Gita - sung , chanted , praised in songs, singing



gīta
gītá [p= 356,1] [L=65290]
( √ gai) sung , chanted , praised in songs Mn. ix , 42 MBh. &c
gītá [L=65291]
singing , song VS. xxx TBr. iii S3Br. iii , vi A1p. &c
gītá [L=65292]
N. of four hymns addressed to kṛṣṇa
gītá [L=65294]
N. of a metre.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 
gītā
gītā [L=65293]
a song , sacred song or poem , religious doctrines declared in metrical form by an inspired sage (cf. agastya-gītá , bhagavad-gītá [often called gītā Prab. vi , 9÷10 &c ], rāma-gītá , śiva-gītá)



(H1B) f.
1 anavagīta (song) 2 anugai (song) 3 anugītā (song) 4 anupada (song) 5 aparāntaka (song) 6 abhigūrti (song) 7 abhigai (song) 8 abhigīta (song) 9 abhiprārc (song) 10 abhyarc (song) 11 arka (song) 12 arthika (song) 13 alati (song) 14 alivirāva (song) 15 aliviruta (song) 16 avagīta (song) 17 asāman (song) 18 ākṣiptikā (song) 19 āgāna (song) 20 ānupadika (song) 21 āśīrgeya (song) 22 uktapratyukta (song) 23 uttara (song) 24 udgai (song) 25 udgīta (song) 26 upagai (song) 27 upagā (song) 28 upagātṛ (song) 29 upagāna (song) 30 upageya (song) 31 upariṣṭādudarka (song) 32 upastu (song) 33 upahāra (song) 34 upāṅgagīta (song) 35 upāsṛj (song) 36 ullopya (song) 37 ṛggāthā (song) 38 ṛṣi (song) 39 ekatāna (song) 40 ekatāla (song) 41 auveṇaka (song) 42 kāra (song) 43 kāraṇa (song) 44 kuharita (song) 45 komalagīta (song) 46 kautuka (song) 47 khaṇḍamātrā (song) 48 kheli (song) 49 (song) 50 gaṇeśagītā (song) 51 gātu (song) 52 gātha (song) 53 gāthikā (song) 54 gāthānī (song) 55 gāna (song) 56 gānīya (song) 57 gāya (song) 58 gāyatra (song) 59 gāyana (song) 60 gāndharva (song) 61 gāndharvakalā (song) 62 gir (song) 63 girvāhas (song) 64 gīta (song) 65 gītā (song) 66 gītakrama (song) 67 gītagovinda (song) 68 gītanṛtya (song) 69 gītaśāstra (song) 70 gītaka (song) 71 gītikā (song) 72 gīti (song) 73 gītiviśeṣa (song) 74 gīthā (song) 75 guñjita (song) 76 gai (song) 77 geya (song) 78 geyajña (song) 79 geyapada (song) 80 carcarī (song) 81 chalika (song) 82 jan (song) 83 jambhalikā (song) 84 jalp (song) 85 jānakīgītā (song) 86 tena (song) 87 tauryatrika (song) 88 dakṣavihitā (song) 89 dvigūḍha (song) 90 dvipadī (song) 91 dvipādikā (song) 92 dhāman (song) 93 dhuvakā (song) 94 dhruva (song) 95 nandī (song) 96 naviṣṭi (song) 97 nāṭyocita (song) 98 nigai (song) 99 nibandha (song) 100 nīthā (song) 101 nīthāvid (song) 102 pāṇikā (song) 103 pārāvatī (song) 104 puruṇītha (song) 105 prakarī (song) 106 pragāṇa (song) 107 pragīta (song) 108 pracchādaka (song) 109 pracchedaka (song) 110 pratiṣṭuti (song) 111 pramāṇa (song) 112 praśastigāthā (song) 113 prastava (song) 114 plāvita (song) 115 bahirgīta (song) 116 brahmagītikā (song) 117 bhagavadgītā (song) 118 bhara (song) 119 maṅkigīta (song) 120 maṅgalagāthikā (song) 121 madraka (song) 122 madrakagīti (song) 123 mantra (song) 124 mūrchita (song) 125 yathājyagāna (song) 126 racana (song) 127 rava (song) 128 rāga (song) 129 rāsaka (song) 130 ruta (song) 131 rudragīta (song) 132 leśa (song) 133 laya (song) 134 lokagāthā (song) 135 vacas (song) 136 varṇa (song) 137 varṇaparicaya (song) 138 vācāṭa (song) 139 vācāla (song) 140 vāda (song) 141 viracitapada (song) 142 viṣṇugāthā (song) 143 veyagāna (song) 144 vyāhāra (song) 145 vyāhṛta (song) 146 śakuna (song) 147 śakunivāda (song) 148 śabdagati (song) 149 śūṣa (song) 150 śekhara (song) 151 śyāmāruta (song) 152 śravaṇas (song) 153 saṃgīta (song) 154 samudgīta (song) 155 samprayuj (song) 156 sarobindu (song) 157 sāman (song) 158 sutantri (song) 159 suṣāman (song) 160 sūkta (song) 161 sūnṛtā (song) 162 saindhava (song) 163 sopāya (song) 164 stu (song) 165 stava (song) 166 stutigītaka (song) 167 stutimantra (song) 168 smarodgītha (song) 169 svana (song) 170 svarabaddha (song) 171 svarasaṃyoga (song) 172 anugāna (song) 173 anugīta (song) 174 anutoda (song) 175 uttamottamaka (song) 176 uttamottamika (song)
 anavagīta

an-avagīta [p= 26,3] [L=5285]
not made an object of contemptuous song , uncensured.
an-avagīta [p= 1311,1] [L=305080]
Ja1takam.
(H1) mfn.
(H2) (also) not become tedious,
 anugai

anu- √ gai [p= 32,1] [L=6226]
 ; 
to celebrate in song: Caus.
-gāpayati , to make one sing after or to.
(H1) to sing after or to (a person or tune)
 anugītā

anu-gītā [L=6227]
" an after-song " , N. of part of the fourteenth book of the mahābhārata (chaps. 16-92).
(H2) f.
 anupada

anu-pada [p= 34,2] [L=6606]
following closely L.
anu-pada [L=6607]
N. of a man or tribe , (g. upakā*di q.v.)
anu-pada [L=6608]
a chorus , refrain , burden of a song or words sung again after regular intervals
anu-pada [L=6609]
N. of an upāga belonging to the sāma-veda
anu-pada [L=6610]
word for word
anu-pada [L=6611]
on the heels of , close behind or after.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2) n.
 aparāntaka

aparā* ntaka [p= 50,3] [L=9467]
(ikā)n. living at the western border VarBr2S. &c
aparā* ntaka [L=9469]
N. of a song Ya1jn5.
(H3) mf
(H3B) n.
 abhigūrti

abhí-gūrti [p= 61,3] [L=11291]
song of praise RV. i , 162 , 6 and 12.
(H2) f.
 abhigai

abhi- √ gai [L=11297]
sg. -gā́ya , or -gāya , 2. pl. -gāyata) to call or sing to (acc.) RV.  ; 
to enchant
AitBr.  ; 
to sing (a hymn ,
&c ) S3Br. &c  ; 
to fill with song
R.  ; 
to celebrate in song
R.
(H1) (Imper. 2.
 abhigīta

abhí-gīta [L=11298]
addressed or praised in song RV. ix , 96 , 23.
abhi-gīta [p= 1315,1] [L=311670]
a song, Divya7v.
(H2) mfn.
(H2) n.
 abhiprārc

abhi-prā* rc [p= 66,2] [L=11906]
arc) to celebrate in song RV. viii , 49 , 1 and 69 , 4.
(H1) ( √
 abhyarc

abhy- √ arc [p= 76,1] [L=13244]
pl. -arcanti and impf. -arcan [ RV. iv , 1 , 14] ; Imper. 2. sg. -arca , 2. pl. -arcata ; A1. 1. sg. -arce and aor. -arcase [ RV. x , 64 , 3]) to praise , celebrate in song (instr.) RV. AV. VS.  ; 
(
ind.p. -arcya) to worship , reverence MBh. Mn. &c
(H1) (3.
 arka

arká [p= 89,1] [L=15572]
( √ arc) , Ved. a ray , flash of lightning RV. &c

RV. &c

Su1ryas.



RV. ix , 50 , 4 S3Br. Br2A1rUp.

R. ii , 94 , 6

AV. vi , 72 , 1

L.

Calotropis Gigantea (the larger leaves are used for sacrificial ceremonies ; cf. arka-kośī , -pará , palaśá , &c below) S3Br. &c , a religious ceremony S3Br. Br2A1rUp. (cf. arkā*śvamedha below)

maruts and of indra's thunder) RV. and AV.

RV.

of indra L.
89,2] [L=15584]
cf. RV. viii , 63 , 6) L.

L.

of a physician BrahmaP. (cf. arka-cikitsā below)
arká [L=15587]
(with agne , indrasya , gautamasa , &c ) N. of different sāmans
arká [L=15588]
food Naigh. and Nir. (cf. RV. vii , 9 , 2) .
arka [p= 1316,1] [L=313840]
comp.)
arka [p= 1316,2] [L=313850]
Nom. P. °kati, to become a sun, Subh.
(H1) m.
[L=15573]the sun
[L=15574](hence) the number , " twelve " ,
[L=15575]Sunday
[L=15576]fire
[L=15577]crystal
[L=15578]membrum virile
[L=15579]copper
[L=15580]the plant
[L=15581]praise hymn , song (also said of the roaring of the
[L=15582]one who praises , a singer
[L=15583]N.
[p= a learned man (
[L=15585]an elder brother
[L=15586]N.
(H1B) mn.
(H1B) mn.
(H2) 1 (in
(H2) 2
 arthika

arthika [p= 91,2] [L=16063]
wanting anything MBh. i , 5619 (cf. kanyā*thika)

as)

L.
(H2) mfn.
[L=16064](
[L=16065]a prince's watchman (announcing by song or music the hours of the day especially those of rising and going to rest)
 alati

alati [p= 94,2] [L=16583]
a kind of song L.
(H1) m.
 alivirāva

ali--virāva [p= 95,1] [L=16727]
song or hum of the bee L.
(H3) m.
 aliviruta

ali--viruta [L=16728]
song or hum of the bee L.
(H3) n.
 avagīta

ava-gīta [p= 97,2] [L=17121]
( √ gas) , sung depreciatingly

Ra1jat.

Hariv. Kir. ii , 7
ava-gīta [L=17124]
satire in song , blame , censure L.
(H1) mfn.
[L=17122]sung of frequently , well known , trite
[L=17123]censured , blamable , despicable , vile
(H1B) n.
 asāman

a-sāman 1 [p= 120,2] [L=20890]
(fr. 1. sā́man) , want , deficiency ChUp.
a-sāmán 2 [L=20891]
(fr. 2. sā́man) , without a song or sāman S3Br. i

sāma-veda MBh. xii , 2312.
a-sāman 3 [L=20893]
only °mnā instr.
(H1) n.
(H1) mfn.
[L=20892]not acquainted with the
(H1) n.
 ākiptikā

ā-kiptikā [p= 128,3] [L=22399]
a particular air or song sung by an actor on approaching the stage Vikr.
(H2) f.
 āgāna

ā-gāna [p= 130,1] [L=22661]
obtaining by song ChUp.
(H2) n.
 ānupadika

ānupadika [p= 141,1] [L=24579]
(fr. anu-pada) , following , pursuing , tracking

anupada (q.v.) song ib.
(H1) mfn.
[L=24580]knowing or studying the
 āśīrgeya

āśīr--geya [p= 157,2] [L=27467]
song together with benediction R.
(H3) n.
 uktapratyukta

ukta--pratyuktá [p= 171,3] [L=30017]
speech and reply , discourse , conversation S3Br. xi , 5 , 1 , 10

Sa1h.
(H3) n.
[L=30018]a kind of anthem or alternate song
 uttara

úttara 1 [p= 178,1] [L=31140]
(compar. fr. 1. ud ; opposed to adhara ; declined Gram. ?? 238 a) , upper , higher , superior (e.g. uttare dantās , the upper teeth) RV. AV. TS. ChUp. Ragh. &c

AV. Mn. Sus3r. Pan5cat. &c

dakia or right , because in praying the face being turned to the east the north would be on the left hand) AV. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c

RV. AV. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Ragh. Hit. &c (opposed to pūrva , &c e.g. uttara kāla , future time ; uttara vākyam , a following speech , answer , reply ; phalam uttaram , subsequent result , future consequence ; varo*ttareu , in future years)

e.g. smo*ttara mfn. followed by " sma " Pa1n2. 3-3 , 176)

RV. AV.



