Sanskrit Words for Essence - atman, atmata, tattva, rasa, vapus, sara

From a reverse search of the sublime Monier Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary online at the University of Cologne

1 aṅkollasāra (essence) 2 aṅgakaṣāya (essence) 3 adbhutasāra (essence) 4 adrisāra (essence) 5 anantara (essence) 6 antaḥsāra (essence) 7 annarasa (essence) 8 amṛtasāraja (essence) 9 arthārthatattvajña (essence) 10 ātman (essence) 11 ātmatā (essence) 12 ātmatva (essence) 13 ānandātman (essence) 14 āmnāyasārin (essence) 15 udarasarvasva (essence) 16 unmardana (essence) 17 ekātmatā (essence) 18 kāmātman (essence) 19 kurasa (essence) 20 kṛtyasāra (essence) 21 kṣāra (essence) 22 kṣāraka (essence) 23 kṣitirasa (essence) 24 kṣīrasāra (essence) 25 gāyatra (essence) 26 candrāmṛtarasa (essence) 27 carmasāra (essence) 28 cārusāra (essence) 29 janturasa (essence) 30 taṭastha (essence) 31 tattva (essence) 32 tattvasāra (essence) 33 tantrasāra (essence) 34 tarusāra (essence) 35 tārasāra (essence) 36 tejas (essence) 37 tejastejas (essence) 38 tejastva (essence) 39 dīkṣātattva (essence) 40 duḥkhātmaka (essence) 41 dehasāra (essence) 42 drava (essence) 43 dravarasā (essence) 44 draviṇa (essence) 45 dharmatattva (essence) 46 dharmatā (essence) 47 dharmadhātu (essence) 48 dharmasāra (essence) 49 dharmasindhusāra (essence) 50 dhānyasāra (essence) 51 nayasāra (essence) 52 nāman (essence) 53 niṣprapañcasadātman (essence) 54 nikara (essence) 55 nityānandarasa (essence) 56 nityānandarasodadhi (essence) 57 nidāna (essence) 58 niṣkarṣa (essence) 59 nītisaṃdhi (essence) 60 naumaṇḍa (essence) 61 parāyaṇa (essence) 62 paramapadātmavat (essence) 63 puṣkarasārī (essence) 64 puṣpabhūti (essence) 65 pṛthagātman (essence) 66 pṛthagrasamaya (essence) 67 prasūta (essence) 68 bahudhātmaka (essence) 69 bodhisattva (essence) 70 brahman (essence) 71 brahmasvarūpa (essence) 72 bhāḥsatya (essence) 73 bhāvana (essence) 74 bhūtātmaka (essence) 75 maṇḍa (essence) 76 madbhāva (essence) 77 mantratattva (essence) 78 mahāpatha (essence) 79 mahāsattva (essence) 80 māṃsasāra (essence) 81 mārutamaya (essence) 82 meghasāra (essence) 83 medha (essence) 84 yajñasāra (essence) 85 yadātmaka (essence) 86 yāthātmya (essence) 87 yogātman (essence) 88 raktasāra (essence) 89 ratisarvasva (essence) 90 rasa (essence) 91 rasatama (essence) 92 rasamaya (essence) 93 rasātmaka (essence) 94 rāmahṛdaya (essence) 95 rudramaya (essence) 96 rudhirasāra (essence) 97 rūpatattva (essence) 98 reṇusāra (essence) 99 reṇusāraka (essence) 100 liṅganāśa (essence) 101 vajrasamānasāra (essence) 102 vajrasāra (essence) 103 vapus (essence) 104 vastu (essence) 105 vastuka (essence) 106 vastvabhāva (essence) 107 vāṅmaya (essence) 108 vitanu (essence) 109 viṭṭhala (essence) 110 vibhaktātman (essence) 111 viśeṣa (essence) 112 viśeṣārtha (essence) 113 viśvātmāka (essence) 114 viśvāsaikasāra (essence) 115 viṣṇu (essence) 116 viṣṇutattva (essence) 117 vīryādhāna (essence) 118 vedāntasāra (essence) 119 śallakīdrava (essence) 120 śitisāraka (essence) 121 śilāsāra (essence) 122 śivadhātu (essence) 123 śivātmaka (essence) 124 śukra (essence) 125 śukrasāra (essence) 126 śaiva (essence) 127 śoṇitamāṃsasāra (essence) 128 śrutisāgara (essence) 129 sakalavedopaniṣatsāropadeśasāhasrī (essence) 130 sakalārthaśāstrasāra (essence) 131 saṃkṣepa (essence) 132 sat (essence) 133 satsāra (essence) 134 sattva (essence) 135 sattvavat (essence) 136 sattvasāra (essence) 137 satyātmaka (essence) 138 saṃdhi (essence) 139 samūha (essence) 140 sarvabhūtātman (essence) 141 sarvasāra (essence) 142 sarvāṅgasundara (essence) 143 sāṃsiddhika (essence) 144 sātmatā (essence) 145 sātmatva (essence) 146 sātmya (essence) 147 sāra (essence) 148 sāragrāhin (essence) 149 sārabhuj (essence) 150 sārayoga (essence) 151 sāraloha (essence) 152 sārasamagraha (essence) 153 sukṛtarasa (essence) 154 susāra (essence) 155 susāravat (essence) 156 stenahṛdaya (essence) 157 smṛtyarthasāra (essence) 158 svarasa (essence) 159 svarūpabhāva (essence) 160 svānubhūtyekasāra (essence) 161 svastidevī (essence) 162 harṣamaya (essence) 163 hṛdaya (essence) 164 anūnavastuka (essence) 165 jīvitasarvasva (essence) 166 trayīniṣkarṣa (essence)
akolla-sāra [p= 7,2] [L=1488]
" essence of akolla " , a poison prepared from the plant akolla , &c
(H3) m.
ága--kaāyá [p= 7,3] [L=1524]
the essence of the body (said of , the semen virile) S3Br.
(H3) m.
adbhuta--sāra [p= 19,1] [L=3815]
" wonderful resin " of the khadira tree (Mimosa Catechu)

of a book on the essence of prodigies.
(H3) m.
ádri--sāra [p= 19,2] [L=3897]
" essence of stones " iron.
(H3) m.
an-antará [p= 25,1] [L=4986]
(ā)n. having no interior


an-antará [L=4993]
a neighbouring rival , a rival neighbour
an-antará [L=4994]
an-antará [L=4995]
brahma or the supreme soul (as being of one entire essence)
an-antará [L=4996]
an-antará [L=4997]
an-antara [p= 1311,1] [L=304700]
(also) the next (younger) brother after (abl.), MBh.
(H1) mf
[L=4987]having no interstice or interval or pause
[L=4988]uninterrupted , unbroken
[L=4990]immediately adjoining , contiguous
[L=4991]next of kin ,
[L=4992]compact , close
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H2) m.
antá--sāra [p= 43,2] [L=8037]
having internal essence
antá--sāra [L=8038]
internal treasure , inner store or contents.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
anna--rasa [p= 45,2] [L=8530]
essence of food , chyle

(H3) m.
[L=8531]meat and drink , nutriment , taste in distinguishing food.
a-mṛ́ta--sāra-ja [p= 82,3] [L=14264]
" produced from the essence of ambrosia " , raw sugar L.
(H3) m.
arthā* rtha-tattva-jña [p= 91,2] [L=16038]
" knowing the essence of the very aim of anything " , knowing thoroughly R.
(H3) mfn.
ātmán [p= 135,1] [L=23455]
(variously derived fr. an , to breathe ; at , to move ; , to blow ; cf. tmán) the breath RV.

RV. AV. &c

e.g. ātmán (Ved. loc.) dhatte , or karoti , " he places in himself " , makes his own TS. v S3Br. ; ātmanā akarot , " he did it himself " Ka1d. ; ātmanā vi-yuj , " to lose one's life " Mn. vii , 46 ; ātman in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders e.g. ātmāna sā hanti , " she strikes herself " ; putram ātmana spṛṣṭvā nipetatu , " they two having touched their son fell down " R. ii , 64 , 28 ; see also below s.v. ātmanā ]

ifc. e.g. karmā*tman , &c ) RV. x , 97 , 11 , &c

VS. S3Br.

Ragh. i , 14 Ra1matUp.

ifc.) " the understanding , intellect , mind " » naṣṭā*tman , mandā

brahma (cf. paramā*tman) AV. x , 8 , 44 VS. xxxii , 11 S3Br. xiv , &c


= dhti) firmness L.



L. ; [Old Germ. a1tum ; Angl.Sax. oedhm ; Mod. Germ. Athem , Odem ; Gk. ϋτμήν , (?).]
(H1) m.
[L=23456]the soul , principle of life and sensation
[L=23457]the individual soul , self , abstract individual [
[L=23463]essence , nature , character , peculiarity (often
[L=23464]the person or whole body considered as one and opposed to the separate members of the body
[L=23465]the body
[L=23467]the highest personal principle of life ,
[L=23470]the sun
[L=23472]a son
ātma--tā [p= 135,2] [L=23516]
essence , nature BhP.
(H3) f.
ātma--tva [L=23523]
essence , nature Sa1h.
(H3) n.
ānandā* tman [p= 140,1] [L=24427]
one whose essence consists in happiness S3Br.
ānandā* tman [L=24428]
N. of a teacher.
ānan--° * tman [p= 1319,3] [L=318760.3]
S3Br. ).
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
(H3) (
ā-mnāya--sārin [p= 147,2] [L=25629]
observing the vedas and traditional customs , pious
147,3] [L=25630]
veda L.
(H3) mfn.
[p= containing the essence of the
udára--sarvasva [p= 184,3] [L=32378]
one whose whole essence is stomach , a glutton , epicure L.
(H3) mfn.
un-márdana [p= 194,3] [L=34059]
id. Ka1tyS3r. Gaut. Sus3r. BhP.

