The Joyous Meditation Teachings of Lorin Roche


Prana - To breathe, the breath of life, filled


sarvasrotonibandhena prāṇaśaktyordhvayā śanaiḥ |
pipīlasparśavelāyām prathate paramaṃ sukham || 67 ||


Prana, the word we are familiar with in terms of breath, means filled with the breath, and more: “the breath of life, breath, respiration, spirit, vitality;”


prāṇa



  • prāṇa, filled , full
  • the breath of life , breath , respiration spirit vitality
  • life RV. &c (prā*ṇān with √ muc or √ hā or pari- √ tyaj , " to resign or quit life " ; with √ rakṣ , " to save life " ; with ni- √han , " to destroy life " ; tvam me prā*ṇaḥ , " thou art to me as dear as life "
  • a vital organ vital air (3 in number , viz. prā*ṇa , apā*na and vyāna AitBr. TUp. Sus3r. ; usually 5 , viz. the preceding with sam-āna and , ud-āna S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. &c cf. MWB. 242 ; or with the other vital organs 6 S3Br. ; or 7 AV. Br. Mun2d2Up. ; or 9 AV. TS. Br. ; or 10 S3Br. ; pl. the 5 organs of vitality or sensation , viz. prā*ṇa , vāc , cakṣus , śrotra , manas , collectively ChUp. ii , 7 , i ; or = nose , mouth , eyes and ears GopBr. S3rS. Mn. iv , 143)
  • air inhaled , wind AV. S3Br.
  • breath (as a sign of strength), vigour , energy , power MBh. R. &c (sarvaprā*ṇena or -prā*ṇaiḥ , " with all one's strength " or " all one's heart " ; cf. yathā-prā*ṇam)
  • a breath (as a measure of time , or the time requisite for the pronunciation of 10 long syllables = 1÷6 vināḍikā) Var. A1ryabh. VP.
  • N. of a kalpa (the 6th day in the light half of brahmā's month) Pur.
  • (in sāṃkhya) the spirit (= puruṣa) Tattvas.
  • (in vedānta) the spirit identified with the totality of dreaming spirits Veda7ntas. RTL. 35 (cf. prāṇā*tman)
  • poetical inspiration W.
  • myrrh L.


prāa
prāa 1 [p= 701,3] [L=138763]
(for 2. » [p= 705,1].) filled , full L.
prā* á 2 [p= 705,1] [L=139500]
(ifc. f(ā). ; for 1. » under √ prā , p.701) the breath of life , breath , respiration spirit vitality

RV. &c (prā*ān with √ muc or √ or pari-tyaj , " to resign or quit life " ; with √ rak , " to save life " ; with ni-han , " to destroy life " ; tvam me prā*a , " thou art to me as dear as life " ; often ifc. ; cf. pati- , *na-pr°)

prā*a , apā*na and vyāna AitBr. TUp. Sus3r. ; usually 5 , viz. the preceding with sam-āna and , ud-āna S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. &c cf. MWB. 242 ; or with the other vital organs 6 S3Br. ; or 7 AV. Br. Mun2d2Up. ; or 9 AV. TS. Br. ; or 10 S3Br. ; pl. the 5 organs of vitality or sensation , viz. prā*a , vāc , cakus , śrotra , manas , collectively ChUp. ii , 7 , i ; or = nose , mouth , eyes and ears GopBr. S3rS. Mn. iv , 143)
705,2] [L=139503]
AV. S3Br.

MBh. R. &c (sarvaprā*ena or -prā*ai , " with all one's strength " or " all one's heart " ; cf. yathā-prā*am)

÷6 vināikā) Var. A1ryabh. VP.

of a kalpa (the 6th day in the light half of brahmā's month) Pur.

khya) the spirit (= purua) Tattvas.

vedānta) the spirit identified with the totality of dreaming spirits Veda7ntas. RTL. 35 (cf. prāā*tman)

W.

L.

N. of the letter y Up.

sāman Ta1n2d2Br. (vasiṣṭhasya prā*ā**nau A1rshBr. )

brahmā L.

viṣṇu RTL. 106

vasu BhP.

vasu dhara Hariv.

marut Ya1jn5. Sch.

dhāt Pur.

vidhāt BhP.