RV.
úttara 1 [L=31148]
N. of a son of virāa MBh.
úttara 1 [L=31149]
of a king of the nāgas L.
úttara 1 [L=31150]
N. of a mountain Katha1s.
úttara 1 [L=31151]
of several men
úttara 1 [L=31152]
N. of a school
úttara 1 [L=31159]
upper surface or cover MBh. Ragh. Das3. &c
úttara 1 [L=31160]
the north R. Dhu1rtas.
úttara 1 [L=31161]
the following member , the last part of a compound
úttara 1 [L=31162]
answer , reply Ragh. R. Prab. &c
úttara 1 [L=31163]
(in law) a defence , rejoinder , a defensive measure
úttara 1 [L=31164]
contradiction Car.
úttara 1 [L=31165]
(in the mīmā philosophy) the answer (the fourth member of an adhikaraa or case)
úttara 1 [L=31166]
superiority , excellence , competency R. Pan5cat. Katha1s. &c
úttara 1 [L=31167]
result , the chief or prevalent result or characteristic , what remains or is left , conclusion , remainder , excess , over and above , (often ifc. e.g. bhayo*ttara , attended with danger , having danger as the result ; dharmo*ttara , chiefly characterized by virtue ; aṣṭy-uttara sahasram , one thousand with an excess of sixty , i.e. 1060 ; sapto*ttara śatam , 107)
úttara 1 [L=31168]
remainder , difference (in arithmetic)
úttara 1 [L=31169]
N. of a song Ya1jn5.
úttara 1 [L=31170]
N. of each of the nakatras that contain the word " uttara "
úttara 1 [L=31171]
a particular figure in rhetoric
úttara 1 [L=31172]
N. of the last book of the rāmāyaa
úttara 1 [p= 179,1] [L=31380]
» [p= 178,1]

» ut-t , col.2.
út-tara 2 [p= 179,2] [L=31432]
(for 1. » [p= 178,1]) , crossing over

cf. dur-uttara).
uttara [p= 1321,2] [L=322390]
comp.)
(H2) mfn.
[L=31141]northern (because the northern part of India is high)
[L=31142]left (opposed to
[L=31143]later , following , subsequent , latter , concluding , posterior , future
[L=31144]followed by (
[L=31145]superior , chief , excellent , dominant , predominant , more powerful
[L=31146]gaining a cause (in law)
[L=31147]better , more excellent
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m. pl.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H1) &c
[L=31380.1]for 2.
(H2) mfn.
[L=31433]to be crossed (
(H2) (in
 udgai

ud- √ gai [p= 187,2] [p= 187,1] [L=32791]
-gāyati (-gāti S3a1n3khBr. xvii , 7) to begin to sing  ; 
to sing or chant (applied especially to the singing or chanting of the
sāmaveda cf. ud-gātṛ́) RV. x , 67 , 3 AV. ix , 6 , 45-48. AitBr. S3Br. TS. La1t2y. &c  ; 
to sing out loud
S3is3. vi , 20  ; 
to announce or celebrate in song , sing before any one (with
acc.)  ; 
to fill with song
S3vetUp. MBh. Ragh. &c
(H1) P.
 udgīta

ud-gīta [p= 187,2] [L=32797]
sung


ud-gīta [L=32799]
singing , a song MBh.
(H2) mfn.
[L=32798]announced , celebrated
(H2B) n.
 upagai

upa- √ gai [p= 196,3] [L=34372]
-gāyati (Impv. 2. pl. -gāyatā RV. ) to sing to any one (dat. or acc.)  ; 
to join in singing , accompany a song
 ; 
to sing before , sing , praise in song , celebrate , " fill with song "
RV. viii , 32 , 17 ; ix , 11 , 1 AV. iv , 15 , 4 TS. S3Br. &c MBh. BhP. &c  ; 
to sing near:
Pass. -gīyate (p. -gīyámāna RV. MBh. ; and -gīyat [irr.] MBh. xv , 883) to be sung or praised in song  ; 
to be sung before
RV. viii , 70 , 5 MBh.
(H1) P.
 upagā

upa- √ gā 1 1 [L=34341]
» upa-gai) P. -gāti (Subj. -gāt ; 3. pl. -gus ; aor. 1. sg. -geam VS. v , 5) to go near to , arrive at  ; 
to come into , undergo
RV. i , 164 , 4 ; vii , 93 , 3 AV.  ; 
to go , walk (
pathā́ , a way) RV. i , 38 , 5 VS. S3Br.
upa-gā 2 [p= 197,1] [L=34373]
accompaniment of a song Ka1tyS3r. La1t2y. Jaim.
(H1) (for 2.
(H2) f.
 upagāt

upa-gātṛ́ [p= 196,3] [L=34343]
» [p= 197,1].
upa-gātṛ́ [p= 197,1] [L=34374]
one who accompanies the song of the ud-gāt , a chorister TS. S3Br. AitBr.
(H1) &c
(H2) m.
 upagāna

upa-gāna [L=34375]
an accompanying song Ma1lav.
(H2) n.
 upageya

upa-geya 1 [p= 196,3] [L=34342]
(for 2. » [p= 197,1]) to be approached

Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 3-1 , 86.
upa-geya [p= 197,1] [L=34381]
to be sung or celebrated
upa-geya [L=34382]
song BhP. v , 26 , 38.
upa-geya [p= 1322,1] [L=323540]
upa-geya on p. 197, col. 1 ; for 1. upa-geya see p. 196, col. 3).
(H2) mfn.
[L=34342.1]to be observed or kept
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
(H2) (put 2. before
 upariṣṭādudarka

upáriṣṭād--udarka [p= 205,2] [L=35584]
ending in a burden (as a song) Sa1y. on AitBr. v , 2 , 17.
(H3) mfn.
 upastu

upa- √ stu [p= 210,3] [L=36312]
-stauti , to invoke , celebrate in song , praise RV. : AV. iii , 15 , 7 TBr. iii  ; 
(
esp. said of the hot) S3Br. : Pass. -stūyate , to be praised or celebrated in song BhP. iii , 13 , 45 Sa1y.
(H1) P.
 upahāra

upa-hāra [p= 212,1] [L=36501]
offering , oblation (to a deity)

MBh. Megh. Katha1s. &c

upahāra vi-dhā , to offer an oblation to a god [acc.] , sacrifice to any one Katha1s. )

Ka1m. Hit. &c
212,2] [L=36505]
&c )

pāśupatas) a kind of religious service (consisting of laughter , song , dance , muttering huuk , adoration and pious ejaculation) Sarvad. 77 , 22.
(H2) m.
[L=36502]complimentary gift , present (to a king or superior)
[L=36503](
[L=36504]a particular kind of alliance (purchased through a gift)
[p= food (distributed to guests
[L=36506](with the
 upāgagīta

upā* ga--gīta [p= 213,1] [L=36612]
a kind of song Ra1jat.
(H3) n.
 upāsj

upā* - √ sj [p= 215,1] [L=36890]
(aor. 1. sg. -áski) to make , perform , compose (e.g. a song) RV. viii , 27 , 11.
(H1) A1.
 ullopya

ul-lopya [p= 219,3] [L=37651]
a kind of song Ya1jn5.
(H2) n.
 ggāthā

g--gāthā [p= 225,1] [L=38725]
a song consisting of c-like stanzas Ya1jn5. iii , 114.
(H3) f.
 ṛṣi

ṛ́ṣi [p= 226,3] [L=39047]
( √2. ṛṣ Comm. on Un2. iv , 119 ; ṛṣati jñānena sasāra-pāram T. ; perhaps fr. an obsolete √ṛṣ for √dś , " to » ? " cf. ṛṣi-kt) , a singer of sacred hymns , an inspired poet or sage , any person who alone or with others invokes the deities in rhythmical speech or song of a sacred character (e.g. the ancient hymn-singers kutsa , atri , rebha , agastya , kuśika , vasiṣṭha , vy-aśva) RV. AV. VS. &c

ṛṣis were regarded by later generations as patriarchal sages or saints , occupying the same position in India history as the heroes and patriarchs of other countries , and constitute a peculiar class of beings in the early mythical system , as distinct from gods , men , asuras , &c AV. x , 10 , 26 S3Br. AitBr. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. &c
227,1] [L=39049]
i.e. according to orthodox Hindu ideas they are the inspired personages to whom these hymns were revealed , and such an expression as " the ṛṣi says " is equivalent to " so it stands in the sacred text "

ṛṣis , sapta ṛṣaya , or saptaṛṣaya or saptaraya , are often mentioned in the brāhmaas and later works as typical representatives of the character and spirit of the pre-historic or mythical period

S3Br. xiv , 5 , 2 , 6 their names are given as follows , gotama , bharadvāja , viśvā-mitra , jamadagni , vasiṣṭha , kaśyapa , and atri

MBh. xii , marīci , atri , agiras , pulaha , kratu , pulastya , vasiṣṭha are given as the names of the ṛṣis of the first manvantara , and they are also called prajāpatis or patriarchs

ṛṣis of the subsequent manv-antaras are enumerated in Hariv. 417 ff.

pracetas or daka , bhgu , and nārada , these ten being created by manu svāyambhuva for the production of all other beings including gods and men A1s3vS3r. MBh. VP. &c

astron. the seven ṛṣis form the constellation of " the Great Bear " RV. x , 82 , 2 AV. vi , 40 , 1 S3Br. A1s3vGr2. MBh. &c

ṛṣis may stand for the seven senses or the seven vital airs of the body VS. xxxiv S3Br. xiv Ka1tyS3r. )

devaris , brahmaris , and rājaris ; sometimes seven , four others being added , viz. maharis , paramaris , śrutaris , and ṇḍaris) Mn. iv , 94

S3ak. Ragh. &c

Hcat.

mantra composed by a ṛṣi

veda Comm. on MBh. and Pat.







L.

Cyprinus ṛṣi L. ; ([cf. Hib. arsan , " a sage , a man old in wisdom " ; arrach , " old , ancient , aged. "]) ,
ṛṣi [p= 1323,1] [L=325190]
comp.)
(H1) m.
[L=39048]the
[p= they are the authors or rather seers of the Vedic hymns
[L=39050]seven
[L=39051]in
[L=39052]in
[L=39053]the names of the
[L=39054]afterwards three other names are added , viz.
[L=39055]in
[L=39056](metaphorically the seven
[L=39057]a saint or sanctified sage in general , an ascetic , anchorite (this is a later sense ; sometimes three orders of these are enumerated , viz.
[L=39058]xi , 236
[L=39059]the seventh of the eight degrees of Brahmans
[L=39060]a hymn or
[L=39061]the
[L=39062]a symbolical expression for the number seven
[L=39063]the moon
[L=39064]an imaginary circle
[L=39065]a ray of light
[L=39066]the fish
(H2) (in
 ekatāna

éka--tāna [p= 228,1] [L=39277]
directed to one object only , having the mind fixed on one object only , closely attentive Katha1s. Das3.