S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vGr2.
(H2) n.
[L=34060]a fragrant essence used for rubbing
ekā* t° ma-tā [p= 230,1] [L=39777]
the unity of spiritual essence , the doctrine of one universal spirit.
(H4) f.
kāmā* tman [p= 273,1] [L=48235]
" whose very essence is desire " , consisting of desire , indulging one's desires , given to lust , sensual , licentious MBh. Mn. vii , 27

(H3) mfn.
[L=48236]desiring , wishing for
ku--rasa [p= 286,2] [L=51144]
having bad juice or flavour or essence W.
ku--rasa [L=51145]
spirituous or vinous liquor L.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
ktya--sāra [p= 303,3] [L=54634]
" essence of what is to be done " , N. of a work.
(H3) m.
kāra [p= 327,1] [L=59159]
(ā)n. (g. jvalā*di) caustic , biting , corrosive , acrid , pungent , saline , converted to alkali or ashes by distillation (fr. √ kai?) R. Pan5cat. BhP. &c

Ka1vya7d. ii , 104
kāra [L=59161]
any corrosive or acrid or saline substance (esp. an alkali such as soda or potash) , caustic alkali (one species of cautery) Ka1ty. Ya1jn5. iii , 36 MBh. &c
kāra [L=59162]
juice , essence W.
kāra [L=59163]
treacle , molasses L.
kāra [L=59164]
glass L.
kāra [L=59165]
any corrosive or acrid substance Katha1s. xciii , 14
kāra [L=59166]
a factitious or medicinal salt (commonly black salt , vi-lavaa and kṛṣṇa-l°) W.
kāra [L=59167]
water W.
kāra [p= 327,3] [L=59263]
raka,°raa , &c »kar.
kāra [p= 1325,3] [L=329310]
(H2) mf
[L=59160]sharp , keen (as the wind)
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H1) °
(H2) (also) flowing water, flow,
kāraka [p= 327,2] [L=59217]
alkali Sus3r.


MBh. xii , 5473 and 5560


cf. -jāta) Comm. on L.

(H2) m.
[L=59218]a juice , essence
[L=59219]a net for catching birds
[L=59220]a cage or basket for birds or fish
[L=59221]a multitude of young buds (
[L=59222]a washerman
kití--rasa [p= 328,1] [L=59350]
the juice or essence of the earth VP.
(H3) m.
kīrá--sāra [p= 330,1] [L=59776]
" essence of milk " , cream L.

(H3) m.
gāyatrá [p= 352,3] [L=64614]
n. a song , hymn RV. VS. xi , 8 ChUp. ii , 11 , 1
gāyatrá [L=64615]
a hymn composed in the gāyatrī metre RV.
gāyatrá [L=64616]
the gāyatrī metre VP. i , 5 , 52
gāyatrá [L=64617]
N. of a sāman S3Br. ix Ka1tyS3r.
gāyatrá [L=64618]
(ī)n. consisting in or connected with the gāyatrī (e.g. in accordance with the number of syllables of a gāyatrī verse) VS. TS. &c
gāyatrá [L=64619]
(ī)n. with vrata = brahma-carya BhP. x , 45 , 29
gāyatrá [L=64621]
(ī)n. the gāyatrī (i.e. RV. iii , 62 , 10 ; tát savitúr váreyam bhárgo devásya dhīmahi dhíyo yó na pracodáyā*t S3Br. xiv S3a1n3khGr2. MBh. &c ; this is a very sacred verse repeated by every Brahman at his morning and evening devotions ; from being addressed to savit or the Sun as generator , it is also called sāvitrī ; cf. RTL. pp. 19 ; 342 ; 361 ; 403 ; the gāyatrī verse is personified as a goddess , the wife of brahmā and mother of the four vedas Hariv. 11666 ff. ; it is often mentioned in connection with the amta , both together constituting as it were the essence and type of sacred hymns in general AV. ; the gāyatrī personified is also considered as the mother of the first three classes in their capacity of twice-born W. ; cf. RTL. pp. 200 f. ; some other verse [perhaps RV. x , 9 , 1] is denoted by gāyatrī Sus3r. vi , 28 , 7 ; with tāntrikas a number of mystical verses are called gāyatrīs , and each deity has one in particular)
gāyatrá [L=64622]
(ī)n. N. of durgā MatsyaP. Katha1s. liii , 172
gāyatrá [L=64623]
(ī)n. Acacia Catechu L.
gāyatrá [p= 354,1] [L=64863]
» ib.
(H2) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2) &c
candrā* mta-rasa [p= 388,1] [L=71914]
" essence of the moon's nectar " , a particular medicine.
(H3) m.
carma--sāra [p= 390,3] [L=72520]
" skin-essence " , lymph , serum L.
(H3) m.
cā́ru--sāra [p= 394,1] [L=73232]
" essence of what is lovely " , gold Gal.
(H3) n.
jantú--rasa [p= 411,2] [L=77024]

jantú--rasa [L=77026]
" insect-essence " , red lac L.
(H3) Npr.
(H3) m.
taa--stha [p= 432,1] [L=81670]
standing on a declivity or bank Naish. iii , 55
taa--stha [L=81671]
= -sthita , Ma1latim. ?? Naish. iii , 55
taa--stha [L=81672]
an indifferent person (neither friend nor foe) W.
taa--stha [L=81673]
a property distinct from the nature of the body and yet that by which it is known , spiritual essence , Veda7ntak. ??
(H3) mfn.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) n.
tat--tva [p= 432,3] [L=81839]
true or real state , truth , reality S3vetUp. Mn. Bhag. &c

phil.) a true principle (in khya phil. 25 in number , viz. a-vyakta , buddhi , aha-kāra , the 5 tan-mātras , the 5 mahā-bhūtas , the 11 organs including manas , and , lastly , purua , qq.vv.) MBh. xii , 11840 ; xiv , 984 R. iii , 53 , 42 Tattvas. ; 24 in number MBh. xii , 11242 Hariv. 14840 (m.) ; 23 in number BhP. iii , 6 , 2 ff.

cf. xi , 22 , 1 ff. Ra1matUp. ; with māheśvaras and lokāyatikas only 5 [viz. the 5 elements] are admitted Prab. ii , 18÷19 ; with Buddh. 4 , with jainas 2 or 5 or 7 or 9 Sarvad. ii f. ; in vedā*nta phil. tattva is regarded as made up of tad and tvam , " that [art] thou " , and called mahā-vākya , the great word by which the identity of the whole world with the one eternal brahma [tad] is expressed)

Su1ryas. ii

Devi1bhP. S3Br. vii , 3 , 1 , 43 Sa1y.

433,1] [L=81845]

Jaim. i , 3 , 24 Sch.

tata-tva L.

of a musical instrument L.
(H3) n.
[L=81841](for other numbers
[L=81842]the , number 25
[L=81843]the number 24
[L=81844]an element or elementary property
[p= the essence or substance of anything
[L=81846]the being that
tat--tva---sāra [L=81901]
" truth-essence " , N. of wk. S3a1kta7n. ii
(H4) m.
tántra--sāra [p= 436,2] [L=82529]
" tantra-essence " , N. of a compilation.
(H3) m.
taru--sāra [p= 439,3] [L=83290]
" tree-essence " , camphor L.
(H3) m.
tārá--sāra [p= 444,1] [L=84279]
" essence of (saving i.e.) mystical syllables " , N. of an Up.
(H3) m.
téjas [p= 454,2] [L=86857]
(often pl.) the sharp edge (of a knife &c ) , point or top of a flame or ray , glow , glare , splendour , brilliance , light , fire RV. &c

VS. xxi AitBr. &c
454,3] [L=86859]
Nal. Sus3r. i , 15


AV. &c

MBh. R. Ragh. S3ak.




kamā) impatience , fierceness , energetic opposition MBh. iii VarBr2. Sa1h. iii , 50 and 54 Das3ar. ii , 3

khya phil.) = rajas (passion)

AV. VS. &c

MBh. v , xiii S3ak. vii , 15


N. of the letter $ Ra1matUp. i , 23

ase) dat. inf.tij q.v.

a- , agni- , ugra- &c
(H2) n.
[L=86858]clearness of the eyes
[p= the bright appearance of the human body (in health) , beauty
[L=86860]the heating and strengthening faculty of the human frame seated in the bile , 14 and 26
[L=86861]the bile
[L=86862]fiery energy , ardour , vital power , spirit , efficacy , essence
[L=86863]semen virile
[L=86865]the brain
[L=86867](opposed to
[L=86869]spiritual or moral or magical power or influence , majesty , dignity , glory , authority
[L=86870]a venerable or dignified person , person of consequence
[L=86871]fresh butter
[L=86872]a mystical
téjas--tejas [L=86880]
whose essence is light W.
(H3) m.
téjas--tva [L=86881]
the general notion of tejas Sarvad. x , 42

BhP. iii.
(H3) n.
[L=86882]the nature or essence of light
dīkā́--tattva [p= 480,3] [L=92709]
" essence of initiation " , N. of wk.
(H3) n.
dukhā* tmaka [p= 483,3] [L=93471]
whose essence is sorrow
(H3) mfn.
deha--sāra [p= 497,1] [L=96696]
" body essence " , marrow L.
(H3) m.
dravá [p= 500,3] [L=97551]
(fr. √2. dru) running (as a horse) RV. iv , 40 , 2

comp.) Ka1t2h. Mn. MBh. Ka1v.