ṛṣi in the 2nd manv-antara Hariv.
prā* a [p= 1330,3] [L=337000]
comp.)
(H2) mfn.
(H2) m.
[L=139501]life
[L=139502]a vital organ vital air (3 in number , viz.
[p= air inhaled , wind
[L=139504]breath (as a sign of strength), vigour , energy , power
[L=139505]a breath (as a measure of time , or the time requisite for the pronunciation of 10 long syllables = 1
[L=139506]N.
[L=139507](in
[L=139508](in
[L=139509]poetical inspiration
[L=139510]myrrh
[L=139511]a
[L=139512]of a
[L=139513]of
[L=139514]of
[L=139515]of a
[L=139516]of a son of the
[L=139517]of a
[L=139518]of a son of
[L=139519]of a son of
[L=139520]of a
(H2) (in




Prana-related Words




praī
pra-ī [p= 660,2] [L=131199]
) P. A1. -ayati , °te to lead forwards , conduct , advance , promote , further RV. &c  ; 
to bring or lead to , convey (
esp. the sacrificial fire or water or soma to its place at the altar) ib.  ; 
to offer , present
Bhat2t2.  ; 
to produce , perform , execute , finish
Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to do away with , remove , dispel
MBh.  ; 
to manifest affection , love , desire
MBh.  ; 
to show , represent (a drama)
Ba1lar. Prasannar.  ; 
to inflict (as punishment)
Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to apply (as a clyster)
Car.  ; 
to establish , fix , institute , promulgate , teach
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to write , compose
Sarvad.  ; 
(
A1.) to draw in (the breath) S3Br. : Desid. -ninīati (!) , to wish to lead or conduct RV.
pra-ī́ [p= 660,3] [L=131264]
a leader or guide TBr.
pra-ī́ [L=131265]
guidance , furtherance , devotion (?) RV. iii , 38 ,

(H1) ( √
(H2) m.
(H2B) f.

prāapati

(H3) prā* á--pati [p= 705,2] [L=139585]
m. " life-lord " , the soul MBh.
[L=139586]
a physician. Car.
[L=139587]
a husband MW.

 prāamayakośa

(H4) prā* á--máya---kośa [p= 705,3] [L=139622]
m. the vital case (one of the cases or investitures of the soul) Veda7ntas.

 prāātman

(H3) prā* ā* tman [p= 706,1] [p= 705,3] [L=139687]
m. the spirit which connects the totality of subtle bodies like a thread = sūsrā*tman (sometimes called hiraya-garbha) , vital or animal soul (the lowest of the 3 souls of a human being ; the other 2 being *tman and paramā*tman) Tarkas. (cf. IW. 114) .

 prāādhipa

(H3) prā* ā* dhipa [L=139693]
m. " id. " the soul S3vetUp.



prā
arodha
(H3) prā* á--rodha [L=139635]
m. suppression of breath BhP.
[L=139636]
N. of a partic. hell ib.
 prāavidyā
(H3) prā* á--vidyā [L=139642]
f. the science of breath or vital airs Col.