L.
éka--tāna [L=39279]
attention fixed on one object only BhP.
éka--tāna [L=39280]
harmonious tone or song (cf. tāna) L.
(H3) mfn.
[L=39278]of the same or equal extent
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
 ekatāla

éka--tāla [L=39281]
harmony , unison (of song , dance , and instrumental music)


éka--tāla [L=39286]
having a single palm tree (as a mountain) Ragh. xv , 23.
(H3) m.
[L=39282]accurate adjustment
(H3B) mfn.
 auveaka

auveaka [p= 240,1] [L=41261]
a kind of song (gītaka) Ya1jn5. iii , 113.
(H1) n.
 kāra

kāra 1 [p= 274,2] [L=48503]
(ī)n. ( √1. k Pa1n2. 3-2 , 23), making , doing , working , a maker , doer (ifc. » kumbha-k° , yajña k° , suvara-k°)

e.g. vārttika-k°)
kāra 1 [L=48505]
(ifc.) an act , action (» kāma-k° , purua-k°)
kāra 1 [L=48506]
the term used in designating a letter or sound or indeclinable word (e.g. a-k° , ka-k° , qq. vv. ; eva-k° , the word eva ; phūt-k° q.v.) Pra1t. Mn. &c
kāra 1 [L=48507]
effort , exertion L.
kāra 1 [L=48508]
determination L.
kāra 1 [L=48509]
religious austerity L.
kāra 1 [L=48510]
a husband , master , lord L.
kāra 1 [L=48511]
as or ā) m. or f. act of worship , song of praise Divya1v.
kāra 2 [p= 274,3] [L=48593]
(= 2. kara) tax , toll , royal revenue Pa1n2. 6-3 , 10

L.
kāra 2 [L=48595]
produced by hail Sus3r.
kārá 3 [L=48600]
( √2. k) , a song or hymn of praise RV.

RV.
kāra 4 [L=48604]
( √2. k) , killing , slaughter L.
kāra [p= 1324,2] [L=327590]
accord. to some in RV. also, "gain, prize, booty" ; "contest, war")
(H1) mf
[L=48504]an author (
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) (
(H1) m.
[L=48594]a heap of snow or a mountain covered with it
(H1B) mfn.
(H1) m.
[L=48601]a battle song
(H1) m.
(H2) (
 kāraa

kāraa 1 [p= 274,2] [L=48528]
cause , reason , the cause of anything (gen. , also often loc.) Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Mn. &c





phil. i.e. that which is invariably antecedent to some product cf. samavā*yi-k° , asamavā*yi-k° , nimitta-k°)

Ya1jn5. iii , 148 Bhag. xviii , 13

Sa1h.

Mn. MBh. &c

Ragh. xvi , 22 &c

MBh. xii , 12070

Katha1s. cxii , 178

W.

W.

L.

L.

L.

kāyasthas W.
kāraa 2 [p= 274,3] [L=48605]
killing , injury L.
(H2) n.
[L=48529]instrument , means
[L=48530]motive origin , principle
[L=48531]a cause (in
[L=48532]an element , elementary matter
[L=48533]the origin or plot of a play or poem
[L=48534]that on which an opinion or judgement is founded (a sign , mark ; a proof ; a legal instrument , document)
[L=48535]an organ of sense
[L=48536]an action
[L=48537]agency , instrumentality , condition
[L=48538]" the cause of being " , a father
[L=48539]" cause of creation " , a deity
[L=48540]the body
[L=48541]a kind of musical instrument
[L=48542]a sort of song
[L=48543]a number of scribes or
(H2) n.
 kuharita

kuharita [p= 299,1] [L=53749]
noise , sound L.

Kokila or Indian cuckoo L.

L.
(H2) n.
[L=53750]the song or cry of the
[L=53751]a sound uttered in copulation
 komalagīta

komala--gīta [p= 313,2] [L=56631]
a sweet song.
(H3) n.
 kautuka

kautuka [p= 316,1] [L=57096]
(fr. kut° ; g. yuvā*di) , curiosity , interest in anything , vehement desire for (loc. or in comp.) , eagerness , vehemence impatience Pan5cat. Katha1s. (ifc. f(ā).) &c

Pan5cat. Katha1s. Vet.

esp. the ceremony with the marriage-thread or necklace preceding a marriage) Kum. Das3. Bhartr2. BhP. &c

Katha1s. li , 223

BhP. i , 17 , 26

of nine particular substances Hcat. i , 110 , 19 ; ii , 49 , 10

L.

L.

L.

L.

L.

W.
kautuka [p= 1325,2] [L=328970]
partic. nuptial cereniony, Ma1nGr2.
(H1) n.
[L=57097]anything causing curiosity or admiration or interest , any singular or surprising object , wonder
[L=57098]festivity , gaiety , festival , show , solemn ceremony (
[L=57099]the marriage-thread or necklace
[L=57100]pleasure , happiness , prosperity
[L=57101]N.
[L=57102]sport , pastime
[L=57103]public diversion
[L=57104]song , dance , show , spectacle
[L=57105]season of enjoyment
[L=57106]kind or friendly greeting , civility
[L=57108]for amusement , as a relaxation
(H2) (also) the place for a
 khaṇḍamātrā

khaṇḍa--mātrā [p= 336,1] [L=61131]
a kind of song Sa1h.
(H3) f.
 kheli

kheli [p= 340,3] [L=62068]
(= keli) play , sport Gi1t. xi , 30
kheli [L=62069]
an animal L.
kheli [L=62070]
a bird L.
kheli [L=62071]
the sun L.
kheli [L=62072]
an arrow L.
kheli [L=62073]
a song L.
(H2) f.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
 gā
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 25.25
Whitney Roots links: gA1

 3 [p= 341,2] [L=62155]
a song L.
 1 [p= 352,1] [L=64493]
jígāti ( RV. ; jagāti , Naigh. ii , 14 (v.l.) ; Subj. jígāt ; Impv. jígātu ; aor. agāt ; 3. pl. agan BhP. i , 9 , 40 ; Subj. [1. sg. geam » anu- and upa-] , 2. sg. gā́s , 3. sg. gāt , 2. pl. gātá , 3. pl. gur ; [perf. jigāya » ud-] , perf. Pot. jagāyāt [ Naigh. ii , 14] RV. x , 28 , 1 ; inf. gā́tave RV. ii , 3 , 1 ; in Class. Sanskrit only the aor. P. agāt occurs , for A1. » adhi- ; aor. Pass. agāyi , agāsātām Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-4 , 45 and 77 ; cl.2 P. gā́ti Naigh. ii , 14 ; A1. gāte Dha1tup. xx , 53) to go , go towards , come , approach (with acc. or loc.) RV. AV. &c  ; 
to go after , pursue
RV. iv , 3 , 13 ; x , 18 , 4  ; 
to fall to one's (
dat.) share , be one's (acc.) due , viii , 45 , 32 Ragh. xi , 73  ; 
to come into any state or condition (
acc.) , undergo , obtain MBh. iii , 10697 R. &c  ; 
to go away (from
abl. ; to any place loc.) RV. x , 108 , 9  ; 
to come to an end
Naish. viii , 109  ; 
to walk (on a path
acc. or instr.) RV. viii , 2 , 39 and 5 , 39  ; 
(
jigāti) to be born Vop. on Dha1tup. xxv , 25 : Desid. jigīati , to desire to go BhP. ii , 10 , 25 ; ([cf. βίβημι , βην ; Old Germ. ga1m , ga1s , &c ; Goth. ga-tvo ; Eng. go.])
 2 [L=64494]
Ved. ifc. " going " (cf. a-gā ; agre-,tamo-,puro-,samana-andsvasti-gā́) Pa1n2. 3-2 , 67.
 3 [p= 352,2] [L=64545]
( √ gai) ifc. " singing " » sāma-gā
 3 [L=64546]
» s.v. 3. ga.
(H1B) f.
(H1) cl.3 P.
(H2) mfn.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) f.
 gaeśagītā

gae* śa---gītā [p= 343,3] [L=62642]
N. of a song in praise of gae*śa
(H4) f.
 gātu

gātú 1 [p= 352,1] [L=64495]
going , motion , unimpeded motion RV. AV. x , 2 , 12

RV. (rarely f. i , 136 , 2 and v , 32 , 10) AV. xiii VS. ii , 21

RV. AV. ii S3Br. i

Naigh. ) RV. AV. x , xiii

gā́tave » s.v. √1. ; cf. áriṣṭa-g° , turá-g° , su-g°.)
gātú 2 [p= 352,2] [L=64548]
a song RV.

i , 100 , 4. ?) Un2. i , 73

gandharva or celestial chorister ib.

ib.

ib.

of a descendant of atri (author of RV. v , 32) RAnukr.
gātú 2 [L=64554]
angry , wrathful L.
gātú [p= 353,2] [L=64747]
» √1. & 3. .
(H2) m.
[L=64496]way , course , egress , access
[L=64497]progress , increase , welfare
[L=64498]free space for moving , place of abode (" earth "
[L=64499](for
(H2) m.
[L=64549]a singer (
[L=64550]a
[L=64551]the male Koil or Indian cuckoo
[L=64552]a bee
[L=64553]N.
(H2B) mfn.
(H1) &c
 gātha

* thá [p= 352,2] [L=64561]
a song RV. i , 167 , 6 and ix , 11 , 4 SV.
gāthá [p= 353,2] [L=64751]
3. .
(H2) m.
(H2) »
 gāthikā

gāthikā [p= 352,2] [L=64570]
an epic song Ya1jn5. i , 45 MBh. iii , 85 , 30 Ratna7v. ii , 5÷6.
gāthikā [L=64580]
of °thaka q.v.
(H2B) f.
(H2) f.
 gāthānī

gāthā--nī́ [L=64576]
leading a song or a choir RV. i , 190 , 1 and viii , 92 , 2.
(H3) mfn.
 gāna

gāna [p= 352,3] [L=64598]
singing , song Ka1tyS3r. La1t2y. i , vii Hariv. 11793 S3is3. ix , 54

L. (cf. araya- , ūha- , ūhya-.)
gāna [p= 353,2] [L=64772]

(H2) n.
[L=64599]a sound
(H2) 1
 gānīya

gānīya [p= 352,3] [L=64604]
musical W.
gānīya [L=64605]
a song R. i , 3 , 70.
° nīya [p= 353,2] [L=64774]

(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
(H3) 1
 gāya

gāya 1 [p= 352,2] [L=64544]
uru-g°.
gāya 2 [p= 352,3] [L=64608]
" a song " » uttama- , sāma-.
gāya [p= 354,1] [L=64860]
gāya. » √1. and 3. .
gāya [L=64861]
gāya , mfn. relating to gaya AitBr. v , 2 , 12.
(H2) »
(H2) n.
(H1) 1. and 2.
(H1) 3.
 gāyatra

gāyatrá [p= 352,3] [L=64614]
n. a song , hymn RV. VS. xi , 8 ChUp. ii , 11 , 1
gāyatrá [L=64615]
a hymn composed in the gāyatrī metre RV.
gāyatrá [L=64616]
the gāyatrī metre VP. i , 5 , 52
gāyatrá [L=64617]
N. of a sāman S3Br. ix Ka1tyS3r.
gāyatrá [L=64618]
(ī)n. consisting in or connected with the gāyatrī (e.g. in accordance with the number of syllables of a gāyatrī verse) VS. TS. &c
gāyatrá [L=64619]
(ī)n. with vrata = brahma-carya BhP. x , 45 , 29
gāyatrá [L=64621]
(ī)n. the gāyatrī (i.e. RV. iii , 62 , 10 ; tát savitúr váreyam bhárgo devásya dhīmahi dhíyo yó na pracodáyā*t S3Br. xiv S3a1n3khGr2. MBh. &c ; this is a very sacred verse repeated by every Brahman at his morning and evening devotions ; from being addressed to savit or the Sun as generator , it is also called sāvitrī ; cf. RTL. pp. 19 ; 342 ; 361 ; 403 ; the gāyatrī verse is personified as a goddess , the wife of brahmā and mother of the four vedas Hariv. 11666 ff. ; it is often mentioned in connection with the amta , both together constituting as it were the essence and type of sacred hymns in general AV. ; the gāyatrī personified is also considered as the mother of the first three classes in their capacity of twice-born W. ; cf. RTL. pp. 200 f. ; some other verse [perhaps RV. x , 9 , 1] is denoted by gāyatrī Sus3r. vi , 28 , 7 ; with tāntrikas a number of mystical verses are called gāyatrīs , and each deity has one in particular)
gāyatrá [L=64622]
(ī)n. N. of durgā MatsyaP. Katha1s. liii , 172
gāyatrá [L=64623]
(ī)n. Acacia Catechu L.
gāyatrá [p= 354,1] [L=64863]
» ib.
(H2) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2B) mf
(H2) &c
 gāyana

gāyana [p= 352,3] [L=64648]
( Pa1n2. 3-1 , 147) a singer , praiser MBh. i , iii , v , xiii R. i Ra1jat.