dravá [L=97554]
going , quick motion , flight Hariv.
dravá [L=97555]
play , sport Ja1takam.
dravá [L=97556]
distilling , trickling , fluidity Bha1sha1p.
dravá [L=97557]
juice , essence , decoction
dravá [L=97558]
stream or gush of (comp.) Ka1v.
dravá [L=97559]
(dram.) the flying out against one's superior Das3ar. Sa1h.
dravá [L=97560]
N. of one of the viśve devās , Hcat.
(H1) mfn.
[L=97552]flowing , fluid , dropping , dripping , trickling or overflowing with (
[L=97553]fused , liquefied , melted
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
dravá--rasā [L=97569]
" having fluid essence " , lac , gum , extract L.
(H3) f.
dravia [p= 501,1] [L=97596]
movable property (as opp. to house and field) , substance , goods (m. pl. BhP. v , 14 , 12), wealth , money RV. AV. Mn. MBh. &c

RV. AV. S3Br. R. &c

of a sāman A1rshBr.
dravia [L=97599]
N. of a son of vasu dhara (or dhava) MBh. Hariv. VP.
dravia [L=97600]
of a son of pthu BhP.
dravia [L=97601]
of a mountain ib.
dravia [L=97602]
pl. the inhabitants of a vara in krauñca-dvīpa ib.
dravia [p= 1329,1] [L=334170]
(H2) n.
[L=97597]essence , substantiality , strength , power
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2) (in
dhárma--tattva [p= 511,1] [L=100020]
the real essence of the law (-tas ind. in a manner entirely corresponding to the law MBh. viii , 229)

of wk. by kamalākara

wk. RTL. 510 n. 1
(H3) n.
[L=100022]of a modern
dhárma--tā [L=100029]
essence , inherent nature Buddh.

(H3) f.
[L=100030]the being law or right
dhárma--dhātu [p= 511,2] [L=100071]
" the element of law or of existence " , one of the 18 dhātus of the Buddhists

buddha (whose essence is law) L.
(H3) m.
dhárma--sāra [p= 512,1] [L=100325]
" law-essence " , N. of wk.
(H3) m.
dhárma--sindhu---sāra [L=100332]
" essence of the ocean of law " , N. of wk.
(H4) m.
dhānyá--sāra [p= 514,2] [L=100838]
" essence of grain " , threshed corn L.
(H3) m.
naya--sāra [p= 528,3] [L=103971]
" essence of polity " , chief of a village W.

of wk.
(H3) m.
nā́man [p= 536,2] [L=105825]
(prob. neither fr. √ jñā nor fr. √ mnā [cf. Ur2t. ?? iv , 150] ; ifc. f. either = m. or °mnī) a characteristic mark or sign , form , nature , kind , manner RV. VS. AV.

RV. &c

opp. to gotre , family name ; cf. nama-gotra above ) Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 8-2 , 23 (often ifc. = named , called e.g. viṣṇu-śarma-nāmā paṇḍitah , a sage named viṣṇu)

opp. to reality ; cf. nāma-dhāraka , -mātra , -śea &c ) , a noun (as opp. to a verb) Nir. Pra1t.

mīmā phil. opp. to gua , accidental quality)

ifc. ; cf. śva- , sumántu-)

Naigh. i , 11

k ( Ka1v. ) or vi-dhā ( Katha1s. ) to call by a name

nāma (q.v.) with √grabh(grah) to mention or address by name RV. &c

bh , to bear or have a name ib.

k ( Br. Mn. &c ) , √ or dhā ( Gr2S. ) , to give a name call. [cf. Zd. na1man ; Gk. -νομα ; Lat. no1men ; Goth. namo1 ; Germ. namo &c ; Eng. name.]
(H2) n.
[L=105826]name , appellation
[L=105827]personal name (as
[L=105828]merely the name (as
[L=105829]substance , essence (in the
[L=105830]a good or great name , renown , fame (only
[L=105833]with √
[L=105835]with √
[L=105836]with √
ni--prapañca---sad-ātman [p= 543,2] [L=107610]
being of real essence without expansion (°tma-tva n.) S3am2k.
(H4) mfn.
ni-kara [p= 544,2] [L=107827]
( √ k) a heap , pile , a flock or multitude , a bundle , mass , collection (mfn. ifc. f(ā).) MBh. Ka1v. &c

L. ) pith , sap , essence

kubera , 1.
(H1) m.
[L=107829]suitable gift , a honorarium
[L=107830]a treasure , the best of anything , a treasure belonging to
nityā* nanda---rasa [p= 547,3] [L=108429]
" essence of eternal joy " , N. of a partic. medic. preparation Rasar.
(H4) m.
nityā* nanda---raso* dadhi [L=108430]
" ocean of the essence &c " , God MW.
(H4) m.
nidāná [p= 548,1] [L=108455]
reproached , ridiculed ib.
ni-° dā́na [L=108478]
a band , rope , halter RV. vi , 32 , 6 MBh.

cf. ni-bandhana) RV. x , 114 , 2 Br. Ka1t2h.

°nena ind. originally , essentially , properly) Br.

Buddh. ) a cause of existence (12 in number) MWB. 56 ; 103


nidāna-sthāna q.v.) L.

nidāna-sūtra Cat.



(H3) mfn.
(H3) n.
[L=108479]a first or primary cause (
[L=108480]original form or essence (
[L=108482]any cause or motive
[L=108483]the cause of a disease and enquiry into it , pathology (=
[L=108485]cessation , end
[L=108486]purification , correctness
[L=108487]claiming the reward of penitential acts
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 15.20
ni-kara [p= 562,2] [L=110805]
aa &c » nikṛṣ.
ni-° kara [p= 562,3] [L=110863]
drawing out , extracting MBh.

Mn. MBh. (°āt ind. chiefly for the sake of [comp.]. °ān niścayāt , briefly and exactly MBh. )

Dha1tup. xv , 20

ni-° kara [L=110867]
oppressing subjects by taxes MBh. ii , 526 ( Ni1lak. )
(H1) °
(H3) m.
[L=110864]extract or essence of anything , chief or main point
(H3B) n.
nīti--sadhi [p= 565,2] [L=111250]
essence of all policy Pan5c. (B.)
(H3) m.
naú--maṇḍá [p= 571,2] [L=112638]
the essence or chief part of a ship

e) du. the two sides (or the rudders?) of a ship S3Br.
(H3) n.
parā́* yaa [p= 587,3] [L=116353]
(for 2. » [p= 590,3]) final end or aim , last resort or refuge , principal object , chief matter , essence , summary (°a-k , to do one's utmost) S3Br. Up. MBh. &c

medic.) a universal medicine , panacea Car.


ifc. ; f(ā).) making anything one's chief object , wholly devoted or destined to , engaged in , intent upon , filled or occupied with , affected or possessed by (-tā f. Das3. ) Mn. MBh. &c
parā́* yaa [L=116357]
(ā)n. violent , strong (as pain) MBh. i , 8367 ( Ni1lak. )
parā́* yaa [L=116358]
(ā)n. principal , being the chief object or final aim ib.
parā́* yaa [L=116359]
(ā)n. dependent on (gen.) R.
parā́* yaa [L=116360]
(ā)n. leading or conducive to (gen.) MBh.
parā́* yaa [L=116361]
N. of a pupil of yājñavalkya Va1yuP.
parā* yaa 2 [p= 590,3] [L=116905]
(parāi) going away , departure or way of departure , final end , last resort RV. AV. S3Br. (cf. 1. parā*yaa , p.587) .
(H3) n.
[L=116355]a religious order or division
(H3B) mf
(H3B) mf
(H3B) mf
(H3B) mf
(H3B) m.
(H1) n.
paramá--pa° * tmavat [p= 588,2] [L=116489]
whose essence is the highest of all states (i.e. brahmā) VP.
(H4) mfn.
kara--sārī [p= 638,3] [L=126850]
" having the essence of the lotus " , a kind of writing Lalit.
(H3) f.
pa--bhūti [p= 639,3] [L=127094]
" essence of flower " , N. of a prince Hcar.
(H3) m.
pthag--ātman [p= 646,1] [L=128416]
" having a separate nature or essence " , separate , distinct , individual W.
pthag--ātman [L=128417]
individualized spirit , the individual soul (as distinct from universal spirit or the soul of the universe) ib.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
pthag--rasamaya [L=128445]
(ī)n. made of a distinct or special sap or essence BhP.
(H3) mf
pra-° sūta [p= 698,1] [L=138070]
(ā)n. (prá-) procreated , begotten , born , produced , sprung (" by " or " from " abl. or gen. ; " in " loc. or comp. ; cf. Pa1n2. 2-3 , 39) Up. Mn. MBh. &c
pra-° sūta [L=138070.1]
(or sg. with gaa) N. of a class of gods under manu cākua Hariv. Ma1rkP.
pra-° sūta [L=138070.2]
a flower L.
pra-° sūta [L=138070.3]
any productive source MW.
pra-° sūta [L=138070.4]
(in khya) the primordial essence or matter Tattvas.
(H3) mf
(H3B) m. pl.
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
bahudhā́--tmaka [p= 726,2] [L=143974]
(ikā)n. existing in various forms , manifold in essence R.
bahudhā* tmaka [L=143975]
(ikā)n. existing in various forms , manifold in essence R.
(H3) mf
(H3) mf
bodhi--sattva [p= 734,3] [L=145897]
" one whose essence is perfect knowledge " , one who is on the way to the attainment of perfect knowledge (i.e. a Buddhist saint when he has only one birth to undergo before obtaining the state of a supreme buddha and then nirvāa) S3is3. Katha1s. Ra1jat. Buddh. (the early doctrine had only one bodhi-sattva , viz. maitreya ; the later reckoned many more MWB. 134 , 188 , 189)

of the principal buddha of the present era (before he became a buddha) S3is3. Sch. L.