prāagraha
(H3) prā* á--grahá [p= 705,2] [L=139526]
m. " breath-catcher " , the nose , A.
[L=139527]
pl. N. of partic. soma vessels TS.
 prāacit
(H3) prā* á--cít [L=139531]
mfn. forming a deposit of breath S3Br.
 prāaciti
(H3) prā* á--cití [L=139532]
f. a mass or deposit of breath ib.
 prāatejas
(H3) prā* á--tejas [L=139536]
(°á-) mfn. whose splendour or glory is life or breath S3Br.
 prāatva
(H3) prā* á--tvá [L=139541]
n. the state of breath or life S3Br. Kap.
 prāadā
(H3B) prā* á--dā́ [L=139546]
f. Terminalia Chebula L.
(H3) prā* á--dā́ [L=139556]
mfn. giving breath VS.
 prāadh
(H3) prā* á--dh [L=139563]
mfn. (nom. -dhk) sustaining or prolonging the breath Ka1t2h.
 prāanigraha
(H3) prā* á--nigráha [L=139582]
m. restraint of breath Veda7ntas.
 prāapatnī
(H3) prā* á--patnī [L=139588]
f. " breath-wife " , the voice Shad2vBr.
 prāaparigraha
(H3) prā* á--parigraha [L=139591]
m. possession of breath or life , existence Amar.
 prāapā
(H3) prā* á--pā́ [L=139594]
mfn. protecting breath or life VS.
 prāaprāśanin
(H3) prā* á--prā* śanin [p= 705,3] [L=139603]
mfn. feeding only on breath (i.e. on the mere smell of food or drink) , Pracan2d2.
 prāabhaka
(H3) prā* á--bhaka [L=139609]
m. feeding only on breath or air (cf. -prā*śanin) S3rS.
 prāabhakam
(H4) prā* á--bhakam [L=139610]
ind. while feeding only on breath or air Ka1tyS3r.
 prāabhūta
(H3) prā* á--bhūta [L=139615]
mfn. being the breath of life R2itus.
 prāamaya
(H3) prā* á--máya [L=139621]
mf(ī)n. consisting of vigorous air or breath S3Br.
 prāarandhra
(H3) prā* á--randhra [L=139633]
n. " breath-aperture " , the mouth or a nostril BhP.
 prāarodha
(H3) prā* á--rodha [L=139635]
m. suppression of breath BhP.
[L=139636]
N. of a partic. hell ib.
 prāavidyā
(H3) prā* á--vidyā [L=139642]
f. the science of breath or vital airs Col.
 prāavīrya
(H3) prā* á--vīrya [L=139645]
n. strength of breath , Ta1n2d2Br.
 prāasayama
(H3) prā* á--sayama [L=139652]
m. suppression or suspension of breath (as a religious exercise) Ya1jn5.
 prāasahitā
(H3) prā* á--sahitā [L=139657]
f. a manner of reciting the Vedic texts , pronouncing as many sounds as possible during one breath VPra1t. Sch.
 prānuga
(H3) prā* nuga [p= 706,1] [L=139694]
mfn. following a person's breath i.e. following him (acc.) unto death Hit.
 prāāyāma
(H3) prā* ā* yāma [L=139709]
m. (also pl.) N. of the three " breath-exercises " performed during sadhyā (» pūraka , recaka , kumbhaka IW. 93 RTL. 402 MWB. 239) Kaus3. Ya1jn5. Pur.
 prāāyāmaśas
(H4) prā* ā* yāma---śas [L=139710]
ind. with frequent breath-exercises A1past.
 prāāyāmin
(H4) prā* ā* ° min [L=139711]
mfn. exercising the breath (in 3 ways) Ya1jn5.
 prāāvarodha
(H3) prā* ā* varodha [L=139715]
m. suppression of breath Mr2icch.
 prāeśa
(H3) prā* e* śa [L=139718]
m. " lord of life " , a husband Sa1h.
[L=139719]
" lord of breath " , N. of a marut Ya1jn5. Sch.
 prāotkramana
(H3) prā* o* tkramana [L=139726]
n. ( MW. ) ( Katha1s. ) " breath-departure " , death.
 prāotkrānti
(H3) prā o* tkrānti [L=139727]
f. ( Katha1s. ) " breath-departure " , death.
 bahiprāa
(H3) bahi--prā* a [p= 727,1] [L=144211]
m. external breath or life , anything near the heart or as dear as life R.
[p= 727,2] [L=144212]
money BhP.
(H3B) bahí--prā* a [L=144213]
mfn. one whose breath or life is outside TS.
 mañjuguñjatsamīra
(H3) mañju--guñjat-samīra [p= 774,1] [L=154492]
mfn. exhaling a sweet-sounding breeze or breath , S3a1ntis3.
 
