta [p= 699,2] [L=138269] mfn. praised TS. Br.
[L=138270] proposed , propounded , mentioned , introduced as a topic or subject under discussion , in question MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=138271] commenced , begun R. Ma1lav. Hit.
[L=138272] (with inf. , one who has commenced or begun Katha1s. ) Ra1jat.
[L=138273] ready , prepared W.
[L=138274] happened ib.
[L=138275] made or consisting of ib.
[L=138276] approached , proximate ib.
[L=138277] done with effort or energy ib.
(H2B) prá-stuta [L=138278] n. beginning , undertaking Ma1lati1m.
(H2B) prá-stuta [L=138279] n. (in rhet.) the chief subject-matter , that which is the subject of any statement or comparison ( = upameya ; cf. IW. 109 , 457 , and °tā*ṅkura)
bāhyaprayatna

(H3) bāhya--prayatna [p= 731,1] [L=145079] m. (in gram.) the external effort in the production of articulate sounds Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 Sch.
bhagīrathapatha

(H3) bhagīratha--patha [p= 744,2] [L=147902] (A.) m. " bhagī-ratha's path or labour " , N. of any Herculean effort or exertion.
bhagīrathaprayatna

(H3) bhagīratha--prayatna [L=147903] ( MW. ) m. " bhagī-ratha's path or labour " , N. of any Herculean effort or exertion.
bhagnaceṣṭa

(H3) bhagna--ceṣṭa [L=147935] mfn. broken in effort , disappointed MW.
manoyuj

(H3) mano--yúj [p= 785,2] [L=157100] mfn. yoked by a mere thought or wish (i.e. without effort) RV.
[L=157101] adapted to the understanding , wise ib. VS. AV.
mahodyama

(H3) maho* dyama [p= 802,3] [L=161340] m. great effort or exertion W.
[L=161341] (with jainas) , a partic. kalpa Dharmas3.
(H3B) maho* dyama [L=161342] mfn. very energetic or diligent or persevering , studiously occupied or busily engaged in (loc. or dat.) S3ukas. Ra1jat.
mānuṣopeta

(H3) mānuṣo* pe* ta [p= 810,2] [L=162997] mfn. joined with human effort MBh.
mṛduprayatna

(H3) mṛdú--prayatna [p= 830,3] [L=167342] mfn. (to be pronounced) with a slight effort , APra1t. Sch.
yat

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 2.29, 33.62
Whitney Roots links: yat
(H1) yát 1 [p= 840,3] [L=169551] mfn. (pr. p. of √5. i) going , moving RV. &c (abde yati , in this year L. )
(H1) yat 2 [p= 841,1] [p= 840,3] [L=169552]
cl.1 A1. (prob. connected with √ yam and orig. meaning , " to stretch " Dha1tup. ii , 29) yátate (Ved. and ep. also P. °ti ; p. yátamāna , yátāna and yatāná RV. ; pf. yete , 3. pl. yetire ib. &c ; aor. ayatiṣṭa Br. ; fut. yatiṣyate Br. , °ti MBh. ; inf. yatitum MBh. ; ind.p. -yátya MBh. ) , (P.) to place in order , marshal , join , connect RV. ;

(P. or A1.) to keep pace , be in line , rival or vie with (instr.) ib. ;

(A1.) to join (instr.) , associate with (instr.) , march or fly together or in line ib. ;

to conform or comply with (instr.) ib. ;

to meet , encounter (in battle) ib. Br. ;

to seek to join one's self with , make for , tend towards (loc.) ib. ;

to endeavour to reach , strive after , be eager or anxious for (with loc. dat. acc. with or without prati , once with gen. ; also with arthe , arthāya , artham and hetos ifc. ; or with inf.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to exert one's self , take pains , endeavour , make effort , persevere , be cautious or watchful ib. ;

to be prepared for (acc.) R. : Caus. (or cl.10. Dha1tup. xxxiii , 62) yātáyati (or °te ; aor. ayīyatat ; Pass. yātyate) , to join , unite (A1. intrans.) RV. ;

to join or attach to (loc.) P. Pan5cavBr. ;

to cause to fight AitBr. ;

to strive to obtain anything (acc.) from (abl.) Ma1lav. ;

(rarely A1.) to requite , return , reward or punish , reprove (as a fault) RV. &c ;

(A1.) to surrender or yield up anything (acc) to (acc. or gen.) MBh. ;

(P. A1.) to distress , torture , vex , annoy BhP. ;

accord. to Dha1tup. also nikāre (others nirākāre or khede) and upaskāre: Desid. yiyatiṣate Gr.: Intens. yāyatyate and yāyatti ib.

