Sanskrit words for Breath


prā* ā* varodha [L=139715]
suppression of breath Mr2icch.



1 ana (breath) 2 anavattva (breath) 3 anavānat (breath) 4 anavānam (breath) 5 antaryāma (breath) 6 apiprāṇa (breath) 7 aprāṇa (breath) 8 abhivyan (breath) 9 alpaprāṇa (breath) 10 alpabalaprāṇa (breath) 11 asu (breath) 12 aspandāsu (breath) 13 ātman (breath) 14 ātmadā (breath) 15 ātmasani (breath) 16 ātmādhīna (breath) 17 āna (breath) 18 āśvas (breath) 19 āśvāsa (breath) 20 āśvāsaka (breath) 21 āhara (breath) 22 ucchvas (breath) 23 ucchvasana (breath) 24 ucchvasita (breath) 25 ucchvāsa (breath) 26 ucchvāsita (breath) 27 uttam (breath) 28 udan (breath) 29 unnītaśuṣma (breath) 30 upāṃśvantaryāma (breath) 31 upāṃśvāyatana (breath) 32 upāvṛt (breath) 33 ūrja (breath) 34 ūrdhvaśvāsa (breath) 35 ekaprāṇayoga (breath) 36 kaṇṭhāgata (breath) 37 kapālabhātī (breath) 38 kumbhaka (breath) 39 krathana (breath) 40 kṣudraśvāsa (breath) 41 kṣudraka (breath) 42 gatāsu (breath) 43 ghaṭa (breath) 44 ghaṭāvasthā (breath) 45 chardi (breath) 46 jagatprāṇa (breath) 47 jagadātman (breath) 48 jigatnu (breath) 49 jīva (breath) 50 jīvatha (breath) 51 tam (breath) 52 tāmi (breath) 53 tāmī (breath) 54 tṛṣṭadhūma (breath) 55 tman (breath) 56 tyaj (breath) 57 dīrghaprāṇa (breath) 58 dūr (breath) 59 dhāraṇā (breath) 60 nabhaḥprāṇa (breath) 61 nasya (breath) 62 nāriṣṭha (breath) 63 niyam (breath) 64 niruddhakaṇṭha (breath) 65 nirdhṛ (breath) 66 niśvas (breath) 67 niśvasita (breath) 68 paritam (breath) 69 parityaj (breath) 70 paryāśvas (breath) 71 pavana (breath) 72 pavanavijaya (breath) 73 piṅgalā (breath) 74 pūtinasya (breath) 75 pūtivaktra (breath) 76 pūra (breath) 77 praṇī (breath) 78 pratyāgataprāṇa (breath) 79 prapīḍ (breath) 80 praśvasitavya (breath) 81 prāṇa (breath) 82 prāṇagraha (breath) 83 prāṇacit (breath) 84 prāṇaciti (breath) 85 prāṇatejas (breath) 86 prāṇatva (breath) 87 prāṇadā (breath) 88 prāṇadṛh (breath) 89 prāṇanigraha (breath) 90 prāṇapatnī (breath) 91 prāṇaparigraha (breath) 92 prāṇapā (breath) 93 prāṇaprāśanin (breath) 94 prāṇabhakṣa (breath) 95 prāṇabhakṣam (breath) 96 prāṇabhūta (breath) 97 prāṇamaya (breath) 98 prāṇarandhra (breath) 99 prāṇarodha (breath) 100 prāṇavidyā (breath) 101 prāṇavīrya (breath) 102 prāṇasaṃyama (breath) 103 prāṇasaṃhitā (breath) 104 prānuga (breath) 105 prāṇāyāma (breath) 106 prāṇāyāmaśas (breath) 107 prāṇāyāmin (breath) 108 prāṇāvarodha (breath) 109 prāṇeśa (breath) 110 prāṇotkramana (breath) 111 prāṇotkrānti (breath) 112 bahiṣprāṇa (breath) 113 mañjuguñjatsamīra (breath) 114 manas (breath) 115 mandaprāṇa (breath) 116 mandāsu (breath) 117 marut (breath) 118 marka (breath) 119 māruta (breath) 120 mukhamāruta (breath) 121 mukhavasa (breath) 122 mukhānila (breath) 123 mukhārcis (breath) 124 mukhocchvāsa (breath) 125 yatākṣāsumanobuddhi (breath) 126 yaṣṭiprāna (breath) 127 ric (breath) 128 reca (breath) 129 recaka (breath) 130 recana (breath) 131 laghu (breath) 132 vadanapavana (breath) 133 vasuprāṇa (breath) 134 vāgvyaya (breath) 135 vāyu (breath) 136 vāyudvāra (breath) 137 vijṛmbhikā (breath) 138 virecaka (breath) 139 viśeṣocchvasita (breath) 140 viśvas (breath) 141 visarjanīya (breath) 142 vaikharī (breath) 143 vyan (breath) 144 vyānadā (breath) 145 śīt (breath) 146 śoṣa (breath) 147 śvas (breath) 148 śvasatha (breath) 149 śvasana (breath) 150 śvasanarandhra (breath) 151 śvasanasamīraṇa (breath) 152 śvasita (breath) 153 śvāsa (breath) 154 śvāsakāsa (breath) 155 śvāsatā (breath) 156 śvāsadhāraṇa (breath) 157 śvāsarodha (breath) 158 śvāsaśeṣa (breath) 159 śvāsākula (breath) 160 śvāsānila (breath) 161 śvāsāri (breath) 162 ṣaṭkarman (breath) 163 saṃyataprāṇa (breath) 164 saṃvāsita (breath) 165 saṃvid (breath) 166 saṃsaktavadanāśvāsa (breath) 167 saṃsthā (breath) 168 saṃjñaka (breath) 169 saṇi (breath) 170 sattva (breath) 171 saprāṇa (breath) 172 samāśvas (breath) 173 samāśvāsa (breath) 174 samāśvāsana (breath) 175 samīraṇa (breath) 176 sampratiprāṇa (breath) 177 saśvāsa (breath) 178 sahitakumbhaka (breath) 179 suṣumṇā (breath) 180 suṣumnā (breath) 181 stokāvaśeṣprāṇa (breath) 182 svabhavas (breath) 183 svasvaprāṇa (breath) 184 svarasaṃgraha (breath) 185 hīna (breath) 186 hikkita (breath) 187 prāṇasaṃhita (breath) 188 mukhavāta (breath)

