Tradition - 98 Sanskrit Words for Tradition


(H4) yáthā* --° gamam [p= 842,1] [L=169699.1] ind. (am) according to tradition A1past. MBh. &c

(H3) yáthā--° mnātam [p= 842,3] [L=169885] (°thā*m° Ka1tyS3r. BhP. ) ind. as handed down or in accordance with sacred tradition , according to the tenor of the sacred text.

(H3) yáthā--° mnāyam [L=169886] ( La1t2y. BhP. ) ind. as handed down or in accordance with sacred tradition , according to the tenor of the sacred text.

(H3) yáthā--śruta [p= 843,2] [L=169990] mfn. corresponding to (what has been) heard , agreeing with a report Katha1s.
(H3B) yáthā--śruta [L=169991] n. a relative tradition ChUp. S3am2k.

(H3) yáthā--sampradāyam [p= 843,3] [L=170024] ind. according to tradition Siddh.


(H3) śrúti--smṛti [L=223642] f. du. the veda and human tradition or law


(H2) anu-śrava [p= 39,3] [L=7444] m. Vedic tradition (acquired by repeated hearing) L.


(H2) anu-śruta [L=7445] mfn. handed down by Vedic tradition.


(H1) ogha [p= 235,2] [L=40609] m. (ifc. f(ā).)
[L=40610] ( √vah) flood , stream , rapid flow of water MBh. Megh. S3ak. &c
[L=40611] heap or quantity , flock , multitude , abundance MBh. BhP. Katha1s. &c
[L=40612] quick time (in music) L.
[L=40613] uninterrupted tradition L.
[L=40614] instruction L. (cf. augha.)
(H2) ogha [p= 1323,2] [L=325770] m. pl. the (four) floods (of worldly passion), Divya7v.


(H3) pára--m-parā [p= 587,1] [L=116232] f. an uninterrupted row or series , order , succession , continuation , mediation , tradition (°rayā ind. by tradition , indirectly) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=116233] lineage , progeny L.
[L=116234] hurting , killing L.

Monier-Williams reverse search:

1 atikatha (tradition)
2 anuśrava (tradition)
3 anuśruta (tradition)
4 asāṃpradāyika (tradition)
5 āgama (tradition)
6 āgamaśruti (tradition)
7 ānuśrava (tradition)
8 āptaśruti (tradition)
9 āmnāya (tradition)
10 itiha (tradition)
11 itihāsa (tradition)
12 uditodita (tradition)
13 upajñā (tradition)
14 ūrdhvāmnāya (tradition)
15 aitihya (tradition)
16 ogha (tradition)
17 aukthikya (tradition)
18 kiṃvadantī (tradition)
19 krama (tradition)
20 kṣīrasvāmin (tradition)
21 chandogaśruti (tradition)
22 jābālaśruti (tradition)
23 jīrṇa (tradition)
24 dharmāgama (tradition)
25 dhoraṇī (tradition)
26 dhoraṇi (tradition)
27 paramparā (tradition)
28 paramparāprāpta (tradition)
29 paramparāyāta (tradition)
30 pāramparya (tradition)
31 pāramparyakramāgata (tradition)
32 pārovarya (tradition)
33 pūrva (tradition)
34 pramāṇa (tradition)
35 prācīnagāthā (tradition)
36 prātaḥsmaraṇa (tradition)
37 prāh (tradition)
38 bāhvṛcya (tradition)
39 mantraśrutya (tradition)
40 mahāsmṛti (tradition)
41 mudrā (tradition)
42 muniparamparā (tradition)
43 yathāgamam (tradition)
44 yathāmnātam (tradition)
45 yathāmnāyam (tradition)
46 yathāśruta (tradition)
47 yathāsampradāyam (tradition)
48 rūḍhi (tradition)
49 vālmīki (tradition)
50 veda (tradition)
51 śabda (tradition)
52 śabdārtha (tradition)
53 śabdārthārambhaṇa (tradition)
54 śaṃkarācārya (tradition)
55 śiṣṭacāra (tradition)
56 śiṣṭasmṛti (tradition)
57 śiṣṭāgama (tradition)
58 śruta (tradition)
59 śrutatas (tradition)
60 śrutasad (tradition)
61 śrutipatha (tradition)
62 śrutimaya (tradition)
63 śrutimukha (tradition)
64 śrutivipratipanna (tradition)
65 śrutismṛti (tradition)
66 śrutismṛtiviruddha (tradition)
67 śrutismṛtivihita (tradition)
68 śrutyānarthakya (tradition)
69 śrauta (tradition)
70 satsampradāya (tradition)
71 samācāra (tradition)
72 samāmnā (tradition)
73 samāmnāta (tradition)
74 samāmnāya (tradition)
75 sampradā (tradition)
76 sampradāna (tradition)
77 sampradanīya (tradition)
78 sampradāya (tradition)
79 sampradāyatas (tradition)
80 sampradāyapradyotaka (tradition)
81 sampradāyaprāpta (tradition)
82 sampradāyavigama (tradition)
83 sampradāyin (tradition)
84 sāmayācārikasūtra (tradition)
85 sāmpradāyika (tradition)
86 smaraṇa (tradition)
87 smārta (tradition)
88 smārtika (tradition)
89 smṛti (tradition)
90 smṛtimat (tradition)
91 smṛtimaya (tradition)
92 smṛtivid (tradition)
93 svāmnāya (tradition)
94 anaitihya (tradition)
95 āgamavirodha (tradition)
96 āgamasaṃhita (tradition)
97 āgamika (tradition)
98 āmnāyapara (tradition)


(H3) áti--katha [p= 12,2] [L=2567] mfn. exaggerated
(H3B) áti--katha [L=2569] f. » also s.v.
(H1) ati-katha [p= 13,2] [L=2910] mfn. transgressing tradition or law deviating from the rules of caste (» also s.v. ati.)

(H2) anu-śrava [p= 39,3] [L=7444] m. Vedic tradition (acquired by repeated hearing) L.

