The Joyous Meditation Teachings of Lorin Roche


Sanskrit Words for Listen



śru-to hear, give ear


Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 22.44
Whitney Roots links: Sru
(H1) śru 1 [p= 1101,1] [p= 1100,3] [L=223393]
cl.5 P. ( Dha1tup. xxii , 44) śṛṇóti (Ved. and ep. also A1. śṛṇute , and in RV. 3. sg. śṛṇvé , 2. sg. °viṣé , 3. pl. °viré [cf. below] ; Impv. śṛṇu , °ṇudhī́ and °ṇuhī́ pl. śṛṇutā́ , °ṇota and °ṇotana RV. ; pf. śuśrā́va [once in R. with pass. sense] , śuśruve [2. sg. śuśrotha , 1. pl. śuśruma , in Up. also °mas ; śuśravat,śuśrūyā́s RV. , p. śuśruvás q.v.] ; aor. Ved. áśravam , áśrot , 2. sg. śróṣi ; Subj. śrávat , °vathaḥ ; [?] śruvam TA1r. ; Impv. śrudhī́ , śrótu RV. ; aśrauṣīt Br. &c ; Subj. śroṣan Impv. śroṣantu RV. [cf. śróṣamāṇa] ; Prec. śrūyā́sam AV. &c ; fut. śrotā MBh. ; śroṣyati,°te Br. &c ; inf. śrotum MBh. &c ; ind.p. śrutvā́ RV. &c ; -śrútya AV. &c ; śrāvam Gr2S3rS. &c ) , to hear , listen or attend to anything (acc.) , give ear to any one (acc. or gen.) , hear or learn anything about (acc.) or from (abl. gen. instr. , mukhāt or śakāśāt) , or that anything is (two acc.) RV. &c  ; 
to hear (from a teacher) , study , learn S3rS. MBh. &c  ; 
to be attentive , be obedient , obey MBh. R. &c : Pass. śrūyáte (ep. also °ti ; and in RV. śṛṇve &c [cf. above] with pass. meaning ; aor. aśrāvi , śrāvi) , to be heard or perceived or learnt about (acc.) or from (gen. abl. or mukhāt ; in later language often 3. sg. śrūyate impers. " it is heard " , " one hears or learns or reads in a book " , = " it is said " , " it is written in (with loc.) " ; Impv. śrūyatām , " let it be heard " = " listen! ") RV. &c  ; 
to be celebrated or renowned , be known as , pass for , be called (nom.) RV.  ; 
to be heard or learnt (from a teacher) Pan5cat.  ; 
to be taught or stated (in a book) Sarvad.  ; 
to be heard i.e. pronounced or employed (as a sound or word) TPra1t. Sch.: Caus. śrāváyati (ep. also °te , in RV. also śraváyati ; aor. aśuśravi , °vuḥ RV. ; aśuśruvat Br. ; aśiśravat Gr. ; Pass. śrāvyate » below) , to cause to be heard or learnt , announce , proclaim , declare RV. &c  ; 
to cause to hear , inform , instruct , communicate , relate , tell (with acc. of thing , and acc. gen. , or dat. of pers. , or with instr. in sense of " through ") Mn. MBh. &c : Pass. of Caus. śrāvyate , to be informed of (acc.) MBh. &c : Desid. śúśrūṣate ( Pa1n2. 1-3 , 57 ; ep. or mc. also °ti ; Pass. śuśrūṣyate) , to wish or like to hear (acc.) , desire to attend or listen to (dat.) RV. &c  ; 
to attend upon , serve , obey (acc. , rarely gen.) Mn. MBh. &c : Caus. of Desid. śuśrūṣayati , to wait upon , be at the service of (acc.) Kull. on Mn. ii , 243 : Desid. of Caus. śiśrāvayiṣati or śuśrāvayiṣati Gr.: Intens. śośrūyate , śośravīti , śośroti Gr. ([cf. Gk. κλύω , κλῦθι = śrudhí , κλυτός = śrutá &c ; Lat. cluo , in-clutus ; Slav. sluti ; Germ. laut ; Eng. loud.])
(H1) śru 2 [p= 1102,1] [L=223665]
(only in śrúvat ; generally an incorrect form of √ sru) , to dissolve into parts , burst asunder RV. i , 127 , 3.
 