aná [p= 24,1] [L=4783]
breath , respiration S3Br. ChUp.
(H2) m.
aná--vat-tva [L=4784]
the state of being endowed with breath or life Nir.
anavat-tva [p= 26,3] [L=5295]
(H3) n.
(H1) »
án-avā* nat [p= 27,1] [L=5364]
( √ an) , not taking breath , not respiring S3Br.
(H1) mfn.
an-avā* nam [L=5365]
without breathing between , in one breath , without interruption , uno tenore AitBr.
(H2) ind.
antar--yāmá [p= 43,3] [L=8136]
a soma libation performed with suppression of the breath and voice VS. S3Br. &c
antar--yāma [p= 1313,1] [L=308273]
(H3) m.
(H3) (also) speaking to one's self, unheard by another,
api-prā́a [p= 55,2] [L=10193]
(ī)n. uttered or produced with every breath RV. i , 186 , 11.
(H1) mf
á-prā* a 1 [p= 59,2] [L=10806]
no breath MaitrUp.
a-prā* a 2 [L=10807]
inanimate , lifeless AV. S3Br.
(H1) m.
(H2) mfn.
abhi-vy- √ an [p= 70,2] [L=12442]
, to breathe through , to fill with breath S3Br.  ; 
aor. -ānīt) to breathe upon S3Br. Ka1t2h.
(H1) -aniti
álpa--prā* a [p= 95,3] [L=16864]
(in Gr.) slight breathing or weak aspiration (the effort in uttering the vowels , the semivowels y , r , l , v , the consonants k , c , , t , p , g , j , , i , b , and the nasals , is said to be accompanied with slight aspiration , but practically alpaprā*a is here equivalent to unaspirated , as opposed to mahā-prā*a q.v.) Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 Sch.
álpa--prā* a [L=16865]
having short breath , not persevering , soon tired Sus3r. pronounced with slight breathing Ka1vya7d.
(H3) m.
(H3B) mfn.
álpa--balaprā* a [L=16867]
of little strength and little breath i.e. weak and without any power of endurance N.
(H3) mfn.
ásu [p= 121,1] [L=21023]
( √1. as) , Ved. breath , life RV. AV. &c