(H2) anu-śruta [L=7445] mfn. handed down by Vedic tradition.

(H1) a-sāṃpradāyika [p= 120,2] [L=20909] mfn. not traditional , not sanctioned by tradition Uttarar. Comm. on Mn. iii , 127 , &c

(H2) ā́-gama [p= 129,3] [L=22572] mf(ā)n. coming near , approaching AV. vi , 81 , 2 ; xix , 35 , 3
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22573] m. (ifc. f(ā).) arrival , coming , approach R. &c
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22574] m. origin Mn. viii , 401 R. &c
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22575] m. appearance or reappearance MBh. ii , 547
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22576] m. course (of a fluid) , issue (e.g. of blood) Mn. viii , 252 Sus3r.
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22577] m. income , lawful acquisition (of property , artha , dhana , vitta , draviṇa) Mn. MBh. &c
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22578] m. reading , studying Pat.
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22579] m. acquisition of knowledge , science MBh. Ya1jn5. &c
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22580] m. a traditional doctrine or precept , collection of such doctrines , sacred work , brāhmaṇa Mn. xii , 105 MBh. &c
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22581] m. anything handed down and fixed by tradition (as the reading of a text or a record , title-deed , &c )
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22582] m. addition Nir. i , 4
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22583] m. a grammatical augment , a meaningless syllable or letter inserted in any part of the radical word Pra1t. Pa1n2. Comm.
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22584] m. N. of a rhetorical figure
(H2B) ā́-gama [L=22585] n. a tantra or work inculcating the mystical worship of śiva and śakti.
(H2) ā-gama [p= 1319,1] [L=317930] (in comp.)

(H3) ā́-gama--śruti [p= 129,3] [L=22592] f. tradition Katha1s.

(H1) ānuśrava [p= 141,2] [L=24617] mfn. according to hearing , resting on tradition , derived from the veda or tradition BhP.

(H3) āptá--śruti [p= 142,2] [L=24794] f. a credible tradition
[L=24795] the veda
[L=24796] the smṛtis , &c T.

(H2) ā-mnāya [p= 147,2] [L=25620] m. sacred tradition , sacred texts handed down by repetition
[L=25621] that which is to be remembered or studied or learnt by heart
[L=25622] a veda or the vedas in the aggregate
[L=25623] received doctrine VPra1t. Mn. MBh. &c
[L=25624] traditional usage , family or national customs
[L=25625] advice , instruction in past and present usage
[L=25626] a tantra
[L=25627] a family , series of families L.
(H2) āmnāya [p= 1319,3] [L=319580] (in comp.)

(H2) iti-ha [p= 165,2] [L=28784] ind. thus indeed , according to tradition.

(H3) iti-hā* sa [L=28785] m. (iti-ha-āsa , " so indeed it was ") , talk , legend , tradition , history , traditional accounts of former events , heroic history S3Br. MBh. Mn. &c
(H3) iti--hā* sa [p= 1320,3] [L=321270.4] see below
(H2) itihā* sá [L=321280] ( S3Br. )

(H3) udito* dita [p= 186,2] [L=32668] mfn. (fr. 2. udita with 1. ud-ita) , conversant with what has been handed down by tradition , learned Ya1jn5.

(H1) upa- √ jñā 1 [p= 198,2] [L=34598] A1. -jānīte (3. pl. -jānate AV. ) to ascertain , excogitate , invent , find out , hit upon AV. iv , 36 , 8 S3Br.
(H2) upa-jñā 2 [L=34602] f. knowledge found out or invented by one's self (not handed down by tradition) , untaught or primitive knowledge , invention Pa1n2. L.

(H3) ūrdhvā* mnāya [p= 222,3] [L=38280] m. " a subsequent or further sacred tradition " , N. of a sacred writing of the śāktas
[L=38281] also of a certain vaiṣṇava sect.

(H2) aitihyá [p= 234,1] [L=40406] n. (fr. iti-ha) , traditional instruction , tradition TA1r. i , 2 , 1 MBh. R.

(H1) ogha [p= 235,2] [L=40609] m. (ifc. f(ā).)
[L=40610] ( √vah) flood , stream , rapid flow of water MBh. Megh. S3ak. &c
[L=40611] heap or quantity , flock , multitude , abundance MBh. BhP. Katha1s. &c
[L=40612] quick time (in music) L.
[L=40613] uninterrupted tradition L.
[L=40614] instruction L. (cf. augha.)
(H2) ogha [p= 1323,2] [L=325770] m. pl. the (four) floods (of worldly passion), Divya7v.

(H2) aukthikya [p= 236,2] [L=40797] n. the tradition of the aukthikas ib.

(H3B) kiṃ--vadantī [p= 282,3] [L=50305] f. ( Un2. iii , 50) " what do they say? " the common saying or rumour , report , tradition , tale Prab. Dhu1rtas. Hit.

