Sparsa - Touching, Sense of Touch



usage:
varṇasya savisargasya visargāntaṃ citiṃ kuru |
nirādhāreṇa cittena spṛśed brahma sanātanam || 91 ||


spṛśed = touched

sparśa
sparśa [p= 1268,2] [L=256548]
śana &c » p.1269.
sparśá [p= 1269,1] [L=256604]
touching (in a-bhūtala-sp° , mana-sp° , q.v.)
sparśá [L=256605]
(ifc. f(ā). ) touch , sense of touch (-tas ind. e.g. sparśa-ta sukha tat , " that is pleasant to the touch ") , contact (fig. applied to the beginning of an eclipse or to any astron. contact) Mn. MBh. VarBr2S. &c
sparśá [L=256606]
(in gram.) collective N. of the twenty-five consonants constituting the five classes from k to m (so-called because formed by complete contact of the organs of utterance ; cf. sthāna and spṛṣṭa) Pra1t. ChUp. BhP.
sparśá [L=256607]
(in phil.) the quality of tangibility (which constitutes the skin's viaya q.v.) IW. 68
sparśá [L=256608]
any quality which is perceptible by touching any object (e.g. heat , cold , smoothness , softness &c ) MBh. &c
sparśá [L=256609]
feeling , sensation (e.g. sira-śūla-sp° , " sensation of headache ") S3Br. &c
sparśá [L=256610]
pleasant feeling MBh. v , 1366
sparśá [L=256611]
unpleasant or morbid sensation , illness Pa1n2. 3-3 , 16 Va1rtt. 1 Pat.
sparśá [L=256612]
air , wind L.
sparśá [L=256613]
(accord. to some) temperature Nya1yad.
sparśá [L=256614]
a kind of sexual union L.
sparśá [L=256615]
a gift , offering (» kāka-sp° and sp°-yajña below)
sparśá [L=256616]
w.r. for spaśa , a spy MBh. S3is3.
sparśá [L=256618]

(H1) °
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) 
 spśa
spśa [L=256684]
touching , reaching to (in sarvadvāra-sp°) MBh.
spśa [L=256685]
touch , contact (in du-sp° q.v.)
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(a word of unknown meaning) Hariv. 10243.

f.
 sparśakliṣṭa
sparśá--kliṣṭa [L=256619]
painful to the touch Ml.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśakama
sparśá--kama [L=256620]
capable of touch , tangible S3ak.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśaja
sparśá--ja [L=256622]
produced by touch BhP.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśatā
sparśá--tā [L=256624]
a state of contact or touch (in a-bhū-tala-sparśatā) S3ak.
(H3) f.
 sparśadvea
sparśá--dvea [L=256627]
sensitiveness to touch Sus3r.
(H3) m.
 sparśasukha
sparśá--sukha [L=256645]
pleasant to the touch MW.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśānukūla
sparśā* nukūla [L=256652]
pleasant to the touch , cooling S3ak.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśāśana
sparśā* śana [p= 1269,2] [L=256653]
" feeding on mere touch " , N. of a class of gods MBh.
(H3) m. pl.
 sparśāsaha
sparśā* saha [L=256654]
intolerant of touch , sensitive to touch (-tva n.) Sus3r.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśāsahiṣṇu
sparśā* sa° hiṣṇu [L=256655]
intolerant of touch , sensitive to touch (-tva n.) Sus3r.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśendriya
sparśe* ndriya [L=256656]
the sense of touch Sus3r.
(H3) n.
 sparśana
sparśana [L=256660]
(ī)n. touching , handling MW.

ib.
sparśana [L=256662]
air , wind L.
sparśana [L=256663]
the act of touching , touch , contact S3vetUp. Ya1jn5. &c
sparśana [L=256664]
sensation , sense of touch , organ of sensation or feeling , sensitive nerve Mn. MBh. Sarvad.
sparśana [L=256665]
gift , donation L.
(H2) mf
[L=256661]affecting , acting upon , afflicting
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 sparśanendriya
sparśane* ndriya [L=256666]
the sense of touch Sus3r.
(H3) n.
 spśa
spśa [L=256684]
touching , reaching to (in sarvadvāra-sp°) MBh.
spśa [L=256685]
touch , contact (in du-sp° q.v.)
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
 spṛṣṭi
spṛ́ṣṭi [L=256704]
touch , touching , contact S3Br.
(H2) f.
 spraṣṭavya
spraṣṭavya [L=256707]
to be touched or handled Mn. R. Hit.

Vajracch.
spraṣṭavya [L=256709]
touch , feeling , Maha1vy.
spraṣṭavya [p= 1269,3] [L=256739]
ṣṭṛ » col.2.
(H2) mfn.
[L=256708]tangible , palpable , sensible
(H2B) n.
(H1) spra


susparśa
su--sparśa [p= 1239,1] [L=250588]
pleasant to the touch , very soft or tender BhP.
(H3) mfn.



137 Sanskrit words for touch:



1 atigrāha (touch) 2 adhispṛś (touch) 3 anupiṣ (touch) 4 anumṛś (touch) 5 anusaṃspṛś (touch) 6 anuspṛś (touch) 7 anvavamṛś (touch) 8 anvārabh (touch) 9 apidah (touch) 10 abhinidhā (touch) 11 abhimṛ (touch) 12 abhimṛś (touch) 13 abhispṛś (touch) 14 avaghrā (touch) 15 avamṛś (touch) 16 avamarśa (touch) 17 avamarśam (touch) 18 asamavahitam (touch) 19 asparśa (touch) 20 aspraṣṭṛ (touch) 21 āghaṭṭ (touch) 22 āpiṣ (touch) 23 āmṛś (touch) 24 ālabh (touch) 25 ālambana (touch) 26 unmṛś (touch) 27 upaghrā (touch) 28 upamṛj (touch) 29 upayam (touch) 30 upaspṛś (touch) 31 upahan (touch) 32 upālabh (touch) 33 upopaparāmṛś (touch) 34 kasa (touch) 35 ghaṭ (touch) 36 ghaṭṭ (touch) 37 ghorasaṃsparśa (touch) 38 cumb (touch) 39 chup (touch) 40 chupa (touch) 41 triḥpratihāram (touch) 42 tvagindriya (touch) 43 duḥsparśa (touch) 44 duḥkhasaṃsparśa (touch) 45 dvīndriya (touch) 46 niṃs (touch) 47 nispṛś (touch) 48 nihan (touch) 49 parāmṛś (touch) 50 parāhan (touch) 51 paricumb (touch) 52 paritaḍ (touch) 53 parimilana (touch) 54 parimṛj (touch) 55 parimārga (touch) 56 parimṛś (touch) 57 pariśīlana (touch) 58 pariṣvaṅga (touch) 59 parisaṃspṛś (touch) 60 parispṛś (touch) 61 paryupaspṛś (touch) 62 paṣ (touch) 63 pispṛkṣu (touch) 64 pṛkti (touch) 65 pṛṣṭi (touch) 66 praṇidhā (touch) 67 pratisṛ (touch) 68 pratihāra (touch) 69 pratyabhimṛś (touch) 70 pratyavamṛś (touch) 71 pratyupaspṛś (touch) 72 pramṛś (touch) 73 priyaṅgu (touch) 74 maṅgalālambhanīya (touch) 75 mṛd (touch) 76 mṛdusparśa (touch) 77 mṛś (touch) 78 yad (touch) 79 rasendra (touch) 80 rāṅkavājinasaṃsparśa (touch) 81 rudh (touch) 82 likh (touch) 83 luṭh (touch) 84 vāyulakṣaṇa (touch) 85 vimarda (touch) 86 vimṛś (touch) 87 vilikh (touch) 88 viśada (touch) 89 vyanvārabh (touch) 90 vyālikh (touch) 91 śabdasparśarasa (touch) 92 śiras (touch) 93 śivābhimarśana (touch) 94 śītasaṃsparśa (touch) 95 śītalasparśa (touch) 96 śūdrasaṃsparśa (touch) 97 śūdrodaka (touch) 98 saṃlikh (touch) 99 saṃspṛś (touch) 100 saṃsparśa (touch) 101 saṃkara (touch) 102 saṃghaṭṭ (touch) 103 saṅga (touch) 104 samasparśa (touch) 105 samālabh (touch) 106 samupaspṛś (touch) 107 samparka (touch) 108 sampraspṛś (touch) 109 sammṛś (touch) 110 sarpāṅgabhihata (touch) 111 sāṃsparśaka (touch) 112 sāndrasparśa (touch) 113 sāṣṭaṅga (touch) 114 sukhasaṃsparśa (touch) 115 susparśa (touch) 116 skhalana (touch) 117 spṛś (touch) 118 spariśa (touch) 119 sparśa (touch) 120 sparśakliṣṭa (touch) 121 sparśakṣama (touch) 122 sparśaja (touch) 123 sparśatā (touch) 124 sparśadveṣa (touch) 125 sparśasukha (touch) 126 sparśānukūla (touch) 127 sparśāśana (touch) 128 sparśāsaha (touch) 129 sparśāsahiṣṇu (touch) 130 sparśendriya (touch) 131 sparśana (touch) 132 sparśanendriya (touch) 133 spṛśa (touch) 134 spṛṣṭi (touch) 135 spraṣṭavya (touch) 136 han (touch) 137 akṣuṇṇavedha (touch)
 atigrāha
ati-grāha [p= 13,3] [L=2957]
the object of a graha (q.v.) or organ of apprehension (these are eight , and their corresponding ati-grahas or objects , are apāna , " fragrant substance " ; nāman " name " ; rasa " flavour " ; rūpa " form " ; sabda " sound " ; kāma " desire " ; karman " action " ; sparśa " touch ") S3Br. xiv.
(H2) m.
 adhispś
adhi- √ spś [p= 22,2] [L=4473]
S3Br. : Caus. (Pot. -sparśáyet) to cause to reach to , to extend to TS.
(H1) to touch lightly or slightly
 anupi
anu- √ pi [p= 35,2] [L=6756]
ind.p. -piya) to strike against , to touch Ka1tyS3r.
(H1) (
 anumś
anu- √ mś [p= 37,1] [L=7014]
RV. &c  ; 
to consider , think of , reflect: Caus.
-marśayati , to touch or take hold of for the sake of examining Ka1t2h.
(H1) to grasp , seize
 anusaspś
anu-sa- √ spś [p= 40,2] [L=7541]
S3Br.
(H1) Caus to cause to touch after
 anuspś
anu- √ spś [p= 41,2] [L=7641]
RV. iv , 4 , 2.
(H1) to touch , extend to
 anvavamś
anv-ava- √ mś [p= 46,2] [L=8782]
Gobh.
(H1) to touch or come in contact with or along
 anvārabh
anv-ā- √ rabh [p= 47,1] [L=8856]
 ; 
to place one's self behind or at the side of , keep at the side of
AV. &c : Caus. -rambhayati , to place behind another (with loc.) TS.
(H1) to catch or seize or touch from behind
 apidah
api- √ dah [p= 55,2] [L=10169]
(impf. -adahat) to touch with fire , to singe TS. Ka1t2h.
(H1) -dahati
 abhinidhā
abhi-ni- √ dhā [p= 64,1] [L=11621]
to place upon or into (loc.) S3Br.  ; 
A1. to place upon one's self (as a burden) AitBr.  ; 
to touch slightly with (
instr.) S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c : Pass. -dhīyate , " to be touched by each other " , be in close contact (as the letters e , o and a in the sadhi called abhiníhita q.v.) Pra1t.
(H1) P.
 abhim
abhi- √ m [p= 67,3] [L=12085]
(impf. -amriyata) to touch or defile while dying TS.
(H1) A1.
 abhimś
abhi- √ mś [L=12102]
(1. pl. -mśāmasi ; Ved. Inf. -mṛ́śe RV. ii , 10 , 5) to touch , come in contact with RV. &c : A1. -mśate id. RV. i , 145 , 4 , &c : Caus. to cause to touch, S3a1n3khS3r. : Intens. (p. -marmśat) " to intend to bring in contact with one's self " , to long for (acc.) RV. iii , 38 , 1  ; 
(
AitBr. )
(H1) P.
 abhispś
abhi- √ spś [p= 74,1] [L=12918]
-spśet) to touch MBh. i , 2931  ; 
to influence , affect
Sus3r.
(H1) (Opt.
 avaghrā
ava- √ ghrā [p= 98,1] [L=17192]
pl. -jighrata ; Pot , -jighret [ TS. Mn. iii , 218] or -ghrāyāt [ A1S3vS3r. ] ind.p. -ghrāya) to smell at VS. &c  ; 
to touch with the mouth , kiss
Pa1rGr2. &c : Caus. -ghrāpayati , to cause to smell at TS. S3Br. TBr.
(H1) (Imper. 2.
 avamś
ava- √ mś [p= 102,1] [L=17821]
Pot. -mśét ; Subj. 3. pl. -mśā́n ; aor. avā*mkat ; ind.p. 1. -mṛ́śya) Ved. to touch AV. vii , 64 , 2 TS. &c  ; 
to reflect upon
BhP. : Caus. to cause to touch S3Br.
(H1) (
 avamarśa
ava-marśa [L=17792]
» ava-mś.
ava-marśa [L=17822]
(ifc. f(ā).) touch , contact S3ak. (v.l.)