(H2) yat [p= 844,3] [L=170190] in comp. for yad.
yatana

(H2) yatana [p= 841,1] [L=169553] n. making effort or exertion W.
yatna

(H2) yatna [L=169610] m. activity of will , volition , aspiring after Kan2. Bha1sha1p.
[L=169611] performance , work Bhar.
[L=169612] (also pl.) effort , exertion , energy , zeal , trouble , pains , care , endeavour after (loc. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c (yatnaṃ with √ kṛ , ā- √sthā , samā- √sthā , ā- √dhā and loc. or inf. , " to make an effort or attempt " , " take trouble or pains for " ; yatnena or °tnais , " with effort " , " carefully " , " eagerly " , " strenuously " [also yatna ibc.] ; yatnenā*pi , " in spite of every effort " ; yatnair vinā , " without effort " ; yatnāt , with or notwithstanding effort ; mahato yatnāt " , with great effort " , " very carefully ")
[L=169613] a special or express remark or statement A1pS3r. Sch.
(H1) yatna [p= 844,2] [L=170145] yatya » p.841 , cols. 1 and 2.
yatnatas

(H3) yatna--tas [p= 841,1] [L=169614] ind. through or with effort , diligently , zealously , carefully Mn. R. &c
yatnavattva

(H4) yatna--vat---tva [p= 841,2] [L=169616.1] n. making effort , taking pains about (loc.) , strenuous , diligent Mn. MBh. &c
yatnākṣepa

(H3) yatnā* kṣepa [L=169617] m. an objection raised notwithstanding an effort to stop it Ka1vya7d.
yatnāntara

(H3) yatnā* ntara [L=169618] n. another effort or exertion Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 6-1 , 26.
yathotsāha

(H3) yatho* tsāha [p= 844,1] [L=170103] mfn. corresponding to power or strength of effort La1t2y.
yātnika

(H1) yātnika [p= 851,1] [L=171368] m. pl. (fr. yatna) " making effort " , N. of a Buddhist school Buddh.
yoktṛ

(H2) yoktṛ́ [p= 854,3] [L=171992] mfn. one who yokes or harnesses , a charioteer MBh.
[L=171993] one who excites or rouses VS.
[L=171994] one who applies effort to (loc.) A1past.
yogatas

(H3) yóga--tas [p= 857,1] [L=172404] ind. conjointly W.
[L=172404.1] suitably , properly Mn.
[L=172404.2] conformably to , in accordance with , by means of , in consequence of (comp.) Ragh. Katha1s.
[L=172404.3] with application of effort , with all one's powers Mn. ii , 100
[L=172404.4] seasonably , in due season W.
[L=172404.5] through devotion , by the power of magic &c ib.
(HPW) yóga----tas [L=672342.1] ind. 172342
(HPW) yoga-tas [L=672343] ind. 172343
laghuprayatna

(H3) laghú--prayatna [p= 894,2] [L=180903] mfn. using little effort , indolent , impotent W.
[L=180904] pronounced with slight articulation (-tara mfn. ) Pa1n2. 8-3 , 18.
līlādagdha

(H3) līlā--dagdha [p= 903,3] [L=182828] mfn. burnt or consumed without effort Bhartr2.
līlāmātreṇa

(H3) līlā--mātreṇa [L=182844] ind. out of mere sport , in mere play , without the least effort Pan5car.
vāh

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 16.44
Whitney Roots links: vAh
(H1) vāh 1 [p= 949,1] [L=192697]
cl.1 A1. ( Dha1tup. xvi , 44) vāhate , to bear down Car. (cf. pra- √vāh) ;

to endeavour , make effort , try Dha1tup. : Caus. vāhayati (cf. under √1. vah) , to cause to labour or work , use , employ Bhat2t2.