śruti-hearing, listening, feigning to hear


(H2) śrúti 1 [p= 1101,2] [L=223536]
f. hearing , listening (śrutim abhinīya , " feigning to hear " ; śrutiṃ vaco 'nugāṃ- √kṛ , " to listen to a speech ") S3Br. &c
[L=223537]
the ear , organ or power of hearing Ka1v. VarBr2S. Katha1s.
[p= 1101,3] [L=223538]
the diagonal of a tetragon or hypothenuse of a triangle Gol.
[L=223539]
that which is heard or perceived with the ear , sound , noise &c RV. AV. Pra1t. Katha1s. BhP.
[L=223540]
an aggregate of sounds (whether forming a word or any part of a word) TPra1t.
[L=223541]
rumour , report , news , intelligence , hearsay (śrutau- √sthā , " to be known by hearsay ") MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=223542]
a saying , saw , word MBh. R. BhP.
[L=223543]
that which has been heard or communicated from the beginning , sacred knowledge orally transmitted by the Brahmans from generation to generation , the veda (i.e. sacred eternal sounds or words as eternally heard by certain holy sages called ṛṣis , and so differing from smṛ́ti or what is only remembered and handed down in writing by human authors » Mn. ii , 10 ; it is properly only applied to the mantra and brāhmaṇa portion of the vedas , although afterwards extended to the upaniṣads and other Vedic works including the darśanas ; iti śruteḥ , " because it is so taught in the veda , according to a śruti or Vedic text " ; pl. " sacred texts , the vedas " , also " rites prescribed by the vedas ") AitBr. S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c IW. 144
[L=223544]
(in music) a particular division of the octave , a quarter tone or interval (twenty-two of these are enumerated , four constituting a major tone , three a minor , and two a semitone ; they are said to be personified as nymphs) Ya1jn5. S3is3. Pan5car.
[L=223545]
a name , title Ka1vya7d. ii , 331
[L=223546]
learning , scholarship S3ak. VarBr2S. (prob. w.r. for śruta)
[L=223547]
= buddhi L.
[L=223548]
N. of a daughter of atri and wife of kardama VP.
(H2) śrúti 2 [p= 1102,1] [L=223668]
f. (cf. sruti) course , path (?) RV. ii , 2 , 7 ; x , 111 , 3
[L=223669]
the constellation , śravaṇā L.

 saṃśru-to hear from


(H1) saṃ- √ śru 1 [p= 1118,2] [L=226706]
P. A1. -śṛṇoti , -śṛṇute , to hear or hear from (e.g. mukhāt , " from any one's mouth ") , attend or listen attentively to (acc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to assent , promise (loc. or dat.) ib.  ; 
(A1.) to be distinctly heard or audible S3a1n3khBr. (cf. Pa1n2. i , 3 , 29 Va1rtt. 2 Pat. ) : Pass. -śrūyate , to be heard or talked about or read about (yathā saṃśrūyate , " as people say " or , as we read in books) MBh. : Caus. -śrāvayati , to cause to hear or to be heard , proclaim , announce (nāma , " one's name ") , relate or report anything (acc.) to any one (acc. or dat.) Ya1jn5.  ; 
to read out (» saṃ-śrāviśa)  ; 
to make resound MBh.
 samākarṇ
(H1) sam-ā- √ karṇ [p= 1158,2] [L=234009]
P. -karṇayati , to give ear to , listen to , hear Pan5cat. Katha1s.
 samupaśru
(H1) sam-upa- √ śru [p= 1169,3] [L=235667]
P. -sṛṇoti , to listen to anything (acc.) , hear , hear or perceive any one (gen.) , hear from or be told by any one (abl.) MBh. R. BhP.
 sampratiśru
(H1) sam-prati- √ śru [p= 1174,3] [L=236373]
(only ind.p. -śrutya) , to listen attentively to , assent , promise BhP. : Caus. -śrāvayati , to make to promise or repeat a promise , remind of a promise R.