(H2) kráma [p= 319,3] [L=57750] m. a step AV. x , 5 , 25 ff. TS. iii MBh. &c
[L=57751] going , proceeding , course (cf. kāla-k°) Mr2icch. Pan5cat. Ma1lati1m. Hit.
[L=57752] the way R. ii , 25 , 2
[L=57753] a position taken (by an animal &c ) before making a spring or attacking Pan5cat. Bhat2t2. ii , 9
[L=57754] the foot MBh. iii , 14316
[L=57755] uninterrupted or regular progress , order , series , regular arrangement , succession (e.g. varṇa-krameṇa , " in the order of the castes " Mn. viii , 24 and ix , 85) AV. viii , 9 , 10 RPra1t. xv , 5 Ka1tyS3r. R. &c
[L=57756] hereditary descent Ya1jn5. ii , 119
[L=57757] method , manner (e.g. yena krameṇa , in which manner R. ii , 26 , 20 ; tad-anusaraṇa-krameṇa , so as to go on following him Hit. )
[L=57758] diet Car. vi , 13
[L=57759] custom , rule sanctioned by tradition Ma1rkP. xxiii , 112
[L=57760] (kramaṃ √1. kṛ , " to follow that rule ") Nya1yam.
[L=57761] occasion , cause (with gen. or ifc.) Katha1s. xviii , 380 Hit.
[L=57762] " progressing step by step " , a peculiar manner or method of reading and writing Vedic texts (so called because the reading proceeds from the 1st member , either word or letter , to the 2nd , then the 2nd is repeated and connected with the 3rd , the 3rd repeated and connected with the 4th , and so on ; this manner of reading in relation to words is called pada- [ TPra1t. ii , 12] , in relation to conjunct consonants varṇa- [ib.]) Pra1t.
[L=57763] the words or letters themselves when combined or arranged in the said manner ib.
[L=57764] (in dram.) attainment of the object desired (or accord. to others " noticing of any one's affection ") Das3ar. i , 36 f. Sa1h. Prata1par.
[L=57765] (in rhet.) a kind of simile (in which the comparisons exhibited correspond to each other in regular succession) Va1m. iv , 3 , 17
[L=57766] power , strength L.
[L=57768] according to order or rank or series Mn. Ragh. &c
(H2) krama [p= 1325,3] [L=329110] (in comp.)

(H3) kṣīrá--svāmin [p= 330,1] [L=59781] m. N. of a grammarian and Comm. on the amara-koṣa (according to Kashmirian tradition the same with kṣīra , q.v.) Comm. on Kum. vi , 46 &c

(H4) chando--gá---śruti [p= 405,1] [L=75639] f. " tradition of the chandogas " , the SV. Para1s3. ii , 5÷111 , 3 , 6

(H3) jābālá--śruti [p= 419,1] [L=78876] f. tradition as handed down by the jābālas Para1s3. ii Sch. Mn. vi , 38÷39 Ya1jn5. iii , 57÷58

(H2) jīrṇá [p= 422,2] [L=79573] mfn. ( Pa1n2. 3-2 , 104) old , worn out , withered , wasted , decayed AV. x , 8 , 27 TS. i S3Br. &c
[L=79574] ancient (tradition) Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
[L=79575] digested MBh. iii , 8623 R. Hariv. &c
(H2B) jīrṇá [L=79576] m. an old man W.
(H2B) jīrṇá [L=79577] m. (= jarṇa) , a tree L.
(H2B) jīrṇá [L=79578] m. = °raṇa L.
(H2B) jīrṇá [L=79579] n. old , age , , decrepitude Ra1jat. iii , 316
(H2B) jīrṇá [L=79580] n. " digestion " » -śakti
(H2B) jīrṇá [L=79581] n. benjamin L.

(H3) dharmā* gama [p= 512,2] [L=100367] m. " law-tradition " , a law-book Ma1rkP. (cf. siddhā*nta-dh°).

(H2B) dhoraṇī [p= 520,2] [L=102091] f. an uninterrupted series , tradition Vcar.

(H2B) dhoraṇi [L=102091.1] f. an uninterrupted series , tradition Vcar.

(H3) pára--m-parā [p= 587,1] [L=116232] f. an uninterrupted row or series , order , succession , continuation , mediation , tradition (°rayā ind. by tradition , indirectly) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=116233] lineage , progeny L.
[L=116234] hurting , killing L.

(H4) pára--m-parā---prā* pta [p= 587,2] [L=116235] mfn. received by tradition ( Bhag. )

(H4) pára--m-par° ā* yāta [L=116235.1] mfn. received by tradition ( Var. )

(H3) pāra--m-parya [p= 620,1] [L=122530] n. uninterrupted series or succession , tradition , intermediation , indirect way or manner (°yeṇa ind. successively , by degrees) Mn. MBh. &c

(H4) pāra--m-parya---kramā* gata [L=122531] mfn. derived from tradition Mn. ii , 18

(H1) pārovarya [p= 621,3] [L=122859] n. (fr. paro-'varam) tradition Nir. xiii , 12.

(H1) pū́rva [p= 643,1] [L=127816] mf(ā)n. (connected with purā , puras , pra , and declined like a pron. when implying relative position whether in place or time , but not necessarily in abl. loc. sg. m. n. and nom. pl. m. ; » Pa1n2. 1-1 , 27 ; 34 ; vii , 1 , 16) being before or in front fore , first RV. &c
[L=127817] eastern , to the east of (abl.) ib.
[L=127818] former , prior , preceding , previous to , earlier than (abl. or comp.) ib. (gaja-pūrva , preceding the number " eight " i.e. seven , the seventh S3rutab. ; māsena p°ormāsa-p° , earlier by a month Pa1n2. 2-1 , 31 ; ifc. often = formerly or before e.g. strī-p° , formerly a wife ; āḍhya-p° , formerly wealthy ; esp. after a pp. e.g. kṛta-p° , done before , dṛṣṭa-p° , seen before ; ifc. also preceded or accompanied by , attended with e.g. smita-pūrvā-vāk , speech accompanied by smiles ; sometimes not translatable e.g. mṛdu-pūrvā vāk , kind speech)
[L=127819] ancient , old , customary , traditional RV. &c
[L=127820] first (in a series) , initial , lowest (opp. to uttara ; with dama or sāhasa " the lowest fine ") Mn. viii , 120 &c
[L=127821] (with vayas) " first age " , youth MBh.
[L=127822] foregoing , aforesaid , mentioned before (abl.) Mn. MBh. Pa1n2.
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127823] m. an ancestor , forefather (pl. the ancients , ancestors) RV. &c
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127824] m. an elder brother R.
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127825] m. N. of a prince BhP.
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127829] n. the fore part S3ak. ii , 4 (cf. Pa1n2. 2-2 , 1)
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127830] n. a partic. high number (applied to a period of years) Buddh.
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127831] n. N. of the most ancient of jaina writings (of which 14 are enumerated) L.
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127832] n. N. of a tantra Cat.
(H1B) pū́rva [L=127833] n. an ancient tradition W.
(H2) pūrva [p= 1330,2] [L=336240] (in comp.)

