held , borne , maintained , supported kept , possessed
|(H2) dhṛtá [L=101818]||mfn.|
|[L=101819]||used , practised , observed |
scil. tulayā) MBh.
|[L=101820]||measured , weighed (with or |
&c ) Mn. MBh. Ka1v.
|[L=101821]||worn (as clothes , shoes , beard , |
kare , by the hand) Hit.
|[L=101822]||kept back , detained (|
|[L=101823]||drawn tight (reins) |
loc. or dat.) MBh. R.
|[L=101824]||turned towards or fixed upon , ready or prepared for , resolved on (|
|[L=101825]||continuing , existing , being |
Pra1t. (am ind. solemnly , slowly Pan5c. iii , 72÷73)
|[L=101826]||prolonged (in pronunciation) |
antare) deposited as surety , pledged ib. iv , 31÷32
|[L=101828]||quoted , cited by (|
N. of a son of the 13th manu Hariv. (v.l. bhṛtha)
|(H2B) dhṛtá [L=101829]||m.|
of a descendant of druhyu and son of dharma Pur. (cf. dhārteya)
|(H2B) dhṛtá [L=101830]||m.|
a partic. manner of fighting Hariv.
|(H2B) dhṛtá [L=101831]||n.|
( Padap. pra-yóga) (for 2. » under. pra- √yuj) coming to a meal RV. x , 7 , 5 ( Sa1y. = pra-yoktavya)
|(H2) prayo-gá 1 [p= 688,1] [L=136219]||mfn.|
N. of a ṛṣi TS.
|(H2B) prayo-gá 1 [L=136219.1]||m.|
(with bhārgava) author of RV. viii , 91 Anukr.
|(H2B) prayo-gá 1 [L=136219.2]||m.|
(for 1. » under 2. práyas , col.1) joining together , connection Var.
|(H2) prayoga 2 [p= 688,2] [L=136310]||m.|
Vpra1t. Pa1n2. (loc. often = in the case of Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 1-4 , 25 ; 26 &c )
|[L=136311]||position , addition (of a word) |
MBh. R. &c
|[L=136312]||hurling , casting (of missiles) |
|[L=136313]||offering , presenting |
|[L=136314]||undertaking , beginning , commencement |
|[L=136315]||a design , contrivance , device , plan |
esp. of drugs or magic ; cf. IW. 402 , 1) , use Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c (ena , āt and °ga-tas ifc. = by means of)
|[L=136316]||application , employment (|
opp. to , " theory ") Ma1lav.
|[L=136317]||practice , experiment (|
ais , by use of means) MBh. Sus3r.
|[L=136318]||a means (only |
|[L=136319]||(in gram.) an applicable or usual form |
Mr2icch. Ka1lid. (°ga-to- √dṛś , to see actually represented » on the stage Ratna7v. )
|[L=136320]||exhibition (of a dance) , representation (of a drama) |
|[L=136321]||a piece to be represented |
S3rS. RPra1t. Pa1n2. Sch.
|[L=136322]||utterance , pronunciation , recitation , delivery |
|[p= 688,3] [L=136323]||a formula to be recited , sacred text |
|[L=136324]||lending at interest or on usury , investment |
|[L=136325]||principal , loan bearing interest |
|[L=136326]||an example |
|[L=136327]||cause , motive , affair , object |
|[L=136328]||consequence , result |
|[L=136329]||ceremonial form , course of proceeding |
cf. pra-yāga) L.
|[L=136330]||a horse (|
(vī , or u)n. (a later form of raghu , q.v.) light , quick , swift , active , prompt , nimble Mn. MBh. &c (also said of a partic. mode of flying peculiar to birds Pan5cat. ; applied to the nakṣatras hasta , aśvinī , and puṣya VarBr2S. )
|(H1) laghú [p= 893,3] [L=180778]||mf|
|[L=180779]||light , easy , not heavy or difficult |
|[L=180780]||light in the stomach , easily digested |
|[L=180781]||easy in mind , light-hearted |
|[L=180782]||causing easiness or relief |
|[L=180783]||well , in good health |
MBh. iii , 8449
|[L=180784]||unimpeded , without attendance or a retinue |
|[L=180785]||short (in time , as a suppression of the breath) |
opp. to guru)
|[L=180786]||(in prosody) short or light (as a vowel or syllable , |
va , as opp. to madhyama and guru)
|[L=180787]||(in gram.) easily pronounced or articulated (said of the pronunciation of |
|[L=180788]||small , minute , slight , little , insignificant |
Mn. MBh. &c
|[L=180789]||weak , feeble , wretched , humble , mean , low (said of persons) |
|[L=180790]||young , younger (|
|[L=180791]||clean , pure (|
|[L=180792]||soft , gentle (as sound) |
|[L=180793]||pleasing , agreeable , handsome , beautiful |
|(H1B) laghú [L=180794]||m.|
u) f. Trigonella Corniculata L.
|(H1B) laghu [L=180795]||(|
a light carriage L.
|(H1B) laghú [L=180797]||m.|
a slender or delicate woman W.