1 arh (listen) 2 avakarṇaya (listen) 3 ākarṇaya (listen) 4 āghuṣ (listen) 5 āśru (listen) 6 āśrāvaṇa (listen) 7 upaniṣad (listen) 8 upaśru (listen) 9 ūh (listen) 10 karṇa (listen) 11 (listen) 12 nibudh (listen) 13 pratiśru (listen) 14 śru (listen) 15 śruti (listen) 16 saṃśru (listen) 17 samākarṇ (listen) 18 samupaśru (listen) 19 sampratiśru (listen)
 arh
Whitney Roots links: arh
arh [p= 93,3] [L=16483]
árhati , rarely A1. arhate ([ MBh. iii , 1580 R. ]) , (p. árkat [see below] ; Ved. Inf. arháse [ RV. x 77 , 1] ; perf. 3. pl. ānarhu Pa1n2. 6-1 , 39 Sch. , but Ved. ānhu [cf. ān , √ arc] Pa1n2. 6-1 , 36) to deserve , merit , be worthy of , to have a claim to , be entitled to (acc.) , to be allowed to do anything (Inf.)  ; 
to be obliged or required to do anything (
acc.)  ; 
to be worth , counterbalance , to be able
 ; 
(
arhase , 2. sg. with an Inf. is often used as a softened form of Imper. ; e.g. dātum arhasi , " be pleased to give " ; śrotum arhasi , " deign to listen " , for śṛṇu): Caus. (Opt. arhayet Mn. iii , 3 and 119 ; aor , ārjihat Bhat2t2. ) to honour. Desid. arjihiati ([cf. Gk. ρχω]) .
(H1) cl.1 P.
 avakaraya
ava-karaya [p= 96,2] [L=16965]
P. °yati , not to listen or attend to Ka1d.
(H1) Nom.
 ākaraya
ā-karaya [p= 126,2] [L=22050]
P. °yati , (ind.p. ā-karya) to give ear to , listen to , hear R. BhP. S3ak. &c
(H2) Nom.
 āghu
ā- √ ghu [p= 131,1] [p= 130,3] [L=22792]
(Subj. 3. pl. -ghóān ; p. -ghoat) to listen to (acc. or gen.) RV.  ; 
(
Subj. -ghoāt) to make one's self audible RV. v , 37 , 3  ; 
to cry aloud , proclaim
RV. (also A1. -ghoate , i , 83 , 6) VS. : Caus. -ghoayati , to proclaim aloud Pat.  ; 
to complain continually
L.  ; 
» also ā-ghoáyat , &c
(H1) P.
 āśru
ā- √ śru [p= 158,3] [L=27710]
ṛṇoti A1. ṛṇute , to listen to  ; 
to hear
 ; 
to perceive (with the ear)
RV. AV. TS. S3Br. BhP. &c  ; 
to accept , promise
Pa1n2. 1-4 , 40 R. Ya1jn5. L. : Caus. -śrāvayati ([but ā́-śravayatam RV. vii , 62 , 5 ; aor. -aśuśravus RV. x , 94 , 12]) , to cause to hear  ; 
to announce , make known , tell
RV. A1s3vS3r. MBh.  ; 
to address , speak to , call to (especially at particular rites)
RV. AV. TS. S3Br. ChUp. TUp. Ka1tyS3r. &c : Desid. -śuśrūati ([only P. Pa1n2. 1-3 , 59]) , to wish to hear  ; 
to listen.
(H1) P.
 āśrāvaa
ā-śrā́vaa [L=27713]
causing to listen , calling out (especially with the words om , svadhā , &c ) S3Br.
(H2) n.
 
upani
ad
upa-ni-ad 1 [p= 201,1] [L=34973]
upa-ni-sad) P. (pf. -ní-edus) to sit down near to  ; 
to approach , set about
AV. xix , 41 , 1 S3Br. Kaus3.
upa-niád 2 [L=34974]
(according to some) the sitting down at the feet of another to listen to his words (and hence , secret knowledge given in this manner ; but according to native authorities upaniad means " setting at rest ignorance by revealing the knowledge of the supreme spirit ")

cf. IW. p.35seqq.)

&c S3Br. ChUp. &c

brāhmaas [but » īśopaniad] ; their aim is the exposition of the secret meaning of the veda , and they are regarded as the source of the vedānta and khya philosophies ; for the most important of the upaniads » IW. p.37seq.)
(H1) (
(H2) f.
[L=34975]the mystery which underlies or rests underneath the external system of things (
[L=34976]esoteric doctrine , secret doctrine , mysterious or mystical meaning , words of mystery
[L=34977]a class of philosophical writings (more than a hundred in number , attached to the
 upaśru
upa- √ śru [p= 208,2] [L=35974]
ṛṇoti , to listen to , give ear to , hear RV. AV. xii , 4 , 27 ; xx , 27 , 1 S3Br. Ta1n2d2yaBr. TBr. ChUp. MBh. &c
(H1) P.
 