(H1) vāh 2 [L=192701] (nom. vāṭ ; strong form of 2. vah , [p= 933,3]) , bearing , carrying.
vāhana

(H2) vāhana 1 [L=192698] n. (for 2. » col.2) the act of making effort , endeavouring , exertion W.
(H2) vā́hana [p= 949,2] [L=192731] mfn. (for 1. » col.1) drawing , bearing , carrying , conveying , bringing &c Katha1s. Ra1jat.
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192732] m. N. of a muni Cat.
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192734] n. the act of drawing , bearing , carrying , conveying MBh. R. &c
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192735] n. driving Sus3r.
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192736] n. riding Katha1s.
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192737] n. guiding (horses) MBh.
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192738] n. any vehicle or conveyance or draught-animal , carriage , chariot , waggon , horse , elephant (cf. Pa1n2. 8-4 , 8) AitBr. &c (ifc. [f(ā).] riding or driving on or in)
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192739] n. any animal Katha1s. xxi , 30
(H2B) vā́hana [L=192740] n. " oar " or " sail " R. ii , 52 , 5.
viceṣṭā

(H3) vi-° ceṣṭā [p= 959,2] [L=194894] f. motion (» nir-viceṣṭa)
[L=194895] acting , proceeding , conduct , behaviour MBh. Ka1m. BhP. (cf. dur-viceṣṭa)
[L=194896] effort , exertion MW.
veh

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 16.42
(H1) veh [p= 1019,3] [L=206538]
(also written beh) cl.1 A1. vehate , to strive , make effort Dha1tup. xvi , 42 ;

cl.1 P. vehati = vehāya Vop.

beh

(H1) beh [L=206538.1]
(also written veh) cl.1 A1. vehate , to strive , make effort Dha1tup. xvi , 42 ;

cl.1 P. vehati = vehāya Vop.

vyavaso

(H1) vy-ava- √ so [p= 1033,3] [p= 1033,2] [L=209020]
P. -syati (ep. also -syate [with act. and pass. meaning] ; 1. sg. pr. -sāmi ; Pot. -seyam , -set ; fut. -siṣyati) , to settle down or dwell separately S3Br. ;

to differ (in opinion) , contest , quarrel ib. ;

to separate , divide (opp. to sam- √as) RPra1t. ;

to determine , resolve , decide , be willing to (acc. dat. , artham ifc. , or inf.) TBr. &c ;

to settle , ascertain , be convinced or persuaded of take for (acc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to ponder , reflect , consider MBh. S3ak. ;

to make strenuous effort , labour or seek after , make an attempt upon (acc.) MW. : Pass. -sīyate , to be settled or ascertained or fixed on or determined or decided (often impers.) MBh. Ka1v. &c : Caus. -sāyayati , to cause to resolve , encourage to undertake , embolden VS. TS. ;

to incite or instigate to (inf.) Kir.

vyavasāya

(H1) vy-avasāya [p= 1033,2] [L=209014] » col.3.
(H2) vy-avasāya [p= 1033,3] [L=209021] m. strenuous effort or exertion Car.
[L=209022] settled determination , resolve , purpose , intention to (loc. , acc. with prati , or comp. ; °yam √kṛ to make up one's mind , resolve , determine) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=209023] Resolution (personified) R. Pur.
[L=209024] trade , business Campak.
[L=209025] an act , action , performance R.
[L=209026] first impression or perception Ni1lak.
[L=209027] state , condition MBh.
[L=209028] artifice , stratagem , trick W.
[L=209029] boasting ib.
[L=209030] N. of viṣṇu MW.
[L=209031] of śiva ib.
[L=209032] of a son of dharma by vapus (daughter of dakṣa) ib.
vyavasita

(H2) vy-avasita [L=209041] mfn. finished , ended , done Ka1t2h.
[L=209042] decided , determined , resolved , undertaken (also n. impers. ; with dat. or inf.) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=209043] one who has resolved upon or is determined or willing to (loc. , dat. , or inf.) Ka1v. Pur.
[L=209044] settled , ascertained , known (n. impers.) , convinced or sure of anything (with samyak , " one who has ascertained what is right " ; with acc. , " one who has acknowledged anything as true ") MBh. BhP.
[L=209045] deceived , tricked , cheated , disappointed L.
[L=209046] energetic , persevering , making effort or exertion W.
(H2B) vy-avasita [L=209047] n. resolution , determination Ka1v. Pur.
(H2B) vy-avasita [L=209048] n. an artifice , contrivance Mr2icch.
vyas