|(H1B) laghú [L=180798]||m.|
a partic. measure of time (= 15 kāṣṭhās= 1÷15 nāḍikā) L.
|(H1B) laghú [L=180799]||n.|
a partic. species of agallochum L.
|(H1B) laghú [p= 894,1] [L=180800]||n.|
the root of Andropogon Muricatus L.
|(H1B) laghú [L=180801]||n.|
lightly , quickly , easily &c S3ak. (laghu- √man , to think lightly of. S3ak. ) ([cf. Gk. ἐ-λαχύς ; Lat. le8vis for le1vis , lenhuis ; Lith. lengvu8s , le8ngvas ; Angl.Sax. lungre , " quickly " ; Eng. lungs , " lights. "])
|(H1C) laghú [L=180802]||ind.|
(once in BhP. n.) distribution , transposition (of words) AitBr. La1t2y.
|(H2) vi-hāra [p= 1003,3] [L=203233]||m.|
|[L=203234]||arrangement or disposition (of the 3 sacred fires ; also applied to the fires themselves or the space between them) , |
opp. to saṃ-hāra q.v.) RPra1t.
|[L=203235]||too great expansion of the organs of speech (consisting in too great lengthening or drawling in pronunciation , |
MBh. Ka1v. &c
|[L=203236]||walking for pleasure or amusement , wandering , roaming |
comp. ; ifc. also = taking delight in) Ya1jn5. MBh. R. &c
|[L=203237]||sport , play , pastime , diversion , enjoyment , pleasure (" in " or " with " |
MBh. Ka1v. &c
|[L=203238]||a place of recreation , pleasure-ground |
jainas) a monastery or temple (originally a hall where the monks met or walked about ; afterwards these halls were used as temples) Lalit. Mr2icch. Katha1s. &c (cf. MWB. 68 ; 81 &c )
|[L=203239]||(with Buddhists or |
|[L=203240]||consecration for a sacrifice |
of the country of magadha (called Bihar or Behar from the number of Buddhist monasteries » MWB. 68) Cat.
|[L=203242]||the shoulder |
partic. bird (= bindurekaka) L.
rolling , rolling down (of tears) S3ak. iv , 5 ; 14
|(H2) vṛtti [p= 1010,1] [L=204501]||f.|
esp.) moral conduct , kind or respectful behaviour or treatment (also v.l. for vṛtta) Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c
|[L=204502]||mode of life or conduct , course of action , behaviour , (|
|[L=204503]||general usage , common practice , rule |
|[L=204504]||mode of being , nature , kind , character , disposition |
|[L=204505]||state , condition |
loc. or comp.) La1t2y. Hariv. Ka1v. &c
|[L=204506]||being , existing , occurring or appearing in (|
ifc. " employed about " , " engaged in " , " practising ") MBh. Ka1v. &c
|[L=204507]||practice , business , devotion or addiction to , occupation with (often |
ifc. ; cf. uñcha-v° ; vṛttiṃ- √kṛ or √ kḷp [Caus.] with instr. , " to live on or by " ; with gen. , " to get or procure a maintenance for " ; only certain means of subsistence are allowed to a Brahman » Mn. iv , 4-6) S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c
|[L=204508]||profession , maintenance , subsistence , livelihood (often |
|[L=204509]||wages , hire , |
MaitrUp. Kap. Veda7ntas. &c
|[L=204510]||working , activity , function |
|[L=204511]||mood (of the mind) |
partic. sense (loc.) , its function or force Pa1n2. Sa1h. Sch. on Ka1tyS3r. &c
|[L=204512]||the use or occurrence of a word in a |
vilambitā , madhyamā , and drutā q.v.) Pra1t.
|[L=204513]||mode or measure of pronunciation and recitation (said to be threefold , viz. |
e.g. any word formed with kṛt or taddhita affixes , any compound and even duals and plurals which are regarded as dvaṃdva compounds , of which only one member is left , and all derivative verbs such as desideratives &c )
|[L=204514]||(in gram.) a complex formation which requires explanation or separation into its parts (as distinguished from a simple or uncompounded form |
esp. dram. style , said to be of four kinds , viz. 1. kaiśikī , 2. bhāratī 3. sātvatī , 4. ārabhaṭī , qq.vv. ; the first three are described as suited to the śṛṅgāra , vīra , and raudra rasas respectively , the last as common to all) Bhar. Das3ar. &c
|[L=204515]||style of composition (|
rhet.) alliteration , frequent repetition of the same consonant (five kinds enumerated , scil. madhurā , prau*ḍhā , puruṣā , lalitā , and bhadrā) Das3ar. , Introd.
v.l. for vṛtta q.v.)
|[L=204517]||final rhythm of a verse (= or |
esp. on a sūtra)
|[L=204518]||a commentary , comment , gloss , explanation (|
of the wife of a rudra BhP.
severing , separation , division Sarvad.
|(H2) vy-āsa [p= 1035,2] [L=209338]||m.|
|[L=209339]||a kind of drawl (as a fault in pronunciation) , |
instr. ; abl. and -tas ind. in detail , at length , fully) MBh. Sus3r. BhP.