(H3) m.
[L=145899]of a poet
bráhman [p= 737,3] [L=146546]
(lit. " growth " , " expansion " , " evolution " , " development " " swelling of the spirit or soul " , fr. √2. bh) pious effusion or utterance , outpouring of the heart in worshipping the gods , prayer RV. AV. VS. TS.

opp. to vāc , the word of man) , the veda , a sacred text , a text or mantra used as a spell (forming a distinct class from the cas , sāmāni and yajūṃṣi ; cf. brahma-veda) RV. AV. Br. Mn. Pur.

brāhmaa portion of the veda Mn. iv , 100

Prab. , Sch. , (cf. Mn. ii , 83)

opp. to religious observances and bodily mortification such as tapas &c ) AV. Br. Mn. R.

esp. continence , chastity ; cf. brahma-carya) S3ak. i , 24÷25 S3am2k. Sarvad.
738,1] [p= 737,3] [L=146552]
m.) the brahma or one self-existent impersonal Spirit , the one universal Soul (or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return) , the Self-existent , the Absolute , the Eternal (not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge ; also with jyéṣṭha , prathama-já , svayóm-bhu , a-mūrta , para , paratara , parama , mahat , sanātana , śāśvata ; and = paramā*tman , ātman , adhyātma , pradhāna , ketra-jña , tattva) AV. S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c ( IW. 9 , 83 &c )
bráhman [L=146553]
the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge , the Brahmanical caste as a body (rarely an individual Brahman) AV. TS. VS. S3Br. Mn. BhP.
bráhman [L=146554]
food Naigh. ii , 7
bráhman [L=146555]
wealth ib. 10
bráhman [L=146556]
final emancipation L.
bráhman [L=146557]
(brahmán) , one who Prays , a devout or religious man , a Brahman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells , one versed in sacred knowledge RV. &c ([cf. Lat. , fla1men])
bráhman [L=146558]
N. of bhas-pati (as the priest of the gods) RV. x , 141 , 3
bráhman [L=146559]
one of the 4 principal priests or tvijs (the other three being the hot , adhvaryu and udgāt ; the brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know the 3 vedas , to supervise the , sacrifice and to set right mistakes ; at a later period his functions were based especially on the atharva-veda) RV. &c
bráhman [L=146560]
brahmā or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods (= prajā-pati q.v. ; he never appears to have become an object of general worship , though he has two temples in India » RTL. 555 &c ; his wife is sarasvatī ib. 48) TBr. &c
bráhman [L=146561]
= brahmaa āyu , a lifetime of brahmā Pan5car.
bráhman [L=146562]
an inhabitant of brahmā's heaven Ja1takam.
bráhman [L=146563]
the sun L.
bráhman [L=146564]
N. of śiva Prab. Sch.
bráhman [L=146565]
the veda (?) Pa1rGr2.
bráhman [L=146566]
the intellect (= buddhi) Tattvas.
bráhman [L=146567]
N. of a star , δ Aurigae , Su1ryat. ??
bráhman [L=146568]
a partic. astron. yoga L.
bráhman [L=146569]
N. of the 9th muhūrta L.
bráhman [L=146570]
(with jainas) a partic. kalpa Dharmas3.
bráhman [L=146571]
N. of the servant of the 10th arhat of the present avasarpiī L.
bráhman [L=146572]
of a magician Ra1jat.
(H1) n.
[L=146547]the sacred word (as
[L=146549]the sacred syllable Om
[L=146550]religious or spiritual knowledge (
[L=146551]holy life (
[p= (exceptionally treated as
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
brahma--svarūpa [p= 740,2] [L=147133]
of the nature or essence of the one self-existing Spirit W.
(H3) mfn.
bhā-satya [p= 751,2] [L=149532]
bhās satya) mfn. one whose real essence is light S3Br.
bhā́-satya [p= 756,1] [L=150600]
[p= 751,2].
(H1) (2.
(H2) »
bhā́--vana 1 [p= 750,3] [L=149435]
(for 2. bhāvana » [p= 755,1]) a forest of rays Ghat2.
bhāvana 2 [p= 755,1] [L=150349]
(ī)n. (fr. Caus. ; for 1. » 2. bhā́ p.750) causing to be , effecting , producing , displaying , manifesting MBh. Ka1v. BhP.

gen. or comp.) welfare MBh. R. &c


bhāvana 2 [L=150353]
a creator , producer , efficient MBh. Ka1v.
bhāvana 2 [L=150354]
N. of śiva (= dhyāt) MBh.
bhāvana 2 [L=150355]
of viṣṇu A.
bhāvana 2 [L=150356]
of the 22nd kalpa (q.v.)
bhāvana 2 [L=150357]
(ā). and n. the act of producing or effecting Nir. Sa1h. BhP.
bhāvana 2 [L=150358]
(ā)n. forming in the mind , conception , apprehension , imagination , supposition , fancy , thought , meditation (°nayā ind. in thought , in imagination ; °nām-bandh , with loc. , to occupy one's imagination with , direct one's thoughts to) MBh. Ka1v. S3am2k. Veda7ntas. &c
bhāvana 2 [L=150359]
(ā)n. (in logic) that cause of memory which arises from direct perception Tarkas.
bhāvana 2 [L=150360]
(ā)n. application of perfumes &c (= adhivāsana) L.
bhāvana 2 [L=150371]
furthering , promoting MBh.
bhāvana 2 [L=150372]
the fruit of Dillenia Speciosa L.
bhāvana 2 [L=150373]
(ifc.) nature , essence Ra1matUp.
(H3) n.
(H2) mf
[L=150350]promoting or effecting any one's (
[L=150351]imagining , fancying
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) f
(H2B) f
(H2B) f
(H2B) f
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
bhūtā* tmaka [p= 762,2] [L=151986]
possessing the essence of the elements Cat.
(H3) mfn.
maṇḍa [p= 775,2] [L=154855]
(ifc. f(ā).) the scum of boiled rice (or any grain) Nir. Uttarar. Sus3r.

S3vetUp. MBh. &c (cf. dadhi-m°)

&c Hariv. R. ( W. also " foam or froth ; pith , essence ; the head ")
maṇḍa [L=154858]
(only L. ) Ricinus Communis
maṇḍa [L=154859]
a species of potherb
maṇḍa [L=154860]
a frog (cf. maṇḍūka)
maṇḍa [L=154861]
ornament , decoration
maṇḍa [L=154862]
a measure of weight (= 5 as)
maṇḍa [L=154864]
spirituous or vinous liquor , brandy L.
maṇḍa [L=154865]
» nau-maṇḍá.
(H2) mn.
[L=154856]the thick part of milk , cream ,
[L=154857]the spirituous part of wine
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
mad--bhāva [p= 777,2] [L=155247]
my essence ib.
(H3) m.
mántra--tattva [p= 786,1] [L=157283]
the essence of counsel
(H3) n.
mahā́--patha [p= 797,1] [L=159953]
a principal road , high street (in a city) , high road , highway (ifc. f(ā).) AitBr. Gaut. A1past. &c

of śiva MBh.

°tha , to die) Katha1s.
797,2] [L=159956]
śiva on mount kedāra , or the same pilgrimage performed in spirit i.e. by deep absorption into śiva) Cat.

śiva acquired in this pilgrimage Cat.

śiva's heaven ib.

of the book which treats of the above subjects

mahā́--patha [L=159961]
= brahma-randhra (q.v.) Cat.
mahā́--patha [L=159962]
(ā)n. having a great path or way Pa1rGr2.
(H3) m.
[L=159955]the long journey , the passage into the next world (
[p= the great pilgrimage (to the shrine of
[L=159957]the knowledge of the essence of
[L=159958]the mountain-precipices from which devotees throw themselves to obtain a speedier entrance into
[L=159960]of a hell
(H3B) n.
(H3B) mf
mahā́--sat-tva [p= 801,2] [L=161026]
a great creature , large animal MBh.
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161027]
= -sat-tā above Up.
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161028]
steady , constant (» -tā below)
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161029]
having a great or noble essence , noble , good (of persons ; with Buddhists , N. of a bodhi-sattva) MBh. R. &c
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161030]
extremely courageous MBh. Katha1s.
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161031]
containing large animals (» -tā below)
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161032]
a buddha L.
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161033]
N. of kubera L.
mahā́--sat-tva [L=161034]
of gautama buddha as heir to the throne Buddh.
(H3) m.
(H3B) n.
(H3B) mfn.
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
sá--sāra [p= 805,1] [L=161865]
" flesh-essence " , tat L.

sá--sāra [L=161867]
having the flesh predominant (among the 7 constituent parts of the body) VarBr2S.
(H3) m.
(H3B) mfn.
mā́ruta--maya [p= 812,1] [L=163309]
(ī)n. consisting or having the essence of wind Kuval.
(H3) mf
megha--sāra [p= 832,1] [L=167675]
" cloud-essence " , a kind of camphor L.
(H3) n.
médha [p= 832,3] [L=167871]
the juice of meat , broth , nourishing or strengthening drink RV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.

esp. of the sacrificial victim) , sap , pith , essence AV. TS. Br.

VS. Br. S3rS.

esp. ifc.) ib. MBh. &c

of the reputed author of VS. xxxiii , 92 Anukr.
833,1] [L=167876]
priya-vrata (v.l. medhas) VP.
médha [L=167878]
g. pacā*di.
(H2) m.
[L=167872]marrow (
[L=167873]a sacrificial animal , victim
[L=167874]an animal-sacrifice , offering , oblation , any sacrifice (
[p= of a son of
(H2B) mfn.
yajñá--sāra [p= 840,2] [L=169421]
" essence of sacrifice " , N. of viṣṇu Pan5car.