RV. x , 15 , 1

astron.) " respiration " , = four seconds of sidereal time or one minute of arc Su1ryas.

prajñā Naigh.

ásavas) the vital breaths or airs of the body , animal life AV. Mn. iii , 217 , &c
asu [L=21028]
grief L.
asu [L=21029]
(= citta) the spirit L.
(H1) m.
[L=21024]life of the spiritual world or departed spirits
[L=21027](in later language only
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
aspandā* su [p= 123,1] [L=21459]
having motionless or suppressed breath BhP.
(H3) mfn.
ātmán [p= 135,1] [L=23455]
(variously derived fr. an , to breathe ; at , to move ; , to blow ; cf. tmán) the breath RV.

RV. AV. &c

e.g. ātmán (Ved. loc.) dhatte , or karoti , " he places in himself " , makes his own TS. v S3Br. ; ātmanā akarot , " he did it himself " Ka1d. ; ātmanā vi-yuj , " to lose one's life " Mn. vii , 46 ; ātman in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders e.g. ātmāna sā hanti , " she strikes herself " ; putram ātmana spṛṣṭvā nipetatu , " they two having touched their son fell down " R. ii , 64 , 28 ; see also below s.v. ātmanā ]

ifc. e.g. karmā*tman , &c ) RV. x , 97 , 11 , &c

VS. S3Br.

Ragh. i , 14 Ra1matUp.

ifc.) " the understanding , intellect , mind " » naṣṭā*tman , mandā

brahma (cf. paramā*tman) AV. x , 8 , 44 VS. xxxii , 11 S3Br. xiv , &c


= dhti) firmness L.



L. ; [Old Germ. a1tum ; Angl.Sax. oedhm ; Mod. Germ. Athem , Odem ; Gk. ϋτμήν , (?).]
(H1) m.
[L=23456]the soul , principle of life and sensation
[L=23457]the individual soul , self , abstract individual [
[L=23463]essence , nature , character , peculiarity (often
[L=23464]the person or whole body considered as one and opposed to the separate members of the body
[L=23465]the body
[L=23467]the highest personal principle of life ,
[L=23470]the sun
[L=23472]a son
ātma--dā́ [p= 135,2] [L=23527]
granting breath or life RV. x , 121 , 2.
(H3) mfn.
ātma--sáni [p= 135,3] [L=23629]
granting the breath of life VS. xix , 48.
(H3) mfn.
ātmā* dhīna [p= 136,1] [L=23656]
depending on one's own will A1p. S3a1rn3g.