L.

of an attendant in skanda's retinue MBh. ix , 2569
gāyana [p= 353,1] [L=64652]
singing , song Ca1n2. BhP. iii , vii PSarv.
gāyana [L=64653]
professing or practising singing as a livelihood W.
(H2) m.
[L=64649]a talker
[L=64650]N.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 gāndharva

gāndharvá [p= 353,3] [p= 353,2] [L=64788]
(gā́ndharvī-)n. belonging or relating to the gandharvas (especially vivāha , or vidhi , the form of marriage called after the gandharvas which requires only mutual agreement A1s3vGr2. i , 6 , 5 Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. i , &c ; cf. gandharva-vivāha) RV. x , 80 , 6 S3Br. xiv &c
353,3] [L=64789]
gandharvas as heavenly choristers (cf. -kalā , -veda , &c ) MBh. Hariv. &c
gāndharvá [L=64790]
(= gandh° g. prajñā*di Gan2ar. 175) a singer R. vii , 94 , 6 VarBr2S. xv , xxxii
gāndharvá [L=64791]
N. of a musical note Hariv. 16291 Va1yuP. i , 21 , 30
gāndharvá [L=64792]
of one of the 9 divisions of bhārata-vara VP. ii , 3 , 7
gāndharvá [L=64793]
the art of the gandharvas , song , music , concert MBh. Hariv. &c
gāndharvá [L=64794]
N. of a tantra
gāndharvá [L=64796]
N. of durgā Hariv. 10243 (v.l. gandharvā)
gāndharvá [L=64797]
N. of an apsaras VP.
(H1) mf
[p= relating to the
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 gāndharvakalā

gāndharvá--kalā [L=64798]
the art of the gandharvas , song , music Gi1t. xii , 28.
(H3) f. pl.
 gir

gír 1 [p= 355,1] [L=65063]
( √1. g) addressing , invoking , praising RV.
gír 1 [L=65064]
(ī́r) invocation , addressing with praise , praise , verse , song RV. (the maruts are called " sons of praise " , sūnávo gíra , i , 37 , 10) AV.
gír 1 [L=65065]
speech , speaking , language , voice , words (e.g. mānuī gira √1. k , to assume a human voice Nal. i , 25 ; girā prabhaviṣṇu [ VarBr2S. ] or pati [ VarYogay. ] = gir-īśa q.v. ; tad-girā , on his advice Katha1s. lxxv) , ChUp. Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c
gír 1 [L=65066]
= gīr-devī , fame , celebrity W.
gír 1 [L=65067]
a kind of mystical syllable Ra1matUp. ; ([cf. Hib. gair , " an outcry , shout " ; Gk. γρυς.]) - 1.
gir 2 [L=65097]
( √2. g) ifc. " swallowing " » gara- and muhur-gír.
gír 3 [p= 355,2] [L=65102]
= girí , a mountain RV. v , 41 , 14 and vii , 39 , 5 S3is3. iv , 59.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
(H1) mfn.
(H1) m.
 girvāhas

gír--vāhas [p= 355,1] [L=65072]
gír-) mfn. one to whom invocations are addressed , praised in song (indra) RV.
(H3) (
 gīta

gītá [p= 356,1] [L=65290]
( √ gai) sung , chanted , praised in songs Mn. ix , 42 MBh. &c
gītá [L=65291]
singing , song VS. xxx TBr. iii S3Br. iii , vi A1p. &c
gītá [L=65292]
N. of four hymns addressed to kṛṣṇa
gītá [L=65294]
N. of a metre.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 gītā

gītā [L=65293]
a song , sacred song or poem , religious doctrines declared in metrical form by an inspired sage (cf. agastya-gītá , bhagavad-gītá [often called gītā Prab. vi , 9÷10 &c ], rāma-gītá , śiva-gītá)
(H1B) f.
 gītakrama

gītá--krama [L=65296]
the arrangement of a song W.


(H3) m.
[L=65297]0
 gītagovinda

gītá--govinda [L=65301]
" govinda (i.e. kṛṣṇa) celebrated in song " , N. of a lyrical drama by jayadeva (probably written in the beginning of the twelfth century ; it is a mystical erotic poem describing the loves of kṛṣṇa and the gopīs , especially of kṛṣṇa and rādhā , who is supposed to typify the human soul).
(H3) n.
 gītantya

gītá--ntya [L=65303]
sg. song and dance R. i , 24 , 5


(H3) n.
[L=65304]a particular dance.
 gītaśāstra

gītá--śāstra [L=65312]
the science of song W.
(H3) n.
 gītaka

gītaka [L=65316]
a song , hymn Ya1jn5. iii , 113 BhP. viii VP. ( Sa1h. i , 2÷3 , 14) Katha1s.

narkuaka) VarBr2S. civ , 52

Ma1rkP. xxiii , 51 and 59



gīti metre Katha1s. cxvii , 109 (with reference to 65 f.) (cf. daśa-gītikā.)
(H2) n.
[L=65317]a kind of metre (
[L=65318]melody (seven in number)
[L=65319]a metre of 4 x 20 syllables
[L=65320]a stanza composed in the
 gītikā

gītikā [L=65318.1]
a short song or hymn MBh. iii , 8173 (gāthikā ed. Bomb.)
(H2B) f.
 gīti

gīti [L=65321]
song , singing Nir. x La1t2y. Jaim. S3ak.


(H2) f.
[L=65322]a metre consisting of 4 lines of 12 and 18 syllabic instants alternately.
 gītiviśea

gīti--viśea [L=65323]
a kind of song W.
(H3) m.
 gīthā

gī́thā [L=65327]
(only for the etym. of ud-gīthá) a song S3Br. xiv , 4 , 1 , 25.
(H2) f.
 guñjita

guñjita [p= 356,2] [L=65407]
uttered in a low tone , murmured W.

Ka1d. Bhat2t2. ii , 19 Katha1s. xviii , 353

S3a1rn3gP.
(H2) mfn.
[L=65408]humming
[L=65409]song (of the Koil)
 gai
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 25.25
Whitney Roots links: gA2

gai [p= 363,2] [L=66852]
gā́yati , rarely A1. °te (1. sg. gā́ye [ RV. viii , 46 , 17] & gāyie [ RV. vii , 96 , 1] La1t2y. MBh. &c ) , exceptionally cl.2. gāti ( MBh. iii , 15850 ; xii , 10299 : cl.3 P. jigāti Dha1tup. xxv , 25 ; perf. jagau AitBr. &c ; aor. agāsīt ; Prec. geyāt Pa1n2. 6-4 , 67 ; pr. p. P. gā́yat RV. &c ; ind.p. gītvā [with prep. -gāya ( Pa1n2. 6-4 , 69) AitBr. , or -gī́ya S3Br. &c ] ; inf. gātum) , to sing , speak or recite in a singing manner , sing to (dat. RV. ) , praise in song (with acc.) , relate in metrical language RV. AV. &c  ; 
to sing before (
acc.) Katha1s. i , 53 : Pass. gīyáte (p. °yámāna) , to be sung or praised in song RV. &c  ; 
to be called
MBh. i , 4329 Kum. ii , 5 Katha1s. xci (perf. jage) , &c : Caus. gāpayati (Pot. 3. pl. gāyayeyur JaimUp. ) , to cause to sing or praise in song La1t2y. S3a1n3khGr2. Ragh. BhP. &c : Intens. jegīyate ( Pa1n2. 6-4 , 66) , to sing MBh. xii , 12200  ; 
to be sung or praised in song
VarBr2S. xix , 18 Das3. i , 6  ; 
to be asserted obstinately
Sarvad. iii , 224 ; xii , 1  ; 
([
cf. 3. ; cf. also Lith. zaidziu.])
(H1) cl.1 P.
 geya

geya [L=66818]
»gai.
geya [L=66853]
( Pa1n2. 3-1 , 97 Ka1s3. ) to be sung , being sung or praised in song La1t2y. Hariv. Pa1n2. 3-4 , 68 BhP. x

gen.) Pa1n2. 3-4 , 68
geya [L=66855]
a song , singing MBh. R. Megh. &c (said of the flies' humming Pan5cat. i , 15 , 8÷9)
geya [L=66856]
cf. āśīr- , prātar-.
(H1) &c
(H2) mfn.
[L=66854]singing , singer of (
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 geyajña

geya--jña [L=66857]
skilful in song VarBr2S.
(H3) mfn.
 geyapada

geya--pada [L=66858]
a song sung before any one with the lute Sa1h. vi , 212.
(H3) n.
 carcarī

cárcarī [p= 390,1] [L=72334]
a kind of song Vikr. iv Ratna7v. i , 7÷8
cárcarī [L=72335]
musical symphony Katha1s. liv
cárcarī [L=72336]
the recitation of scholars W.
cárcarī [L=72337]
festive cries or merriment , festive sport W.
cárcarī [L=72338]
flattery W.
cárcarī [L=72339]
a metre of 4 x 18 syllables
cárcarī [L=72340]
(for barbarī) curled or woolly hair L.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
 chalika

chalika [p= 405,3] [L=75725]
a song consisting of 4 parts (recited with gesticulation ; subdivision of nātya Bhar. ) Ma1lav. i , 3÷4 (in Prakrit) and 18÷19 (v.l. °litaka).
(H2) n.
 jan
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 25.24
Whitney Roots links: jan

jan [p= 410,1] [L=76735]
([ RV. AV. ]) and cl.10. jánati , °te (Subj. janat RV. ;°nāt AV. vi , 81 , 3 ; A1. °nata RV. x , 123 , 7 ; impf. ájanat RV. ; p. jánat) , janáyati , °te (in later language only P. Pa1n2. 1-3 , 86 ; Subj. °náyat ; impf. ájanayat ; aor. ájījanat ; p. janáyat ; inf. jánayitavai S3Br. xiv) , twice cl.3. (Subj. jajánat MaitrS. i , 3 , 20 and 9 , 1 [ Ka1t2h. ix , 8] ; cf. Pa1n2. 6-1 , 192 and vii , 4 , 78 Ka1s3. ; pr. jajanti Dha1tup. xxv , 24 ; aor. A1. jániṣṭa ; A1. ájani RV. ii , 34 , 2 ; perf. jajā́na ; 3. pl. jajñúr RV. &c ; once jajanúr , viii , 97 , 10 ; p. °jñivas ; Ved. inf. jánitos , iv , 6 , 7 AitBr. S3Br. iii ; [ Pa1n2. 3-4 , 6] ; Ved. ind.p. °nitvī́ RV. x , 65 , 7) to generate , beget , produce , create , cause RV. AV. &c  ; 
to produce (a song of praise ,
&c ) RV.  ; 
(
cl.10. or Caus.) to cause to be born AV. vii , 19 , 1 ; xiii , 1 , 19 VarBr2. xiv , 1 ; xix  ; 
to assign , procure
RV. VS. xix , 94  ; 
cl.4. jā́yate (ep. also °ti ; impf. ájāyata ; pr. p. jayamāna ; fut. janiyate ; aor. ájaniṣṭa ; 1. [ RV. viii , 6 , 10] and 3. sg. ájani ; 3. sg. jáni , i , 141 , 1 ; jā́ni , 7 , 36 ; perf. jajñé , 2. sg. °jñié 3. pl. °jñiré , p. °jñāná) and ([ RV. ]) cl.2. (?) A1. (2. sg. jañié , 2. pl. °jiñre , °ni [vi , 15 , 18] , °nidhvam cf. Pa1n2. 7-2 , 78 ; impf. 3. p. ajñata [aor. Pa1n2. 2-4 , 80] AitBr. ) , twice cl.1 A1. (impf. 3. pl. ajanatā RV. iv , 5 , 5 ; p. jánamāna , viii , 99 , 3) to be born or produced , come into existence RV. AV. &c  ; 
to grow (as plants , teeth)
AV. iv f. AitBr. vii , 1 5 S3Br. xiv Ka1tyS3r. Mn. ix , 38 VarBr2S.  ; 
to be born as , be by birth or nature (with double
nom.) MBh. i , 11 , 15 Pan5cat. iv , 1 , 5  ; 
to be born or destined for (
acc.) RV. iv , 5 , 5 Mun2d2Up. iii , 1 , 10 (v.l. jayate for jāy°)  ; 
to be born again
Mn. iv , ix , xi f. MBh. i , iii , xiii Hit. Introd. 14  ; 
to become , be
RV. AV. &c  ; 
to be changed into (
dat.) Pa1n2. 2-3 , 13 Ka1s3.  ; 
to take place , happen
Vet. i , 11 ; iv , 25  ; 
to be possible or applicable or suitable
Sus3r.  ; 
to generate , produce
R. iii , 20 , 17 Caran2. : Pass. janyate , to be born or produced Pa1n2. 6-4 , 43 : Desid. jijaniati , 42 Ka1s3. : Intens. jañjanyate and jājāy° , 43 (cf. Vop. xx , 1 7)  ; 
([
cf. γίγνομαι Lat. gigno , (g)nascor ; Hib. genim , " I beget , generate. "])
(H1) cl.1.
 jambhalikā