Das3ar.
(H1) &c
(H2) m.
[L=17823]reflecting upon
 avamarśam
ava-márśam [L=17824]
so as to touch S3Br. (cf. án-avam°)
(H2) ind.
 asamavahitam
á-samavahitam [p= 119,2] [L=20703]
so as not to touch each other S3Br. ix.
(H1) ind.
 asparśa
a-sparśá [p= 123,1] [L=21463]
not having the faculty of perception by touch S3Br. xiv

A1p. Nr2isUp.
a-sparśá [L=21465]
non-contact with (instr.) MBh. iii , 11087.
(H1) mfn.
[L=21464]intangible
(H1B) m.
 aspraṣṭṛ
a-spraṣṭṛ [p= 123,2] [L=21479]
one who does not touch MaitrUp.
(H2) mfn.
 āghaṭṭ
ā- √ ghaṭṭ [p= 130,3] [L=22763]
-ghaṭṭayati , to touch on (as in speaking) Ka1m.
(H1) Caus.
 āpi
ā- √ pi [p= 143,2] [L=24983]
(ā́-pinaṣṭi AV. xx , 133 , 1 ; pf. -pipéa VS. ix , 11) to press or rub against , to touch.
(H1) P.
 āmś
ā- √ mś [p= 147,2] [L=25589]
-mśati , to touch MBh. S3is3.  ; 
to touch , taste , enjoy (a woman)
 ; 
to consider , reflect upon
MBh. S3ak. Kum.  ; 
(
p. -mśat) to rub off , wipe away , remove , S3is3. vi , 3 : Pass. -mśyate , to be eaten Ragh. v , 9 ([ Mall. bhakyate]): Caus. -marśayati , to consider , reflect upon.
(H1) P.
 ālabh
ā- √ labh [p= 153,2] [L=26705]
-labhate , to take hold of , touch , handle RV. TS. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to kill , sacrifice
AitBr. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c  ; 
to commence , undertake
TS.  ; 
to reach , obtain
 ; 
to conciliate
BhP. MBh. Megh. &c : Caus. -lamohayati , to cause to touch Kaus3. Ka1tyS3r.  ; 
to cause to begin
TBr. : Desid. -lipsate , to intend or wish to touch Ka1tyS3r.  ; 
to intend to kill or sacrifice
S3Br.
(H1) A1.
 ālambana
ā-lambana [L=26736]
depending on or resting upon

Pa1n2.

Megh.

Prab. Kat2hUp.