(H2) pramāṇa [p= 685,3] [L=135796] n. (ifc. f(ā).) measure , scale , standard
[L=135797] measure of any kind (as size , extent , circumference , length , distance , weight , multitude , quantity , duration) Ka1tyS3r. Kat2hUp. Mn. &c (instr. " on an average " Jyot. )
[L=135798] prosodical length (of a vowel) Pa1n2. 1-1 , 50 Sch.
[L=135799] measure in music MBh. ( Ni1lak. )
[L=135800] accordance of the movements in dancing with music and song Sam2gi1t.
[L=135801] measure of physical strength S3ak. (cf. comp. below)
[L=135802] the first term in a rule of three sum Col.
[L=135803] the measure of a square i.e. a side of it S3ulbas.
[L=135804] principal , capital (opp. to interest) Col.
[L=135805] right measure , standard , authority Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c (pramāṇam bhavatī , " your ladyship is the authority or must judge " Nal. ; in this sense also m. and f. sg. and pl. e.g. vedāḥ pramāṇāḥ , " the vedas are authorities " MBh. ; strī pramāṇī yeṣām , " they whose authority is a woman " Pa1n2. Sch.)
[L=135806] a means of acquiring pramā or certain knowledge (6 in the vedā*nta , viz. pratyakṣa , perception by the senses ; anumāna , inference ; upamāna , analogy or comparison ; śabda or āpta-vacana , verbal authority , revelation ; an-upalabdhi or abhāva-pratyakṣa , non-perception or negative proof ; arthā*patti , inference from circumstances ; the nyāya admits only 4 , excluding the last two ; the sāṃkhya only 3 , viz. pratyakṣa , anumāna and śabda ; other schools increase the number to 9 by adding sambhava , equivalence ; aitihya , tradition or fallible testimony ; and ceṣṭā , gesture IW. 60 &c &c )
[L=135807] any proof or testimony or evidence Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=135808] a correct notion , right perception (= pramā) Tarkas.
[L=135809] oneness , unity L.
[L=135810] = nitya L.
(H2B) pramāṇa [L=135811] m. (cf. n.) N. of a large fig-tree on the bank of the Ganges MBh.

(H3) prācī́na--gāthā [p= 704,3] [L=139415] f. an ancient story or tradition MW.

(H3) prātaḥ--smaraṇa [p= 706,2] [L=139838] n. " early remembrance or tradition " , N. of wk.

(H1) prā* h [p= 709,3] [L=140421]
(pra- √ah) , only pf. prā*ha , to announce , declare , utter , express , say , tell (with dat. or acc. of pers. and acc. of thing) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c ;

to record , hand down by tradition S3Br. ;

(with 2 acc.) to call , name , regard or consider as Mn. MBh. &c


(H3) bā́hvṛcya [p= 730,3] [L=145038] n. the sacred tradition of the bahv-ṛcas , the ṛg-veda S3a1n3khS3r. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-3 , 129) .

(H3) mántra--śrútya [p= 786,2] [L=157397] n. following counsel , obedience RV.
[L=157398] tradition respecting the correct use of sacred texts MW.

(H3) mahā́--smṛti [p= 802,1] [L=161155] f. great tradition MBh.
[L=161156] N. of durgā Ma1rkP.

(H2B) mudrā́ [p= 822,3] [L=165530] f. » mudrā below.
(H1) mudrā [L=165535] f. (fr. mudra » above ) a seal or any instrument used for sealing or stamping , a seal-ring , signet-ring (cf. aṅguli-m°) , any ring MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=165536] type for printing or instrument for lithographing L.
[L=165537] the stamp or impression made by a seal &c
[L=165538] any stamp or print or mark or impression MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=165539] a stamped coin , piece of money , rupee , cash , medal L.
[L=165540] an image , sign , badge , token (esp. a token or mark of divine attributes impressed upon the body) Ka1v. Pur. Ra1jat.
[L=165541] authorization , a pass , passport (as given by a seal) Mudr.
[L=165542] shutting , closing (as of the eyes or lips gen. or comp.) Ka1v.
[L=165543] a lock , stopper , bung Amar. Bhpr.
[L=165544] a mystery Cat.
[L=165545] N. of partic. positions or intertwinings of the fingers (24 in number , commonly practised in religious worship , and supposed to possess an occult meaning and magical efficacy Das3. Sarvad. Ka1ran2d2. RTL. 204 ; 406)
[L=165546] a partic. branch of education (" reckoning by the fingers ") DivyA7v.
[L=165547] parched or fried grain (as used in the śākta or Tantrik ceremonial) RTL. 192
[L=165548] (in rhet.) the natural expression of things by words , calling things by their right names Kuval.
[L=165549] (in music) a dance accordant with tradition Sam2gi1t.

(H3) múni--paramparā [p= 823,1] [L=165630] f. a tradition handed down from muni to muni , uninterrupted tradition VarBr2S.

(H4) yáthā* --° gamam [p= 842,1] [L=169699.1] ind. (am) according to tradition A1past. MBh. &c

(H3) yáthā--° mnātam [p= 842,3] [L=169885] (°thā*m° Ka1tyS3r. BhP. ) ind. as handed down or in accordance with sacred tradition , according to the tenor of the sacred text.

(H3) yáthā--° mnāyam [L=169886] ( La1t2y. BhP. ) ind. as handed down or in accordance with sacred tradition , according to the tenor of the sacred text.

(H3) yáthā--śruta [p= 843,2] [L=169990] mfn. corresponding to (what has been) heard , agreeing with a report Katha1s.
(H3B) yáthā--śruta [L=169991] n. a relative tradition ChUp. S3am2k.

(H3) yáthā--sampradāyam [p= 843,3] [L=170024] ind. according to tradition Siddh.