manas
(H2) mánas [p= 783,3] [L=156776]
n. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers) , intellect , intelligence , understanding , perception , sense , conscience , will RV. &c &c (in phil. the internal organ or anta-karaa of perception and cognition , the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul IW. 53 ; in this sense manas is always is always regarded as distinct from ātman and purua , " spirit or soul " and belonging only to the body , like which it is - except in the nyāya - considered perishable ; as to its position in the various systems » for nyāya and vaiśeika IW. 63 ; 67 ; 76 , for khya and vedā*nta ib. 84 ; 109 ; 117 ; in RV. it is sometimes joined with hd or hdaya , the heart Mn. vii , 6 with cakus , the eye)
[L=156777]
the spirit or spiritual principle , the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death (called asu in animals ; cf. above ) ib.
[p= 784,1] [p= 783,3] [L=156778]
thought , imagination , excogitation , invention , reflection , opinion , intention , inclination , affection , desire , mood , temper , spirit ib. (ifc. after a verbal noun or an inf. stem in °tu = having a mind or wishing to ; cf. draṣṭu-m° &c ; manak , to make up one's mind ; with gen. , to feel inclination for ; manak,pra-k , √ dhā , vi- √ dhā , √ dh , √ bandh and Caus. of ni-viś with loc. dat. acc. with prati , or inf. , to direct the mind or thoughts towards , think of or upon ; mana with sam-ā-dhā , to recover the senses , collect one's self ; with √ han » mano-hatya ; mánasā ind. in the mind ; in thought or imagination ; with all the heart , willingly ; with gen. , by the leave of ; with iva = °se*va , as with a thought , in a moment ; with √ man , to think in one's mind , be willing or inclined ; with sa-gam , to become unanimous , agree ; manasi with √ k , to bear or ponder in the mind , meditate on , remember ; with ni-dhā , to impress on the mind , consider ; with √ vt , to be passing in one's mind)
[p= 784,1] [L=156779]
N. of the 26th kalpa (s.v.) Cat.
[L=156780]
of the lake mānasa BhP.
[L=156781]
manaso doha N. of a sāman A1rshBr. [cf. Gk. μένος ; Lat. miner-va.]
 mandaprāa
(H3) manda--prā* a [p= 788,1] [L=157744]
mfn. having slow or weak breat
 prāabhaka
(H3) prā* á--bhaka [p= 705,3] [L=139609]
m. feeding only on breath or air (cf. -prā*śanin) S3rS.
 prāabhakam
(H4) prā* á--bhakam [L=139610]
ind. while feeding only on breath or air Ka1tyS3r.
 prāamaya
(H3) prā* á--máya [L=139621]
mf(ī)n. consisting of vigorous air or breath S3Br.
 prāaśarīra
(H3) prā* á--śarīra [L=139651]
mfn. whose (only) body is vital air ChUp.
 prāasambhta
(H3) prā* á--sambhta [L=139667]
m. wind , air (w.r. for -sambhūta?).
 prāāpāna
(H3) prā* ā* *  [p= 706,1] [L=139702]
m. du. air inhaled and exhaled AV.
[L=139703]
inspiration and expiration (personified and identified with the aśvins) Pur.
[L=139704]
m. (with vasiṣṭhasya) N. of 2 sāmans A1rshBr.
 prāatha
(H2) prā* átha [L=139735]
m. breathing , respiration VS.
[L=139736]
air , wind L.
[L=139737]
the lord of all living beings (= prajāpati) L.
[L=139738]
a sacred bathing-place L.
(H2B) prā* átha [L=139739]
mfn. strong L.
 prāanta
(H2) prā* anta [L=139745]
m. ( Un2. iii , 127) air , wind L.
[L=139746]
a kind of collyrium L.




vyan vy- √ an-aniti , to respire , breathe , inhale and exhale RV. ;
-to draw in the breath through the whole body S3Br.
vyan
vy- √ an [p= 1031,2] [L=208700]
-aniti , to respire , breathe , inhale and exhale RV.  ; 
to draw in the breath through the whole body
S3Br.
(H1) P.




Sanskrit words with both prana and longing:



praaya
pra-aya [p= 659,3] [L=131107]
yana &c » pra-ī.
pra-aya [p= 660,2] [L=131200]
a leader Pa1n2. 3-1 , 142 (jyotiām Nir. ii , 14)

MBh.

Mr2icch.