jambhalikā [p= 412,2] [L=77241]
a kind of song Vikr. iv , 2÷3.
(H2) f.
 jalp
Whitney Roots links: jalp

jalp [p= 416,2] [p= 416,1] [L=78292]
lap redupl.?) cl.1. jálpati (ep. also A1. pf. jajalpa R. ) to speak inarticulately , murmur S3Br. xi , 5 , 1 , 4  ; 
to chatter , prattle
W.  ; 
to say , speak , converse with (
instr. or *rdham) MBh. R. &c  ; 
to speak about (
acc.) MBh. iv , 864 ; v , 4515  ; 
= √
arc , to praise Naigh. iii , 14  ; 
(said of the Koil) to sound (its song)
Bhartr2. : Caus. jalpayati to cause to speak Pa1n2. 1-4 , 52 Va1rtt. 3.
(H1) ( √
 jānakīgītā

jānakī--gītā [p= 418,3] [L=78793]
" sītā-song " , N. of wk.
jānakī-gītā [p= 1327,3] [L=331880]
N. of a wk. on bhakti by śrī-hara.
(H3) f.
(H2) f.
 tena

tena 1 [p= 454,3] [L=86947]
a note or cadence introductory to a song.
téna 2 [L=86948]
(instr. of 2. ) in that direction , there (correl. to yena , " in which direction , where ") SaddhP. iv Pa1n2. 2-1 , 14 Ka1s3.
455,1] [p= 454,3] [L=86948.1]
yena , " in what manner ") , Pa1rGr2. ii , 2 Mn. iv , 178 Vop. v , 7
455,1] [L=86948.2]
yena [ Mn. MBh. ] , yád [ S3Br. iv , 1 , 5 , 7 Mn. i , iii R. ii] , yasmāt [ MBh. R. ] , yatas [ Sa1h. i , 2 Hit. ])

, therefore , now then S3ak. Vikr. i , 3÷4.
(H1) m.
(H1) ind.
[p= in that manner , thus (correl. to
[p= on that account , for that reason , therefore (correl. to
[L=86948.3]tena hi
 tauryatrika

taurya--trika [p= 456,2] [L=87312]
" triple symphony " , song , dance , and instrumental music Mn. vii , 47.
(H3) n.
 dakavihitā

dáka--vihitā [p= 465,2] [L=89365]
durgā W.
dáka--vihitā [L=89366]
(scil. gāthā) a song composed by dadhīca Ya1jn5. iii , 114.
(H3) f.
(H3) f.
 dvigūha

dvi--gūha [p= 504,3] [L=98427]
a kind of song Sa1h.
(H3) n.
 dvipadī

dvi--padī [p= 505,2] [L=98537.2]
(padī) a kind of Prakrit metre Col.
dvi--padī [L=98537.3]
a song composed in this metre Ka1d. (°dī-khaṇḍa Ratn. i , 12÷13 ; 16÷17)
dvi--padī [L=98537.4]
taking 2 steps A1s3vGr2. i , 7 , 19.
(H3B) f.
(H3B) f.
(H3B) f.
 dvipādikā

dvi--pādikā [L=98557]
a kind of song (cf. -padikā) R. vii , 6 , 58.
(H3) f.
 dhāman

dhā́man [p= 514,3] [L=100869]
dwelling-place , house , abode , domain RV. &c &c (esp. seat of the gods cf. madhyama dhāma viṣṇo S3ak. [ Pi. ?? iv , 5] ; site of the sacred fire and the soma RV. &c ; with priyam , favourite residence VS. Br. )

VS. AV. Br.

pl.) RV. &c

esp. of mitra-varua) RV. AV.

Prab. i , 30

esp. in sacrifice , song &c ) RV. VS.

RV. &c MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
dhā́man [L=100876]
N. of one of the 7 ṛṣis of the 4th manv-antara (v.l. dhāt) Hariv. [cf. Gk. θημον in ε-θήμων ; θαμά , θωμός &c ; Lat. fam-ulus ; Angl.Sax. do7m ; Goth. domas ; Germ. tuom and suff. -tum.]
dhā́man [p= 1329,2] [L=334340]
accord. to some in RV. also = muhūrta, "an hour").
(H2) n.
[L=100870]favourite thing or person , delight , pleasure
[L=100871]the inmates of a house or members of a family , class , troop , band , host (also
[L=100872]law , rule , established order (
[L=100873]state , condition
[L=100874]manner , mode , tone , form , appearance (
[L=100875]effect , power , strength , majesty , glory , splendour , light
(H2B) m.
(H2) (
 dhuvakā

dhuvakā [p= 517,2] [L=101382]
the introductory stanza of a song (forming afterwards the burthen of each verse) W. (cf. g. pre*kā*di).
(H2B) f.
 dhruva

dhruvá [p= 521,3] [p= 521,2] [L=102286]
(ā́)n. (prob. fr. √ dh , but cf.dhru and dhruv) fixed , firm , immovable , unchangeable , constant , lasting , permanent , eternal RV. &c (e.g. the earth , a mountain , a pillar , a vow &c ; with svā*ga n. an inseparable member of the body Pa1n2. 6-2 , 177 ; with dhenu f. a cow which stands quiet when milked AV. xii , 1 , 45 ; with diś f. the point of the heavens directly under the feet [reckoned among the quarters of the sky cf. 2. diś] AV. Br. ; with smti f. a strong or retentive memory ChUp. vii , 26 , 2 ; cf. also under karaa and nakatra)
521,3] [L=102287]
loc.) RV. ix , 101 , 12

Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c

ifc. = pāpa L.
dhruvá [L=102290]
the polar star (personified as son of uttāna-pāda and grandson of manu) Gr2S. MBh. &c
dhruvá [L=102291]
celestial pole Su1ryas.
dhruvá [L=102292]
the unchangeable longitude of fixed stars , a constant arc ib.
dhruvá [L=102293]
a knot VS. v , 21 ; 30
dhruvá [L=102294]
a post , stake L.
dhruvá [L=102295]
the Indian fig-tree L.
dhruvá [L=102296]
tip of the nose (?) L.
dhruvá [L=102297]
a partic. water-bird ib.
dhruvá [L=102298]
the remaining (i.e. preserved) graha which having been drawn in the morning is not offered till evening S3Br. Vait.
dhruvá [L=102299]
(in music) the introductory verse of a song (recurring as a kind of burthen) or a partic. time or measure (tāla-viśea)
dhruvá [L=102300]
any epoch to which a computation of dates is referred W.
dhruvá [L=102301]
N. of an astrol. yoga
dhruvá [L=102302]
of the syllable Om Ra1matUp.
dhruvá [L=102303]
of brahmā L.
dhruvá [L=102304]
of viṣṇu MBh.
dhruvá [L=102305]
of śiva S3ivag.
dhruvá [L=102306]
of a serpent supporting the earth Gr2S. TA1r.
dhruvá [L=102307]
of a vasu MBh. Hariv. Pur.
dhruvá [L=102308]
of a son of vasu-deva and rohiī BhP.
dhruvá [L=102309]
of an āgirasa (supposed author of RV. x , 173) Anukr.
dhruvá [L=102310]
of a son of nahua MBh.
dhruvá [L=102311]
of a follower of the ṇḍus ib.
dhruvá [L=102312]
of a son of ranti-nāra (or ranti-bhāra) Pur.
dhruvá [L=102314]
(scil. vtti) a partic. mode of life Baudh.
dhruvá [L=102315]
(scil. strī) a virtuous woman L. @
dhruvá [L=102316]
Desmodium Gangeticum L.
dhruvá [L=102317]
Sanseviera Zeylanica L.
dhruvá [L=102318]
(in music) the introductory verse (cf. above )
dhruvá [L=102319]
the fixed point (from which a departure takes place) Pa1n2. 1-4 , 24
dhruvá [L=102320]
the enduring sound (supposed to be heard after the abhinidhāna) RPra1t.
dhruvá [L=102321]
air , atmosphere L.
dhruvá [L=102322]
a kind of house Gal.
(H1) mf
[p= staying with (
[L=102288]settled , certain , sure
[L=102289]mfn.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 nandī

nándī [p= 526,3] [L=103455]
Cedrela Toona Sus3r.
nándī [L=103456]
a kind of song or musical instrument Ma1nGr2.
nándī [L=103457]
N. of the 6th day in a month's light half ib.
nándī [L=103458]
of durgā Devi1P. ??
nándī [L=103459]
of indra's city W.
nandī [p= 527,2] [L=103675]
of nanda q.v.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2) f.
 naviṣṭi

náviṣṭi [p= 531,1] [L=104616]
song of praise , hymn RV. viii , 2 , 17.
(H2) f.
 nāyocita

yo* cita [p= 534,2] [L=105357]
(song) fit for a dramatic representation Dhu1rtas.
(H3) mfn.
 nigai

ni- √ gai [p= 546,1] [L=108107]
-gāyati , to accompany with song , sing , chant S3Br.
(H1) P.
 nibandha

ni-° bandha [p= 550,1] [L=108805]
binding on , tying , fastening R.

MBh. BhP.

L.

MBh. ii. 2532

Ya1jn5. i. 317

ib. ii. 121

L.

Sus3r. (v.l. for vi-b°)

Cat.

of a partic. wk. ib.

Indica L.
ni-° bandha [L=108816]
song , singing L.
(H3) m.
[L=108806]chain , fetter , bondage
[L=108807]attachment to , intentness on
[L=108808]basis , root , origin
[L=108809]a grant of property , an assignment of cattle or money
[L=108810]fixed property
[L=108811]restraint , obstruction
[L=108812]constipation or suppression of urine
[L=108813]any literary composition or work
[L=108814]N.
[L=108815]Azadirachta
(H3B) n.
 nīthā

nī́thā [p= 565,2] [L=111257]
way , trick , art , stratagem RV.
nīthā [L=111258]
also = (nīthá) n. a mode in music , musical mode or air , song , hymn ib.
nīthā [L=111259]
water L.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
 nīthāvid

nīthā-víd [L=111260]
knowing musical modes , skilled in sacred song RV. ( Pra1t. °tha-v°).
(H3) mfn.
 pāikā

ikā [p= 615,3] [L=121511.2]
a kind of song or singing Ya1jn5.
ikā [L=121511.3]
a kind of spoon L.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
 pārāvatī

pā́rāvatī [p= 620,3] [L=122644]
the fruit of the Averrhoa Acida L.
pā́rāvatī [L=122645]
a form of song peculiar to cowherds L.
pā́rāvatī [L=122646]
N. of a river L.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
(H1B) f.
 puruītha

purú--īthá [p= 636,2] [L=126329]
a song for many voices , choral song ib.
(H3) n.
 prakarī

pra-karī 1 [p= 653,3] [L=129962]
a kind of song Ya1jn5.
prakarī 2 [p= 654,2] [L=130141]
a place where four roads meet L.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
 pragāa

pra-° a [p= 656,1] [L=130419]
(for 2. » under pra-gai) access , approach » pthu-prag°.
pra-° a [p= 656,2] [L=130454]
(for 1. » pra-gā) singing , song L.
(H3) n.
(H3) n.
 pragīta

pra-gīta [p= 656,1] [L=130435]
ti » pra-gai.
pra-° gīta [p= 656,2] [L=130461]
recited in a singing tone , sung Sarvad.