Sa1h.
ā-lambana [L=26742]
the mental exercise practised by the yogin in endeavouring to realize the gross form of the Eternal VP.
ā-lambana [L=26743]
silent repetition of a prayer ([ W. ])
ā-lambana [L=26744]
(with Buddhists) the five attributes of things (apprehended by or connected with the five senses , viz. form , sound , smell , taste , and touch ; also dharma or law belonging to manas).
(H2) n.
[L=26737]hanging from
[L=26738]supporting , sustaining
[L=26739]foundation , base
[L=26740]reason , cause
[L=26741](in rhetoric) the natural and necessary connection of a sensation with the cause which excites it
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 unmś
un- √ mś [p= 194,3] [L=34062]
ud-mś) P. -mśati , to touch from above S3Br. vi , 3 , 3 , 12 : A1. (Impv. -mśasva) to lift up (after having touched) RV. viii , 70 , 9.
(H1) (
 upaghrā
upa- √ ghrā [p= 197,1] [L=34421]
-jighrati (-jíghrati AV. ) to smell at  ; 
to touch (with the mouth)
AV. xii , 4 , 5 S3Br. La1t2y. MBh. &c  ; 
to smell
MBh. Ragh.  ; 
to kiss
MBh. vii , 4357 Ragh. xiii , 70 R. : Caus. -ghrāpayati , to cause to smell at TS. v , 2 , 8 , 1.
(H1) P.
 upamj
upa- √ mj [p= 204,1] [L=35357]
-mārṣṭi (3. pl. -mjanti RV. ix , 15 , 7) to stroke  ; 
to touch , sweep , wipe , cleanse
TBr. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. S3a1n3khS3r.
(H1) P.
 upayam
upa- √ yam [L=35386]
-yacchati , -te , to seize , lay hold of , touch (P. if not in the sense of appropriating Pat. on Pa1n2. 1-3 , 56) RV. viii , 35 , 21 AV. xii , 3 , 19 S3Br. &c  ; 
to reach forth , offer (
Pass. aor. -ayāmi) RV. vii , 92 , 1  ; 
to put under , prop , stay
S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Kaus3.  ; 
to take for one's self , receive , appropriate
 ; 
to take as one's wife , marry (only
A1. Pa1n2. 1-3 , 56 ; but » Gobh. ii , 1 , 8 Gaut. xxviii , 20 Katha1s. xiv , 67) A1s3vGr2. Mn. iii , 11 MBh. S3ak. &c  ; 
to sleep with (a woman)
Mn. xi , 172.
(H1) P. A1.
 upaspś
upa- √ spś 1 [p= 211,3] [p= 211,2] [L=36417]
-spśati , to touch above , reach up to , touch RV. AV.  ; 
to touch softly , caress
S3Br. AitBr. A1s3vS3r. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c  ; 
(with or without
apa or jalam &c ) to touch water (for ablution) , wash , bathe (as a religious ceremony)  ; 
to sip water (from the palm of the hand ; it is not the custom to spit out the water after sipping it)
S3Br. A1s3vS3r. & A1s3vGr2. MBh. Ya1jn5. Mn. &c  ; 
to touch certain parts of one's body (
acc.) with water (instr.) Mn. iv , 143  ; 
(also without the
instr.) Mn. v , 138  ; 
(or without the
acc.) MBh. : Caus. -sparśayati , to cause to touch water or wash the hands S3Br. iii.
upa-spṛ́ś 2 [L=36426]
touching AV. xx , 127 , 2
upa-spṛ́ś 2 [L=36427]
(k) (scil. stuti) " the touching or affecting verse " , N. of the verse RV. x , 22 , 13.
(H1) P.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) f.
 upahan
upa- √ han [L=36446]
-hanti A1. -jighnate , to beat , hit at , strike , touch RV. vi , 75 , 13 S3Br. vi , xiv La1t2y. A1s3vGr2. MBh. ii  ; 
to stick on , put on , force in , ram
TS. ii TBr. i S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.  ; 
to take hold of , seize , take out
 ; 
to hit , hurt , damage , visit , afflict , impede , spoil
TBr. iii AitBr. MBh. Mn. &c  ; 
to make a mistake in reciting , blunder
AitBr. iii , 35 , 3 S3a1n3khBr. : Pass. -hanyate ib. TS. vii , 3 , 1 , 1 ; 2.
(H1) P.
 upālabh
upā* - √ labh [p= 214,2] [L=36778]
-labhate , to touch S3Br.  ; 
to lay hold of , seize (a sacrificial animal in order to kill it) , kill , slaughter
 ; 
to censure , reproach , revile , scold
ChUp. MBh. S3ak. S3is3. &c
(H1) A1.
 upopaparāmś
upo* pa-parā- √ mś [p= 216,2] [L=37034]
(Impv. 2. sg. -mśa) to touch closely RV. i , 126 , 7.
(H1) P.
 kasa
kasa 1 [p= 266,1] [L=46862]
Pa1n2. 3-1 , 140.
kasa 2 [L=46866]
(= kaa) a touch stone Sch. on L.
(H2) mfn.
(H1) m.
 gha
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 33.49
Whitney Roots links: Gaw
gha [p= 375,1] [L=69219]
°ate (exceptionally P. °ti MBh. iii , 14703 Vet. ii , 9÷10 ; jaghae , ghaiyate [ Naish. ] , aghaiṣṭa Bhat2t2. ) , to be intently occupied about , be busy with , strive or endeavour after , exert one's self for (loc. dat. acc. [ MBh. iii , 14703] , prati , -artham and arthe ; inf. Pa1n2. 3-4 , 65 Bhat2t2. )  ; 
to reach , come to (
loc.) Vet. ii , 9÷10  ; 
to fall to the share of (
loc.) Naish. x , 47  ; 
to take effect , answer
Katha1s. cxxiv Ra1jat. vi , 361  ; 
to happen , take place , be possible , suit
BhP. Hcar. S3is3. ix , 4 Ratna7v. Naish. Sarvad. &c  ; 
to be in connection or united with (
instr.) Ma1lati1m. ii , 8 Das3. viii , 34 Ra1jat. iv , 617  ; 
(for √
ghaṭṭ) to hurt with words , speak of malignantly Hariv. ii , 1 , 31 : Caus. P. ghaayati ( Pa1n2. 6-4 , 92 ; exceptionally A1. °te Ra1jat. iv , 543) , to join together , connect , bring together , unite Sus3r. S3is3. ix , 87 Naish. i , 46 Ratna7v.  ; 
to shut
Hcar. v , 253 (v.l.)  ; 
to put or place or lay on (
loc.) Gi1t. v , vii , xii  ; 
to bring near , procure
Bhartr2. iii , 18 Amar. Katha1s. xviii Vet.  ; 
to effect , accomplish , produce , make , form , fashion
Mr2icch. VarBr2. Pan5cat. &c  ; 
to do a service (
acc.) to any one (gen.) Ra1jat. v , 543  ; 
to impel
Bhat2t2. x , 73  ; 
to exert one's self
MBh. iii , 14702  ; 
(for √
ghaṭṭ , Caus.) to rub , graze , touch , move , agitate iv , vi (C) , vii , xii ( 5363 , C) : Caus. ghāayati , to hurt , injure Dha1tup. xxxiii , 49  ; 
to unite or put together
ib.  ; 
" to speak " or " to shine "
93.
(H1) cl.1 A1.
 ghaṭṭ
Whitney Roots links: Gaww
ghaṭṭ [p= 375,3] [L=69346]
°ṭṭate » vi- , sa-: cl.10 P. °ṭṭayati , to rub (the hands) over , touch , shake , cause to move Hariv. 6473 Sus3r. Ka1vya7d. iii , 110  ; 
to stir round
Sus3r. iv , 14 , 8  ; 
to have a bad effect or influence on (
acc.) Car. viii , 7 , 28  ; 
(
cf.gha) to hurt with words , speak of malignantly MBh. vi , 2894 (B) ; xii , 5363 (B) Hariv. 3210 (pr. p. °ṭṭayāna).
(H1) cl.1 A1.
 ghorasasparśa
ghorá--sasparśa [p= 379,3] [L=70206]
terrible to the touch AitBr. iii , 4 , 6

°tama) S3a1n3khBr. i , 1.
(H3) mfn.
[L=70207](superl.
 cumb
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 32.91
Whitney Roots links: cumb
cumb 1 [p= 400,2] [L=74626]
to hurt Dha1tup.
cumb 2 [L=74627]
°bati (exceptionally A1. Pan5cat. iv , 7 ; pf. cucumba ; Pass. p. °byamāna Dhu1rtas. ) , to kiss MBh. Hariv. &c  ; 
to touch with the mouth
MBh. viii , 5954  ; 
to touch closely or softly:
Caus. cumbayati , to cause to kiss Das3. vi , 6  ; 
to kiss
Dha1tup. xxxii , 91 (v.l.)
(H1) cl.10.
(H1) cl.1.
 chup
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 28.125
chup [p= 407,1] [L=76078]
°pati (cf. Pa1n2. 7-2 , 10 Ka1r. ) to touch Dha1tup. xxviii , 125 : Intens. cocchupyate Pa1n2. 7-4 , 83 Va1rtt. 2 Pat.  ; 
cf. a-cchuptā.
(H1) cl.6.
 chupa
chupa [L=76079]
touch L.

L.

L.

L.
(H2) m.
[L=76080]a shrub , bush
[L=76081]air , wind
[L=76082]combat
 tripratihāram
tri--pratihāram [p= 461,3] [L=88550]
so as to touch thrice Kaus3.
(H3) ind.
 tvagindriya
tvag--indriya [p= 463,3] [L=89033]
the sense of touch W.
(H3) n.
 dusparśa
du--sparśa [p= 483,2] [L=93382]
difficult to be touched or unpleasant to the touch MBh. BhP.
du--sparśa [L=93383]
Alhagi Maurorum (also °śaka , Ca1r. ??)
du--sparśa [L=93384]
Guilandina Bonduc L.
du--sparśa [L=93386]
Solanum Jacquini
du--sparśa [L=93387]
Mucuna Pruritus
du--sparśa [L=93388]
Cassyta Filiformis Sus3r. Bhpr. L.
(H3) mfn.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
 dukhasasparśa
dukhá--sasparśa [p= 483,3] [L=93460]
unpleasant to the touch MBh. v , 2046.
(H3) mfn.
 dvīndriya
dvī* ndriya [p= 506,1] [L=98788]
2 organs of sense (-grāhya mfn. perceptible by 2 senses , sc. sight and touch Bha1sha1p. )
dvī* ndriya [L=98789]
having 2 senses (touch and taste) L.
(H3) n.
(H3B) mfn.
 nis
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 24.15
Whitney Roots links: niMs
nis [p= 538,3] [L=106315]
( Dha1tup. xxiv , 15) niste Bhat2t2. (nisate , nisata and p. sāna RV. ; nisse,nissva Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 8-3 , 58 ; pf. ninise aor. anisiṣṭa fut. nisiyate , nisitā , Gr.) to touch closely , kiss , salute. (Perhaps fr. ninas , Desid. of √ nam , like lips fr. li-laps cf.nik.)
(H1) cl.2 A1.
 nispś
ni- √ spś [p= 564,2] [L=111113]
-spśati (Vedic inf. -spṛ́śe) , to touch softly , caress , fondle RV.
(H1) P.
 nihan
ni- √ han [p= 564,3] [p= 564,2] [L=111134]
-hanti (Impv. -jahi RV. ; p. -ghná TS. &c ; 3- sg. A1. -jighnate RV. ; p. jighnamāna MBh. ; pf. -jaghāna RV. &c ; 3. pl. -jaghnur , °nire MBh. R. ; fut. -haniyati , °te , -hasyati MBh. ; p. -haniyát RV. ; ind.p. -hatya Ka1tyS3r. [cf. a-nihatya] ; inf. -hantave RV. ; -hantum R. ) , to strike or fix in , hurl in or upon or against (loc.) RV. &c  ; 
to make an attempt upon , attack , assail (
acc. loc. or gen.) AV. Ka1tyS3r. MBh.  ; 
to strike or hew down (also -mow
L. ), kill , overwhelm , destroy RV. &c &c (also applied to planets Var. )  ; 
to hit , touch (
lit. and fig.) MBh. BhP.  ; 
to beat (a drum)
Bhat2t2.  ; 
to punish , visit , afflict
Ka1v. Pur.  ; 
to attach to (
Pass. -hanyate , to be fixed upon , with loc.) AV.  ; 
to drop , lower , let sink (hands , wings
&c ) AV. VPra1t.  ; 
to speak with the unaccented tone
i.e. with the anudātta RPra1t. A1s3vS3r.  ; 
(in
arithm.) to multiply A1ryabh. Comm. Caus. » ni-ghāta , °taya.
ni-° han [L=111136]
a killer , destroyer (ifc.) MBh. R.
(H1) P.
(H3) m.
 parāmś
parā- √ mś [p= 590,2] [L=116890]
-mśati (inf. -marṣṭum ind.p. -mśya) , to seize or lay hold of , touch , feel , stroke , handle , clutch S3a1n3khS3r. MBh. &c  ; 
to handle roughly , violate (as a woman or a temple)
MBh. R.  ; 
to point or refer to (
acc.) S3am2k. Ni1lak.  ; 
to consider , deliberate
Bha1m. : Pass. -mśyate , to be touched , be referred to or meant Ka1s3. Kull. (w.r. -mṛṣ°).
(H1) P.
 parāhan
parā- √ han [p= 591,2] [L=117004]
-hanti (impf. 2. 3. sg. párā*han pf. 3. pl. parā-jaghnúr) , to strike down or away , hurl down , overthrow RV. MBh.  ; 
to touch , feel , grope
VS. S3Br.
(H1) P.
 paricumb
pari- √ cumb [p= 594,1] [L=117425]
-cumbati (ind.p. -cumbya) , to kiss heartily or passionately , cover with kisses Ka1v.  ; 
to touch closely
ib.
(H1) P.
 parita
pari- √ ta [p= 595,1] [L=117628]
-tāayati , to strike against , touch Katha1s.
(H1) P.
 parimilana
pari-milana [p= 599,1] [L=118264]
( √ mil) touch , contact Ratna7v.
(H1) n.
 parimj
pari- √ mj [p= 599,2] [L=118296]
-mārṣṭi , -mjati , -mārjati , mārjayati (rarely A1. e.g. Pot. -mjīta Gobh. ; ind.p. -mjya ; inf. -mārṣṭum , or -mārjitum) , to wipe all round , wash , cleanse , purify RV. &c  ; 
(with
cakuī) to wipe tears from the eyes MBh. R.  ; 
(also
A1.) to cleanse or rinse the mouth , Gant. A1past. Gobh. MBh.  ; 
to touch lightly , stroke
MBh.  ; 
to wipe off or away , remove , efface , get rid of (
acc.) R. Ka1lid. BhP. : Pass. -mjyate , to be rubbed or worn out by use (as teeth) MBh. xii , 5303 : Intens. -marmjyate , to sweep over (acc.) RV. i , 95 , 8 ( Sa1y. " to cover with radiance ") . 2.
pari-mj [L=118305]
washing , cleaning (in kaśa-pari-mj) Pa1n2. 8-2 , 36 Sch.
(H1) P.
(H3) mfn.
 parimārga
pari-mārga [p= 599,1] [L=118258]
(for 2. » pari-mj) searching about Prata1p.
pari-mārga [p= 599,2] [L=118297]
(for 1. » pari-mārg) wiping , cleaning