(H1) vy- √ as 2 [p= 1035,1] [p= 1034,3] [L=209268]
as P. -asyati (ep. pf. vivyāsa as if fr. a √ vyas) , to throw or cast asunder or about or away , throw (effort) into , divide , separate , dispose , arrange ;

scatter , disperse ;

expel , remove RV. &c &c

vyasana

(H2) vy-asana [L=209269] n. moving to and fro , wagging (of a tail) Pa1n2. 3-1 , 20 , Va1rtt. 3
[L=209270] throwing (effort) into , assiduity , industry Bhartr2. Subh.
[L=209271] separation , individuality W.
[L=209272] attachment or devotion or addiction to (loc. or comp.) , passion , (esp.) evil passion , sin , crime , vice (said to arise either from love of pleasure or from anger ; eight are enumerated under the first head , vix. mṛgayā , dyūta or akṣa , divā-svapna , parivāda , striyaḥ , mada , taurya-trika , vṛthā*tyā ; and eight under the second , viz. paiśunya , sāhasa , droha , irṣyā , asūyā artha-dūṣaṇa vākpāruṣya , daṇḍa-pāruṣya , qq.vv.) Mn. vii , 47 , 48 MBh. &c
[L=209273] favourite pursuit or occupation , hobby MBh. Pan5cat. Ra1jat.
[L=209274] evil predicament or plight , disaster , accident , evil result , calamity , misfortune (vyasanāni pl. misfortunes) , ill-luck , distress , destruction , defeat , fall , ruin Mn. MBh. &c
[L=209275] setting (of sun or moon) Mr2icch. S3ak.
[L=209276] fruitless effort L.
[L=209277] punishment , execution (of criminals) MW.
[L=209278] incompetence , inability W.
[L=209279] air , wind ib.
[L=209280] tale-bearing L.
vyāyam

(H1) vy-ā- √ yam [p= 1038,2] [L=209894]
P. A1. -yacchati , °te , (P.) to pull or drag or draw asunder , extend La1t2y. ;

to sport or dally with (loc.) Sus3r. ;

A1. (P. only mc.) to struggle or contend about (loc.) , fight together , make efforts , strive , endeavour TS. Br. MBh. &c : Caus. yāmayati , to cause to stretch out or struggle , make great effort or exertion , take exercise (ind.p. -yāmya , having taken exercise) Mn. vii , 216.

vyāyāma

(H2) vy-āyāmá [L=209906] m. dragging different ways , contest , strife , struggle AV. MBh.
[L=209907] exertion , manly effort , athletic or gymnastic exercise (e.g. , " playing with heavy clubs " , " drawing a bow with a chain " &c ) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=209908] (ifc.) exercise or practise in MBh. R. Sus3r.
[L=209909] (with Buddhists) right exercise or training MWB. 44 (cf. Dharmas. 119)
[L=209910] " drawing out , extending " , a partic. measure of length , fathom (= vi-yāma and vy-āma) S3ulbas.
[L=209911] a difficult passage , any difficulty (?) L.
śakti