MBh. R.

Katha1s.
pra-° gīta [L=130464]
song R2itus. Caurap.
pra-° gīta [L=130465]
a sing-song or drawling recitation (regarded as a fault) S3iksh.
(H1) °
(H3) mfn.
[L=130462]resonant with singing , vocal
[L=130463]singing , one who has begun to sing
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
 pracchādaka

pra-° cchādaka [p= 657,3] [L=130778]
(ikā)n. concealing , covering (ifc.) Ma1rkP. Sus3r.
pra-° cchādaka [L=130779]
the song of a wife deserted by her husband (sung with the accompaniment of a lute and containing a covert description of her sorrows) L.
(H3) mf
(H3B) m.
 pracchedaka

pra-° cchedaka [p= 658,1] [L=130795]
a song sung by a wife who thinks her husband false to her Sa1h. (cf. pra-cchādaka).
(H3) m.
 pratiṣṭuti

práti-ṣṭuti [p= 671,2] [L=133252]
( √ stu) praise or a song of praise RV. Ta1n2d2Br.
(H1) f.
 pramāa

pramāa [p= 685,3] [L=135796]
(ifc. f(ā).) measure , scale , standard

Ka1tyS3r. Kat2hUp. Mn. &c (instr. " on an average " Jyot. )

Pa1n2. 1-1 , 50 Sch.

MBh. ( Ni1lak. )

Sam2gi1t.

S3ak. (cf. comp. below)

Col.

i.e. a side of it S3ulbas.

opp. to interest) Col.

Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c (pramāam bhavatī , " your ladyship is the authority or must judge " Nal. ; in this sense also m. and f. sg. and pl. e.g. vedā pramāā , " the vedas are authorities " MBh. ; strī pramāī yeām , " they whose authority is a woman " Pa1n2. Sch.)

pramā or certain knowledge (6 in the vedā*nta , viz. pratyaka , perception by the senses ; anumāna , inference ; upamāna , analogy or comparison ; śabda or āpta-vacana , verbal authority , revelation ; an-upalabdhi or abhāva-pratyaka , non-perception or negative proof ; arthā*patti , inference from circumstances ; the nyāya admits only 4 , excluding the last two ; the khya only 3 , viz. pratyaka , anumāna and śabda ; other schools increase the number to 9 by adding sambhava , equivalence ; aitihya , tradition or fallible testimony ; and ceṣṭā , gesture IW. 60 &c &c )

Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c

= pramā) Tarkas.

L.


pramāa [L=135811]
(cf. n.) N. of a large fig-tree on the bank of the Ganges MBh.
(H2) n.
[L=135797]measure of any kind (as size , extent , circumference , length , distance , weight , multitude , quantity , duration)
[L=135798]prosodical length (of a vowel)
[L=135799]measure in music
[L=135800]accordance of the movements in dancing with music and song
[L=135801]measure of physical strength
[L=135802]the first term in a rule of three sum
[L=135803]the measure of a square
[L=135804]principal , capital (
[L=135805]right measure , standard , authority
[L=135806]a means of acquiring
[L=135807]any proof or testimony or evidence
[L=135808]a correct notion , right perception (
[L=135809]oneness , unity
[L=135810]0
(H2B) m.
 praśastigāthā

prá° śasti---gāthā [p= 695,1] [L=137478.50]
a song of praise Can2d2.
(H4) f.
 prastava

pra-stava [p= 699,1] [L=138238]
» pra-stu.
pra-stava [L=138243]
a hymn of praise , chant , song Ma1rkP.

cf. a-pr°) R.
(H1) &c
(H2) m.
[L=138244]a favourable moment (
 plāvita

plā° vita [p= 715,2] [L=141538]
made to swim or overflow , deluged , soaked , moistened or covered with (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c

BhP.

» pluta) S3rS. BhP.
plā° vita [L=141541]
inundation , food , deluge Ka1d.
plā° vita [L=141542]
a song in which the vowels are prolated BhP.
(H3) mfn.
[L=141539]washed away , removed , destroyed
[L=141540]lengthened , prolated (as a vowel
(H3B) n.
(H3B) n.
 bahirgīta

bahir--gīta [p= 726,3] [L=144121]
a song accompanied by a stringed instrument L.
(H3) n.
 brahmagītikā

brahma--gītikā [p= 738,2] [L=146630]
" the song of brahmā " , N. of partic. verses Ya1jn5.
(H3) f.
 bhagavadgītā

bhagavad--gītā [p= 744,1] [L=147853]
(sometimes with upaniad ; once n(°ta). BhP. ) " kṛṣṇa's song " , N. of a celebrated mystical poem (interpolated in the MBh. where it forms an episode of 18 chapters from vi , 830-1532 , containing a dialogue between kṛṣṇa and arjuna , in which the Pantheism of the vedā*nta is combined with a tinge of the khya and the later principle of bhakti or devotion to kṛṣṇa as the Supreme Being ; cf. IW. 122 &c )
(H3) f. pl.
 bhara

bhára [p= 747,2] [L=148665]
(ā)n. ( √ bh) bearing , carrying , bringing



ifc. ; cf. tam- , kulam- , deham- , vājam-bh° and c.)
bhára [L=148668]
(ifc. f(ā).) the act of bearing or carrying &c
bhára [L=148669]
carrying away or what is carried away , gain , prize , booty RV. AV.
bhára [L=148670]
war , battle , contest ib.
bhára [L=148671]
a burden , load , weight (also a partic. measure of weight = bhāra q.v. L. ) Hariv. Ka1v. &c (acc. with √ k , to place one's weight , support one's self Hit. )
bhára [L=148672]
a large quantity , great number , mass , bulk , multitude , abundance , excess Ka1v. Katha1s. &c (°rea ind. and °rāt ind. in full measure , with all one's might Ka1d. )
bhára [L=148673]
raising the voice , shout or song of praise RV.
bhára [L=148674]
(with indrasya , or vasiṣṭhasya) N. of 2 sāmans A1rshBr.
(H1) mf
[L=148666]bestowing , granting
[L=148667]maintaining , supporting (mostly
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n. du.
 makigīta

maki--gīta [p= 772,2] [L=154123]
" song of maki " , N. of the 15th ch. of the pārtha itihāsa-samuccaya (containing episodes from the MBh. )
(H3) n.
 magalagāthikā

magala--gāthikā [p= 772,3] [L=154177]
a solemn song Dhanam2j.
(H3) f.
 madraka

madraka [p= 779,1] [L=155714]
= mādro mādrau vā bhaktir asya Pa1n2. 4-3 , 100 , Va1rtt. 2 Pat.

madra W.
madraka [L=155716]
(pl.) N. of a degraded people (= madra) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
madraka [L=155717]
(sg.) a prince or an inhabitant of madra MBh.
madraka [L=155718]
N. of śibi (» under madra) Hariv.
madraka [L=155719]
of a poet Cat.
madraka [L=155721]
N. of a kind of song Ya1jn5.
madraka [L=155722]
a kind of metre Col.
(H2) mfn.
[L=155715]belonging to or produced in
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 madrakagīti

madraka--gīti [L=155724]
the song called madraka L.
(H3) f.
 mantra

mántra [p= 785,3] [L=157237]
(rarely n. ; ifc. f(ā).) , " instrument of thought " , speech , sacred text or speech , a prayer or song of praise RV. AV. TS.
786,1] [L=157238]
veda which contains the texts called c or yajus or sāman (q.v.) as opp. to the brāhmaa and upaniad portion (» IW. 5 &c ) Br. Gr2S3rS. &c

e.g. om śivāya nama) RTL. 61

esp. in modern times employed by the śāktas to acquire superhuman powers ; the primary mantras being held to be 70 millions in number and the secondary innumerable RTL. 197-202) RV. (i , 147 , 4) A1s3vS3r. Mn. Katha1s. Sus3r.

RV. &c

of viṣṇu Vishn2.

śiva MBh.

astrol.) the fifth mansion VarYogay.
mantra [p= 787,1] [L=157540]
[p= 785,3].
mantra [p= 1331,2] [L=337930]
comp.)
(H2) m.
[p= a Vedic hymn or sacrificial formula , that portion of the
[L=157239]a sacred formula addressed to any individual deity (
[L=157240]a mystical verse or magical formula (sometimes personified) , incantation , charm , spell (
[L=157241]consultation , resolution , counsel , advice , plan , design , secret
[L=157242]N.
[L=157243]of
[L=157244](in
(H2) »
(H2) (in
 mūrchita

mūrchita [p= 824,1] [L=165802]
fainted , stupefied , insensible (n. impers.) MBh. Ka1v. &c calcined , solidified (said of quicksilver) Sarvad.

ifc. = filled or pervaded or mixed with) MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r.

W.

Var.

MBh.
mūrchita [L=165807]
a kind of song or air BhP.
(H2) mfn.
[L=165803]intensified , augmented increased , grown , swollen (
[L=165804]tall , lofty
[L=165805]reflected (as rays)
[L=165806]agitated , excited
(H2B) n.
 yathājyagāna

yáthā--° jya-gāna [p= 842,1] [L=169731]
°thā*j°) n. a song corresponding to the ājya La1t2y.
(H3) (
 racana

racana [p= 860,3] [L=173267]
the act of making , forming , arranging , preparing , composing Ka1v.
861,1] [L=173268]
f(ā). arrangement , disposition , management , accomplishment , performance , preparation , production , fabrication MBh. Ka1v. &c

VarBr2S. Sa1h.

Sa1h.

Mr2icch.

Pan5cat.

Katha1s. BhP.

Jaim.

L.

cf. keśa-r°) L.

W. (often ifc. with concrete meaning e.g. nivāsa-recanā , a building Mr2icch. ; gīti-racanā , a song Ra1jat. ; a-racanā , an artifice , trick Katha1s. ; accord. to L. also = pari-spanda or pari-syanda , prati-yatna , granthana , gumpha , vyūha , niveśa , sthiti ; also = pāśa , bhāra &c , abundance , quantity ifc. after a word meaning " hair " ; cf. Pa1n2. 2-3 , 44 Sch.)
(H2) n.
[p= mostly
[L=173269]a literary production , work , composition
[L=173270]style
[L=173271]putting on , wearing (of a garment)
[L=173272]arrangement (of troops) , array
[L=173273]contrivance , invention
[L=173274]a creation of the mind , artificial image
[L=173275]fixing the feathers on an arrow
[L=173276]dressing the hair (
[L=173277]stringing flowers or garlands
 rava

ráva [p= 868,3] [L=175305]
( √1. ru) a roar , yell , cry , howl (of animals , wild beasts &c ) RV. &c

MBh. R. &c

Ragh. Katha1s.

Katha1s.

RV. MBh.