W.
(H3) m.
(H3) m.
[L=118297.1]friction , touch
 parimś
pari- √ mś [L=118318]
-mśati , °te (pf. -mamarśa ; 3. pl. [ RV. ] -māmśu ; aor. -amkat ; ind.p. -mśya) , to touch , grasp , seize RV. &c  ; 
to examine , consider , inquire into
ib.  ; 
to observe , discover
BhP. : Pass. -mśyate (with pavanais) , to be touched i.e. fanned by the wind Sus3r.  ; 
to be considered
MBh. : Intens. -marmśat , to encompass , clasp , embrace RV.
(H1) P. A1.
 pariśīlana
pari-śīlana [p= 602,2] [L=118793]
touch , contact (lit. and fig.) , intercourse with , application or attachment to , pursuit of (comp.) , constant occupation , study Ka1v. Sa1h.
(H3) n.
 parivaga
pari-vaga [p= 603,2] [L=118939]
embracing , an embrace MBh. R. &c

comp.) Ka1m. Hit.

of a son of devakī BhP.
(H3) m.
[L=118940]touch , contact with (
[L=118941]N.
 parisaspś
pari-sa- √ spś [p= 603,3] [L=118962]
-spśati , to touch at different places , stroke MBh. R.
(H1) P.
 parispś
pari- √ spś [p= 604,2] [L=119080]
-spśati (pf. 3. pl. -paspśire) , to touch , stroke MBh. R.  ; 
to pursue , practise
HParis3.
pari-spś [L=119081]
(ifc.) touching HParis3.
(H1) P.
(H3) mfn.
 paryupaspś
pary-upa- √ spś [p= 608,3] [L=119889]
ind.p. -spśya) , to touch or use (water) for the use of ablution or bathing MBh.
(H1) (only
 pa
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 21.22
pa [p= 612,3] [L=120776]
paati , °te (v.l. for spaś Dha1tup. xxi , 22)  ; 
cl.10. P. paayati , to bind , to hinder , to touch , to go xxxv , 10  ; 
ayati , to bind (v.l. for paś , xxxiii , 45.) .
(H1) cl.1. P. A1.
 pispku
pispku [p= 629,1] [L=124601]
( √ sps) wishing or being about to touch

jalam , or salilam) being about to rinse the mouth or to perform ablutions MBh. R.
(H1) mfn.
[L=124602](with
 pkti
pkti [p= 645,2] [L=128318]
touch , contact L.
(H2) f.
 pṛṣṭi
pṛṣṭí 1 [p= 647,3] [L=128814]
a rib (cf. parśu) RV. AV. (°ī , xi , 1 , 34) VS. S3Br.
pṛṣṭi 2 [L=128820]
touch L. (cf. spṛṣṭi)

L. (cf. pśni).
pṛṣṭi 3 [L=128822]
pṛṣṭha Pan5cad. Kaus3. Sch.
(H1) f.
(H1) f.
[L=128821]a ray of light
(H1) =
 praidhā
pra-i- √ dhā [p= 660,1] [L=131143]
Pa1n2. 8-4 , 17) P. A1. -dadhāti , -dhatte , to place in front , cause to precede MBh.  ; 
to put down , deposit
ib.  ; 
to place in , bring into (
loc.) ib.  ; 
to set (a gem) in (
loc.) Hit.  ; 
to put on , apply
Sus3r.  ; 
to touch
MBh.  ; 
to turn or direct (the eyes or thoughts) upon (
loc.) MBh. Hariv. &c (with manas and inf. " to resolve upon " Bhat2t2. ; scil. manas , " to give the whole attention to , reflect , consider " MBh. ; ātma praidhīyatām , " one must think " ib.)  ; 
to send out or employ (a spy or emissary) , to spy
MBh. R.  ; 
to find out or ascertain anything (
acc.) to be (acc.) MBh.
(H1) (
 pratis
prati- √ s [p= 672,3] [L=133433]
-sarati (ind.p. -sāram S3a1n3khBr. ) , to go against , rush upon , attack , assail (acc.) Hariv.  ; 
to return , go home
BhP.  ; 
to go round or from place to place (not only on the main road)
TS. : Caus. -sārayati , to cause to go back Car.  ; 
to put back again , restore to its place
Ka1lid.  ; 
to spread over , tip or touch with (
instr.) Sus3r.  ; 
to put asunder , sever , separate
SaddhP. : Pass. to void or emit per anum (?) Sus3r.
(H1) P.
 pratihāra
prati-hāra [p= 673,1] [L=133529]
striking against , touch , contact (esp. of the tongue with the teeth in the pronunciation of the dentals) RPra1t.

a-pr°) Ta1n2d2Br.

of partic. syllables in the sāman hymns (with which the pratihart begins to join in singing , generally at the beginning of the last pada of a stanza ; also pratī-h° AV. S3a1n3khBr. ) Br. S3rS. &c

of a partic. magical formula spoken over weapons R. (v.l. °ra-tara)

pratī-h° L. ; cf. comp. below)

Hariv. Ka1v. Pur. &c (also pratī-h° ; du. two door-keeper i.e. two statues at the entrance of a temple VarBr2S. ; f(ī). a female door-keeper , portress , Priyad. )

L.

L.
(H2) m.
[L=133530]shutting , closing , stopping (
[L=133531]N.
[L=133532]N.
[L=133533](that which keeps back) , a door , gate (also
[L=133534]a door-keeper , porter
[L=133535]a juggler
[L=133536]juggling , trick , disguise
 pratyabhimś
praty-abhi- √ mś [p= 675,3] [L=134031]
-mśati , to stroke or rub over , touch , lay hold of Gobh. Vait.
(H1) P.
 pratyavamś
praty-ava- √ mś [p= 676,1] [L=134077]
-mśati , to touch Kaus3.  ; 
to reflect , meditate
Das3. BhP.
(H1) P.
 pratyupaspś
praty-upa- √ spś [p= 678,2] [L=134424]
-spśati , to touch or sip again (water for internal ablution) Gobh.
(H1) P.
 pramś
pra- √ mś [p= 687,2] [L=136110]
-mśati , to lay hold of touch , handle AV. S3Br. Katha1s. (to reflect , consider , deliberate Mahi1dh. )
(H1) P.
 priyagu
priyágu [p= 711,1] [L=140686]
panic seed , Panicum Italicum VS. TS. Br. Kaus3.

Odorata L.

Ramosa MBh. Katha1s.