ūh
Whitney Roots links: Uh1, Uh2
ūh 1 [p= 223,1] [L=38375]
ūhati , -te , ūhācakāra and -cakre , ūhitā , auhīt , auhiṣṭa (connected with √vah , q.v. , and in some forms not to be distinguished from it) , to push , thrust , move , remove (only when compounded with prepositions)  ; 
to change , alter , modify
S3a1n3khS3r. Comm. on Nya1yam.
ūh 2 [p= 223,2] [L=38392]
ūhati , -te (Ved. ohate) , ūhā-cakāra , &c (by native authorities not distinguished from 1. ūh above ) , to observe , mark , note , attend to , heed , regard RV. AV. xx , 131 , 10  ; 
to expect , hope for , wait for , listen for
RV.  ; 
to comprehend , conceive , conjecture , guess , suppose , infer , reason , deliberate upon
MBh. BhP. Nya1yam. Bhat2t2. &c : Caus. ūhayati (aor. aujihat) , to consider , heed MBh.  ; 
to cause to suppose or infer
Bhat2t2.
(H1) cl.1 P. A1.
(H1) cl.1 P. A1.
 kara
kára [p= 256,2] [L=44779]
( √kt Nir. ; √1. k Un2. iii , 10), the ear RV. AV. TS. Sus3r. (ápi káre , behind the ear or back , from behind RV. [cf. apikará] ; kare , [in dram.] into the ear , in a low voice , aside Mr2icch. Ma1lav. ; kara , to give ear to , listen to S3ak. Mr2icch. ; karam ā-gam , to come to one's ear , become known to Ragh. i , 9)

RV. viii , 72 , 12 S3Br. ix Ka1tyS3r. &c

R.

geom.) the hypothenuse of a triangle or the diagonal of a tetragon Hcat. &c

Su1ryas.


Fistula L.

Gigantea L.
256,3] [p= 256,2] [L=44787]
of a king of aga (and elder brother by the mother's side of the ṇḍu princes , being the son of the god sūrya by pthā or kuntī , before her marriage with ṇḍu ; afraid of the censure of her relatives , kuntī deserted the child and exposed it in the river , where it was found by a charioteer named adhi-ratha and nurtured by his wife rādhā ; hence kara is sometimes called sūta-putra or sūta-ja , sometimes rādheya , though named by his foster-parents vasu-ea) MBh. BhP. &c

of several other men
kará [L=44789]
mfn. kará) , eared , furnished with ears or long ears AV. v , 13 , 9 VS. TS.
kára [L=44790]
furnished with chaff (as grain) TS. i , 8 , 9 , 3.
kara [p= 1324,1] [L=326870]
accord. to some also, kará, mfn. "cropped or defective on the ears") in comp.
(H1) m.
[L=44780]the handle or ear of a vessel
[L=44781]the helm or rudder of a ship
[L=44782](in
[L=44783]the diameter of a circle
[L=44784](in prosody) a spondee
[L=44785]Cassia
[L=44786]Calotropis
[p= N.
[L=44788]N.
(H1B) (
(H1B) mfn.
(H2) (