MW.

e.g. the whizz of a bow , the ringing of a bell &c ) MBh. Ka1v. &c
(H1) m.
[L=175306]song , singing (of birds)
[L=175307]hum , humming (of bees)
[L=175308]clamour , outcry
[L=175309]thunder
[L=175310]talk
[L=175311]any noise or sound (
 rāga

rāga [p= 872,1] [L=176089]
(fr. √ rañj ; ifc. ā , or ī) the act of colouring or dyeing (cf. mūrdhaja-r°)

esp.) red colour , redness MBh. Ka1v. &c

Car.

esp.) love , affection or sympathy for , vehement desire of , interest or joy or delight in (loc. or comp.) Up. Mn. MBh. &c

esp. of voice or song) S3ak. Pan5cat.

partic. musical mode or order of sound or formula ; bharata enumerates 6 , viz. bhairava , kauśika , hindola , dīpaka , śrī-rāga , and megha , each mode exciting some affection ; other writers give other names ; sometimes 7 or 26 rāgas are mentioned ; they are personified , and each of the 6 chief rāgas is wedded to 5 or 6 consorts called rāgiīs ; their union gives rise to many other musical modes) Bhar. Sam2gi1t. Ra1jat. Pan5cat. &c

Rpra1t.

partic. process in the preparation of quicksilver Sarvad.

Car.

L.

L.

L.
(H1) m.
[L=176090]colour , hue , tint , dye , (
[L=176091]inflammation
[L=176092]any feeling or passion , (
[L=176093]loveliness , beauty (
[L=176094]a musical note , harmony , melody (in the later system a
[L=176095]nasalization ,
[L=176096]a
[L=176097]seasoning , condiment
[L=176098]a prince , king
[L=176099]the sun
[L=176100]the moon
 rāsaka

rāsaka [p= 879,3] [L=177866]
a kind of dance Hcar.

ib.

Sam2gi1t.
rāsaka [L=177869]
a kind of dramatic entertainment Sa1h.
(H2) m.
[L=177867]a kind of song
[L=177868](in music) a kind of measure
(H2B) mn.
 ruta

rutá 1 [p= 881,3] [L=178217]
sounded , made to resound , filled with cries (of animals) AV. &c
rutá 1 [L=178218]
(often pl.) any cry or noise , roar , yell , neigh (of horses) , song , note (of birds) , hum (of bees) Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Ka1v. &c
rutá 2 [L=178233]
broken to pieces , shattered , divided RV. AV. VS.
ruta [p= 883,1] [L=178504]
ruta &c » [p= 881,3].
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
(H2) mfn.
(H1) 1. 2.
 rudragīta

rudrá--gīta [p= 883,2] [L=178553]
( BhP. ) or f(ā). sg. or pl. ( Ra1matUp. Cat. ) the song of rudra (in which agastya repeats a dialogue between himself and rudra).
(H3) n.
 leśa

leśa [p= 903,1] [L=182708]
a small part or portion , particle , atom , little bit or slight trace of (gen. or comp. ; -tas and ena , Ind. = very slightly or briefly ; les3a-s3as , in small pieces R. ) Pra1t. ChUp. MBh. &c

W.

partic. division or short space of time (= 2 or 12 kalās) L.

L.

rhet.) a figure of speech in which a statement is made indirectly (e.g. Ven2is. ii , 4) Sa1h.

Kuval.

of a prince (a son of su-hotra) VP.
leśa [p= 906,1] [L=183208]
,leṣṭavya &c » [p= 903,1].
(H2) m.
[L=182709]smallness , littleness
[L=182710]a
[L=182711]a kind of song
[L=182712](in
[L=182713]a figure of speech (in which what is usually considered as an advantage is represented as a disadvantage and vice versa)
[L=182714]N.
(H1) leśya
 laya

laya [p= 897,3] [L=181584]
&c » [p= 903,2].
laya [p= 903,2] [L=182754]
the act of sticking or clinging to (loc.) , S3is. ?? (laya with loc. , " to become attached to any one " Kuval. )

MBh.

loc. or comp.) Up. Kap. &c (layagam or " to disappear , be dissolved or absorbed " ; laya sa-gam , " to hide or conceal one's self ")

MBh. Ka1v. &c (laya , " to be destroyed , perish ")

S3is3. BhP. (cf. a-laya)

W.

Kap. Veda7ntas.

Va1s.

Harav.

L.

druta , " quick " , madhya , " mean or moderate " , and vilambita , " slow ") , Ka1lid. Das3ar. Pan5cat. &c

Sam2gi1t.

L.

MW.

partic. agricultural implement (perhaps a sort of harrow or hoe) VS.

L.

L.
laya [L=182772]
the root of Andropogon Muricatus Bhpr.
laya [L=182773]
making the mind inactive or indifferent BhP.
(H1) layana
(H2) m.
[L=182755]lying down , cowering
[L=182756]melting , dissolution , disappearance or absorption in (
[L=182757]extinction , destruction , death
[L=182758]rest , repose
[L=182759]place of rest , residence , house , dwelling
[L=182760]mental inactivity , spiritual indifference
[L=182761]sport , diversion , merriness
[L=182762]delight in anything
[L=182763]an embrace
[L=182764](in music) time (regarded as of 3 kinds , viz.
[L=182765]a kind of measure
[L=182766]the union of song , dance and instrumental music
[L=182767]a pause
[L=182768]a
[L=182769]a swoon
[L=182770]the quick (downward) movement of an arrow
(H2B) n.
(H2B) mfn.
 lokagāthā

loká--gāthā [p= 906,2] [L=183259]
a verse or song (handed down orally) among men Sarvad.
(H3) f.
 vacas

vácas 1 [p= 912,3] [L=184767]
(for 2. » [p= 914,2]) speech , voice , word RV. &c (°casāmpati N. of bhaspati Laghuj. )

R2itus.

MBh. Ka1v. &c (vacah-k , with gen. , " to follow the advice of " ; vacasā mama , " on my advice ")

VarBr2S.

L.

» dvi-v°).
vacas 2 [p= 914,2] [L=185128]
(for 1. » [p= 912,3]) in adhóvacas , q.v.
(H2) n.
[L=184768]singing , song (of birds)
[L=184769]advice , direction , command , order
[L=184770]an oracular utterance (declarative of some future fate or destiny)
[L=184771]a sentence
[L=184772](in gram.) number (
(H2) mfn.
 vara

vára [p= 924,2] [L=187290]
(or n. g. ardharcā*di , prob. fr. √1. v ; ifc. f(ā).) a covering , cloak , mantle L.

Ya1jn5. iii , 99

RV. &c

esp.) good colour or complexion , lustre , beauty Mn. MBh. &c

MBh. Ka1v. &c

RV. &c

RV. esp. applied to the āryas and the dāsas ; but more properly applicable to the four principal classes described in manu's code , viz. Brahmans , katriyas , vaiśyas , and śūdras ; the more modern word for " caste " being jāti ; cf. IW. 210 n. 1) ib.

Br. Pra1t. &c

MBh. R. Pan5cat.

W.

Mr2icch. Kum. Ra1jat.

alg.) an unknown magnitude or quantity

arithm.) the figure , " one "

accord. to some) a co-efficient

L. (cf. -tāla)

L.

L.

Sa1y. on RV. i , 104 , 2
vára [L=187308.1]
saffron L. [cf. accord. to some , Slav. vranu8 , " black " , " a crow " ; Lith. vA7rnas , " a crow. "]
vara [p= 1332,1] [L=339160]
comp.)
(H2) m.
[L=187291]a cover , lid
[L=187292]outward appearance , exterior , form , figure , shape , colour
[L=187293]colour of the face , (
[L=187294]colour , tint , dye , pigment (for painting or writing)
[L=187295]colour = race , species , kind , sort , character , nature , quality , property (applied to persons and things)
[L=187296]class of men , tribe , order , caste (prob. from contrast of colour between the dark aboriginal tribes and their fair conquerors ; in
[L=187297]a letter , sound , vowel , syllable , word
[L=187298]a musical sound or note (also applied to the voice of animals)
[L=187299]the order or arrangement of a song or poem
[L=187300]praise , commendation , renown , glory
[L=187301](in
[L=187302](in
[L=187303](
[L=187304]a kind of measure
[L=187305]gold
[L=187306]a religious observance
[L=187307]one who wards off , expeller
(H2B) n.
(H2) (in
 varaparicaya

vára--paricaya [p= 924,3] [L=187357]
skill in song or music S3ak.
(H3) m.
 vācāa

vācāa [p= 937,3] [L=190206]
(ā)n. talkative (said also of birds) Ka1v. Katha1s. &c

-tā f.) Ba1lar. Prasannar.

ifc.) filled with the song of , resounding with Va1s.
(H2) mf
[L=190207]boastful , grandiloquent (
[L=190208](
 vācāla

vācāla [L=190210]
(ā)n. talkative , chattering (said also of birds) Ka1v. Katha1s.

VarBr2. Sch. Ra1jat.

ifc.) filled with the song or noise of R. Va1s. &c
(H2) mf
[L=190211]boasting
[L=190212]full of noise and bustle , (
 vāda

vāda [p= 939,3] [L=190664]
(fr. √ vad) speaking of or about (» brahma-v°)

» ā-v°)
vāda [L=190666]
speech , discourse , talk , utterance , statement Mn. MBh. &c
vāda [L=190667]
(ifc.) speaking about , mentioning MBh. Hariv. BhP.
vāda [L=190668]
advice , counsel MBh.
vāda [L=190669]
a thesis , proposition , argument , doctrine Sarvad. Sus3r.
vāda [L=190670]
discussion , controversy , dispute , contest , quarrel Mn. MBh. &c
vāda [L=190671]
agreement Das3.
vāda [p= 940,1] [L=190672]
cry , song , note (of a bird) AitBr.
vāda [L=190673]
sound , sounding (of a musical instrument) Pan5cat.
vāda [L=190674]
demonstrated conclusion , result W.
vāda [L=190675]
a plaint , accusation ib.
vāda [L=190676]
a reply ib.
vāda [L=190677]
explanation , exposition (of holy texts &c ) MW.
vāda [L=190678]
report , rumour ib.
(H1) mfn.
[L=190665]causing to sound , playing (
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
 viracitapada

vi-° racita---pada [p= 982,1] [L=199063]
(a speech or song &c ) the words of which are artificially composed or arranged , rhythmic , poetic Ka1lid.
(H4) mfn.
 viṣṇugāthā

ṣṇu--gāthā [p= 999,2] [L=202429]
a song in honour of viṣṇu BhP.
(H3) f. pl.
 veyagāna

veya--gāna [p= 1013,3] [L=205289]
a partic. song-book or manual of singing (giving , with the āraya-gāna , the various modifications of intonation for the ārcika division of the sāma-veda).
(H3) n.
 vyāhāra

vy-āhāra [p= 1039,3] [L=210133]
utterance , language , speech , discourse , conversation , talk about (comp.) Ka1v. Pan5cat. Sa1h.

Hariv. Ma1lav.

dram.) a jest , joke , humorous speech Bhar. Das3ar. &c
(H2) m.
[L=210134]song (of birds)
[L=210135](in
 vyāhta

vy-ā́hta [L=210140]
spoken , uttered , said , told , declared , stated VS. &c , &c

R.

Ja1takam.
vy-ā́hta [L=210143]
speaking , talking , conversation Ka1v. BhP.
vy-ā́hta [L=210144]
information , instruction , direction Pa1n2. 5-4 , 35
vy-ā́hta [L=210145]
inarticulate speech or song (of animals and birds) MBh. Hariv.
(H2) mfn.
[L=210141]one who has uttered a sound
[L=210142]eaten , devoured
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 śakuna

śakuná [p= 1046,2] [L=211315]
(said to be fr. √ śak Un2. iii , 49) a bird (esp. a large bird or one of good or bad omen) RV. &c

partic. kind of bird (either = gridhra , a vulture , or = cilla , a common kite or Pondicherry eagle) L.

vipra-bheda) MW.

W.

vasiṣṭhasya) N. of a sāman A1rshBr.

of an asura BhP.