Glomerata L.
(H3) m.
yád--ātmaka [p= 844,3] [L=170158]
having which essence or existence BhP.
(H3) mfn.
yāthā--° tmya [p= 851,2] [L=171378]
(fr. yathā*tman) real nature or essence Hariv. Ragh. BhP.
(H3) n.
yogā* tman [p= 857,3] [L=172593]
(one) whose soul or essence is Yoga or who fixes his mind on Yoga MBh.
(H3) mfn.
rakta--sāra [p= 862,1] [L=173648]
whose essence is blood , having a sanguinary nature VarBr2S.
rakta--sāra [L=173649]
a species of plant Sus3r. (= amla-vetasa or rakta-kadhira L. )
rakta--sāra [L=173650]
red sandal or Caesalpina Sappan Bhpr.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) n.
rati--sarvasva [p= 867,3] [L=175058]
the whole essence of love S3ak.

of wk.
(H3) n.
rása [p= 869,2] [L=175486]
(ifc. f(ā).) the sap or juice of plants , Juice of fruit , any liquid or fluid , the best or finest or prime part of anything , essence , marrow RV. &c

MBh. Ka1v. &c


R. BhP.


scil. gavām) milk MBh.
869,3] [L=175492]
scil. viasya) poison Das3. Ra1jat.



esp.) the primary juice called chyle (formed from the food and changed by the bile into blood) ib.

śiva) Sarvad.

RV. i , 105 , 2



cf. upa- , mahā-r°)


Spinosa L.




amta L.

madhura , sweet ; amla , sour ; lavaa , salt ; kauka , pungent ; tikta , bitter ; and kaāya , astringent ; sometimes 63 varieties are distinguished , viz. beside the 6 original ones , 15 mixtures of 2 , 20 of 3 , 15 of 4 , 6 of 5 , and 1 of 6 flavours) S3Br. &c

of the number " six " VarBr2S. S3rutab.

MBh. Ka1v. &c


loc. with or scil. upari , or comp.) , love , affection , desire MBh. Ka1v. &c


rhet.) the taste or character of a work , the feeling or sentiment prevailing in it (from 8 to 10 rasas are generally enumerated , viz. śṛṅgāra , love ; vīra , heroism ; bībhatsa , disgust ; raudra , anger or fury ; hāsya , mirth ; bhayānaka , terror ; karua , pity ; adbhuta , wonder ; śānta , tranquillity or contentment ; vātsalya , paternal fondness ; the last or last two are sometimes omitted ; cf. under bhāva) Bhar. Das3ar. Ka1vya7d. &c

Uttarar. Ra1jat.

vaiṣṇavas) disposition of the heart or mind , religious sentiment (there are 5 rasas or ratis forming the 5 degrees of bhakti q.v. , viz. śānti , dāsya , sākhya , vātsalya , and mādhurya) W.


of the sacred syllable , " Om , " S3a1n3khGr2.

niāda and a śanakī L.
(H2) m.
[L=175487]water , liquor , drink
[L=175488]juice of the sugar-cane , syrup
[L=175489]any mixture , draught , elixir , potion
[L=175490]melted butter
[L=175491](with or
[p= (with or
[L=175494]soup , broth
[L=175495]a constituent fluid or essential juice of the body , serum , (
[L=175496]mercury , quicksilver (sometimes regarded as a kind of quintessence of the human body , else where as the seminal fluid of
[L=175497]semen virile
[L=175499]any mineral or metallic salt
[L=175500]a metal or mineral in a state of fusion (
[L=175503]a species of amaranth
[L=175504]green onion
[L=175507]taste , flavour (as the principal quality of fluids , of which there are 6 original kinds , viz.
[L=175509]any object of taste , condiment , sauce , spice , seasoning
[L=175510]the tongue (as the organ of taste)
[L=175511]taste or inclination or fondness for (
[L=175512]charm pleasure , delight
[L=175514]the prevailing sentiment in human character
[L=175516]a kind of metre
[L=175518]the son of a
rása--tama [p= 870,1] [L=175579]
rása-) m. the juice of all juices , essence of essences S3Br. ChUp.
(H3) (
rása--maya [L=175640]
(ī)n. formed of juice , consisting of fluid , liquid Katha1s. BhP.



(H3) mf
[L=175641]consisting of quicksilver
[L=175642]whose essence is taste , savoury (as water)
[L=175643]delightful , charming
rasā* tmaka [p= 870,2] [L=175731]
(ikā)n. having juice for its essence , consisting of nectar (as the moon) Kum.


(H3) mf
[L=175732]characterized by sapidity or savour (as water)
[L=175733]tasteful , elegant , charming , beautiful
rāma--hdaya [p= 878,1] [L=177558]
" rāma's heart " , N. of wk. on bhakti (°*spada n. N. of a Comm. on it)

ch. of the adhyātmarāmāyaa (revealing the supposed mythical essence of rāma).
(H3) n.
[L=177559]of a
rudrá--maya [p= 883,3] [L=178627]
(ī)n. having the essence of rudra Hariv.
(H3) mf
rudhirá--sāra [p= 884,3] [L=178842]
one who essence is blood , sanguine Laghuj.
(H3) mfn.
rūpá--tattva [p= 886,1] [L=179107]
" reality of form " , inherent property , nature , essence L.
(H3) n.
reú--sāra [p= 887,2] [L=179399]
" essence of dust " , camphor L.
(H3) m.
reú--sāraka [L=179400]
" essence of dust " , camphor L.
(H3) m.
liga--nāśa [p= 902,1] [L=182521]
loss of what is characteristic or of the real essence S3vetUp. ( S3am2k. )

partic. disease of the eyes (loss of vision from cataract &c , considered to be a discolouration of the pupil) Sus3r. S3a1rn3gS.

(H3) m.
[L=182523]loss of the penis
vájra--samāna-sāra [p= 914,1] [L=185034]
having a diamond-like essence or nature , hard as adamant MBh.
(H3) mfn.
vájra--sāra [L=185036]
having the essence or nature of a diamond R. Pan5cat.

vájra--sāra [L=185038]
or n. a diamond ib. Ma1lati1m.
vájra--sāra [L=185039]
N. of various men Katha1s. Ra1jat.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
vápus [p= 920,1] [L=186362]
having form or a beautiful form , embodied , handsome , wonderful RV.
vápus [L=186363]
form , figure , (esp.) a beautiful form or figure , wonderful appearance , beauty (°pue ind. for beauty ; vápur dśáye , a wonder to see) RV. &c
vápus [L=186364]
nature , essence Mn. v , 96 ; x , 9 &c
vápus [L=186365]
(ifc. f(uī). ) the body Mn. MBh. &c
vápus [L=186366]
Beauty personified as a daughter of daka and dharma VP. Ma1rkP.
vápus [L=186367]
N. of an apsaras VP.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
vástu 1 [p= 931,3] [L=188970]
(for 2. » [p= 932,3]) becoming light , dawning , morning RV. VS. (gen. vásto , in the morning ; vástor vasto , every morning ; vástor asyā́ , this morning ; práti vásto , towards morning ; dat. vástave » under √2. vas).
vastu 2 [p= 932,3] [L=189124]
(for 1. » [p= 931,3]) the seat or place of (» kapila- , vraa-v°)

Ka1v. VarBr2S. Katha1s. &c (also applied to living beings e.g. S3ak. ii , 7÷8)

phil.) the real (opp. to a-v° , " that which does not really exist , the unreal " ; a-dvitīya-v° , " the one real substance or essence which has no second ") IW. 53 n. 1 ; 103 &c

comp.) Ka1v.

cf. -vinimaya and -hāni)

MBh. Ka1v. &c

&c ) , plot (of a drama or poem) Ka1v. Das3ar. Sa1h. &c



vastu [p= 933,2] [L=189230]
vastu. » pp. 931 and 932.
(H2) f.
(H2) n.
[L=189125]any really existing or abiding substance or essence , thing , object , article
[L=189127]the right thing , a valuable or worthy object , object of or for (
[L=189128]goods , wealth , property (
[L=189129]the thing in question , matter , affair , circumstance
[L=189130]subject , subject-matter , contents , theme (of a speech
[L=189131](in music) a kind of composition
[L=189132]natural disposition , essential property
[L=189133]the pith or substance of anything
(H1) 1. 2.
vastuka [p= 933,1] [L=189174]
(ifc.) = vastu2 , substance , essence (in an-ūna-v° , " of perfect substance or nature " Ma1lav. i , 6÷7)
vastuka [L=189174.1]
Chenopodium Album W.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
vastv--abhāva [L=189180]
absence of reality , unsubstantial essence ib.