Whitney Roots links: dA1, dA2, dA3
 2 [p= 464,3] [L=89221]
id. L.
 3 [L=89224]
id. L.
 6 [L=89229]
heat , pain L.
 1 [p= 473,3] [p= Page474,1] [L=91212]
dádāti (pl. °dati RV. &c ; A1. datte Pan5cat. i , 4 , 19÷20 12 , 7 Subh. ; 1. sg. dadmi MBh. xii Hariv. R. i f. ; Impv. dádātu pl. °dahu ; 2. sg. daddhí RV. i f. iv , vi , viii , x ; dehí [ Pa1n2. 6-4 , 119] RV. iii f. , viii , x AV. v , xviii f. &c ; 2. pl. dádāta RV. vii , 57 , 6 , °tana x , 36 , 10 , dattá 51 , 8 VS. AV. &c ; 2. du. °ttám RV. i , 34 , 6 AV. &c ; Pot. dadyā́t AV. &c ; impf. ádadāt ; pl. ádadur RV. vi , x AV. v , 18 , 1 ; 2. du. ádattam RV. &c ; 2. pl. °ttana , i 139 , 7 , ádadāta x , 64 , 12 ; Subj. dádat ii , v , vii f. , x , °das vii f. °dan AV. vi , 24 , 1 p. m. nom. sg. dádat pl. °tas RV. &c ; p. A1. dádāna , v , 33 , 9 ; ° , i. 148 , 2 ; v , 2 , 3 ; sg. dadati , ii , 35 , 10 MBh. iii , 13422 ; pl. °danti , xii f. ; Impv. °da , ix Ma1rkP. ; °data Sin6ha7s. ; Pot. °det Para1s3. vi , 19 ; impf. ádadat AV. xii , 4 , 23 MBh. R. ; A1. sg. dádate RV. i , 24 , 7 AV. x , 8 , 36 ; pl. °dante , 35 VS. viii , 31 ; Impv. sg. °datām RV. iii , 53 , 17 ; °dasva MBh. Hariv. &c ; impf. pl. ádadanta RV. vii , 33 , i i AV. xiv ; p. dádamāna RV. i , 41 , 9 ; iv , 26 , 6 ; aor. ádāt [ Pa1n2. 2-4 , 77] , dat , ádur , dúr &c ; Subj. 2. du. dāsathas RV. viii , 40 , 1 [cf. Naigh. ii , 30] ; Pot. 1. pl. dema VS. ii , 32 ; pf. dadaú , °dúr , °dáthur , °datur , ° RV. &c ; Pass. ° , iv , 34 & 37 AV. x , 2 , 16 ; dadade,°dāte,°dire Pa1n2. 6-4 , 126 Ka1s3. ; p. gen. dadúas RV. i , viii , °ām vi ; nom. °dvā́n , x , 132 , 3 ; °dāvan AV. v , 11 , 1 ; acc. °divā́sam , ix , 5 , 10 [cf. Vop. xxvi , 133] ; fut. p. dāsyát AV. vi , 71 , 3 ; A1. °syate , °syante , 1. sg. °sye MBh. Hariv. R. Ma1rkP. ; Prec. deyāt Pa1n2. 6-4 , 67 ; inf. dāváne RV. ; dā́tos , vii , 4 , 6 ; °tave , vii-ix AV. iii , 20 , 5 ; dā́tavaí [ Pa1n2. vi , 1 , 200 Siddh. ] RV. iv , 21 , 9 ; °tum , v AV. &c : ind.p. dattvā́ya [ Pa1n2. 7-1 , 47 Ka1s3. ] RV. x , 85 , 33 ; °ttva AV. &c ; -dā́ya [ Pa1n2. 6-4 , 69] RV. &c : Pass. dīyate [ Pa1n2. 6-4 , 62] ; p. °yámāna AV. ix ; aor. adāyi Pa1n2. 7-3 , 33 Ka1s3. ; Prec. dāsīṣṭa , dāyis° , vi , 4 , 62) cl.1. dā́ti ( RV. iv-vii ; Impv. °tu , 15 , 11 ; cf. Pa1n2. 6-1 , 8 Va1rtt. 3 Pat. ; ii , 4 , 76 Ka1s3. ) to give , bestow , grant , yield , impart , present , offer to (dat. , in later language also gen. or loc.) RV. &c  ; 
to give (a daughter ,
kanyām) in marriage Mn. v , ix Ya1jn5. MBh. &c  ; 
to hand over
Mn. viii , 186 & 234  ; 
(with
haste) Katha1s.  ; 
to give back ,
222 f. MBh. iii Pan5cat. VP. Katha1s. lxxiv  ; 
to pay (
daṇḍam , " a fine " Mn. viii f. ; ṛṇam , " a debt " , viii Ya1jn5. ii , 45)  ; 
to give up , cede (
āsanam , " one's seat ") Mn. iv , 54  ; 
(
panthānam or mārgam , " to give up the road , allow to pass ") viii , 275 and R. v , 94 , 8  ; 
to sell (with
instr. of the price) , i Nal. xiv , 21 VarBr2S. xlii , 11  ; 
to sacrifice (
ātmānam , " one's self. " Katha1s. xxii , 227 ; āt° khedāya , " to give one's self up to grief " , v , 57)  ; 
to offer (an oblation
&c ) Mn. Ya1jn5. R. &c  ; 
to communicate , teach , utter (blessings ,
āśias S3ak. Ma1rkP. ) , give (answer , prati-vacas , °canam , praty-uttaram Nal. S3ak. &c ) , speak (satya vacas , the truth , Ya1jn5. ii , 200 ; vacam , to address a speech to [dat.] S3ak. vi , 5)  ; 
to permit , allow (with
inf.) MBh. i S3ak. vi , 22  ; 
to permit sexual intercourse
S3Br. xiv , 9 , 4 , 7  ; 
to place , put , apply (in med.)
Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c  ; 
to add
Pan5cat. ii , 6 , 5 Su1ryas. VarBr2S. Laghuj.  ; 
with
varam , " to grant a boon " S3Br. xi Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c  ; 