(H2) śákti [p= 1044,2] [L=210902] śákti or śaktí f. power , ability , strength , might , effort , energy , capability (śaktyā or ātma-ś° or sva-ś° , " according to ability " ; paraṃ śaktyā , " with all one's might " ; vitta-śaktyā , " according to the capability of one's property " ; śaktim a-hāpayitvā , " not relaxing one's efforts , exerting all one's strength ") , faculty , skill , capacity for , power over (gen. loc. dat. , or inf.) RV. &c
[L=210903] effectiveness or efficacy (of a remedy) S3a1rn3gS.
[L=210904] regal power (consisting of three parts , prabhutva , personal pre-eminence ; mantra , good counsel , and utsāha , energy) Ka1m. (cf. Ragh. iii , 13)
[L=210905] the energy or active power of a deity personified as his wife and worshipped by the śākta (q.v.) sect of Hindus under various names (sometimes only three , sometimes eight śakti goddesses are enumerated , as follow , indrāṇī , vaiṣṇavī , śāntā , brahmāṇī , kaumārī , nārasiṃhī , vārāhī , and māheśvarī , but some substitute cāmuṇḍā and caṇḍikā for the third and sixth of these: according to another reckoning there are nine , viz. vaiṣṇavī , brahmāṇī , raudrī , māheśvarī , nārasiṃhī , vārāhī , indrāṇī , kārttikī , and pradhānā: others reckon fifty different forms of the śakti of viṣṇu besides lakṣmī , some of these are kīrtti , kānti , tuṣṭi , puṣṭā , dhṛti , śānti , kriyā , dayā , medhā &c ; and fifty forms of the śakti of śiva or rudra besides durgā or gaurī , some of whom are guṇodarī , virajā , śālmalī , lolākṣī , vartulākṣī , dīrgha-ghoṇā , sudīrgha-mukhī , go-mukhī , dīrgha-jihvā , kuṇḍodarī , ardha-keśī , vikṛta-mukhī , jvālā-mukhī , ulkāmukhī &c ; sarasvatī is also named as a śakti , both of viṣṇu and rudra: according to the vāyu-purāṇa the female nature of rudra became twofold , one half asita or white , and the other sita or black , each of these again becoming manifold , those of the white or mild nature included lakṣmī , sarasvatī , gaurī , umā &c ; those of the dark and fierce nature , durgā , kālī &c ) Ka1v. Katha1s. Pur. (cf. RTL. 181 &c MWB. 216)
[L=210906] the female organ (as worshipped by the śākta sect either actually or symbolically) RTL. 140
[L=210907] the power or signification of a word (defined in the nyāya as padasya padā*rthe sambandhaḥ i.e. " the relation of a word to the thing designated ") Bha1sha1p. Sa1h.
[L=210908] (in Gram.) case-power , the idea conveyed by a case (= kāraka) Pa1n2. 2-3 , 7 Sch.
[L=210909] the power or force or most effective word of a sacred text or magic formula Up. Pan5car.
[L=210910] the creative power or imagination (of a poet) Ka1vya7d.
[L=210911] help , aid , assistance , gift , bestowal RV.
[L=210912] a spear , lance , pike , dart RV. &c (also śaktī g. bahv-ādi)
[L=210913] a sword MW.
[L=210914] (prob.) a flag-staff (» ratha-ś°)
[p= 1044,3] [L=210928] a partic. configuration of stars and planets (when the latter are situated in the 7th , 8th , 9th , and 10th astrological house) , VarBr2S.
(H2B) śaktí [L=210929] m. N. of a muni or sage (the eldest of vasiṣṭha's hundred sons ; accord. to VP. he was father of parāśara , and was devoured by king kalmāṣa-pāda , when changed to a man-eating rākṣasa , in consequence of a curse pronounced upon him by the sage ; he is represented as having overcome viśvāmitra at the sacrifice of king saudāsa ; he is regarded as the author of RV. vii , 32 , 26 ; ix , 97 , 19-21 ; 108 , 3 ; 14-16 ; śakti is also identified with one of the vyāsas , and with avalokite*śvara , and has elsewhere the patr. jātūkarṇa and sāṃkṛti) Pravar. MBh. &c
śami

(H2) śámi [p= 1054,1] [L=212979] n. labour , toil , work , effort RV. AV.
(H2B) śámi [L=212980] f. a legume , pod (v.l. śimi) L.
(H2B) śámi [L=212981] f. the śamī tree (» below)
(H2B) śámi [L=212982] m. N. of a son of andhaka Hariv.
(H2B) śámi [L=212983] m. of a son of uśīnara BhP.
śamī

(H2) śámī [L=213006] f. (cf. śámi) effort , labour , toil RV. VS.
[p= 1054,2] [L=213007] (śamī́) the śamī tree , Prosopis Spicigera or (accord. to others) Mimosa Suma (possessing a very tough hard wood supposed to contain fire cf. Mn. viii , 247 Ragh. iii , 9 ; it was employed to kindle the sacred fire , and a legend relates that purū-ravas generated primeval fire by the friction of two branches of the śamī and aśvattha trees) AV. &c
[L=213008] a legume , pod (cf. -jāti)
[L=213009] a partic. measure (» catuh-ś°) = valgulī or vāgnji L.
śimī

(H2) śimī [p= 1072,2] [L=217049] f. = śamī , effort , labour , work , industry TS. Ka1t2h.
śrathana

(H2) śrathana [p= 1096,1] [L=222384] n. (only L. ) the act of untying , loosening
[L=222385] destroying , killing
[L=222386] tying , binding , connecting
[L=222387] making effort , exertion
[L=222388] delighting.
śram

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 26.95, 35.40
Whitney Roots links: Sram
(H1) śram 1 [L=222401]
cl.4 P. ( Dha1tup. xxvi , 95) śrāmyati (in later language also śramati , te ; pf. śaśrama , 3. pl. śaśramuḥ or [ S3a1n3khBr. ] śremuḥ , p. śaśramāṇá RV. MBh. ; aor. āśramat AV. , Subj. śramat RV. ; śramiṣma ib. Br. ; fut. śramitā MBh. ; śramiṣyati Gr. ; inf. śramitum ib. ; ind.p. -śrámya. Br. ) , to be or become weary or tired , be tired of doing anything (with inf. ; also impers. ná mā śramat , " may I not become weary! ") RV. &c ;

to make effort , exert one's self (esp. in performing acts of austerity) , labour in vain ib. : Pass. śramyate (aor. aśrāmi , Gr.) MBh. Ka1v. &c (cf. vi- √śraṃ): Caus. srāmayati (aor. aśiśramat) , to make weary , fatigue , tire Ka1m. Hariv. Subh. ;

to overcome , conquer , subdue R. ;

(śrāmayati) , to speak to , address , invite (āmantraṇe) Dha1tup. xxxv , 40 (v.l. for grām° cf. grāmaya): Desid. » vi-śiśramiṣu.