ātmā* dhīna [L=23658]
a son L.
ātmā* dhīna [L=23659]
a wife's brother L. : the jester in a play L. (cf. ātma-vīra and ātmanīna.)
(H3) mfn.
[L=23657]one whose existence depends on the breath or on the principle of animal life , sentient
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
āná [p= 139,3] [L=24313]
(fr. √ an) , face ([ NBD. ])

Sa1y. ]) RV. i , 52 , 15


(H1) m.
[L=24315]nose ([
[L=24316]exhaling the breath through the nose
[L=24317]inhalation , breath inspired , breathing , blowing
ā- √ śvas [p= 159,2] [L=27807]
-śvasiti and -śvasati (Impv. 2. sg. -śvasihi and -śvasa [ MBh. vi , 490] ; impf. -aśvasīt [ Bhat2t2. ] and -aśvasat [ Katha1s. xxxiii , 129]) A1. -śvasate , to breathe , breathe again or freely  ; 
to take or recover breath , take heart or courage
to revive
MBh. R. Katha1s. BhP. &c : Caus. -śvāsayati , to cause to take breath  ; 
to encourage , comfort
to calm , console , cheer up
MBh. Sus3r. Ragh. Kum. &c
(H1) P.
ā-śvāsa [L=27809]
breathing again or freely , taking breath



(H2) m.
[L=27811]cheering up , consolation
[L=27812]relying on
[L=27813]a chapter or section of a book
ā-śvāsaka [L=27814]
causing to take breath or courage , consolatory , comforting L.
(H2) mfn.
ā-hara [p= 162,2] [L=28320]
» ā-h.
ā-hara 1 [p= 162,3] [L=28378]
ifc. bringing , fetching Ragh.
ā-hara 1 [L=28379]
taking , seizing
ā-hara 1 [L=28380]
accomplishing , offering (a sacrifice) MBh. Ka1d.
ā-hara 1 [L=28381]
drawing in breath , inhaling
ā-hara 1 [L=28382]
inhaled air
ā-hara 1 [L=28383]
breath inspired , inspiration L.
ā-hara 2 [L=28384]
sg. Impv. forming irregular tatpurua compounds with the following words) :
(H1) &c
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2) (2.
uc-chvas [p= 174,2] [L=30492]
ud-śvas) P. A1. -chvasiti (p. -chvasat , -chvasamāna ; Pot. -chvaset , -chvasīta) to breathe hard , snort  ; 
to take a deep breath , breathe
to breathe again , get breath , recover , rest
Gobh. MBh. BhP. Sus3r. Ma1rkP. S3vetUp. &c  ; 
to sigh , pant , respire
Bhat2t2.  ; 
to rise
Vikr.  ; 
to unfasten one's self
BhP.  ; 
to open , begin to bloom
Vikr. Ma1lav.  ; 
to heave:
Caus. -chvāsayati , to cause to breathe again or recover  ; 
to gladden
BhP.  ; 
to raise , lift , elevate
to untie (
cf. uc-chvāsita below) .
(H1) (
uc-chvasana [L=30495]
breathing , taking breath

Comm. on Ba1dar.
uc-chvasana [p= 1321,2] [L=322040]
becoming loose (as a girdle), Ma1lati1m.
(H2) n.
[L=30497]swelling up
(H2) n.
uc-chvasita [p= 174,2] [L=30498]
heaving , beating , breathed , inspired

Kum. Ma1lav. Katha1s. Ragh. &c

Ragh. Katha1s. Megh. &c

BhP. Ma1lati1m.
uc-chvasita [L=30504]
breathing out , respiration
uc-chvasita [L=30505]
uc-chvasita [L=30506]
uc-chvasita [L=30507]
throbbing , sighing Sa1h. Ragh. Kum. S3ak.
uc-chvasita [L=30508]
uc-chvasita [L=30509]
unfastening , untying Megh. Ragh.
(H2) mfn.
[L=30499]recovered , calm
[L=30500]revived , refreshed , gladdened
[L=30501]heaving , swelling up , raised , lifted
[L=30502]expanded , burst , unfastened , untied
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
uc-chvāsá [L=30510]
breathing out

Ka1tyS3r. Sus3r. S3ak. Prab. &c


MBh. Megh. Amar.