L.

priyagu and described in some places as a fragrant seed) L.

partic. creeper (said to put forth blossoms at the touch of women) MBh. Ka1v. &c

MW.
priyágu [L=140693]
(prob.) panic seed or mustard seed Sus3r. Bhpr.
priyágu [L=140694]
saffron L.
(H2) mf.
[L=140687]Aglaia
[L=140688]Sinapis
[L=140689]long pepper
[L=140690]a medicinal plant and perfume (commonly called
[L=140691]a
[L=140692]Italian millet
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 magalālambhanīya
magalā* lambhanīya [p= 773,1] [L=154258]
an object whose touch is auspicious R.
(H3) n.
 md
Whitney Roots links: mfd
md 1 [p= 830,1] [L=167219]
cf.mrad and mṛḍ) cl.9 P. mdnāti (cl.1. P. A1. márdati , °te MBh. ; cf. Naigh. ii , 14 ; pf. P. mamarda , 3. pl. mamduh. or mamardu A1. mamde MBh. ; aor. , amaradīt Gr. ; fut. , mardiyati , °te ib. ; inf. marditum MBh. ; °tos Br. ; -mradé ib. ; ind.p. , mriditvā Pa1n2. 1-2 , 7 ; mṛ́dya Br. &c ; -mardam Ka1v. ) , to press , squeeze , crush , pound , smash , trample down , tread upon , destroy , waste , ravage , kill , slay MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to rub , stroke , wipe (
e.g. the forehead) ib.  ; 
to rub into , mingle with (
instr.) Sus3r.  ; 
to rub against , touch , pass through (a constellation)
VarBr2S.  ; 
to overcome , surpass
Bhat2t2. : Caus. mardayati (mc. also °te ; aor. amīmridat or amamardat) , to press or squeeze hard , crush , break , trample down , oppress , torment , plague , destroy , kill MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to rub
Ka1v. Katha1s.  ; 
to cause to be trampled down
Ka1tyS3r. Sch.: Desid. mimardiati , to desire to crush or pound MBh. Intens. marmartti (only Impv. °ttu RV. ii , 23 , 6) , to crush , grind down , destroy  ; 
marīmartti and marimdyate Gr. ([cf. Gk. -μαλδ-ύνω and under mdu.])
mṛ́d 2 [p= 830,2] [L=167259]
earth , soil , clay , loam VS. &c , &c

Mn. v , 136

L.

L.
(H1) (
(H2) f.
[L=167260]a piece of earth , lump of clay
[L=167261]a kind of fragrant earth
[L=167262]aluminous slate
 mdusparśa
mdú--sparśa [p= 830,3] [L=167367]
(ā)n. soft to the touch MBh. Ka1v.
(H3) mf
 mś
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 28.131
Whitney Roots links: mfS
mś 1 [p= 831,1] [L=167423]
mṛṣ) cl.6 P. ( Dha1tup. xxviii , 131) mśáti (rarely A. °te ; pf. P. mamarśa , mamśu MBh. ; māmśu RV. ; A1. mamśe. Br. ; aor. ámkat RV. &c ; amārkīt or amrākīt Gr. ; fut. marṣṭā , mraṣṭā ib. ; marktati,mrakyati ib. ; inf. marṣṭum MBh. &c ; -mṛ́śe RV. ; ind.p. -mśya ib. ; -marśam Br. ) , to touch , stroke , handle AV.  ; 
to touch mentally , consider , reflect , deliberate
BhP. : Intens. , marmśat (» abhi-mś) RV.  ; 
marīmśyate (?) , to seize , grasp S3Br. [cf. Lat. mulceo.]
mś 2 [L=167424]
ifc.) one who strokes or touches MW.
(H1) (often confounded with √ 1.
(H2) (
 yad
yád [p= 844,2] [L=170148]
nom. and acc. sg. n. and base in comp. of 3. ya) , who , which , what , whichever , whatever , that RV. &c &c (with correlatives tad , tyad , etad , idam , adas , tad etad , etad tyad , ida tad , tad idam , tādśa , īdśa , īdś , etāvad , by which it is oftener followed than preceded ; or the correl. is dropped e.g. yas tu nā*rabhate karma kipram bhavati nirdravya , " [he] indeed who does not begin work soon becomes poor " R. ; or the rel. is dropped e.g. andhakam bhartāra na tyajet sā mahā-satī , " she who does not desert a blind husband is a very faithful wife " Vet. yad is often repeated to express " whoever " , " whatever " , " whichever " , e.g. yo ya , " whatever man " ; yā yā , " whatever woman " ; yo yaj jayati tasya tat , " whatever he wins [in war] belongs to him " Mn. vii , 96 ; yad yad vadati tad tad bhavati , " whatever he says is true " , or the two relatives may be separated by hi , and are followed by the doubled or single correl. tad e.g. upyate yad dhi yad bījam tat tad eva prarohati , " whatever seed is sown , that even comes forth " Mn. ix , 40 ; similar indefinite meanings are expressed by the relative joined with tad e.g. yasmai tasmai , " to any one whatever " , esp. in yadvā tadvā , " anything whatever " ; or by ya with kaśca , kaścana , kaścit , or [in later language , not in manu] ko'pi e.g. ya kaścit , " whosoever " ; yāni kāni ca mitrāi , " any friends whatsoever " ; yena kenā*py upā*yena , " by any means whatsoever. " yad is joined with tvad to express generalization e.g. śūdrās tvad yās tvad , " either the śūdras or anybody else " S3Br. ; or immediately followed by a pers. pron. on which it lays emphasis e.g. yo 'ham , " I that very person who " ; yas tva katha vettha , " how do you know? " S3Br. ; it is also used in the sense of " si quis " e.g. striya spśed ya , " should any one touch a woman. " yad is also used without the copula e.g. andho jaaha sarpī saptatyā sthaviraśca ya , " a blind man , an idiot , a cripple , and a man seventy years old " Mn. viii , 394 ; sometimes there is a change of construction in such cases e.g. ye ca mānuā for mānuāś-ca Mn. x , 86 ; the nom. sg. n. yad is then often used without regard to gender or number and may be translated by " as regards " , " as for " , e.g. katra vā etad vanaspatīnā yan nyag-rodha , " as for the nyag-rodha , it is certainly the prince among trees " AitBr. ; or by " that is to say " , " to wit " e.g. tato devā eta vajra dadśur yad apa , " the gods then saw this thunderbolt , to wit , the water " S3Br. yad as an adv. conjunction generally = " that " , esp. after verbs of saying , thinking &c , often introducing an oratio directa with or without iti ; iti yad , at the end of a sentence = " thinking that " , " under the impression that " e.g. Ratna7v. ii , 2÷8. yad also = " so that " , " in order that " , " wherefore " , " whence " , " as " , " in as much as " , " since " , " because " [the correlative being tad , " therefore "] , " when " , " if " RV. &c ; ádha yád , " even if " , " although " RV. yad api id. Megh. yad u - evam , " as - so " S3vetUp. ; yad uta , " that " Ba1lar. ; " that is to say " , " scilicet " Ka1ran2d2. DivyA7v. ; yat kila , " that " Prasannar. ; yac ca , " if " , " that is to say " Car. ; yac ca-yac ca , " both - and " DivyA7v. ; " that " [accord. to Pa1n2. 3-3 , 148 after expressions of " impossibility " , " disbelief " , " hope " , " disregard " , " reproach " and , " wonder "] ; yad vā , " or else " , " whether " Ka1v. Ra1jat. ; [yad vā , " or else " , is very often in commentators] ; " however " Ba1lar. ; yad vā - yadi vā , " if-or it " Bhag. ; yad bhūyasā , " for the most part " DivyA7v. ; yat satyam , " certainly " , " indeed " , " of course " Mr2icch. Ratna7v. ; yan nu , with 1st pers. , " what if I " , " let me " DivyA7v. )
yád [L=170148.1]
= purua Tattvas.
(H1) (
(H1B) m.
 rasendra
rase* ndra [p= 870,3] [L=175797]
" chief of fluids " , quicksilver Can2d2.