Ja1takam.

loc.) , love , attachment , friendship , favour (ibc. ; °yāt ind. , °yena ind. and °yo*pe*tam ind. confidentially , affectionately , openly , frankly) MBh. Ka1v. &c

loc. ; anyathā , " for something else ") ib.

R. Vikr.

L.

L.
(H1) °
(H2) m.
[L=131201]guidance , conduct
[L=131202]manifestation , display
[L=131203]setting forth (an argument)
[L=131204]affection , confidence in (
[L=131205]desire , longing for (
[L=131206]an entreaty , request , solicitation
[L=131207]reverence , obeisance
[L=131208]final beatitude
 praayavat
pra-aya---vat [L=131219]
possessing candour , unceremonious , frank , open , confident Ka1lid.

loc. or comp.) ib.

loc.) S3is3.

ifc.) familiar with , used to Ba1lar.
(H3) mfn.
[L=131220]attached or devoted to , loving (
[L=131221]desirous of. longing for (
[L=131222](
 praayin
pra-° ayin [p= 660,3] [L=131244]
having affection for (gen.) , attached to , beloved , dear , intimate , familiar MBh. Ka1v. &c

instr. or comp.) , affectionate , loving , kind ib.

ifc.) clinging to , dwelling or being in


Ka1v.
pra-° ayin [L=131249]
a friend , favourite Kum. v , 11
pra-° ayin [L=131250]
a husband , lover
(H3) mfn.
[L=131245]feeling attracted towards , longing for , desirous of (
[L=131246](
[L=131247]turned towards , aiming at
[L=131248]combined or provided with
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
 praayitā
pra-° a° yi-tā [L=131256]
attachment or devotion to , desire or longing for (gen. loc. or comp.) Ka1v.
(H4) f.
 pratipitsu
prati-° pitsu [p= 667,2] [L=132594]
desirous of obtaining , longing for (acc. or comp.) ib.

acc.) Gobh. Sch.
(H3) mfn.
[L=132595]desirous of hearing or learning (
 prabhūtotka
prá-bhū° to* tka [p= 684,3] [L=135624]
ardently desirous of or longing for Ka1vya7d. iii , 118.
(H3) m.
 prāyudhyuddhein
prā--yudh---yud-dhein [p= 702,2] [L=138920]
(for -hein) or -yudh-ein a horse L. (lit. " neighing in or longing for the battle ") .
(H4) m.
 prāayita
prā* ayita [p= 706,1] [L=139748]
(fr. Caus.) caused to breathe , kept alive Das3.

inf.) Ra1jat.
(H2) mfn.
[L=139749]animated , longing to (



praamita

pra-amita [p= 659,3] [L=131096]
bent , bowed , inclined (-śiras = praata-ś°) Ma1lav.

Amar.

partic. kind of accentuation Sam2hUp.

(H3) 

mfn.
[L=131097]offered or given respectfully
[L=131098]a

 praīta

pra-° īta [p= 660,3] [L=131266]
prá-) mfn. led forwards , advanced , brought , offered , conveyed (esp. to the altar , as fire or water or soma) RV. &c

e.g. tamas , to blindness RV. ; -vaśam , to submission BhP. )

loc.) Sa1h.

MBh.

i.e. delivered , given (as a son ; others " exposed ") MBh. i , 4672

Up. MBh. &c

Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c

MBh. Ka1v. &c

-tva n. Sarvad. ) wished , desired (cf. mana-)

DivyA7v.

L.
pra-° īta [L=131266.22]
(scil. agni) fire consecrated by prayers or mystical formulas W.
pra-° īta [L=131266.30]
anything cooked or dressed (such as a condiment) A.

(H3) 

(
[L=131266.02]brought into , reduced to (
[L=131266.04]directed towards (
[L=131266.06]hurled , cast , shot
[L=131266.08]led towards
[L=131266.10]performed , executed , finished , made , done , prepared
[L=131266.12]inflicted , sentenced , awarded
[L=131266.14]established , instituted , taught , said , written
[L=131266.16](
[L=131266.18]good (as food)
[L=131266.20]entered , approached
(H3B) m.
(H3B) n.