RV. ix , 86 , 43


e.g. of the daśakumāra-carita)

(H2) m.
[L=30511]breath , deep inspiration
[L=30512]expiration , death
[L=30514]froth , yeast , foam
[L=30515]swelling up , rising , increasing
[L=30516]consolation , encouragement
[L=30517]pause in a narration , division of a book (
[L=30518]an air-hole
uc-chvāsita [L=30519]
caused to recover , gladdened R2itus. Katha1s.

R. Megh.



(H2) mfn.
[L=30520]raised , lifted up
[L=30521]unfastened , untied , loosened , released
[L=30522]breathless , out of breath
[L=30523]much , excessive
[L=30524]desisted from
[L=30525]disjointed , divided
ut- √ tam [p= 177,3] [L=31075]
ud-tam) P. -tāmyati , to be out of breath or exhausted  ; 
to lose heart , faint
R. Ra1jat. Das3.
(H1) (
udán [p= 183,3] [L=32229]
» s.v.) n. Ved. (defective in the strong cases Pa1n2. 6-1 , 63) a wave , water RV. AV. TS. Ka1t2h.
ud- √ an 2 [p= 184,2] [L=32327]
» [p= 183,3]) P. -aniti (and āniti Br2A1rUp. iii , 4 , 1 ; cf. vy-an ; p. -anát S3Br. ; aor. 3. pl. -ānius AV. iii , 13 , 4) to breathe upwards , emit the breath in an upward direction  ; 
to breathe out , breathe
AV. S3Br. Br2A1rUp.
(H2) (for 2.
(H1) (for 1.
ún-nīta--śuma [p= 193,2] [L=33859]
únnīta°) mfn. one whose breath goes upwards MaitrS. i , 1 , 11.
(H3) (
upāśv-antaryāmá [p= 212,3] [L=36555]
N. of two particular ladles-full of soma (offered with the breath held and inaudible) S3Br. iv.
(H3) m. du.
upāśv-ā́yatana [L=36556]
having a silent abode , kept inaudible (as the breath) S3Br. x.
(H3) mfn.
upā* - √ vt 1 [p= 214,3] [L=36816]
(rarely P.) -vartate , -ti (Impv. 2. pl. -vavdhvam [for -vavddhvam] RV. ) to turn towards , go towards , approach , stand by the side of RV. viii , 20 , 18 TS. TBr. S3Br. AitBr. MBh. &c  ; 
to apply one's self to , approach for protection
MBh. BhP.  ; 
to fall to one's share
MBh. BhP.  ; 
to return , come back
MBh. R. S3ak. &c : Caus. P. -vartayati , to cause to turn or go towards S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.  ; 
to lead near or back , bring back
MBh. R. Das3.  ; 
to draw back , divert , cause to desist from
Sus3r. MBh.  ; 
to cause to get breath (
e.g. horses) MBh. vii.
upā* -vṛ́t 2 [L=36819]
return AV. vi , 77 , 3 VS. xii , 8.
(H1) A1.
(H2) f.
ūrjá [p= 221,3] [L=38041]
strong , powerful , eminent BhP. S3is3.

ūrjá [L=38043]
N. of a month (= kārttika) TS. i VS. S3Br. Sus3r. i , 19 , 9 BhP. &c
ūrjá [L=38044]
power , strength , vigour , sap MBh. Mn. ii , 55 BhP. &c
ūrjá [L=38045]
life , breath L.
ūrjá [L=38046]
effort , exertion L.
ūrjá [L=38047]
N. of several men
ūrjá [L=38049]
N. of a daughter of daka and wife of vasiṣṭha VP. BhP.
ūrjá [L=38050]
water L.
(H2) mfn.
[L=38042]invigorating , strengthening
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
ūrdhvá--śvāsa [p= 222,3] [L=38258]
" breathing above " , shortness of breath , a kind of asthma Sus3r. Bhpr.
(H3) m.
éka--prāa-yoga [p= 228,3] [L=39466]
union (of sounds) in one breath Vpra1t.
(H3) m.
kaṇṭ* gata [p= 245,3] [L=42522]
come to the throat (as the breath or soul of a dying person) W.
(H3) mfn.
kapā́la--bhātī [p= 250,2] [L=43402]
a particular sort of penance (consisting in alternate suppression and emission of the breath).
(H3) f.
kumbhaka [p= 293,2] [L=52579]
ifc. a pot Katha1s.