(H3) m.
[L=189181]loss or destruction of property
--máya [p= 937,2] [L=190130]
(ī)n. consisting of speech , depending on speech , whose essence is speech , relating to speech (also -tva n.) S3Br. VS. Pra1t. ChUp. &c

--máya [L=190133]
speech , language Kum.
--máya [L=190134]
eloquence , rhetoric , manner of speech RPra1t. Sa1h. &c
(H3) mf
[L=190131]eloquent , rhetorical
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
ví--tanu [p= 950,3] [L=193064]
()n. (ví-) extremely thin or slender MBh.


ví--tanu [L=193064.3]
the god of love (cf. anaga) Gi1t.
(H3) mf
[L=193064.2]having no essence or reality
(H3B) m.
viṭṭhala [p= 961,3] [L=195377]
(also written vihala , vihhala , and vihhala) N. of a god worshipped at Pandharpur in the Deccan (he is commonly called viho-bā , and stated to be an incarnation of viṣṇu or kṛṣṇa himself , who is believed to have visited this city and infused a large portion of his essence into a Brahman named puṇḍarīka or puṇḍalīka , who had gained a great reputation for filial piety ; his images represent him standing on a brick [cf. 2. vi] with his arms akimbo) RTL. 263

ācārya , dīkita , bhaṭṭa &c ) N. of various authors and teachers (esp. of a grammarian , disparaged by bhaṭṭoji , and of a son of vallabhā*cārya and successor to his chair , also called viṭṭhala-dīkita or viṭṭhala-nātha or viṭṭhaleśa or viṭṭhaleśvara , said to have been born in 1515) Cat.
(H1) m.
[L=195378](also with
ví-bhak° * tman [p= 977,2] [L=198195]
divided (in his essence) Ragh. x , 66
(H3) mfn.
vi-śea [p= 990,2] [L=200604]
(once in Pan5cat. n. ; ifc. f(ā).) distinction , difference between (two gen. , two loc. , or gen. and instr.) Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c

Mn. MBh. &c

e.g. vka-v° , a species of tree , in comp. often also = special , peculiar , particular , different , e.g. chando-v° , " a particular metre " , viśea-maṇḍana , " a peculiar ornament " ; argha-viśeā , " different prices ") MBh. Ka1v. &c

pl.) various objects Megh.
990,3] [p= 990,2] [L=200608]
comp. often = excellent , superior , choice , distinguished e.g. ākti-v° , " an excellent form " ; cf. viśea-pratipatti) Mn. MBh. &c

cf. vi-śeaka and vi-śeaa)

phil.) particularity , individuality , essential difference or individual essence (with the vaiśeikas the 5th cate gory or padā*rtha , belonging to the 9 eternal substances or dravyas , viz. soul , time , place , ether , and the 5 atoms of earth , water , light , air , and mind , which are said to be so essentially different that one can never be the other) IW. 66 &c


rhet.) statement of difference or distinction , individualization , variation Kuval. (cf. viśeo*kti)

= tilaka) L.

geom.) the hypotenuse S3ulbas.

of the primary elements or mahā-bhūtas (q.v.) MaitrUp.



virāj ib.
vi-śea [L=200620]
(ā)n. extraordinary , abundant Ragh. ii , 14 (B. viśeāt for viśeā)
vi-śea [p= 991,3] [L=200836]
» [p= 990,2].
(H2) m.
[L=200605]characteristic difference , peculiar mark , special property , speciality , peculiarity
[L=200606]a kind , species , individual (
[p= distinction , peculiar merit , excellence , superiority (in
[L=200609](in gram.) a word which defines or limits the meaning of another word (
[L=200611](in medicine) a favourable turn or crisis of a sickness
[L=200613]a sectarian mark , any mark on the forehead (
[L=200616]the earth as an element
[L=200617]the mundane egg
(H2B) mf
(H1) &c
vi-śe° ā* rtha [p= 990,3] [L=200675]
the sense or essence of distinction , difference (am ind. for the sake of difference MW. )
(H3) m.
viśvā* tmā* ka [p= 994,1] [L=201410]
constituting the essence of all things Prab.
(H3) mfn.
vi-śvā° sai* ka-sāra [p= 995,1] [L=201602]
" one whose sole essence is confidence " , N. of a man MW.
(H3) m.
ṣṇu [p= 999,2] [p= 999,1] [L=202398]
(prob. fr. √ vi , " All-pervader " or " Worker ") N. of one of the principal Hindu deities (in the later mythology regarded as " the preserver " , and with brahmā " the creator " and śiva " the destroyer " , constituting the well-known tri-mūrti or triad ; although viṣṇu comes second in the triad he is identified with the supreme deity by his worshippers ; in the Vedic period , however , he is not placed in the foremost rank , although he is frequently invoked with other gods [esp. with indra whom he assists in killing vtra and with whom he drinks the soma juice ; cf. his later names indrānuja and upendra] ; as distinguished from the other Vedic deities , he is a personification of the light and of the sun , esp. in his striding over the heavens , which he is said to do in three paces [» tri-vikrama and cf. bali , vāmana] , explained as denoting the threefold manifestations of light in the form of fire , lightning , and the sun , or as designating the three daily stations of the sun in his rising , culminating , and setting ; viṣṇu does not appear to have been included at first among the ādityas [q.v.] , although in later times he is accorded the foremost place among them ; in the brāhmaas he is identified with sacrifice , and in one described as a dwarf ; in the mahā-bhārata and rāmāyaa he rises to the supremacy which in some places he now enjoys as the most popular deity of modern Hindu worship ; the great rivalry between him and śiva [cf. vaiṣṇava and śaiva] is not fully developed till the period of the purāas: the distinguishing feature in the character of the Post-vedic viṣṇu is his condescending to become incarnate in a portion of his essence on ten principal occasions , to deliver mankind from certain great dangers [cf. avatāra and IW. 327] ; some of the purāas make 22 incarnations , or even 24 , instead of 10 ; the vaiṣṇavas regard viṣṇu as the supreme being , and often identify him with nārāyaa , the personified purua or primeval living spirit [described as moving on the waters , reclining on śea , the serpent of infinity , while the god brahmā emerges from a lotus growing from his navel ; cf. Manu i , 10] ; the wives of viṣṇu are aditi and sinīvālī , later lak or śrī and even sarasvatī ; his son is kāma-deva , god of love , and his paradise is called vaikuṇṭha ; he is usually represented with a peculiar mark on his breast called śrī-vatsa , and as holding a śakha , or conch-shell called pāñcajanya , a cakra or quoit-like missile-weapon called su-darśana , a gadā or club called kaumodakī and a padma or lotus ; he has also a bow called śārga , and a sword called nandaka ; his vāhana or vehicle is garua q.v. ; he has a jewel on his wrist called syamantaka , another on his breast called kaustubha , and the river Ganges is said to issue from his foot ; the demons slain by him in his character of " preserver from evil " , or by kṛṣṇa as identified with him , are madhu , dhenuka , ūra , yamala , and arjuna [see yamalā*rjuna] , kāla-nemi , haya-grīva , śakaa , ariṣṭa , kaiabha , kasa , keśin , mura , śālva , mainda , dvi-vida , rāhu , hiraya-kaśipu , a , kāliya , naraka , bali ; he is worshipped under a thousand names , which are all enumerated in MBh. xiii , 6950-7056 ; he is sometimes regarded as the divinity of the lunar mansion called śravaa) RV. &c (cf. RTL. 44 IW. 324)

of the month caitra VarBr2S.

prājāpatya) of the author of RV. x , 84

manu sāvara and bhautya Ma1rkP.


arhat of the present avasarpiī L.

gaaka , kavi , daivajña , paṇḍita , bhaṭṭa , miśra , yatī*ndra , vājapeyin , śāstrin &c ) of various authors and others Inscr. Cat.

agni L.

vasu-devatā L.

śuddha L.
ṣṇu [L=202408]
N. of the mother of the 11th arhat of the present avasarpiī L.
ṣṇu [L=202409]
pl. (in a formula) A1pS3r.
ṣṇu [L=202410]
(viṣṇor with apamaram , ājya-doham , vratam ; [o] sāma , svarīya N. of sāmans ; with oaśa-nāma-stotram , anusmti , aṣṭāviśati-nāma-stotram , and mahā-stuti N. of works.)
(H1) m.
[L=202401]of a son of
[L=202402]of the writer of a law-book
[L=202403]of the father of the 11th
[L=202404](also with
(H1B) f.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
ṣṇu--tattva [p= 999,3] [L=202456]
viṣṇu's real essence Sarvad.

of wk.
(H3) n.
vīryādhāna [p= 1007,1] [L=203940]
" depositing of manly essence " , impregnation Pan5car.
(H3) n.
vedā́* nta--sāra [p= 1017,2] [L=206027]
" essence or epitome of the vedā*nta " , N. of various works (esp.) of a treatise on the vedā*nta by sadā*nanda yogī*ndra and of a brief Comm. on the vedā*nta-sūtra by rāmānujācārya (cf. -pradīpa)
(H3) m.
śallakī--drava [p= 1059,2] [L=214195]
" śallakī -essence " , a kind of incense , olibanum L.
(H3) m.
śiti--sāraka [p= 1071,3] [L=216920]
" having a dark essence " , Diospyros Embryopteris L.
(H3) m.
śilā́--sāra [p= 1073,2] [L=217362]
" rock-essence " , iron L.
(H3) n.
śivá--dhātu [p= 1075,1] [L=217658]
" śiva's essence " , quicksilver L.

's mineral , milk-stone , opal or chalcedony L.
(H3) m.
śivā* tmaka [p= 1075,3] [L=217876]
(ikā)n. consisting of the essence of śiva MW.
śivā* tmaka [L=217877]
rock-salt L.
(H3) mf
(H3B) n.
śukrá [p= 1080,1] [L=218926]
(ā́)n. (fr. √1. śuc cf. śukla) bright , resplendent RV. AV. VS. Br. MBh.

RV. AV. VS. S3Br.

RV. AV. S3a1n3khBr.