śoham , " to cause grief " , xiii R. ii  ; 
avakāśam , " to give room or space , allow to enter " Ya1jn5. ii , 276 Mr2icch. Ragh. &c  ; 
prāān or jīvitam , " to spare any one's life " MBh. Katha1s. xviii , 275  ; 
talam or °lān , to slap with the palms of the hands MBh. iii , ix Hariv. 15741  ; 
°la-prahāram , to strike with the palm Pan5cat. iv ,. 2 , 0÷1 tālam , to beat time with the hands MBh. i Bhat2t2.  ; 
sajñām , to make a sign Mr2icch.  ; 
saketakam , to make an appointment Pan5cat. ii , 4 , 3÷4 samayam , to propose an agreement Katha1s. xviii , 139  ; 
upamām , to compare with [gen.] Ca1n2.  ; 
paaham , to proclaim with the drum Katha1s. lxxiii , 357  ; 
śabdam , to make a noise , call out Vet. iv , 2÷3  ; 
śāpam , to utter a curse MBh. R. &c  ; 
gāīh. id. Bhartr2.  ; 
anuyātram , to accompany Katha1s. xviii , 197  ; 
āliganane,parirambhaam , to embrace , 209 Gi1t. iii , 8  ; 
jhampam , to jump Hit.  ; 
śrāddham , to perform a śrāddha MBh. xiv R. ii  ; 
vratakam , to accomplish a vow Hariv.  ; 
yuddham,niy°,sagrāmam , to give battle , fight with MBh. Hariv. R.  ; 
ājñām ādeśam , to give an order , command , i BrahmaP. Vet.  ; 
sadeśam , to give information Katha1s. xvii , 161  ; 
prayogam , to give a dramatic representation Ma1lav. i , 12÷13 vtim , to fence in Mn. viii , 240 Kull.  ; 
darśanam , to show one's self Prab. iii , 0÷1  ; 
dṛṣṭim , dśam , aki , caksus , to fix the eyes on (loc.) S3ak. i , 6 Katha1s. Dhu1rtas. S3r2in3ga1rat. Sa1h.  ; 
karam , to give ear , listen S3ak. Katha1s.  ; 
manas , to direct the mind to (loc.) MBh. xii , 2526  ; 
kars kapolam , to rest the cheek on the hand Ka1ran2d2. xviii , 73  ; 
nigaāni to put on or apply fetters Mr2icch. vii , 6÷7 pāvakam , to set on fire  ; 
agnīn to consume by fire Mn. v , 168  ; 
śāram , to move a chess-man Das3. vii , 137  ; 
argalam , to draw a bolt , bar Katha1s. Ra1jat. vi , 96  ; 
jānu , to kneel upon (gen.) MBh. iii f.  ; 
padam , to tread upon [loc.] Bhartr2. Hit. ii , 12 , 25 SS3am2kar. i , 38  ; 
to direct the steps
Amar. 74  ; 
viam , to poison Pan5car. i , 14 , 80 (with acc.!)  ; 
garam id. VP. iv , 3 , 16 (with gen.)  ; 
--
A1. to carry , hold , keep , preserve RV. AV. VS.  ; 
to show
SV. i , 2 , 1 , 4 , 7 (aor. adadiṣṭa ; aded° fr. √ diś RV. ) : Caus. dāpayati ( Pa1n2. vii , 3 , 36 ; aor. adīdapat , 4 , 1 and 58 Ka1s3. ) to cause to give or be given , cause to bestow or present or give up , oblige to pay , make restore VS. ix , 24 AV. iii , 20 , 8 Mn. &c  ; 
to demand from (
abl.) Mn. viii , 47  ; 
to cause to utter or speak
Hariv. 15782 Ya1jn5. ii , 6÷7 ghoaām , to cause to be made known Katha1s. lxiv , 86  ; 
to cause to place or advance ,
xii , 160  ; 
to cause to perform ,
v , 112 to cause to be put on (loc.) MBh. i , 5724 : Desid. dítsati ( Pa1n2. 7-4 , 54 and 58 ; p. dídāsat RV. x , 151 , 2 ; dítsat , ii , vii-ix AV. v , 7 , 6 MBh. ; Pot. °tseyam RV. viii MBh. ; pf. 2. sg. didāsitha AitBr. viii , 21 S3a1n3khS3r. xvi , 16 ; cf. S3Br. xiii , 7 , 1 , 15) to wish to give , be ready to bestow RV. &c  ; 
to wish to give in marriage
MBh. &c : Intens. dedīyate Pa1n2. 6-4 , 66 Ka1s3.  ; 
([
cf. δίδωμι ; Lat. do ; &c ])
dā́ 2 [p= 474,1] [L=91213]
a giver RV. v , 41 , 1 (dat. ) ; vi , 16 , 26 (nom. dā́s)
dā́ 2 [L=91214]
ifc. " giving , granting " » an-aśva- , a-bhika- , aśva- , ātma- , &c -dā́
dā́ 2 [L=91215]
án-āśīr-.
 3 [p= 474,2] [L=91359]
do , to cut q.v.
 4 [p= 474,3] [L=91425]
dyáti (cf. ā- √4. ) , to bind , only in va VS. xxxviii , 3 ([cf. δέω δίδημι]) .
 5 [p= 475,1] [L=91468]
de q.v.
 6 [L=91469]
( √ de) , protection , defence L.
 7 [L=91470]
dai q.v.
 8 [L=91471]
( √ das) cleansing , purifying L.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
(H1) cl.3.
(H2) m.
(H2B) mfn.
(H2B) mfn.
