sam-yama, holding together



The meanings of this word begin cheerfully and simply and quickly go to hell:

  • holding together , restraint , control , (esp.) control of the senses , self-control
    • tying up (the hair) Sa1h.
    • binding , fettering VarBr2S.
    • closing (of the eyes) Ma1rkP.
    • concentration of mind (comprising the performance of dhāraṇā , dhyāna , and samādhi , or the last three stages in yoga) Yogas.
    • effort , exertion (ā́ , " with great difficulty ") MBh.
    • suppression i.e. destruction (of the world)


sam-yama, holding together


Look at the related word, sam-yam: to guide horses, senses, passions, to press close to. There is the image of the rider, pressing close to the horse, running across the land, the horse and rider joined in the ecstasy of movement.

sam-yam, to guide horses, senses, passions, to press close to


sayam
sa- √ yam [L=225626]
-yacchati √ (rarely A1.) , to hold together , hold in , hold fast , restrain , curb , suppress , control , govern , guide (horses , the senses , passions) RV. &c  ; 
to tie up , bind together (hair or a garment)
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to put together , heap up (
A1. " for one's self ") Pa1n2. 1-3 , 75 Sch.  ; 
to shut up , close (a door)
Bhag.  ; 
to press close to or against
Sus3r.  ; 
to present with , give to (
A1. with instr. of person , when the action is permitted P. with dat. , when the action is not permitted) Pa1n2. 1-3 , 35 : Caus. -yamayati (cf. -yamita) , to cause to restrain &c  ; 
to bind up (the hair)
Ven2is.
(H1) P.
 sayatendriya
-ya° te* ndriya [p= 1112,1] [L=225649]
having the senses or passions controlled ib.
(H3) mfn.
 sayatin
sa-yatin [p= 1111,3] [L=225616]
under sa. √yam.
sa-yatin [p= 1112,1] [L=225653]
controlling , restraining (the senses) Ma1rkP. (prob. w.r. for sa-yamin below)
(H2) »
(H2) mfn.
 sayama
sa-yama [L=225657]
holding together , restraint , control , (esp.) control of the senses , self-control Mn. MBh. &c

Sa1h.

VarBr2S.

Ma1rkP.

dhāraā , dhyāna , and samādhi , or the last three stages in yoga) Yogas. Sarvad.

ā́ , " with great difficulty ") MBh.

i.e. destruction (of the world) Pur.

of a son of dhūmrāka (and father of kśā*śva) BhP.
(H2) m.
[L=225658]tying up (the hair)
[L=225659]binding , fettering
[L=225660]closing (of the eyes)
[L=225661]concentration of mind (comprising the performance of
[L=225662]effort , exertion (
[L=225663]suppression
[L=225664]N.
 sayuj
sa- √ yuj [p= 1112,2] [L=225727]
-yunakti , -yukte , to join or attach together , conjoin , connect , combine , unite RV. &c  ; 
to bind , fetter
Vait.  ; 
to endow or furnish with (
instr.) S3vetUp. MBh. &c  ; 
to form an alliance , league together
RV. viii , 62 , 11  ; 
to place in , fix on , direct towards (
loc.) MBh. BhP. : Pass. -yujyate , to be joined together , be united &c  ; 
to meet or fall in with (
instr.) Ragh.  ; 
to be married to (
instr.) Mn. ix , 22  ; 
(with
ratyā , or grāmyadharmatayā) to have sexual intercourse Pras3nUp. S3am2k. on ChUp.  ; 
to be supplied or furnished with (
instr.) MBh. R. &c : Caus. -yojayati , to cause to join together , bring together , unite MBh. Katha1s. Ma1rkP.  ; 
to put to (horses) , yoke , harness
ib.  ; 
to hold together , check , control (the senses)
MaitrUp. (v.l.)  ; 
to furnish or endow or present with (
instr.) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c  ; 
to give over to , entrust with (
gen. of pers. and acc. of thing) R. Pan5cat.  ; 
to add to (
loc.) Su1ryas.  ; 
to fix on , direct towards (
loc.) MaitrUp. MBh. BhP.  ; 
to shoot , discharge (a missile)
MBh.  ; 
to equip (an army)
ib.  ; 
to use , employ , appoint
ib.  ; 
to institute , perform , accomplish
Hariv. BhP.  ; 
(
A1.) to be absorbed , meditate MBh. v , 7260.
sa-yuj [L=225747]
joined together , united , connected , related MBh. BhP.
sa-yuj [L=225748]
a relation S3is3.
sa-yuj [L=225749]
union , connection (= sa-yoga) BhP. Sch.
(H1) P. A1.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) f.


sayukta
-yukta [p= 1112,2] [L=225728]
conjoined , joined together , combined , united (pl. , " all together ") TS. &c

Pa1n2. 6-3 , 59 Sch.

= sambandhin) Pa1rGr2.

instr.) Mn. ix , 23

loc.) MBh.

instr. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c

ifc.) connected with , relating to , concerning Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c
(H2) mfn.
[L=225729]conjunct (as consonants)
[L=225730]connected , related (
[L=225731]married to (
[L=225732]placed , put , fixed in (
[L=225733]accompanied or attended by , endowed or furnished with , full of (
[L=225734](