&c ) Jyot.

MBh. xii , 4280
kumbhaka [L=52582]
stopping the breath by shutting the mouth and closing the nostrils with the fingers of the right hand (a religious exercise) BhP. Veda7ntas. Sarvad. &c
kumbhaka [L=52583]
the base of a column Buddh.
kumbhaka [L=52584]
N. of an attendant of skanda MBh. ix , 2577
(H2) m.
[L=52580]a measure (of grain ,
[L=52581]the prominence on the upper part of an elephant's forehead
(H2B) mn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
krathana [p= 319,2] [L=57718]
one who is in danger of suffocation Car.
krathana [L=57719]
N. of an asura MBh. i Hariv. 12696
krathana [L=57720]
of a nāga (son of dhta-rāṣṭra) MBh. i , 4550
krathana [L=57721]
of a monkey R. iv , v , vi
krathana [L=57722]
cutting through (as with an ax) Prab.
krathana [L=57723]
slaughter , killing L.
krathana [L=57724]
sudden interruption of breath Sus3r.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
kudrá--śvāsa [p= 331,1] [L=60002]
short breath Sus3r.
(H3) m.
kudraka [L=60040]
small , minute Mn. viii , 297

kudraka [L=60042]
N. of a prince (son of prasenajit) BhP. ix , 12 , 14 VP. (v.l. kudra-baka)
kudraka [L=60043]
N. of a people living by warfare (the *᾿οξυδρακοι) MBh. ii , 1871 ; vi , 2106 Pa1n2. 5-3 , 114 Ka1s3.
kudraka [L=60045]
small bells employed for ornament (cf. kudra-ghaṇṭikā) L.
kudraka [L=60046]
N. of a collection of Buddhist works.
(H2) mfn.
[L=60041]short (as the breath)
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m. pl.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
gatā́* su [p= 347,3] [L=63521]
one whose breath has gone , expired , dead RV. x , 18 , 8 AV. S3Br. &c
(H3) mfn.
ghaa [p= 375,1] [L=69220]
intently occupied or busy with (loc.) Pa1n2. 5-2 , 35

ghaā yasyā*sti g. arśa-ādi
ghaa [L=69222]
a jar , pitcher , jug , large earthen water-jar , watering-pot Mn. viii , xi Ya1jn5. iii , 144 Amr2itUp. MBh. &c
ghaa [L=69223]
the sign Aquarius VarBr2S.
ghaa [L=69224]
a measure = 1 droa (or = 20 droas W. ) Asht2a7n3g. v , 6 , 28 S3a1rn3gS. i , 28
ghaa [L=69225]
the head MBh. i , 155 , 38 Sch.
ghaa [L=69226]
a part of a column VarBr2S. liii , 29
ghaa [L=69227]
a peculiar form of a temple , lvi , 18 and 26
ghaa [L=69228]
an elephant's frontal sinus L.
ghaa [L=69229]
a border L.
ghaa [L=69230]
(= kumbhá) suspending the breath as a religious exercise L.
ghaa [L=69231]
(along with karpara cf. -karpara) N. of a thief Katha1s. lxiv , 43
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
ghaā* vasthā [p= 375,2] [L=69272]
(probably) = ghaa , suspending the breath as a religious austerity Hat2hapr. iv , 35 f.
(H3) f.
chardi [p= 407,2] [L=76113]
vomiting , sickness Ka1tyS3r. xxv , 11 Gaut. Sus3r. VarBr2S. xxxii , 18

KapS. iii , 33.
(H2) f.
[L=76114]expulsion (of the breath)
jágat--prā* a [p= 408,1] [L=76263]
" world-breath " , wind L.