(H1) For √
(H1) cl.4 P.
(H1) For √
(H2) f.
(H1) For √
(H2) f.
 nibudh
ni- √ budh [p= 550,2] [L=108858]
-bodhati (aor. -bódhiat RV. ) , to learn or hear anything (acc.) from any one (gen. , rarely sakāśāt) , to attend or listen to (esp. Impv. nibodha , °dhata ; rarely °dhasva , °dhadhvam)  ; 
to know , understand , consider as (often with double
acc.) RV. AV. Mn. MBh. &c : Caus. -bodhayati , to cause to know or learn , to inform , tell BhP.
(H1) P.
 pratiśru
prati- √ śru [p= 671,1] [L=133179]
-sṛṇoti , to hear listen RV. i , 25 , 20 (A1. 3. sg. śṛṇve , " to be heard " or " audible " i , 169 , 7)  ; 
to listen , give ear to (
gen.) Vajracch.  ; 
to assure , agree , promise anything (
acc.) to any one (gen. or dat.) RV. &c &c : Desid. -śuśrūati , to wish to promise Pa1n2. 1-3 , 59.
(H1) P.
 śru
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 22.44
Whitney Roots links: Sru
śru 1 [p= 1101,1] [p= 1100,3] [L=223393]
( Dha1tup. xxii , 44) śṛṇóti (Ved. and ep. also A1. śṛṇute , and in RV. 3. sg. śṛṇ , 2. sg. °vié , 3. pl. °viré [cf. below] ; Impv. śṛṇu , °udhī́ and °uhī́ pl. śṛṇutā́ , °ota and °otana RV. ; pf. śuśrā́va [once in R. with pass. sense] , śuśruve [2. sg. śuśrotha , 1. pl. śuśruma , in Up. also °mas ; śuśravat,śuśrūyā́s RV. , p. śuśruvás q.v.] ; aor. Ved. áśravam , áśrot , 2. sg. śrói ; Subj. śrávat , °vatha ; [?] śruvam TA1r. ; Impv. śrudhī́ , śrótu RV. ; aśrauīt Br. &c ; Subj. śroan Impv. śroantu RV. [cf. śróamāa] ; Prec. śrūyā́sam AV. &c ; fut. śrotā MBh. ; śroyati,°te Br. &c ; inf. śrotum MBh. &c ; ind.p. śrutvā́ RV. &c ; -śrútya AV. &c ; śrāvam Gr2S3rS. &c ) , to hear , listen or attend to anything (acc.) , give ear to any one (acc. or gen.) , hear or learn anything about (acc.) or from (abl. gen. instr. , mukhāt or śakāśāt) , or that anything is (two acc.) RV. &c  ; 
to hear (from a teacher) , study , learn
S3rS. MBh. &c  ; 
to be attentive , be obedient , obey
MBh. R. &c : Pass. śrūyáte (ep. also °ti ; and in RV. śṛṇve &c [cf. above] with pass. meaning ; aor. aśrāvi , śrāvi) , to be heard or perceived or learnt about (acc.) or from (gen. abl. or mukhāt ; in later language often 3. sg. śrūyate impers. " it is heard " , " one hears or learns or reads in a book " , = " it is said " , " it is written in (with loc.) " ; Impv. śrūyatām , " let it be heard " = " listen! ") RV. &c  ; 
to be celebrated or renowned , be known as , pass for , be called (
nom.) RV.  ; 
to be heard or learnt (from a teacher)
Pan5cat.  ; 
to be taught or stated (in a book)
Sarvad.  ; 
to be heard
i.e. pronounced or employed (as a sound or word) TPra1t. Sch.: Caus. śrāváyati (ep. also °te , in RV. also śraváyati ; aor. aśuśravi , °vu RV. ; aśuśruvat Br. ; aśiśravat Gr. ; Pass. śrāvyate » below) , to cause to be heard or learnt , announce , proclaim , declare RV. &c  ; 
to cause to hear , inform , instruct , communicate , relate , tell (with
acc. of thing , and acc. gen. , or dat. of pers. , or with instr. in sense of " through ") Mn. MBh. &c : Pass. of Caus. śrāvyate , to be informed of (acc.) MBh. &c : Desid. śúśrūate ( Pa1n2. 1-3 , 57 ; ep. or mc. also °ti ; Pass. śuśrūyate) , to wish or like to hear (acc.) , desire to attend or listen to (dat.) RV. &c  ; 
to attend upon , serve , obey (
acc. , rarely gen.) Mn. MBh. &c : Caus. of Desid. śuśrūayati , to wait upon , be at the service of (acc.) Kull. on Mn. ii , 243 : Desid. of Caus. śiśrāvayiati or śuśrāvayiati Gr.: Intens. śośrūyate , śośravīti , śośroti Gr. ([cf. Gk. κλύω , κλθι = śrudhí , κλυτός = śrutá &c ; Lat. cluo , in-clutus ; Slav. sluti ; Germ. laut ; Eng. loud.])
śru 2 [p= 1102,1] [L=223665]
śrúvat ; generally an incorrect form of √ sru) , to dissolve into parts , burst asunder RV. i , 127 , 3.
(H1) cl.5 P.
(H1) (only in
 