(H1) śram 2 [p= 1096,2] [L=222475] ind. g. svar-ādi.
śrama

(H2) śráma [p= 1096,1] [L=222402] m. (ifc. f(ā).) fatigue , weariness , exhaustion RV. &c
[L=222403] exertion , labour , toil , exercise , effort either bodily or mental , hard work of any kind (as in performing acts of bodily mortification , religious exercises and austerity ; śramaṃ- √kṛ , " to work hard at one's studies ") , pains or trouble bestowed on (loc. or comp.) AV. &c
[p= 1096,2] [L=222404] military exercise , drill W.
[L=222405] N. of a son of āpa Hariv.
[L=222406] of a son of vasu-deva BhP.
śramaṇa

(H2) śramaṇá [L=222434] mf(ā or ī)n. making effort or exertion , toiling , labouring , (esp.) following a toilsome or menial business W.
[L=222435] base , vile , bad ib.
[L=222436] naked L.
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222437] m. one who performs acts of mortification or austerity , an ascetic , monk , devotee , religious mendicant S3Br. &c
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222438] m. a Buddhist monk or mendicant (also applied to buddha himself cf. MWB. 23 &c ; also applied to a Jain ascetic now commonly called yati) MBh. R. &c
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222439] m. N. of a serpent-demon Buddh.
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222440] m. (ā or ī) , a female mendicant or nun L.
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222441] m. a hard-working woman L.
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222443] m. = śabarī-bhid , māṃsī , muṇḍīrī L.
(H2B) śramaṇá [L=222444] n. toil , labour , exertion S3a1n3khS3r.
ślathodyama

(H3) ślatho* dyama [p= 1103,3] [L=224005] mfn. relaxing one's effort Bhartr2.
saṃyama

(H2) saṃ-yama [p= 1112,1] [L=225657] m. holding together , restraint , control , (esp.) control of the senses , self-control Mn. MBh. &c
[L=225658] tying up (the hair) Sa1h.
[L=225659] binding , fettering VarBr2S.
[L=225660] closing (of the eyes) Ma1rkP.
[L=225661] concentration of mind (comprising the performance of dhāraṇā , dhyāna , and samādhi , or the last three stages in yoga) Yogas. Sarvad.
[L=225662] effort , exertion (ā́ , " with great difficulty ") MBh.
[L=225663] suppression i.e. destruction (of the world) Pur.
[L=225664] N. of a son of dhūmrākṣa (and father of kṛśā*śva) BhP.
saṃyas

(H1) saṃ- √ yas [L=225697] cl.4.1. P. -yasyati , -yasati , to make effort &c Pa1n2. 3-1 , 72.
saṃyāsa

(H2) saṃ-yāsá [L=225698] m. making effort , exertion VS.
saṃskṛti

(H2) sáṃ-skṛti [p= 1121,1] [L=227089] f. making ready , preparation , perfection VS. &c
[L=227090] formation AitBr.
[L=227091] hallowing , consecration BhP.
[L=227092] determination , effort L.
(H2B) sáṃ-skṛti [L=227093] m. N. of kṛṣṇa MBh. (B. saṃ-skṛta)
(H2B) sáṃ-skṛti [L=227094] m. of a king VP. (v.l. saṃ-kṛti).
saṃhati

(H2) saṃhati [p= 1122,3] [L=227398] f. striking together , closure Ka1v. S3a1rn3gS.
[L=227399] compactness , solidity MBh. VarBr2S.
[L=227400] thickening , swelling S3a1rn3gS.
[L=227401] keeping together , saving , economy Ka1v.
[L=227402] firm union or alliance , junction , joint effort , close contact or connection with (instr.) Ka1v. Pur. Ra1jat.
[L=227403] a seam Kum.
[L=227404] a compact mass , bulk , heap , collection , multitude Ka1v. Katha1s. and C.
saṃhatyakārin

(H4) saṃ° hatya---kārin [L=227407.2] mfn. working together or with joined effort BhP.
saceṣṭa

(H3) sa--ceṣṭa [p= 1131,1] [L=228944] mfn. making effort or exertion , active W.
(H3B) sa--ceṣṭa [L=228945] m. the mango tree L.
samādhā