(H2) rūḍhi [p= 885,3] [L=179002] f. rise , ascent (lit. and fig.) , increase , growth , development Ka1v. Ra1jat.
[L=179003] birth , production W.
[L=179004] decision Ra1jat.
[L=179005] fame , celebrity , notoriety S3is3.
[L=179006] tradition , custom , general prevalence , current usage (esp. of speech) Nya1yam. Ra1jat.
[L=179007] (in rhet.) the more amplified or popular or conventional meaning of words , the employment of a word in such a meaning (as opp. to yoga , q.v.) Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 1-2 , 55 Sa1h. Kpr. &c

(H2) vālmīki [p= 946,3] [L=192212] m. (incorrectly vālmiki) N. of the celebrated author of the rāmā*yaṇa (so called , according to some , because when immersed in thought he allowed himself to be overrun with ants like an anthill ; he was no doubt a Brahman by birth and closely connected with the kings of ayodhyā ; he collected the different songs and legendary tales relating to rāma-candra and welded them into one continuous poem , to which later additions may have been made ; he is said to have invented the śloka metre , and probably the language and style of Indian epic poetry owe their definite form to him ; according to one tradition he began life as a robber , but repenting be took himself to a hermitage on a hill in the district of Banda in Bundelkund , where he eventually received sītā , the wife of rāma , when banished by her husband ; cf. IW. 314 ; 315 &c ) MBh. R. &c
[L=192213] of a son of garuḍa MBh.
[L=192214] of a grammarian TPra1t.
[L=192215] N. of the authors of various works (the yoga-vāsiṣṭha , the adbhuta-rāmāyaṇa , and the gaṅgāṣṭaka) Cat.
[L=192216] (with kavi) of the son of rudra-maṇi tri-pāṭhin and author of the ramalendu-prakāśa ib.

(H1) veda 1 [p= 1015,1] [L=205647] m. (fr. √1. vid q.v.) knowledge , true or sacred knowledge or lore , knowledge of ritual RV. AitBr.
[p= 1015,2] [p= 1015,1] [L=205648] N. of certain celebrated works which constitute the basis of the first period of the Hindu religion (these works were primarily three , viz. 1. the ṛg-veda , 2. the yajur-veda [of which there are , however , two divisions » taittirīya-saṃhitā , vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] , 3. the sāma-veda ; these three works are sometimes called collectively trayī , " the triple vidyā " or " threefold knowledge " , but the ṛg-veda is really the only original work of the three , and much the most ancient [the oldest of its hymns being assigned by some who rely on certain astronomical calculations to a period between 4000 and 2500 B.C. , before the settlement of the Aryans in India ; and by others who adopt a different reckoning to a period between 1400 and 1000 B.C. , when the Aryans had settled down in the Panjab] ; subsequently a fourth veda was added , called the atharva-veda , which was probably not completely accepted till after manu , as his law-book often speaks of the three vedas-calling them trayam brahma sanātanam , " the triple eternal veda " , but only once [xi , 33] mentions the revelation made to atharvan and aṅgiras , without , however , calling it by the later name of atharva-veda ; each of the four vedas has two distinct parts , viz. 1. mantra , i.e. words of prayer and adoration often addressed either to fire or to some form of the sun or to some form of the air , sky , wind &c , and praying for health , wealth , long life , cattle , offspring , victory , and even forgiveness of sins , and 2. brāhmaṇa , consisting of vidhi and artha-vāda , i.e. directions for the detail of the ceremonies at which the mantras were to be used and explanations of the legends &c connected with the mantras [see brāhmaṇa , vidhi] , both these portions being termed śruti , revelation orally communicated by the Deity , and heard but not composed or written down by men [cf. IW. 24 &c ] , although it is certain that both mantras and brāhmaṇas were compositions spread over a considerable period , much of the latter being comparatively modern ; as the vedas are properly three , so the mantras are properly of three forms , 1. ṛc , which are verses of praise in metre , and intended for loud recitation ; 2. yajus , which are in prose , and intended for recitation in a lower tone at sacrifices ; 3. sāman , which are in metre , and intended for chanting at the soma or Moon-plant ceremonies , the mantras of the fourth or atharva-veda having no special name ; but it must be borne in mind that the yajur and sāma-veda hymns , especially the latter , besides their own mantras , borrow largely from the ṛg-veda ; the yajur-veda and sāma-veda being in fact not so much collections of prayers and hymns as special prayer- and hymn-books intended as manuals for the adhvaryu and udgātṛ priests respectively [see yajur-veda , sāma-veda] ; the atharva-veda , on the other hand , is , like the ṛg-veda , a real collection of original hymns mixed up with incantations , borrowing little from the ṛg and having no direct relation to sacrifices , but supposed by mere recitation to produce long life , to cure diseases , to effect the ruin of enemies &c ; each of the four vedas seems to have passed through numerous śākhās or schools , giving rise to various recensions of the text , though the ṛg-veda is only preserved in the śākala recension , while a second recension , that of the bhāṣkalas , is only known by name ; a tradition makes vyāsa the compiler and arranger of the vedas in their present form: they each have an Index or anukramaṇī [q.v.] , the principal work of this kind being the general Index or sarvānukramaṇī [q.v.] ; out of the brāhmaṇa portion of the veda grew two other departments of Vedic literature , sometimes included under the general name veda , viz. the strings of aphoristic rules , called sūtras [q.v.] , and the mystical treatises on the nature of God and the relation of soul and matter , called upaniṣad [q.v.] , which were appended to the āraṇyakas [q.v.] , and became the real veda of thinking Hindus , leading to the darśanas or systems of philosophy ; in the later literature the name of " fifth veda " is accorded to the itihāsas or legendary epic poems and to the purāṇas , and certain secondary vedas or upa-vedas [q.v.] are enumerated ; the vedā*ṅgas or works serving as limbs [for preserving the integrity] of the veda are explained under vedā*ṅga below: the only other works included under the head of veda being the pariśiṣṭas , which supply rules for the ritual omitted in the sūtras ; in the bṛhad-āraṇyaka upaniṣad the vedas are represented as the breathings of brahmā , while in some of the purāṇas the four vedas are said to have issued out of the four mouths of the four-faced brahmā and in the viṣṇu-purāṇa the veda and viṣṇu are identified) RTL. 7 &c IW. 5 ; 24 &c
[p= 1015,3] [p= 1015,2] [L=205649] N. of the number " four " VarBr2S. S3rutabh. ??
[L=205650] feeling , perception S3Br.
[L=205651] = vṛtta (v.l. vitta) L. (cf. 2. veda).
(H1) veda 2 [p= 1017,2] [L=206079] m. (fr. √3. vid) finding , obtaining , acquisition (» su-v°)
[L=206080] property , goods A1s3vGr2.
(H1) vedá 3 [p= 1017,3] [L=206094] m. (perhaps connected with √1. ve , to weave or bind together) a tuft or bunch of strong grass (kuśa or muñja) made into a broom (and used for sweeping , making up the sacrificial fire &c , in rites) AV. MS. Br. S3rS. Mn.
(H1) veda 4 [p= 1018,1] [L=206147] m. N. of a pupil of āyoda MBh.
(H2) veda [p= 1332,2] [L=339610] (in comp.)