Ra1matUp. i , 3 , 2.
(H3) m.
jagad--ātman [L=76307]
" world-breath " , wind R. vi , 82 , 153
408,2] [L=76308]
(H3) m.
[p= " world-soul " , the Supreme Spirit , W
jigatnú [p= 420,3] [L=79255]
( √ gam redupl.) going quickly , fleet RV. vii , lx f.
jigatnú [L=79256]
breath Un2. iii , 31÷32
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) m.
jīvá [p= 422,2] [L=79623]
(ā́)n. living , existing , alive RV. &c

Car. viii , 6 , 74

ifc. living by (» jala-cara- , rūpa-)

» putra- , -jala)
jīvá [L=79627]
n. any living being , anything living RV. &c
jīvá [L=79628]
life , existence MBh. iv , vi Hariv. &c (ifc. f(ā). Katha1s. )
jīvá [L=79629]
the principle of life , vital breath , the living or personal soul (as distinguished from the universal soul » jīvā*tman) RV. i , 164 , 30 ChUp. S3vetUp. Pras3nUp. Mn. &c
jīvá [L=79630]
N. of a plant L.
jīvá [L=79631]
bhaspati (regent of Jupiter) VarBr2S. Laghuj. Su1ryas. Ka1s3i1Kh.
jīvá [L=79632]
the 3rd lustrum in the 60 years' bhaspati cycle VarBr2S. viii , 26
jīvá [L=79633]
N. of one of the 8 maruts Ya1jn5. ii , 102÷103 39
jīvá [L=79634]
kara L.
jīvá [p= 422,3] [L=79635]
N. of a metre RPra1t. xvii , 4
jīvá [L=79637]
the earth L.
jīvá [L=79638]
a bow-string L.
jīvá [L=79639]
(in geom. = jyā) the chord of an arc
jīvá [L=79640]
the sine of an arc Su1ryas. ii , 57 (cf. tri- , tri-bha , dg-gati- , lamba- and śaku-jīvā)
jīvá [L=79641]
N. of a plant (jīvantī or vacā L. ) VarBr2S. iii , 39
jīvá [L=79642]
the tinkling of ornaments L.
jīvá [L=79643]
pl. N. of a particular formula Kaus3. Vait.
jīvá [L=79644]
cf. ati- , upa- and sa-jīvá
jīvá [L=79645]
jīvá [L=79646]
jīvá [L=79647]
([cf. bíos ; Lat. vivus ; Lith. gīvas ; Goth. qvius ; Eng. quick ; Hib. beo.])
jīva [p= 1327,3] [L=331960]
(also) N. of a famous physician, Buddh.
(H2) mf
[L=79624]healthy (blood)
[L=79626]causing to live , vivifying (
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2) m.
jīvatha [p= 423,1] [L=79810]
long-lived Un2. iii , 112 Sch.