(H1) sam-ā- √ dhā [p= 1159,3] [L=234138]
P. A1. -dadhāti , -dhatte , to place or put or hold or fix together S3Br. MBh. &c ;

to compose , set right , repair , put in order , arrange , redress , restore MBh. Hit. ;

to put to , add , put on (esp. fuel on the fire) AV. S3Br. R. ;

to kindle , stir (fire) S3Br. ;

to place , set , lay , fix , direct , settle , adjust (with astram , " to adjust an arrow " ; with garbham , " to impregnate " ; with savituḥ , " to lay in the sun " ; with dṛṣṭim , cittam , cetas , matim , manas , " to direct or fix the eyes or mind upon [loc.] " ; with matim , " to settle in one's mind , resolve " , " make up one's mind " [followed by iti] ; with ātmānam , or manas , " to collect the thoughts or concentrate the mind in meditation &c " ; without an acc. - " to be absorbed in meditation or prayer ") RV. &c ;

to impose upon (loc.) MBh. ;

to entrust or commit to (loc.) ib. ;

to establish in (loc.) Ragh. ;

to effect , cause , produce Hariv. ;

(in the following meanings only A1.) to take to or upon one's self. conceive (in the womb) , put on (a garment or dress) , assume (a shape) , undergo (effort) , show , exhibit , display MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to devote one's self entirely to , give one's self up to (acc.) R. Hariv. &c (once in Bhat2t2. P.) ;

to lay down as settled , settle , establish , prove , declare , Kap. Sch. ;

to admit , grant Kull. on Mn. viii , 54 : Desid. -dhitsati , to wish to put together , desire to collect the thoughts MBh. xii , 9586.

(H2) sam-ādhā [L=234139] m. (only L. ) putting together , adjusting , settling , reconciling , clearing up difficulties &c
[L=234140] completion , accomplishment.
samānāsyaprayatna

(H3) samānā* sya-prayatna [p= 1160,3] [L=234358] mfn. being pronounced with the same effort of the organs VPra1t. APra1t. Sch.
samīkṣā

(H2B) sam-īkṣā [p= 1164,3] [L=234955] f. thorough or close inspection , perceiving , beholding (dat. " within the range of any one's [gen.] sight ") A1past.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234956] f. desire or wish to see MBh.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234957] f. a glance BhP.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234958] f. view , opinion in regard to (with prati) MBh.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234959] f. deep insight , understanding , intellect BhP.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234960] f. investigation , search W.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234961] f. the mīmāṃsā philosophy or any work examining or explaining Vedic ritual ib.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [p= 1165,1] [L=234962] f. essential nature or truth or principle (= tattva q.v.) ib.
(H2B) sam-īkṣā [L=234963] f. effort ib.
samīhita

(H3) sam-° īhita [p= 1165,2] [L=235031] mfn. longed or wished for , desired , striven after , undertaken R. Bhartr2. Pan5cat.
(H3B) sam-° īhita [L=235032] n. great effort to obtain anything , desire , longing , wish Ka1v. Katha1s. Hit.
samutthāna

(H2) sam-utthāna [p= 1166,1] [L=235147] n. (ifc. f(ā).) the act of rising up together , getting up R.
[L=235148] hoisting (of a flag) Tithya1d.
[L=235149] recovering from sickness or injury MBh.
[L=235150] healing , cure Mn. Ya1jn5.
[L=235151] swelling (of the abdomen) R.
[L=235152] augmentation , increase , growth (of property) Ya1jn5.
[L=235153] rise , origin (ifc. = " rising or springing from ") Sus3r. Hariv. Ka1v.
[p= 1166,2] [L=235154] performance of work , active operation , effort , industry (ekī-s° or sambhūya-s° " common enterprise " , " co-operation " , " partnership " Mn. viii , 4) Mn. Ka1m. MBh. R.
[L=235155] indication or symptom of disease L.
samutpatana

(H2) sam-utpatana [L=235169] n. the act of flying up together , rising , ascending Pan5cat.
[L=235170] making effort , energy , exertion W.
samudyama

(H2) sam-udyama [p= 1168,2] [L=235522] m. lifting up MBh.
[L=235523] great effort or exertion , setting about , readiness to or for (loc. dat. , or comp.) Ka1v. Katha1s.
samprayāsa

(H1) sam-prayāsa [p= 1175,3] [L=236515] m. great exertion , effort , exhaustion BhP.
samyakprahāṇa