RV. Br.
śukrá [L=218930]
N. of agni or fire R.
śukrá [L=218931]
of a month (jyeṣṭha = May-June , personified as the guardian of kubera's treasure) MBh. Sus3r.
śukrá [L=218932]
the planet Venus or its regent (regarded as the son of bhgu and preceptor of the daityas) MBh. R. &c
śukrá [L=218933]
clear or pure soma RV.
śukrá [L=218934]
(with or scil , graha) a partic. graha or receptacle for soma VS. S3Br.
śukrá [L=218935]
a partic. astrol. yoga L.
śukrá [L=218936]
a N. of the vyāhtis (bhūr , bhuva , svar) MW.
śukrá [L=218937]
a kind of plant (= citraka) ib.
śukrá [L=218938]
N. of a marutvat Hariv.
śukrá [L=218939]
of a son of vasiṣṭha VP.
śukrá [L=218940]
of the third manu Hariv.
śukrá [L=218941]
of one of the seven sages under manu bhautya Ma1rkP.
śukrá [L=218942]
of a son of bhava VP.
śukrá [L=218943]
of a son of havir-dhāna (cf. śukla) VP.
śukrá [L=218944]
(with jainas) of a partic. kalpa (q.v.)
śukrá [L=218945]
brightness , clearness , light RV. Up. MBh. R.
śukrá [L=218946]
(also pl.)any clear liquid (as water , soma &c ) RV. VS.
śukrá [L=218947]
juice , the essence of anything Br. S3rS. (also pl.)
śukrá [L=218948]
semen virile , seed of animals (male and female) , sperm RV. &c
śukrá [L=218949]
a morbid affection of the iris (change of colour &c accompanied by imperfect vision ; cf. śukla) Sus3r. S3a1rn3gS.
śukrá [L=218950]
a good action L.
śukrá [L=218951]
gold , wealth L.
śukrá [L=218952]
N. of a sāman A1rshBr.
śukrá [L=218953]
of a Vedic metre RPra1t.
śukra [p= 1332,3] [L=340060]
(H1) mf
[L=218927]clear , pure
[L=218928]light-coloured , white
[L=218929]pure , spotless
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H2) (in
śukrá--sāra [p= 1080,2] [L=219000]
having semen as essence (-tā f.) VarBr2S.
(H3) mfn.
śaiva 1 [p= 1090,2] [L=221226]
(ī)n. (fr. śiva) relating or belonging or sacred to the god śiva , coming or derived from śiva R. Katha1s. Pur. &c
śaiva 1 [L=221227]
patr. fr. śiva Pa1n2. 4-1 , 112
śaiva 1 [L=221228]
" a worshipper or follower of śiva " , N. of one of the three great divisions of modern Hinduism (the other two being the vaiṣṇavas and śāktas , qq. vv. ; the śaivas identify śiva-rather than brahmā and viṣṇu-with the Supreme Being and are exclusively devoted to his worship , regarding him as the source and essence of the universe as well as its disintegrator and destroyer ; the temples dedicated to him in his reproducing and vivifying character [as denoted by the liga q.v.] are scattered all over India ; the various sects of śaivas are described in RTL. 86 &c )
śaiva 1 [L=221229]
a particular religious rite in honour of durgā (consisting of devout meditation and prostration of the body) MW.
śaiva 1 [L=221230]
the thorn-apple L.
śaiva 1 [L=221231]
a kind of plant (= vasuka) L.
śaiva 1 [L=221232]
(with jainas) , N. of the fifth black vāsudeva L.
śaiva 1 [L=221234]
auspiciousness , welfare , prosperity BhP.
śaiva 1 [L=221235]
N. of a śāstra and of a tantra and of a purāa (» below) .
śaiva 2 [L=221267]
ddhi form of śiva in comp.
śaiva 3 [p= 1090,3] [L=221276]
a kind of aquatic plant , Blyxa Octandra L.
śaiva 4 [L=221294]
for śaiba.
(H1) mf
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H2) v
(H1) n.
(H1) w.r.
śoita--māsa-sāra [p= 1091,3] [L=221493]
having blood and flesh for essence VarBr2S.
(H3) mfn.
śrúti--sāgara [p= 1102,1] [L=223633]
the ocean (i.e. the whole substance or essence) of sacred knowledge (viṣṇu) Pan5car.
(H3) m.
sa-kala--vedo* paniat-sāro* padeśa-sāhasrī [p= 1124,2] [L=227766]
the upadeśa-sāhasrī (by śakarā*cārya) on the essence of all the vedas and upaniads.
(H3) f.
sakalā* rtha-śāstra-sāra [L=227776]
containing the essence of precepts about all things MW.
(H3) mfn.
sa-kepa [p= 1127,3] [L=228360]
throwing together , destruction MBh.

ibc. , āt , ea , am or °pa-tas , " briefly " , " concisely " , " in short ") MBh. R. &c

ea and °pa-tas , " in the aggregate ") Mn. vii , 167 Kull. on i , 68 &c Cat.


pl.) straits , poverty MBh.

dram.) a brief declaration (of willingness to be at the service of another) Sa1h.


(H2) m.
[L=228361]compression , comprehension , condensation , abridgment , conciseness , brief exposition , compendium , epitome , essence or quintessence (
[L=228362]the whole thrown together , total , aggregate (
[L=228363]a means of compressing
[L=228367]taking away
sát [p= 1134,2] [L=229490]
(satī́)n. (pr. p. of √1. as) being , existing , occurring , happening , being present (sato me , " when I was present " ; often connected with other participles or with an adverb e.g. nāmni kte sati , " when the name has been given " ; tathā sati , " if it be so " ; also ibc. , where sometimes = " possessed of " cf. sat-kalpavka) RV. &c

loc.) MBh.

gen.) S3Br.


Ka1v. RV. &c

tan na sat , " that is not right ") , beautiful , wise , venerable , honest (often in comp. » below) RV. &c
sát [L=229496]
a being , (pl.) beings , creatures RV. &c
sát [L=229497]
a good or wise man , a sage MBh. R.
sát [L=229498]
good or honest or wise or respectable people Mn. MBh. &c
sat [L=229500]
that which really is , entity or existence , essence , the true being or really existent (in the vedā*nta , " the self-existent or Universal Spirit , brahma ") RV. &c
sát [L=229501]
that which is good or real or true , good , advantage , reality , truth ib.
sát [L=229502]
water Naigh. i , 12
sát [L=229503]
(in gram.) the terminations of the present participle Pa1n2. 3-2 , 127 &c
sát [L=229504]
(cf. sat-k &c ) well , right , fitly. [cf. Gk. ν , ών for σων ; Lat. sens in absens , pra-sens ; sons , " guilty " , orig. " the real doer " ; Lith. sa1s , e4sas ; Slav. sy , sas8ta.]
(H1) mf
[L=229491]abiding in (
[L=229492]belonging to (
[L=229494]lasting , enduring
[L=229495]real , actual , as any one or anything ought to be , true , good , right (
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1C) ind.
sát--sāra [p= 1135,1] [L=229639]
having good sap or essence ib.
sát--sāra [L=229640]
a kind of plant L.
sát--sāra [L=229641]
a painter L.
sát--sāra [L=229642]
a poet L.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
sát--tvá [p= 1134,3] [L=229587]
sat-tvá [p= 1135,2] [L=229727]
(ifc. f(ā).) being , existence , entity , reality (īśvara-s° , " the existence of a Supreme Being ") , TS. &c &c

Pan5cavBr. MBh. &c

Mun2d2Up. Ya1jn5. MBh. BhP.

MBh. R. &c

khya phil. as the highest of the three guas [q.v.] or constituents of prakti because it renders a person true , honest , wise &c , and a thing pure , clean &c ) MaitrUp. Mn. Ya1jn5. &c MBh. R.

Nir. Pra1t.

sat-tvá [L=229734]
n. a living or sentient being , creature , animal Mn. MBh. &c
sat-tvá [L=229735]
embryo , fetus , rudiment of life (» -lakaā)
sat-tvá [L=229736]
a ghost , demon , goblin , monster R. VarBr2S. Katha1s.
sat-tvá [L=229737]
N. of a son of dhta-rāṣṭra MBh.
sat-tvá [p= 1138,2] [L=230480]
[p= 1135,2].
(H3) »
(H2) n.
[L=229728]true essence , nature , disposition of mind , character
[L=229729]spiritual essence , spirit , mind
[L=229730]vital breath , life , consciousness , strength of character , strength , firmness , energy , resolution , courage , self-command , good sense , wisdom , magnanimity
[L=229731]the quality of purity or goodness (regarded in the
[L=229732]material or elementary substance , entity , matter , a thing
[L=229733]a substantive , noun
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H1) »
sat-tvá--vat [p= 1135,2] [L=229755]
endowed with life , living , existent , a living being W.


MBh. R. Sus3r. &c

sattva Sus3r.
(H3) mfn.
[L=229756]endowed with or possessed of the true essence
[L=229757]resolute , energetic , courageous
[L=229758]abounding in the quality
sat-tvá--sāra [L=229778]
essence of strength MW.

Dhanam2j. Va1s.