(H2) śábda [p= 1052,3] [p= 1052,2] [L=212652] m. (in Dhya1nabUp. also n. ifc. f(ā). perhaps connected with √3. śap cf. also 2. śap) sound , noise , voice , tone , note (śabdaṃ √ kṛ , to utter a sound , raise the voice , cry aloud ; sound is supposed to be sevenfold [ MBh. xii , 6858] or eight. fold [ Dharmas. 35] or tenfold [ MBh. xiv , 1418] ; in the mīmāṃsā it is taught to be eternal)
[L=212653] a word (śabdena , by word , explicitly , expressly) ib. Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 19
[L=212654] speech , language BhP.
[L=212655] the right word , correct expression (opp. to apa-śabda) Pat.
[L=212656] the sacred syllable Om , Amr2itUp.
[L=212657] (in gram.) a declinable word or a word-termination , affix Pa1n2. Sch.
[L=212658] a name , appellation , title Mn. MBh. &c (tacchabdāt , " because it is so-called " Ka1tyS3r. )
[L=212659] a technical term TPra1t.
[L=212660] verbal communication or testimony , oral tradition , verbal authority or evidence (as one of the pramāṇas q.v. ) Nya1yas. Sarvad.

(H3) śabdā* rtha [p= 1053,2] [L=212874] m. (du.) sound (or word) and sense Sa1h. (cf. artha-śabdau g. rāja-dantā*di)
[L=212875] the nature or meaning of sounds VPra1t.
[L=212876] the meaning of a word (» śabdaśabdā*rtha-mañjūṣā)
[L=212877] sense or meaning of oral tradition (as a source of knowledge ; cf. comp.)

(H4) śabdā* r° thā* rambhaṇa [L=212881] mfn. beginning with the meaning or force of oral tradition A1past.
[p= 1053,3] [L=212882] N. of a ch. of the tattva-cintāmaṇy-āloka.

(H3) śaṃkarā* cārya [p= 1055,1] [L=213177] » below.
(H2) śaṃkarā* cārya [L=213186] m. N. of various teachers and authors , (esp.) of a celebrated teacher of the vedā*nta philosophy and reviver of Brahmanism (he is thought to have lived between A.D. 788 and 820 , but according to tradition he flourished 200 B.C. , and was a native of kerala or Malabar ; all accounts describe him as having led an erratic controversial life ; his learning and sanctity were in such repute that he was held to have been an incarnation of śiva , and to have worked various miracles ; he is said to have died at the age of thirty-two , and to have had four principal disciples , called padma-pāda , hastā*malaka , sureśvara or mandana , and troṭaka ; another of his disciples , ānanda-giri , wrote a history of his controversial exploits , called śaṃkara-vijaya q.v. ; tradition makes him the founder of one of the principal śaiva sects , the daśa-nāmi-daṇḍins or " Ten-named Mendicants " RTL. 87 ; he is the reputed author of a large number of original works , such as the ātma-bodha , ānanda-laharī , jñāna-bodhinī , maṇi-ratna-mālā , &c ; and commentaries on the upaniṣads , and on the brahma-mīmāṃsā or vedānta-sūtra , bhagavadgītā , and mahā-bhārata , &c ) IW. 46 RTL. 53

(H3) śiṣṭá--° cāra [p= 1076,3] [L=218126] (°bhā*c°) m. history or tradition of eminent persons W.

(H3) śiṣṭá--smṛti [L=218128] f. tradition of the learned Baudh.

(H3) śiṣṭā* gama [L=218130] m. tradition of the learned Baudh.

(H2) śrutá [p= 1101,1] [L=223406] mfn. heard , listened to , heard about or of , taught , mentioned , orally transmitted or communicated from age to age S3Br. ChUp. MBh. &c
[L=223407] known , famous , celebrated RV. AV. Br. MBh.
[L=223408] known as , called (nom. with iti) MBh. R. &c
(H2B) śrutá [L=223409] m. N. of a son of bhagīratha Hariv.
(H2B) śrutá [L=223410] m. of a son of kṛṣṇa BhP.
(H2B) śrutá [L=223411] m. of a son of su-bhāṣaṇa ib.
(H2B) śrutá [L=223412] m. of a son of upagu VP.
(H2B) śrutá [L=223414] n. anything heard , that which has been heard (esp. from the beginning) , knowledge as heard by holy men and transmitted from generation to generation , oral tradition or revelation , sacred knowledge (in the Pur. personified as a child of dharma and medhā) , the veda AV. &c
(H2B) śrutá [L=223415] n. the act of hearing Mun2d2Up. Ka1v. Katha1s.
(H2B) śrutá [L=223416] n. learning or teaching , instruction (śrutaṃ- √kṛ , " to learn ") A1past.
(H2B) śrutá [L=223417] n. memory , remembrance AV. i , 1 , 2.