|[L=209340]||extension , diffusion , prolixity , detailed account (|
|[L=209341]||width , breadth , the diameter of a circle |
N. of the pada-pāṭha or " disjoined text " Apra1t. ??
|[L=209342]||" distributing , disjoining " , |
N. of a celebrated mythical sage and author (often called veda-vyāsa and regarded as the original compiler and arranger of the vedas , vedā*nta-sūtras &c ; he was the son of the sage parāśara and satyavatī , and half-brother of vicitra-vīrya and bhīṣma ; he was also called vādarāyaṇa or bādarāyaṇa , and kṛṣṇa from his dark complexion , and dvaipāyana because he was brought forth by satyavatī on a dvīpa or island in the Jumna ; when grown up he retired to the wilderness to lead the life of a hermit , but at his mother's request returned to become the husband of vicitra-vīrya's two childless widows , by whom he was the father of the blind dhṛta-rāṣṭra and of pāṇḍu ; he was also the father of vidura [q.v.] by a slave girl , and of śuka , the supposed narrator of the bhāgavata-purāṇa , he was also the supposed compiler of the mahā-bhārata , the purāṇas , and other portions of Hindu sacred literature ; but the name vyāsa seems to have been given to any great typical compiler or author) MBh. Hariv. Pur. cf. IW. 371 n. 2 ; 373 &c
|[L=209343]||" arranger , compiler " , |
purāṇas &c in public (= pāṭhaka-brāhmaṇa) MW.
|[L=209344]||a Brahman who recites or expounds the |
a bow weighing 100 palas L.
|(H2B) vy-āsa [L=209345]||n.|
» [p= 1035,2].
|(H1) vy-āsa [p= 1039,2] [L=210095]||&c |
|(H2B) śikṣā [p= 1070,1] [L=216519]||f.|
desire of being able to effect anything , wish to accomplish Kir. xv , 37
|(H2) śikṣā [L=216527]||f.|
loc. or comp. ; śikṣayā or °kṣābhis , " skilfully , artistically , correctly ") MBh. Ka1v. &c
|[L=216528]||learning study knowledge , art , skill in (|
adhicitta-śikṣā , training in the higher thought ; adhiśīla-ś° , training in the higher morality ; adhiprajñā-ś° , training in the higher learning Dharmas. 140) , instruction , lesson , precept S3a1n3khBr. TUp. &c
|[L=216529]||teaching , training (held by Buddhists to be of three kinds , viz. |
|[L=216530]||chastisement , punishment |
vedā*ṅgas q.v.) Pra1t. Mun2d2Up. &c
|[L=216531]||the science which teaches proper articulation and pronunciation of Vedic texts (one of the six |
|[L=216532]||modesty , humility , diffidence |
|[L=216533]||(?) helping , bestowing , imparting (|
Bignonia Indica L.
|[L=216534]||the plant |
(ifc. f(ā).) putting together , forming well , making perfect , accomplishment , embellishment adornment , purification , cleansing , making ready , preparation , dressing (of food) , refining (of metals) , polishing (of gems) , rearing (of animals or plants) Gr2S3rS. MBh. Ka1v. , &c
|(H2) saṃ-skāra [p= 1120,2] [L=227017]||m.|
|[L=227018]||cleansing the body , toilet , attire |
|[L=227019]||forming the mind , training , education |
Su1ryas. ), correct formation or use of a word Nir. Sarvad.
|[L=227020]||correction (also in an astronomical sense |
esp. of pronunciation or expression) MBh. R. &c
|[L=227021]||correctness , purity (|
Mn. MBh. &c
|[L=227022]||making sacred , hallowing , consecration |
Mn. ii , 27 , viz. 1. garbhā*dhāna , 2. puṃ-savana , 3. sīmanto*nnayana , 4. jāta-karman , 5. nāmakarman , 6. niṣkramaṇa , 7. anna-prā*śana , 8. cūḍā-karman , 9. upanayana , 10. keśā*nta , 11. samāvartana , 12. vivāha , qq. vv. ; accord. to Gaut. viii , 8 &c there are 40 saṃskāras) Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c ( IW. 188 ; 192 &c RTL. 353)
|[p= 1120,3] [L=227023]||a sacred or sanctifying ceremony , one which purifies from the taint of sin contracted in the , womb and leading to regeneration (12 such ceremonies are enjoined on the first three or twice-born classes in |
i.e. cremation) R.
|[L=227024]||the ceremony performed on a dead body (|
|[L=227025]||any purificatory ceremony |
vaiśeṣikas , including bhāvanā , " the faculty of reproductive imagination ") Kan2. Sarvad. ( IW. 69)
|[L=227026]||the faculty of memory , mental impression or recollection , impression on the mind of acts done in a former state of existence (one of the 24 qualities of the |
pl. , with Buddhists) a mental conformation or creation of the mind (such as that of the external world , regarded by it as real , though actually non-existent , and forming the second link in the twelvefold chain of causation or the fourth of the 5 skandhas) Dharmas. 22 ; 42
|[L=227028]||a polishing stone |