N. of a people MBh. Buddh.
śakuná [L=211323]
any auspicious object or lucky omen , an omen or prognostic (in general ; rarely " an inauspicious omen ") Ka1v. Katha1s. Pan5cat.
śakuná [L=211324]
indicating good luck , auspicious MW.
(H1) m.
[L=211316]a
[L=211317]a kind of Brahman (
[L=211318]a sort of hymn or song (sung at festivals to secure good fortune)
[L=211319](with
[L=211320]N.
[L=211321]pl.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) mfn.
 śakunivāda

śakúni--vāda [L=211367]
the first song of birds (or of a partic. bird) at dawn (accord. to some " the crowing of a cock ") AitBr.
(H3) m.
 śabdagati

śábda--gati [p= 1052,3] [L=212680]
" method of sounds " , music , song VarBr2S.
śábda--gati [L=212681]
uttering sounds Hariv.
(H3) f.
(H3B) mfn.
 śūa

śūá [p= 1087,1] [L=220492]
(prob. either fr. √1. śū = śvi , or fr. √ śu = śvas) resounding , shrill , loud , hissing RV.

ib.
śūá [L=220494]
a loud or resounding note , song of praise or triumph ib. VS. Ka1t2h.
śūá [L=220495]
(also śū́a) spirit , vital energy , strength , power RV. VS. TBr. S3Br.
śūá [L=220496]
N. of a man TBr.
śūá [L=220497]
= bada Naigh. ii , 9
śūá [L=220498]
= śukha ib.
(H1) mfn.
[L=220493]high-spirited , courageous , bold , fierce , impetuous
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 śekhara

śekhara [p= 1088,2] [L=220788]
(fr. or connected with śikhara) the top or crown of the head Katha1s.

Hariv. Ka1m. Pur. &c

ib. Ra1jat.

ifc.) the highest part , chief or head or best or most beautiful of (-tā f.) , R2it. Caurap. Dhu1rtas.

partic. dhruva or introductory verse of a song (recurring as a kind of refrain)

of an author (with bhaṭṭa) Cat.

ib.
śekhara [L=220796]
cloves L.
śekhara [L=220797]
the root of Moringa Pterygosperma L.
(H1) m.
[L=220789]a chaplet or wreath of flowers worn on the top of the head , crown , diadem , crest
[L=220790]a peak , summit , crest (of a mountain)
[L=220791](mostly
[L=220792](in music) a
[L=220793]N.
[L=220794]of a grammatical work
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 śyāmāruta

śyāmā--ruta [p= 1095,1] [L=222175]
the song of the bird śyāmā Cat.
(H3) n.
 śravaas

śravaas [p= 1096,3] [L=222546]
mfn. accompanying a song Sam2gi1t.
(H2) (?)
 sagīta

sa-gīta [p= 1128,3] [L=228540]
» sa-gai.
sa-gīta [p= 1129,1] [L=228581]
sung together , sung in chorus or harmony
sa-gīta [L=228582]
a song sung by many voices or singing accompanied by instrumental music , chorus , a concert , any song or music Ka1v. Katha1s. Pur.
sa-gīta [L=228583]
the art or science of singing with music and dancing (= -śāstra) Cat.
(H1) &c
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 samudgīta

sam-ud-gīta [p= 1167,3] [L=235441]
( √ gai) sung out loud , chanted loudly MW.
sam-ud-gīta [L=235442]
a loud song , chant ib.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) n.
 samprayuj

sam-pra- √ yuj [p= 1176,1] [p= 1175,3] [L=236516]
-yunakti , -ynkte , to yoke or join together , yoke , harness MBh. R.  ; 
to employ , make use of
BhP.  ; 
to perform , execute (a song)
L.  ; 
to instigate , incite , induce to (
instr.) R. : Pass. -yujyate , to be joined or connected with (instr.) , be added or attached Nir. Hariv. &c  ; 
to be united sexually
Ra1jat.  ; 
to be implicated in (
instr.) Ya1jn5. : Caus. -yojayati , to join together , connect with (instr.) MBh. Sa1h.  ; 
to equip , prepare
Hariv.
sam-prayuj [p= 1176,1] [L=236527]
surrounded or encompassed by (comp.) S3is3.
(H1) P. A1.
(H2) mfn.
 sarobindu

saro--bindu [p= 1183,1] [L=237685]
a kind of song (gītaka) Ya1jn5.
(H3) m.
 sāman

sā́man 1 [p= 1205,1] [L=242214]
(fr. √1. = san1) acquisition , possession , property , wealth , abundance RV. VS.
sā́man 2 [L=242216]
(m. only in TBr. ; prob. connected with √ sāntv ; accord. to some fr. √1. ; cf. 3. sāman) calming , tranquillizing , (esp.) kind or gentle words for winning an adversary , conciliation , negotiation (one of the 4 upā*yas or means of success against an enemy , the other 3 being dāna , bheda , and daṇḍa , qq.vv. ; ibc. or instr. sg. and pl. , " by friendly means or in a friendly way , willingly , voluntarily ") TBr. &c &c
sā́man 3 [L=242234]
(of doubtful derivation ; accord. to Un2. iv , 152 fr. √ so = 2 , as " destroying sin " ; in Nir. vii , 12 apparently connected with sammita ; by others derived fr. √1. san , , sāntv , and perhaps not to be separated fr. 1. and 2. sāman) a metrical hymn or song of praise , (esp.) a partic. kind of sacred text or verse called a sāman (intended to be chanted , and forming , with c , yajus , chandas , one of the 4 kinds of Vedic composition mentioned first in RV. x , 90 , 9) RV. &c

MBh. Ka1v. &c

TBr. (Sch.)
(H1) n.
(H1) n.
(H1) n.
[L=242235]any song or tune (sacred or profane , also the hum of bees)
[L=242236]the faculty of uttering sounds (?)
 sutantri

su--tantri [p= 1223,3] [L=246371]
well accompanied on the lute (as a song) , melodious R2itus.
(H3) mfn.
 suāman

su--āmán [p= 1237,3] [L=250223]
a beautiful song RV.
su--ā́man [L=250224]
(also written su-s°) , N. of a man ib. MBh. (cf. Pa1n2. 6-4 , 170 Sch.)
su--āmán [L=250225]
(°mī)n. peaceful Bhat2t2.
(H3) n.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) mf
 sūkta

* ktá [p= 1240,2] [L=250864]
(5. su ukta) well or properly said or recited RV. &c

MatsyaP.
* ktá [L=250867]
good recitation or speech , wise saying , song of praise RV. &c
* ktá [L=250868]
a Vedic hymn (as distinguished from a c or single verse of a hymn) Br. S3rS Mn. BhP.
(H1) mfn.
[L=250865]speaking well , eloquent
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
 sūn

sū-nṛ́ [p= 1242,2] [L=251345]
gladness , joy , exultation , song of joy , glee (instr. pl. " joyfully ") RV. TS. Pa1rGr2.
1242,3] [L=251346]
Kat2hUp. MBh. &c

opp. to an-ta) personified as a goddess RV. AV. &c

dharma BhP.

dharma and wife of uttāna-pāda Hariv. VP.

apsaras L.
(H2) f.
[p= kindness , friendliness , kind and true speech
[L=251347]truth (
[L=251348]the wife of
[L=251349]a daughter of
[L=251350]of an
 saindhava

saindhavá [p= 1248,1] [L=252458]
(ī)n. (fr. sindhu) relating to the sea , oceanic , marine , aquatic Buddh.

indus or Sindh TS. &c
saindhavá [L=252460]
a king of Sindh MBh. Mudr. BhP.
saindhavá [L=252461]
a horse (partic. one bred in Sindh) L.
saindhavá [L=252462]
N. of a teacher Cat.
saindhavá [L=252463]
(pl.) the inhabitants of Sindh AV. Paris3. ?? MBh. &c
saindhavá [L=252464]
N. of a partic. school founded by saindhavāyana VP.
saindhavá [L=252465]
n. a kind of rock-salt (found in Sindh) , any salt S3Br. VarBr2S. Sus3r.
saindhavá [L=252467]
(in dram.) a song in Prakrit (accompanied with music expressive of a lover's disgust on being deserted by a loved woman) Sa1h.
(H1) mf
[L=252459]belonging to or produced in or coming from the
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
 sopāya

so* * ya [p= 1249,2] [L=252700]
accompanied (as a song) La1t2y.
(H1) mfn.
 stu
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 24.34
Whitney Roots links: stu1

stu 1 [p= 1259,1] [L=254632]
( Dha1tup. xxiv , 34 ; cf. Pa1n2. 7-3 , 95) staúti or stavīti , stute or stuvīte (in RV. also stávate , 3. sg. stave [with pass. sense] , 1. 3. sg. stué Impv. stoi , p. [mostly with pass. sense] stuvāná , stávāna or stavāná , stávamāna ; in BhP. stunvanti , in Up. p. stunvāna ; pf. tuṣṭāva , tuṣṭuvús , tuṣṭuvé RV. &c ; aor. astāvīt or astauīt Br. &c ; stoat,stoāi RV. ; ástoṣṭa ib. &c ; Prec. stūyāt Gr. ; fut. stavitā or stotā Vop. ; fut. staviyáti , °te RV. ; stoyati,°te Br. &c ; Cond. astoyat Bhat2t2. ; inf. stotum ib. &c ; stavitum Vop. ; stótave,stavádhyai RV. ; ind.p. stutvā́ AV. &c ; -stútya Br. &c ; -stūya MBh. &c ) , to praise , laud , eulogize , extol , celebrate in song or hymns (in ritual , " to chant " , with loc. of the text from which the sāman comes) RV. &c &c : Pass. stūyáte (aor. astāvi) , to be praised or celebrated  ; 
stāyamāna mfn. being praised ib. : Caus. stāvayati (aor. atuṣṭavat RV. ; °uvat JaimBr. ) , to praise , celebrate  ; 
(
stāvayate) , to cause to praise or celebrate BhP. : Desid. tuṣṭūati , °te (p.p. tuṣṭūita) , to wish to celebrate S3am2k. : Intens. toṣṭūyate , toṣṭoti Gr.
stu 2 [L=254663]
su-ṣṭú [p= 1238,1].
stu 3 [p= 1259,3] [L=254767]
 ; 
to trickle.

stu 4 [L=254768]
= stúkā) in pthu-ṣṭu q.v.
(H1) cl.2 P. A1.
(H2) »
(H1) (prob. invented to serve as a root for the words below) , to be clotted or conglomerated
(H2) (
 stava

stava 1 [p= 1258,3] [L=254578]
or n. a partic. substance DivyA7v.
stava 2 [L=254581]
&c » [p= 1259,1].
stáva 2 [p= 1259,1] [L=254633]
(for 1. » [p= 1258,3]) praise , eulogy , song of praise , hymn , panegyric RV. &c &c
(H1) m.
(H1) stavaka
(H2) m.
 stutigītaka

stutí--gītaka [p= 1259,2] [L=254680]
a song of praise , panegyric Katha1s.
(H3) n.
 stutimantra

stutí--mantra [L=254690]
a song or hymn of praise VarYogay.
(H3) m.
 smarodgītha

smaro* dgītha [p= 1272,1] [L=257194]
" love-song " , N. of a son of devakī BhP.
(H3) m.
 svana

svaná [p= 1280,2] [L=258911]
(ifc. f(ū). ) sound , noise (in the older language applied to the roar of wind , thunder , water &c ; in later language to the song of birds , speech , and sound of any kind cf. Naigh. i , 11) RV. &c

partic. agni MBh.

svána) , roaring water VS. TBr.
svaná [L=258914]
ill-sounding L.
(H2) m.
[L=258912]a
[L=258913](
(H2B) mfn.
 svarabaddha

svára--baddha [p= 1285,2] [L=259908]
composed in musical measure (said of a song &c ) MW.
(H3) mfn.
 svarasayoga

svára--sayoga [L=259945]
= -yoga Mr2icch.

S3ak.

MW.
(H3) m.
[L=259946]a song
[L=259947]the junction of vowels
 anugāna

anu-gāna [p= 1311,3] [L=306310]
"after-song", (-śas), Sa1mavBr.
(H2) n.
 anugīta

anu-gīta [L=306330]
(also) sung after, JaimUp.
anu-gīta [L=306330.1]
an imitative song, Ratna7v.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
 anutoda