(H3) śrutá--tas [L=223433] ind. as if heard Gobh.
[L=223433.1] with regard to orally transmitted knowledge or tradition Nir.

(H3) śrutá--sád [p= 1101,2] [L=223503] mfn. abiding in what is heard (i.e. in transmitted knowledge or tradition) TS.

(H3) śrúti--patha [p= 1101,3] [L=223580] m. the range of hearing (-pathaṃ- √gam with gen. , " to come to any one's ears " , " be heard by ") MBh. R. &c
[L=223581] the auditory passage , hearing S3is3. (» comp.)
[L=223582] pl. tradition Sus3r.

(H3) śrúti--maya [L=223600] mf(ī)n. based on or conformable to sacred tradition or the veda MBh.

(H3) śrúti--mukha [L=223607] mfn. having the veda or sacred tradition for a month Pan5car.

(H3) śrúti--vipratipanna [p= 1102,1] [L=223621] mfn. dissenting from the veda or sacred tradition , disregarding the doctrine of the veda Bhag.

(H3) śrúti--smṛti [L=223642] f. du. the veda and human tradition or law

(H4) śrúti--smṛti---viruddha [L=223643] mfn. opposed to the veda and human tradition MW.

(H4) śrúti--smṛti---vihita [L=223644] mfn. enjoined by the veda and human tradition W.

(H3) śruty--ānarthakya [L=223657] n. the uselessness of the veda or of oral sacred tradition Ka1tyS3r.

(H2) śrauta [p= 1103,2] [L=223898] mf(ī or ā)n. relating to the ear or hearing W.
[L=223899] to be heard , audible , expressed in words or in plain language (as a simile , opp. to ārtha , " implied ") Kpr.
[L=223900] relating to sacred tradition , prescribed by or founded on or conformable to the veda (with janman n. " the second birth of a Brahman produced by knowledge of the veda ") Ya1jn5. Ka1v. Katha1s. &c
[L=223901] sacrificial MW.
(H2B) śrauta [L=223902] n. relationship resulting from (common study of) the veda Hariv.
(H2B) śrauta [L=223903] n. a fault (incurred in repeating the veda) Hcat.
(H2B) śrauta [L=223904] n. any observance ordained by the veda (e.g. preservation of the sacred fire) W.
(H2B) śrauta [L=223905] n. the three sacred fires collectively ib.
(H2B) śrauta [L=223906] n. N. of various sāmans A1rshBr.

(H3) sát--sampradāya [p= 1135,1] [L=229634] m. good tradition or traditional usage Prasan3g.

(H3) samā* cāra [p= 1153,1] [L=233240] m. (for samācāra » sam-ā- √car) equal manners or customs MBh.
[L=233241] equal or virtuous conduct ib.
(H3B) samā* cāra [L=233242] mfn. equal or similar in practice or in virtuous conduct ib.
(H2) sam-ācāra [p= 1159,1] [L=234093] m. (for samā*c° » [p= 1153,1]) procedure , practice , conduct , behaviour in (comp.) MBh. R. &c
[L=234094] custom , usage , usual way or method Pan5cat. Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
[L=234095] (ifc.) the customary presentation of. Katha1s.
[L=234096] " doings " , news , report , information , tradition W.

(H1) sam-ā- √ mnā [p= 1161,2] [L=234471]
P. A1. -manati , °te , to repeat or mention together , repeat memoriter , hand down from memory or by tradition (esp. collections of sacred words or texts) Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c ;

to suppose to be , take for (acc.) Nir.


(H2) sam-āmnāta [L=234472] mfn. repeated or mentioned together , handed down by tradition or from memory MBh. BhP.
[L=234473] (ifc.) mentioned as g. kṛtā*di
(H2B) sam-āmnāta [L=234474] n. mentioning together , enumeration A1past.

(H2) sam-āmnāya [p= 1161,3] [L=234477] m. mention together , traditional collection , enumeration , list Nir. Pra1t. &c
[L=234478] handing down by tradition or from memory MBh.
[L=234479] collection or compilation of sacred texts (esp. any special redaction of a Vedic text) A1s3vS3r.
[L=234480] the sacred texts in general BhP.
[L=234481] the destruction of the world (= samhāra) ib.
[L=234482] totality , aggregate W.
[L=234483] N. of śiva MBh.

(H1) sam-pra- √ dā 1 [p= 1175,1] [L=236413]
P. A1. -dadāti , -datte , (ind.p. -dāyam) , to give completely up or deliver wholly over , surrender , give (also in marriage) Pan5cavBr. MBh. &c ;

to transmit , hand down by tradition , impart , teach MBh. Ka1tyS3r. Sch. Cat. ;

to grant , bestow MBh. : Caus. -dāpayati , to cause to give over or transmit R. : Desid. -ditsati , to wish to give over Nir.


(H2) sam-pradāna [L=236423] n. the act of giving or handing over completely , presenting , bestowing (also in marriage) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=236424] handing down by tradition , imparting , teaching VPra1t. Gaut.
[L=236425] granting , allowing R.
[L=236426] a gift , present , donation KaushUp. MBh. &c
[L=236427] (in gram.) one of the six kārakas , the idea expressed by the dative case , the recipient to which the agent causes anything so be given (» 1. kāraka) Pa1n2. 1-4 , 32 ; 44 &c

(H3) sam-° pradanīya [L=236428] mfn. to be given or delivered over Pan5cat.
[L=236429] relating to the tradition (of any doctrine) Sus3r.

(H2) sam-pradāya [L=236430] m. a bestower , presenter S3a1rn3gP.
[L=236431] tradition , established doctrine transmitted from one teacher to another , traditional belief or usage Gr2S3rS. &c
[L=236432] any peculiar or sectarian system of religious teaching , sect RTL. 61 ; 62

(H3) sam-pradāya---tas [L=236434] ind. according to tradition MW.