(H3) m.
[L=229779]extraordinary courage
[L=229780]a very powerful person
satyā* tmaka [p= 1136,3] [L=230121]
having truth for essence R.
(H3) mfn.
sa-dhí [p= 1144,3] [L=231642]
containing a conjunction or transition from one to the other &c TBr.
sa-dhí [L=231643]
(exceptionally f. ; once in MBh. loc. pl. sadhīu) junction , connection , combination , union with (instr.) Kat2hUp. Subh.
sa-dhí [L=231644]
association , intercourse with (instr.) MBh.
sa-dhí [L=231645]
comprehension , totality , the whole essence or scope of (comp.) Pan5cat.
sa-dhí [L=231646]
agreement , compact TBr.
sa-dhí [L=231647]
alliance , league , reconciliation , peace between (gen.) or with (instr. with or without saha) , making a treaty of peace , negotiating alliances (one of a king's six courses of action » gua ; many kinds are specified e.g. adṛṣṭa-purua , ucchinna , kāñcana , kapāla , satāna , qq. vv.) Mn. Ya1jn5. Hit. &c
sa-dhí [L=231648]
euphonic junction of final and initial letters in grammar (every sentence in Sanskrit being regarded as a euphonic chain , a break in which occurs at the end of a sentence and is denoted by a virāma or avasāna , " stop " ; this euphonic coalition causing modifications of the final and initial letters of the separate words of a sentence and in the final letters of roots and stems when combined with terminations to form such words) Pra1t. Katha1s. Sa1h.
sa-dhí [L=231649]
contrivance , management Ragh. Das3.
sa-dhí [L=231650]
place or point of connection or contact , juncture , hinge , boundary , boundary line TS. A1past. MBh. &c
sa-dhí [L=231651]
critical juncture , crisis , opportune moment MW.
sa-dhí [L=231652]
a joint , articulation (of the body ; esp. applied to the five junctures of the parts of the eye) RV. &c
sa-dhí [L=231653]
interstice , crevice , interval MBh.
sa-dhí [L=231654]
the space between heaven and earth , horizon S3Br. Gr2S3rS.
sa-dhí [L=231655]
the interval between day and night , twilight (= sa-dhyā) VS. &c
sa-dhí [L=231656]
a seam Amar.
sa-dhí [L=231657]
a fold Pan5cat.
sa-dhí [L=231658]
a wall or the hole or cavity or breach in a wall made by a housebreaker (acc. with √ chid or bhid or Caus. of ut-pad , " to make a breach in a wall ") Mn. Mr2icch. Das3.
sa-dhí [L=231659]
the vagina or vulva L.
sa-dhí [L=231660]
a juncture or division of a drama (reckoned to be five , viz. mukha , pratimukha , garbha , vimarśa , and nirvahaa , qq. vv. ; or one of the 14 kinds of nirvahaa or catastrophe) Bhar. Das3ar. &c
sa-dhí [L=231661]
a period at the expiration of each yuga or age (equivalent to one sixth of its duration and intervening before the commencement of the next ; occurring also at the end of each manv-antara and kalpa) W.
sa-dhí [L=231662]
a pause or rest ib.
sa-dhí [L=231663]
a part , portion , piece of anything AitBr. Hariv. Naish. Sch.
sa-dhí [L=231664]
a partic. stotra Br.
sa-dhí [L=231665]
(in mensuration) the connecting link of a perpendicular ib.
sa-dhí [L=231666]
the common side of a double triangle S3ulbas.
sa-dhí [L=231667]
= *vakāśa L.
sa-dhí [L=231668]
N. of a son of prasuśruta BhP. @
sa-dhí [L=231669]
N. of a goddess presiding over junction or union VS.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) f.
sam-ūhá [p= 1170,3] [L=235787]
(ifc. f(ā).) a collection , assemblage , aggregate , heap , number , multitude AV. &c

Mn. Ya1jn5. &c


of a divine being(?) MBh. xiii , 4355
(H2) m.
[L=235788]an association , corporation , community
[L=235789]sum , totality , essence
sárva--° bhūtā* tman [p= 1186,3] [L=238540]
the soul of all beings (°ma-bhūta mfn. being the soul of all beings BhP. ) Mn. i , 54

°ma-medhas mfn. " having a knowledge of the essence of all creatures ") MW.

of śiva ib.
sárva--° bhūtā* tman [L=238543]
having the nature of all beings , containing all beings ib.
(H4) m.
[L=238541]the essence or nature of all creatures (
(H4B) mfn.
sárva--sāra [p= 1187,3] [L=238868]
the essence or cream of the whole (also -tama) Cat.

of various works.
(H3) n.
sarvā* ga---sundara [p= 1188,1] [L=238961]
beautiful in every member , completely beautiful MW.
sarvā* ga---sundara [L=238962]
(also -rasa m. " whose essence is good for all the limbs ") a partic. drug or medicament L.
(H4) mfn.
(H4B) m.
siddhika [p= 1197,2] [L=240934]
(ī)n. (fr. saesiddhi) effected naturally , belonging to nature , natural , native , innate MBh. Ka1v. &c


&c ) MW.
(H1) mf
[L=240935]self-existent , existing by its own nature or essence , existing absolutely , absolute
[L=240936]effected by supernatural means (as spells
* tmá--tā [p= 1200,2] [L=241417]
(*tmá-)community of essence or nature with (gen. instr. , or comp.) S3Br. MBh.

brahmā) MW.
(H3) f.
[L=241417.1]absorption into the essence (of
* tma--tvá [L=241418]
the having a soul or essence AV. TS. &c
(H3) n.
* tmya [L=241426]
agreeable to nature or natural constitution , wholesome Sus3r. Car.
* tmya [L=241427]
suitableness , wholesomeness ib.
* tmya [L=241428]
habit , habituation , diet (°tas ind. " from habit " ; ifc. = " used to ") ib.
* tmya [L=241429]
community of essence or nature with (instr. or gen.) BhP.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
sāra 1 [p= 1208,1] [L=242770]
(fr. √ s) course , motion (» pūrva-s°)

sāra 1 [L=242770.2]
driving away , destroying Ba1lar. ii , 60÷61
sā́ra 2 [L=242807]
(ifc. f(ā). ; perhaps to be connected with 1. sāra above ; prob. fr. a lost root meaning. " to be strong ") the core or pith or solid interior of anything RV. &c

AV. &c

ifc. = " chiefly consisting of or depending on &c " [cf. para] e.g. dharma-sāra jagat , " the world chiefly depends on justice " ; ṣṇī-sāra mfn. " chiefly silent " ; sārat sāram , " the very best ") AitBr. &c


ifc. in titles of books)

sattva , śukra , majjan , asthi , medas , sa , rakta) Sus3r. VarBr2S.


R. BhP.


ea , " in consideration of. " , " according to ") Mn. Ya1jn5. &c

Ka1v. Pur. Ra1jat.

(in rhet.) a kind of climax (uttaro*ttaram utkara) Sa1h. Kpr.

Sus3r. S3a1rn3gS.






(= 1. śāra) a piece at chess or backgammon &c
sā́ra 2 [L=242829]
(ā)n. hard , firm solid strong MBh. Ka1v. &c
sā́ra 2 [L=242830]
(ā)n. precious , valuable Das3.
sā́ra 2 [L=242831]
(ā)n. good , sound , best , excellent BhP. Pan5car.
sā́ra 2 [L=242832]
(ā)n. sound (as an argument , thoroughly proved) W.
sā́ra 2 [L=242833]
(ā)n. full of (instr.) VarBr2S.
sā́ra 2 [L=242834]
(ā)n. motley , speckled (= śāra) Sus3r. Ka1d.
* ra 3 [p= 1208,3] [L=242965]
having spokes S3ulbas.
(H1) m.
[L=242770.1]stretching out , extension
(H1B) mfn.
(H1) mn.
[L=242808]firmness , strength power , energy
[L=242809]the substance or essence or marrow or cream or heart or essential part of anything , best part , quintessence (
[L=242810]the real meaning , main point
[L=242811]a compendium , summary , epitome (often
[L=242812]a chief-ingredient or constituent part of the body (causing the peculiarities of temperament ; reckoned to be 7 , viz.
[L=242813]any ingredient
[L=242815]cream , curds
[L=242816]worth , value (
[L=242817]wealth , property , goods , riches
[L=242819]resin used as a perfume
[L=242822]the matter formed in a boil or ulcer , pus
[L=242823]impure carbonate of soda
[L=242824]a confederate prince , ally
(H1B) mf
(H1B) mf
(H1B) mf
(H1B) mf
(H1B) mf
(H1B) mf
(H1) mfn.
sā́ra--grāhin [p= 1208,1] [L=242848]
capable of extracting or apprehending the essence or best part of anything R.
(H3) mfn.
sā́ra--bhuj [p= 1208,2] [L=242898]
eating the essence or best part of anything MW.
(H3) mfn.
sā́ra--yoga [L=242910]
possession of the essence or substance of anything W.
(H3) m.
sā́ra--loha [L=242915]
" essence of iron " , steel L.
(H3) n.
sā́ra--samagraha [L=242929]
" concentration of the essence of any work " , N. of various compendiums (also -jñāna-bhūaa-bhāya n. -nighaṇṭu m. -sagraha , m. )
(H3) m.
sú--ktá---rasa [p= 1220,2] [L=245510]
the essence of merits or good deeds , JaimtBr. ??
(H4) m.
su--sāra [p= 1238,3] [L=250494]
good essence or sap or substance MW.

su--sāra [L=250496]
having good essence or sap ib.
su--sāra [L=250497]
the red-flowering khadira , Mimosa Catechu L.
(H3) m.
(H3B) mfn.
(H3B) m.
su--sāra---vat [L=250498]
having good essence or substance MW.
su--sāra---vat [L=250499]
crystal L.
(H4) mfn.
(H4B) n.
stená--hdaya [p= 1260,2] [L=254878]
stená-) m. " having the essence of a thief " , an incarnate thief VS.
(H3) (
smty--artha-sāra [p= 1273,1] [L=257396]
" essence of the meaning of smti " , N. of wk. on Hindu ceremonies by śrīdhara-svāmin (divided into ācāra , āśauca , and prā*yaścitta).
(H3) m.
svá--rasa [p= 1276,2] [L=258107]
own (unadulterated) juice or essence MBh. Car. &c



partic. astringent juice or decoction MW.


-tas , " through own inclination " , " for pleasure ") A1pS3r. Sch.



svá--rasa [L=258116]
(ā)n. agreeable or pleasant to one's taste , congenial Katha1s. TPra1t. Sch.
svá--rasa [L=258117]
N. of a mountain Pur.
sva-rasa [p= 1282,1] [L=259259]
&c » [p= 1276,2].
(H3) m.
[L=258108]natural or peculiar flavour
[L=258109]proper taste or sentiment in composition
[L=258111]the sediment of oily substances ground on a stone
[L=258112]own inclination (
[L=258113]feeling for one's own people
[L=258114]instinct of self-preservation (?)
(H3B) mf
(H3B) m.
(H1) sva-rāj