W.
(H3) m.
[L=175798]the philosopher's stone (the touch of which turns iron to gold)
 rākavājinasasparśa
kavā* jina---sasparśa [p= 872,3] [L=176237]
the touch of a woollen skin MBh.
(H4) m.
 rudh
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 29.1
Whitney Roots links: ruD1, ruD2
rudh 1 [p= 884,1] [L=178751]
cf. √1. ruh , of which this seems to be only another form) cl.1 P. ródhati , to sprout , shoot , grow (only ródhati RV. viii , 43 , 6 ; and viródhat , i , 67 , 9 ; accord. to some also p. rudhat , i , 179 , 4 , in nadásya rudhatá kā́ma , " the desire of the growing reed " i.e. of the membrum virile ; others , " of the husband who keeps me away " , fr. √2. rudh ; cf. also nada).
rudh 2 [p= 884,2] [p= 884,1] [L=178755]
( Dha1tup. xxix , 1) ruáddhi , runddhé (1. pl. -rudhmas AV. ; rundhati,°te Br. &c ; rodhati MBh. pf. rurodha,rurudhe RV. &c ; rurundhatu MBh. ; aor. araut AV. ; arautsīt Br. &c ; rotsīs Up. ; arutsi,aruddha Br. Up. ; arautsi AitBr. ; arodham RV. ; arudhma MaitrS. ; p. rudhát cf. √1. rudh ; arudhat RV. &c ; Prec. rudhyāt Ka1v. ; fut. roddhā Gr. ; rotsyati,°te Br. &c inf. roddhum or rodhitum MBh. ; roddhos Br. ; ind.p. ruddhvā MBh. &c ; -rúdhya RV. &c ; -rundhya MBh. ; -rúdham AV. Br. ; -rúndham Br. ; -ro*dham ib.) , to obstruct , check , arrest , stop , restrain , prevent , keep back , withhold RV. (always with na) , &c  ; 
to avert , keep off , repel
Bhat2t2. (cf. rudhat under √1. rudh)  ; 
to shut , lock up , confine in (
loc.) Mn. MBh. &c (accord. to Vop. also with double acc.)  ; 
to besiege , blockade , invest
Pat. MBh. &c  ; 
to close , block up (a path)
R.  ; 
to cover , conceal , veil , obscure
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to stop up , fill
ib.  ; 
to lay (dust)
Ragh.  ; 
to touch , move (the heart)
Ba1lar.  ; 
to torment , harass
R.  ; 
to lose , be deprived of (
acc.) TS. S3Br.  ; 
to tear , rend asunder (?)
AV. xix , 29 , 3 : Caus. rodhayati (ep. also °te and rundhayati ; aor. arūrudhat ; Pass. rodhyate) , to stop , arrest MBh.  ; 
to cause to be confined by (
acc.) Pan5car.  ; 
to cause to be besieged by (
instr.) Ragh.  ; 
to close (with a cover or lid)
Bhpr.  ; 
to fetter , enchain , influence
BhP.  ; 
to oppress , torment , harass
MBh. R. : Desid. rorutsate ( Br. ) , °ti ( MBh. ) , to wish to obstruct &c : Intens. rorudhyate , roroddhi , to obstruct intensely or repeatedly &c Gr. (only rorudha MBh. )
rudh 3 [L=178777]
ifc.) impeding , holding (» kara-r°).
rudh 4 [L=178823]
(H1) (
(H1) cl.7 P. A1.
(H2) (
(H1) prob. a root of this form once existed with a meaning " to be red. "
 likh
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 28.72
Whitney Roots links: liK
likh [p= 901,1] [L=182337]
cf. the earlier form √ rikh) cl.6 P. ( Dha1tup. xxviii , 72) likháti (rarely A1. °te ; pf. lilékha Br. &c ; aor. alekhīt ib. ; fut. lekhitā , lekhiyati Gr. ; likhiyati Hariv. ; inf. lekhitum , or likhitum Gr. ; ind.p. lekhitvā ib. ; likhitvā Hariv. ; -líkhya Br. &c ) , to scratch , scrape , furrow , tear up (the ground) AV. &c  ; 
to pick , peck (said of birds).
VarBr2S. Hit.  ; 
to scarify , lance
Sus3r.  ; 
to produce by scratching
&c , draw a line (with or scil. lekhām) , engrave , inscribe , write , copy , trace , sketch , delineate , paint Br. &c  ; 
to make smooth , polish
Ma1rkP.  ; 
to graze , touch
MW.  ; 
to unite sexually with a female(?)
MBh. xiii , 2456 ( Ni1lak. ) : Pass. likhyate (aor. alekhi) , to be written Katha1s. Pan5cat. : Caus. lekhayati (or likhāpayati ; aor. alīlikhat) , to cause to scratch or write or copy or paint S3a1n3khS3r. Mn. &c  ; 
to scratch , lance
Sus3r.  ; 
to write , paint
Ya1jn5. : Desid. lilikhiati or lilekhiati Pa1n2. 1-2 , 26. [cf. Gk. ρείκω ; Lith. re14kti , " to cut. "]
(H1) (
 luh
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 28.87, 28.9, 32.27, 9.52
Whitney Roots links: luW1, luW2
luh 1 [p= 904,1] [L=182907]
lohati (pf. luloha &c ) , to strike , knock down Dha1tup. ix , 52 to roll , wallow Dharmas3. (» √2. luh)  ; 
cl.1. A1. lohate (pf. luluhe ; aor. aluhat , alohiṣṭa Pa1n2. 1-3 , 91) to resist  ; 
to suffer pain
Dha1tup. xxviii , 9  ; 
to go
Naigh. ii , 14: Caus. or cl.10 P. lohayati , to rob , pillage , sack Dha1tup. xxxii , 27 Vop.
luh 2 [L=182908]
( Dha1tup. xxviii , 87) luhati (pf. luloha Hit. ; aor. alohīt , °hiṣṭa Gr. ; fut. luhitā , lohiyati ib.) , to roll , move about or to and fro , wallow , welter , flutter , dangle Ka1v. Pur. Ra1jat. &c  ; 
to roll down from (
abl.) HParis3.  ; 
to touch
BhP.  ; 
to agitate , move , stir
ib. : Caus. lohayati (aor. alūluhat or alulohat) , to set in motion , stir , agitate BhP. Sch.  ; 
to sound , make resound
Viddh.  ; 
to deal blows round about
Bhat2t2. : Desid.: luluhiate , to wish to roll , be on the point of rolling Pat. : Intens. loluhīti , to roll about (said of a drunken man) Ba1lar.
(H1) cl.1. P.
(H1) cl.6 P.
 vāyulakaa
vāyú--lakaa [p= 942,3] [L=191335]
the character or property of air (viz. touch) MW.

of wk.
(H3) n.
[L=191336]N.
 vimarda
vi-marda [p= 979,3] [L=198645]
» under vimdandvi-mś , [p= 981,1].
vi-marda [p= 981,1] [L=198876]
crushing , bruising , grinding , pounding , rubbing , friction MBh. Ka1v. &c

Ratna7v.

MBh. Ka1v. &c

ib.

Mr2icch. Hit.

Sa1m2khyak.

R.

Su1ryas. VarBr2S.

MW.

W.

Sophora L.

of a prince Ma1rkP.
(H1) vi-marśa
(H2) m.
[L=198877]trampling
[L=198878]hostile encounter , conflict , scuffle , fight , war , tumult
[L=198879]laying waste , devastation , destruction
[L=198880]interruption , disturbance
[L=198881]touch , contact
[L=198882]refusal , rejection
[L=198883]complete obscuration , total eclipse
[L=198884]weariness , tediousness
[L=198885]the trituration of perfumes
[L=198886]Cassia
[L=198887]N.
 vimś
vi- √ mś [L=198917]
vi-mṛṣ) P. -mśati , to touch (with the hands) , stroke , feel MBh. R.  ; 
to touch (mentally) , be sensible or aware of , perceive , consider , reflect on , deliberate about
RV. &c  ; 
to investigate , examine , try , test
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
(with
inf.) to hesitate about doing anything Sa1h. : Caus. -marśayati , to ponder , reflect on , consider Ka1v. Pan5cat. BhP.
(H1) (often confounded with
 vilikh
vi- √ likh [p= 985,2] [L=199714]
-likhati (Ved. inf. -likhas ; cf. Pa1n2. 3-4 , 13 Sch.) , to scratch , scrape , tear up , lacerate La1t2y. MBh. &c  ; 
to rub against , reach to , touch
Hariv.  ; 
to wound (the heart)
i.e. vex , offend S3Br.  ; 
to scratch in or on , make a furrow or mark , write , delineate , paint
Gol. MBh. &c  ; 
(in medicine) to tear up
i.e. stir up (phlegm &c ) Car. : Caus. -lekhayati , or -likhāpayati , to cause to scratch or write , Kr2ishn2aj. ??
(H1) P.
 viśada
vi-śada [p= 989,3] [L=200424]
(ā)n. (prob. fr. √1. śad) " conspicuous " , bright , brilliant , shining , splendid , beautiful , white , spotless , pure (lit. and fig. ; am ind.) MBh. Ka1v. &c

Ka1lid. S3is3. Ra1jat.

compar. -tara) Hariv. Mr2icch. Ra1jat.

MBh. Sus3r.

ifc.) skilled or dexterous in , fit for Mr2icch. i , 9

Sus3r.
vi-śada [L=200430]
white (the colour) L.
vi-śada [L=200431]
N. of a king (the son of jayad-ratha) BhP.
vi-śada [L=200432]
yellowish sulphurate of iron L.
(H1) mf
[L=200425]calm , easy , cheerful (as the mind , the eye , a smile)
[L=200426]clear , evident , manifest , intelligible (
[L=200427]tender , soft (to the touch ; as food , wind , odour)
[L=200428](
[L=200429]endowed with
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
 vyanvārabh
vy-anv-ā- √ rabh [p= 1031,2] [L=208711]
-rabhate , to lay hold of or touch on both sides AitBr.
(H1) A1.
 vyālikh
vy-ā- √ likh [p= 1038,3] [L=209985]
-likhati , to scratch at or upon , scrape against , touch , graze Kir.  ; 
to draw lines , write
Cat.
(H1) P.
 śabdasparśarasa
śábda--sparśa-rasa [p= 1053,2] [L=212837]
sound and touch and taste R.
(H3) m. pl.
 śiras
śíras [p= 1072,2] [L=217079]
(prob. originally śaras = karas ; and connected with karaka q.v.) the head , skull (acc. with √ , " to give up one's head i.e. life " ; with √ dh , or √ vah , " to hold up one's head , be proud " ; with Caus. of √ vt or with upa-sthā , " to hold out the head " , " acknowledge one's self guilty " » śiro*pasthāyin ; instr. with √ grah , √ dhā , √ dh , vi-dh , √ bh , √ vah , or √ k , " to hold or carry or place on the head , receive deferentially " ; instr. with √ gam , abhi-gam , pra-grah , √ , pra-am [ √ nam] , ni-pat , pra-i-pat , " to touch with the head , bow or fall down before " ; loc. with √ k or ni-dhā , " to place on one's head " ; loc. with √ sthā , " to be on or stand over a person's head , stand far above [gen.] ") RV. &c

MBh. Ka1v. &c

S3is3.