(H3) samyak--prahāṇa [p= 1181,2] [L=237339] n. (= Pali sammappadhāna) right abandonment , right effort , right exertion (with Buddhists of four kinds , 1 -to prevent demerit from arising , 2. get rid of it when arisen , 3. produce merit , 4. increase it) DivyA7v.
[L=237340] Dharnsas. 45 MWB. 50.
sayatna

(H3) sa--yatna [p= 1181,3] [L=237414] mfn. making efforts , taking pains with , endeavouring to (inf. ; am ind. " with effort ") Hit.
sarga

(H1) sárga [p= 1183,3] [L=237844] m. (ifc. f(ā). ; fr. √ sṛj) letting go , discharging , voiding (as excrement) MBh. R.
[L=237845] starting (a race-horse) , racing RV.
[L=237846] a herd let loose from a stable , any troop or host or swarm or multitude ib. Ra1jat.
[L=237847] a draught of air , gust of wind RV.
[p= 1184,1] [L=237848] a stream , gush , rush , downpour (of any fluid ; acc. with √ kṛ , " to cast or strike down " RV. )
[L=237849] a dart , shot ib.
[L=237850] emission or creation of matter , primary creation (as opp. to pratisarga " secondary creation ") , creation of the world (as opp. to its pralaya " dissolution " , and sthiti , " maintenance in existence " ; 9 different creations are enumerated in BhP. iii , 10 , 13 ; ā sargāt , " from the creation or beginning of the world " ; sarge " in the created world ") Up. Mn. MBh. &c
[L=237851] a created being , creature (with daiva " a divine creation " , " a god ") Ragh.
[L=237852] begetting , procreation MBh.
[L=237853] origin BhP.
[L=237854] offspring , a child ib.
[L=237855] nature , natural property , disposition , tendency Bhag. v , 19
[L=237856] effort , exertion , resolution , resolve , will Ragh. S3is3.
[L=237857] a section , chapter , book , canto (esp. in an epic poem)
[L=237858] assent , agreement L.
[L=237859] fainting (= moha) L.
[L=237860] implement of war MBh. xi , 2165 ( Ni1lak. )
[L=237861] = visarga , the aspiration at the end of a word Cat.
[L=237862] N. of śiva MBh.
[L=237863] of a son of rudra Pur.
(H2) sarga [p= 1245,2] [L=251925] &c » [p= 1182,3].
sarvaprayatna

(H3) sárva--prayatna [p= 1186,2] [L=238481] m. every effort
sarvayatna

(H3) sárva--yatna [p= 1186,3] [L=238598] m. every effort (°nena ind. " with all one's might " , to the best of one's ability) MBh. Ca1n2. &c
sukhā

(H2B) sukhā [p= 1221,1] [L=245617] f. (in phil.) the effort to win future beatitude , piety , virtue Tattvas.
sūtthāna

(H1) sū* tthāna [p= 1241,3] [L=251179] mfn. (5. su utthāna) good effort MW.
(H1B) sū* tthāna [L=251180] mfn. making good efforts , clever Ka1m.
sotsāha

(H1) so* tsāha [p= 1248,3] [L=252583] mfn. making effort , vigorous , resolute , energetic , courageous (with ghanāḥ , " threatening clouds ") Ka1v. Ra1jat. Hit.
[L=252585] much delighted , overjoyed (am ind.) Ka1v. Vet.
svayamīhitalabdha

(H3) svayám--īhitalabdha [p= 1278,3] [L=258600] mfn. gained by one's own effort Mn. ix , 208.
upakrama

(H2) upa-krama [p= 196,1] [L=34221] m. the act of going or coming near , approach MBh. R.
[L=34222] setting about , undertaking , commencement , beginning La1t2y. Ka1tyS3r. BhP. Sa1h. Sarvad. &c
[L=34223] enterprise , planning , original conception , plan Ragh. Ra1jat. Pan5cat. &c
[L=34224] anything leading to a result
[L=34225] a means , expedient , stratagem , exploit MBh. Ya1jn5. Ma1lav. &c
[L=34226] remedy , medicine Sus3r.
[L=34227] attendance (on a patient) , treatment , practice or application of medicine , physicking Sus3r. &c
[L=34228] the rim of a wheel Hcat.
[L=34229] a particular ceremony preparatory to reading the vedas W.
[L=34230] trying the fidelity &c of a counsellor or friend ib.
[L=34231] heroism , courage L.
(H2) upa-krama [p= 1322,1] [L=323520] (also) effort, endeavour, Campak.