(H3) sam-pradāya---pradyotaka [L=236436] m. a revealer of the tradition of the veda Kusum.

(H3) sam-pradāya---prā* pta [L=236437] mfn. obtained through tradition MW.

(H3) sam-pradāya---vigama [L=236438] m. want or loss of tradition S3is3.

(H2) sam-pradāyin [L=236440] mfn. bringing about , causing , effecting VarBr2S.
(H2B) sam-pradāyin [L=236441] m. " having a tradition " , a holder of any traditional doctrine , a member of a sect (e.g vaiṣṇavas are sometimes called śrī-sampradāyins) W.

(H3) sāmayācārika--sūtra [p= 1205,3] [L=242368] n. N. of partic. sūtras (treating of customs and rites sanctioned by virtuous men , and with the gṛhya-sūtras , constituting the smārta-sūtras which are based on smṛti or tradition , and opp. to the śrauta-sūtras derived from śruti q.v.) IW. 145 &c

(H2) sāmpradāyika [p= 1207,1] [L=242601] mfn. (fr. sam-pradāya) based on tradition , traditional (cf. a-s°) Baudh. Jaim.
[L=242602] standing upon or following tradition Ra1matUp.

(H2) smaraṇa [p= 1272,1] [L=257198] n. the act of remembering or calling to mind , remembrance , reminiscence , recollection of (gen. or comp.) MBh. R. &c
[L=257199] memory BhP.
[L=257200] a kind of rhet. figure (cf. smṛti) Kpr.
[p= 1272,2] [L=257201] handing down by memory , tradition , traditional teaching or record or precept (iti smaraṇāt , " from its being so mentioned in the smṛti " q.v.) Kull. : Ya1jn5. Sch.
[L=257202] mental recitation (of the name of a deity) , calling upon the name of a god MW.

(H1) smārta [p= 1271,3] [L=257074] &c » [p= 1272,2].
(H2) smārta [p= 1272,2] [L=257229] mfn. (fr. smṛti) relating to memory , memorial MBh.
[L=257230] recorded in or based on the smṛti (q.v.) , based on tradition , prescribed or sanctioned by traditional law or usage , legal A1s3vGr2. Ya1jn5. Sarvad.
[L=257231] versed in tradition Pan5cat.
(H2B) smārta [L=257232] m. an orthodox Brahman versed in or guided by traditional law and usage (esp. a follower of śaṃkarācārya and of the vedā*nta doctrine) RTL. 55 ; 95
(H2B) smārta [L=257233] m. = smārta-bhaṭṭā*cārya Cat.
(H2B) smārta [L=257234] n. any act or rite enjoined by smṛti , legal act MW.

(H2) smārtika [L=257259] mf(ī)n. based on tradition , traditional Kull.

(H2) smṛ́ti [p= 1272,3] [L=257270] f. remembrance , reminiscence , thinking of or upon (loc. or comp.) , calling to mind (smṛtim api te na yānti , " they are not even thought of ") , memory TA1r. ChUp. MBh. &c
[L=257271] memory as one of the vyabhicāri-bhāvas (q.v.) Das3ar.
[L=257272] Memory (personified either as the daughter of dakṣa and wife of aṅgiras or as the daughter of dharma and medhā) Hariv. Pur.
[L=257273] the whole body of sacred tradition or what is remembered by human teachers (in contradistinction to śruti or what is directly heard or revealed to the ṛṣis ; in its widest acceptation this use of the term smṛti includes the 6 vedā*ṅgas , the sūtras both śrauta and gṛhya , the law-books of manu &c [see next] ; the itihāsas [e.g. the mahābhārata and rāmā*yaṇa] , the purāṇas and the nītiśāstras ; iti smṛteḥ , " accord. to such and such a traditional precept or legal text ") IW. 144 , 145
[L=257274] the whole body of codes of law as handed down memoriter or by tradition (esp. the codes of manu yājñavalkya and the 16 succeeding inspired lawgivers , viz. atri , viṣṇu , hārīta , uśanas or śukra , aṅgiras , yama , āpastamba , saṃvarta , kātyāyana , bṛhas-pati , parāśara , vyāsa , śaṅkha , likhīta , dakṣa and gautama ; all these lawgivers being held to be inspired and to have based their precepts on the veda ; cf. IW. 203) Gr2S3rS. Mn. Ya1jn5. &c
[L=257275] symbolical N. for the number 18 (fr. the 18 lawgivers above )
[L=257276] a kind of metre L.
[L=257277] N. of the letter g Up.
[L=257278] desire , wish Pan5cat. iii , 258 (v.l. for spṛhā).

(H3) smṛ́ti--mat [L=257318] mfn. having recollection or full consciousness MBh. S3ak. &c
[L=257319] having a good memory Mn. MBh. &c
[L=257320] remembering a former life Hariv.
[L=257321] prudent , discreet Car. Ja1takam.
[L=257322] versed in tradition or law Ya1jn5.
[L=257323] anything which causes recollection Bha1gP.

(H3) smṛ́ti--maya [L=257324] mf(ī)n. based upon smṛti or tradition , Pracan2d2.

(H3) smṛ́ti--vid [L=257343] mfn. versed in law or tradition Kautukas.

(H1) sv-āmnāya [p= 1284,1] [L=259711] mfn. well handed down by tradition S3iksh.

(H2) an-aitihya [p= 1312,3] [L=308130] mfn. not based on tradition, MBh.

(H3) ā-gama--virodha [p= 1319,1] [L=317931] m. conflict with tradition, Ka1vya7d.

(H3) ā-gama--saṃhita [L=317931.1] mfn. agreeing with tr°adition, Bcar.

(H3) ā-ga--° mika [L=317931.2] mfn. acquired by tr°adition, Nya1yas. , Sch.

(H3) āmnāya--para [p= 1319,3] [L=319580.1] mfn. honouring sacred tradition, Mn. vii, 80