VarBr2S.

ifc.) the head , leader , chief , foremost , first (of a class) BhP.

of the verse āpo jyotir āpo 'mtam Baudh. Vishn2. &c

sāman (also with indrasya) A1rshBr. La1t2y.

Buddh. [cf. śīran ; Gk. κέρας , κάρη &c ; Lat. cerebrum for ceresrum , cornu ; Germ. hirni , Hirn ; Eng. horn.]
(H1) n.
[L=217080]the upper end or highest part of anything , top , peak , summit , pinnacle , acme
[L=217081]the forepart or van (of an army)
[L=217082]the beginning (of a verse)
[L=217083](
[L=217084]N.
[L=217085]of a
[L=217086]of a mountain
 śivābhimarśana
śivā* bhimarśana [p= 1075,3] [L=217895]
one whose touch is auspicious or beneficial RV.
(H3) mfn.
 śītasasparśa
śītá--sasparśa [p= 1078,1] [L=218383]
cool to the touch R.
(H3) mfn.
 śītalasparśa
śītala--sparśa [p= 1078,2] [L=218480]
cold to the touch R.
(H3) mfn.
 śūdrasasparśa
śūdrá--sasparśa [p= 1086,1] [L=220224]
the touch of a śūdra Mn. v , 104.
(H3) m.
 śūdrodaka
śūdro* daka [L=220240]
water polluted by the touch of a śūdra MW.
(H3) n.
 salikh
sa- √ likh [p= 1113,3] [L=225945]
-likhati , to scratch , scarify Sus3r.  ; 
to write , engrave , inscribe
Pan5car.  ; 
to touch , strike , play upon (a musical instrument)
La1t2y.
(H1) P.
 saspś
sa- √ spś [p= 1122,1] [L=227296]
-spśati (rarely A1. °te) , to touch , bring into contact with (A1. " touch one's self ") AV. &c  ; 
(with or without
salilam , apas &c ) to touch water , sprinkle , wash MBh. R.  ; 
to touch , come into contact (in astrol , sense)
VarBr2S.  ; 
to reach or penetrate to , attain
MBh. Katha1s. BhP. Ja1takam.  ; 
to come into close relation with (
acc.) Ra1jat.  ; 
to come upon , visit , afflict
R.  ; 
to take out of (
abl.) MBh. viii , 788 : Caus. -sparśayati , to bring into contact TS. Br. S3rS.
sa-spś [L=227305]
touching (comp.) Amar.
(H1) P.
(H2) mfn.
 sasparśa
sa-sparśá [L=227297]
(ifc. f(ā).) close or mutual contact , touch , conjunction , mixture AV. &c

W.
(H2) m.
[L=227298]perception , sense
 sakara
sa-kara [p= 1125,2] [L=227959]
» sa-k.
sa-kara [p= 1126,2] [L=228093]
mixing together , commingling , intermixture confusion (esp. of castes or races , proceeding from the intermarriage of a man with a woman of a higher caste or from the promiscuous intercourse of the four tribes , and again from the indiscriminate cohabitation of their descendants ; cf. yoni-s°) Mn. MBh. &c

R.

n.) MBh.

rhet.) the confusion or blending together of metaphors which ought to be kept distinct (opp. to sa-sṛṣṭi q.v.) Sa1h. Kpr.

MBh.

Car.

L.

L.

of a man Buddh.
(H1) &c
(H2) m.
[L=228094]the offspring of a mixed marriage
[L=228095]any action similar to the intermixture of castes (sometimes
[L=228096](in
[L=228097]anything that may be defiled by the touch of any unclean thing
[L=228098]dung
[L=228099]dust , sweepings
[L=228100]the crackling of flame
[L=228101]N.
 saghaṭṭ
sa- √ ghaṭṭ [p= 1130,1] [L=228809]
-ghaṭṭate , to strike or clasp or rub together , knead , crush to pieces , bruise R. : Caus. -ghaṭṭayati (ind.p. -ghaṭṭayya) , to cause to rub against (instr.) Ragh.  ; 
to stir
AgP.  ; 
to strike against , touch
MBh.  ; 
to cause to sound by striking
R.  ; 
to bring together , collect , assemble
MBh. Ra1jat.  ; 
to meet , encounter
Naish.
(H1) A1.
 saga
saga [p= 1132,3] [L=229249]
(ifc. f(ā or ī). ) sticking , clinging to , touch , contact with (loc. or comp.) TS. &c

gen. instr. with and without saha loc. , or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c

esp.) worldly or selfish attachment or affection , desire , wish , cupidity Mn. MBh. &c

atre) N. of a sāman Br.
(H2) m.
[L=229250]relation to , association or intercourse with (
[L=229251]addiction or devotion to , propensity for , (
[L=229252](with
 samasparśa
samá--sparśa [p= 1153,1] [L=233222]
having the same contact , equal in touch , having the same effect of contact , equally defiling MW.
(H3) mfn.
 samālabh
sam-ā- √ labh [p= 1162,1] [L=234561]
-labhate , to take hold of seize , touch S3Br. &c  ; 
to stroke , handle
MBh.  ; 
to obtain , acquire
Hit. (v.l.)  ; 
to rub , anoint , smear over
Ka1v. Katha1s. Sus3r.
(H1) A1.
 samupaspś
sam-upa- √ spś [p= 1169,3] [L=235693]
-spśati , to touch R.  ; 
to touch (water for ablution) , touch with water (
instr.) , bathe in (loc.) MBh. Ya1jn5.  ; 
to sip water
MW.
(H1) P.
 samparka
sam-parka [p= 1172,3] [L=236122]
» sam-pc.
sam-parka [p= 1173,2] [L=236198]
(ifc. f(ā).) mixing together , mixture , commingling , conjunction , union , association , touch , contact between (comp.) or with (instr. with or without saha gen. , or comp.) MaitrUp. MBh. Ka1v. &c

comp.) Kull.

A1ryabh.
(H1) &c
(H2) m.
[L=236199]bodily contact , sexual intercourse with (
[L=236200]addition , sum
 sampraspś
sam-pra- √ spś [p= 1176,3] [L=236641]
-spśati , to touch or sprinkle with water , wash , bathe MW.
(H1) P.
 sammś
sam- √ mś [p= 1181,1] [L=237286]
-mśati , °te , to take hold of. seize , grasp , touch , graze , stroke (A1. " each other ") S3Br. Gr2S3rS.  ; 
to touch mentally , judge (
» below) .
(H1) P. A1.
 sarpāgabhihata
sarpā* gábhihata [p= 1184,2] [L=238029]
a tumour caused by the touch of a snake Sus3r.
(H3) n.
 sāsparśaka
sparśaka [p= 1197,2] [L=240942]
(fr. sa-sparśa) touch , contact Ma1nGr2.
(H1) n.
 sāndrasparśa
sāndra--sparśa [p= 1203,3] [L=242027]
unctuous or soft to the touch Ma1lav.
(H3) mfn.
 sāṣṭaga
* ṣṭaga [p= 1212,1] [L=243546]
performed with eight limbs or members (as a reverential prostration of the body so as to touch the ground with the hands , breast , forehead , knees , and feet) Prab.
(H2) mfn.
 sukhasasparśa
sukhá--sasparśa [p= 1221,3] [L=245803]
(ā)n. agreeable to the touch , pleasant to the feelings , gratifying MBh. R. &c
(H3) mf
 susparśa
su--sparśa [p= 1239,1] [L=250588]
pleasant to the touch , very soft or tender BhP.
(H3) mfn.
 skhalana
skhalana [p= 1257,2] [L=254280]
stumbling , tottering , tripping unsteady gait Sus3r. Ka1m. BhP.

vāk-skh°) g. khaṇḍv-ādi

Caurap.

S3is3.

Kull. on Mn. v , 63

comp.) BhP.

abl.) MBh.

comp.) Amar.
(H2) n.
[L=254281]faltering , stammering (in
[L=254282]displacement (of a garment)
[L=254283]rubbing , friction , touch , contact , collision
[L=254284]discharge , emission (of semen)
[L=254285]falling into (
[L=254286]being deprived of (
[L=254287]mistake , blundering in (
 spś
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 28.128
Whitney Roots links: spfS
spś 1 [p= 1269,1] [p= 1268,3] [L=256602]
( Dha1tup. xxviii , 128) spśáti (mc. also °te ; pr. p. spśāna MBh. ; impf. asparśat BhP. ; pf. pasparśa , paspśu , paspśe ib. &c ; Subj. paspárśat RV. ; aor. aspkat AV. Br. ; asprākīt Br. MBh. ; aspārkīt Gr. ; Prec. spśyāt MBh. ; fut. spraṣṭā or sparṣṭā Gr. ; sparkyati ib. ; sprakyati MBh. ; inf. spraṣṭum ib. &c ; -spṛ́śe RV. ; -spṛ́śas Br. ; ind.p. spṛṣṭ , -spṛ́śya ib. &c ) , to touch , feel with the hand , lay the hand on (acc. or loc.) , graze , stroke RV. &c  ; 
to handle , take hold of (
anyo 'nya hastau spśata , " they mutually touch or shake hands ") MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
(with
apá , udakam , jalam ; or adbhis &c ) to touch or sip water , wash or sprinkle certain parts of the body with water Gr2S3rS. Mn. ii , 60 MBh. &c  ; 
to touch so as to hurt , injure , harm
Katha1s.  ; 
to perceive or feel by touch
Up. Mn. VarBr2S.  ; 
to touch , come into contact (
lit. ; and fig. in astron. sense) VarBr2S.  ; 
to reach or penetrate to (
loc. or acc. ; with karam , " to come to the ears " ; with kriyām , " to set about any action ") MBh. R. &c  ; 
to come up to , equal (
acc. ; with girā , " to equal with words " i.e. " to be able to describe ") Ka1v.  ; 
to act upon , affect
Sarvad. BhP.  ; 
to touch
i.e. endow or fill with (instr.) RV. iv , 3 , 15  ; 
to touch
i.e. befall , fall to the lot of , come upon , visit , afflict (acc.) ChUp. MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to touch , take hold of , make one's own , appropriate
MBh. iv , 135  ; 
to attain to , obtain , experience , undergo
MBh. Ka1m. &c  ; 
to grant , bestow (
cf. Caus.) BhP. : Pass. spśyate (aor. asparśi) , to be touched or seized or affected by MBh. &c : Caus. sparśayati , °te (aor. apasparśat or apispśat ; Subj. pispśa , °śati RV. ) , to cause to touch (two acc.) , bring into immediate contact with (loc. or instr.) Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to convey to (
loc.) RV.  ; 
to fill or cover with (
instr.) &c  ; 
to perceive by touch , feel
MaitrUp.  ; 
to offer , present , give
Mn. MBh. &c : Desid. pispkati (cf. pispku) Gr.: Intens. parīspśyate , parīspraṣṭi , parīsparṣṭi ib.
spś 2 [p= 1269,2] [L=256680]
(generally ifc. ; nom. spk) touching , coming into contact with (» kiti- , śava-spś &c )