śruti
śrúti 1 [p= 1101,2] [L=223536]
hearing , listening (śrutim abhinīya , " feigning to hear " ; śruti vaco 'nugā-k , " to listen to a speech ") S3Br. &c

Ka1v. VarBr2S. Katha1s.
1101,3] [L=223538]
Gol.

&c RV. AV. Pra1t. Katha1s. BhP.

TPra1t.

śrutau-sthā , " to be known by hearsay ") MBh. Ka1v. &c

MBh. R. BhP.

veda (i.e. sacred eternal sounds or words as eternally heard by certain holy sages called ṛṣis , and so differing from smṛ́ti or what is only remembered and handed down in writing by human authors » Mn. ii , 10 ; it is properly only applied to the mantra and brāhmaa portion of the vedas , although afterwards extended to the upaniads and other Vedic works including the darśanas ; iti śrute , " because it is so taught in the veda , according to a śruti or Vedic text " ; pl. " sacred texts , the vedas " , also " rites prescribed by the vedas ") AitBr. S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c IW. 144

Ya1jn5. S3is3. Pan5car.

Ka1vya7d. ii , 331

S3ak. VarBr2S. (prob. w.r. for śruta)

buddhi L.

of a daughter of atri and wife of kardama VP.
śrúti 2 [p= 1102,1] [L=223668]
(cf. sruti) course , path (?) RV. ii , 2 , 7 ; x , 111 , 3

śravaā L.
(H2) f.
[L=223537]the ear , organ or power of hearing
[p= the diagonal of a tetragon or hypothenuse of a triangle
[L=223539]that which is heard or perceived with the ear , sound , noise
[L=223540]an aggregate of sounds (whether forming a word or any part of a word)
[L=223541]rumour , report , news , intelligence , hearsay (
[L=223542]a saying , saw , word
[L=223543]that which has been heard or communicated from the beginning , sacred knowledge orally transmitted by the Brahmans from generation to generation , the
[L=223544](in music) a particular division of the octave , a quarter tone or interval (twenty-two of these are enumerated , four constituting a major tone , three a minor , and two a semitone ; they are said to be personified as nymphs)
[L=223545]a name , title
[L=223546]learning , scholarship
[L=223547]=
[L=223548]N.
(H2) f.
[L=223669]the constellation ,
 saśru
sa- √ śru 1 [p= 1118,2] [L=226706]
ṛṇoti , ṛṇute , to hear or hear from (e.g. mukhāt , " from any one's mouth ") , attend or listen attentively to (acc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to assent , promise (
loc. or dat.) ib.  ; 
(
A1.) to be distinctly heard or audible S3a1n3khBr. (cf. Pa1n2. i , 3 , 29 Va1rtt. 2 Pat. ) : Pass. -śrūyate , to be heard or talked about or read about (yathā saśrūyate , " as people say " or , as we read in books) MBh. : Caus. -śrāvayati , to cause to hear or to be heard , proclaim , announce (nāma , " one's name ") , relate or report anything (acc.) to any one (acc. or dat.) Ya1jn5.  ; 
to read out (
» sa-śrāviśa)  ; 
to make resound
MBh.
(H1) P. A1.
 samākar
sam-ā- √ kar [p= 1158,2] [L=234009]
-karayati , to give ear to , listen to , hear Pan5cat. Katha1s.
(H1) P.
 samupaśru
sam-upa- √ śru [p= 1169,3] [L=235667]
-sṛṇoti , to listen to anything (acc.) , hear , hear or perceive any one (gen.) , hear from or be told by any one (abl.) MBh. R. BhP.
(H1) P.
 sampratiśru
sam-prati- √ śru [p= 1174,3] [L=236373]
ind.p. -śrutya) , to listen attentively to , assent , promise BhP. : Caus. -śrāvayati , to make to promise or repeat a promise , remind of a promise R.
(H1) (only


also note:

apānika
apā* nika [p= 1314,2] [L=310660]
speaking to one's self without another being able to hear, L.
(H2) m.