» gagana- , bhūspś &c )

Ka1v.
spś 2 [L=256683]
= spkkā VarBr2S. Sch.
(H1) cl.6 P.
(H2) mfn.
[L=256681]reaching to (
[L=256682]experiencing , betraying
(H2B) f.
 spariśa
spariśa [p= 1268,2] [L=256520]
[p= 1269,1].
spariśa [p= 1269,1] [L=256603]
touch (= sparśa) L.
(H1) »
(H2) m.
 sparśa
sparśa [p= 1268,2] [L=256548]
śana &c » p.1269.
sparśá [p= 1269,1] [L=256604]
touching (in a-bhūtala-sp° , mana-sp° , q.v.)
sparśá [L=256605]
(ifc. f(ā). ) touch , sense of touch (-tas ind. e.g. sparśa-ta sukha tat , " that is pleasant to the touch ") , contact (fig. applied to the beginning of an eclipse or to any astron. contact) Mn. MBh. VarBr2S. &c
sparśá [L=256606]
(in gram.) collective N. of the twenty-five consonants constituting the five classes from k to m (so-called because formed by complete contact of the organs of utterance ; cf. sthāna and spṛṣṭa) Pra1t. ChUp. BhP.
sparśá [L=256607]
(in phil.) the quality of tangibility (which constitutes the skin's viaya q.v.) IW. 68
sparśá [L=256608]
any quality which is perceptible by touching any object (e.g. heat , cold , smoothness , softness &c ) MBh. &c
sparśá [L=256609]
feeling , sensation (e.g. sira-śūla-sp° , " sensation of headache ") S3Br. &c
sparśá [L=256610]
pleasant feeling MBh. v , 1366
sparśá [L=256611]
unpleasant or morbid sensation , illness Pa1n2. 3-3 , 16 Va1rtt. 1 Pat.
sparśá [L=256612]
air , wind L.
sparśá [L=256613]
(accord. to some) temperature Nya1yad.
sparśá [L=256614]
a kind of sexual union L.
sparśá [L=256615]
a gift , offering (» kāka-sp° and sp°-yajña below)
sparśá [L=256616]
w.r. for spaśa , a spy MBh. S3is3.
sparśá [L=256618]
(a word of unknown meaning) Hariv. 10243.
(H1) °
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) f.
 sparśakliṣṭa
sparśá--kliṣṭa [L=256619]
painful to the touch Ml.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśakama
sparśá--kama [L=256620]
capable of touch , tangible S3ak.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśaja
sparśá--ja [L=256622]
produced by touch BhP.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśatā
sparśá--tā [L=256624]
a state of contact or touch (in a-bhū-tala-sparśatā) S3ak.
(H3) f.
 sparśadvea
sparśá--dvea [L=256627]
sensitiveness to touch Sus3r.
(H3) m.
 sparśasukha
sparśá--sukha [L=256645]
pleasant to the touch MW.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśānukūla
sparśā* nukūla [L=256652]
pleasant to the touch , cooling S3ak.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśāśana
sparśā* śana [p= 1269,2] [L=256653]
" feeding on mere touch " , N. of a class of gods MBh.
(H3) m. pl.
 sparśāsaha
sparśā* saha [L=256654]
intolerant of touch , sensitive to touch (-tva n.) Sus3r.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśāsahiṣṇu
sparśā* sa° hiṣṇu [L=256655]
intolerant of touch , sensitive to touch (-tva n.) Sus3r.
(H3) mfn.
 sparśendriya
sparśe* ndriya [L=256656]
the sense of touch Sus3r.
(H3) n.
 sparśana
sparśana [L=256660]
(ī)n. touching , handling MW.

ib.
sparśana [L=256662]
air , wind L.
sparśana [L=256663]
the act of touching , touch , contact S3vetUp. Ya1jn5. &c
sparśana [L=256664]
sensation , sense of touch , organ of sensation or feeling , sensitive nerve Mn. MBh. Sarvad.
sparśana [L=256665]
gift , donation L.
(H2) mf
[L=256661]affecting , acting upon , afflicting
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
 sparśanendriya
sparśane* ndriya [L=256666]
the sense of touch Sus3r.
(H3) n.
 spśa
spśa [L=256684]
touching , reaching to (in sarvadvāra-sp°) MBh.
spśa [L=256685]
touch , contact (in du-sp° q.v.)
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
 spṛṣṭi
spṛ́ṣṭi [L=256704]
touch , touching , contact S3Br.
(H2) f.
 spraṣṭavya
spraṣṭavya [L=256707]
to be touched or handled Mn. R. Hit.

Vajracch.
spraṣṭavya [L=256709]
touch , feeling , Maha1vy.
spraṣṭavya [p= 1269,3] [L=256739]
ṣṭṛ » col.2.
(H2) mfn.
[L=256708]tangible , palpable , sensible
(H2B) n.
(H1) spra
 han
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 24.2
Whitney Roots links: han
han 1 [p= 1287,2] [L=260297]
( Dha1tup. xxiv , 2) hanti (3. du. hatá , 3. pl. ghnanti ; rarely A1. hate , 3. pl. ghnate ; and cl.1. hanati , Ved. also jighnate , °ti ; Pot. hanyāt Br. also hánīta , ghnīta ; Impv. jahí TA1r. handhí ; impf. áhan , Ved. and ep. also ahanat , ahanan , aghnanta ; p. jaghnat , ghnamāna MBh. ; pf. jaghā́na , jaghnú Br. and ep. also jaghne , °nire Subj. jaghánat RV. ; p. jaghnivás , Ved. also jaghanvas ; aor. ahānīt JaimBr. [cf.vadh] ; fut. hantā MBh. ; hasyati ib. ; haniyáti,°te AV. &c ; inf. hántum , Ved. also hántave , °tavaí , °to ; ind.p. hatvā́ , Ved. also °tvī́ , °tvāya , -hatya ; -hanya MBh. ; -ghā́tam Br. &c ) , to strike , beat (also a drum) , pound , hammer (acc.) , strike &c upon (loc.) RV. &c  ; 
to smite , slay , hit , kill , mar , destroy
ib.  ; 
to put to death , cause to be executed
Mn. Hit.  ; 
to strike off
Katha1s.  ; 
to ward off , avert
MBh.  ; 
to hurt , wound (the heart)
R.  ; 
to hurl (a dart) upon (
gen.) RV.  ; 
(in
astron.) to touch , come into contact VarBr2S.  ; 
to obstruct , hinder
Ra1jat.  ; 
to repress , give up , abandon (anger , sorrow
&c ) Ka1v. BhP.  ; 
(?) to go , move
Naigh. ii , 14 : Pass. hanyáte (ep. also °ti ; aor. avadhi or aghāni) , to be struck or killed RV. &c &c : Caus. ghātayati , °te (properly a Nom. fr. ghāta q.v. ; aor. ajīghatat or ajīghanat) , to cause to be slain or killed , kill , slay , put to death , punish Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to notify a person's death (
kasa ghātayati = kasa-vadham ācaṣṭe) Pa1n2. 3-1 , 26 Va1rtt. 6 Pat.  ; 
to mar , destroy
MBh. Pan5cat. (v.l.): Desid. jíghāsati , °te (Pot. jighāsīyat MBh. ; impf. ajighā S3Br. ) , to wish to kill or destroy RV. &c &c : Intens. ghanti ( RV. ; p. jaghanat , ghnat or ghánighnat) , jaghanyate (with pass. sense Mun2d2Up. ) , jeghnīyate ( Pa1n2. 7-4 , 31) , to strike = tread upon (loc. or acc.) RV.  ; 
to slay , kill
ib.  ; 
to dispel (darkness) , destroy (evil , harm)
ib.  ; 
to hurt , injure , wound
Mun2d2Up. [cf. Gk. θείνω , θάνατος ; φόνος , πεφνον πέφαται ; Lat. de-fendere , of-fendere ; Lit. genu , gi4ti ; Slav. gu8nati.]
han 2 [p= 1287,3] [L=260418]
(ghnī)n. killing , a killer , slayer (only ifc. ; » ari- , tamo-han &c )
(H1) cl.2 P.
(H2) mf
 ak