jīvatha [L=79812]
life , breath L.
jīvatha [L=79813]
a tortoise L.
jīvatha [L=79814]
a peacock L.
jīvatha [L=79815]
a cloud L.
jīvatha [L=79816]
virtue W.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 26.93
Whitney Roots links: tam
tam [p= 438,1] [L=82867]
tā́myati ( Pa1n2. 7-3 , 74 ; rarely A1. R. ii , 63 , 46 Gi1t. v , 16 ; pf. tatāma S3Br. iv ; aor. Pass. atami Pa1n2. 7-3 , 34 Ka1s3. ; Ved. inf. támitos , with ā́ preceding , " till exhaustion " TBr. i , 4 , 4 , 2 Ta1n2d2yaBr. xii La1t2y. A1p. ; pf. Pass. p. -tāntá q.v.) to gasp for breath (as one suffocating) , choke , be suffocated , faint away , be exhausted , perish , be distressed or disturbed or perplexed RV. ii , 30 , 7 (ná mā tamat [aor. subj.] " may I not be exhausted ") Ka1t2h. TBr. &c  ; 
to stop (as breath) , become immovable or stiff
Sus3r. Ma1lati1m. Amar. Ra1jat. v , 344  ; 
to desire (
cf. 2. °ma , °mata) Dha1tup. xxvi , 93 : Caus. tamáyati (aor. Pass. atāmi Pa1n2. 6-4 , 93 Ka1s3. ) to suffocate , deprive of breath S3Br. iii , 3 , 2 , 19 and 8 , 1 , 15 Ka1tyS3r. vi , 5 , 18  ; 
cf. á-tameru.
(H1) cl.4.
tāmi [p= 443,1] [L=84025]
restraining the breath until exhaustion is produced Kaus3. 88.
(H2) f.
tāmī [p= 442,3] [L=83985]
= tamī , night L. Sch.
°  [p= 443,1] [L=84026]
restraining the breath until exhaustion is produced Kaus3. 88.
(H1B) f.
(H3) f.
tṛṣṭá--dhūma [p= 454,1] [L=86799]
°á-) mfn. having pungent breath (a snake) , xix , 47 and 50.
(H3) (
tmán [p= 456,3] [L=87332]
(= ātmán) the vital breath RV. i , 63 , 8 (acc. tmánam) A1s3vS3r. vi , 9 , 1 (acc. tmānam)

RV. ;'tman after e , or o for ātman Kat2hUp. iii , 12 MBh. i-iii BhP. vii , 9 , 32
tmán [L=87332.3]
utá tmánā or tmánāca " and also , and certainly " , iva or ná tmánā " just as " , ádha tmánā , " and even " RV.
(H1) m.
[L=87332.1]one's own person , self
(H1B) ind.
Whitney Roots links: tyaj
tyaj 1 [L=87337]
°jati (metrically also °te ; pf. Ved. tityā́ja , Class. tat° Pa1n2. 6-1 , 36 ; tatyaja BhP. iii , 4 ; fut. tyakyati Pa1n2. 7-2 , 10 Ka1r. ; tyajiy° R. ii , vii Ma1rkP. ; aor. atyāhīt ; inf. tyaktum) to leave , abandon , quit RV. x , 71 , 6 Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to leave a place , go away from
Mn. vi , 77 MBh. &c  ; 
to let go , dismiss , discharge
VarBr2S. xvii , 22 Bhat2t2.  ; 
to give up , surrender , resign , part from , renounce
I1s3Up. 1 Mn. MBh. &c (tanum or deham or kalevaram , " to abandon the body , die " Mn. vi MBh. &c ; prāān or śvāsam or jīvitam , " to give up breath or life , risk or lose one's life " MBh. R. &c )  ; 
P. A1. to shun , avoid , get rid of , free one's self from (any passion &c ) MBh. &c  ; 
to give away , distribute , offer (as a sacrifice or oblation to a deity ;
tyajate etymologically = σέβεται) Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c  ; 
to set aside , leave unnoticed , disregard
S3a1n3khS3r. Mn. iii MBh. i , 3098 Hit. ii , 3 , 30  ; 
ind.p. tyaktvā) to except VarBr2S. Caurap. Sch.  ; 
Pass. tyajyate , to be abandoned by , get rid of (instr.) Pan5cat. i , 10 , 0÷1 : Caus. tyājayati (aor. atityajat Bhat2t2. ) to cause anyone to quit MBh. xiii , 288  ; 
to cause anyone to give up
Katha1s. lxxxiii , 34  ; 
to expel , turn out ,
xx , 126  ; 
to cause any one to lose , deprive of (
instr.) Bhat2t2. xv , 120  ; 
to empty the body by evacuations
Bhpr. : Desid. tityakati , to be about to lose (one's life , prāān) Car. v , 10 and 12.
tyaj 2 [L=87354]
ifc. leaving , abandoning W.

BhP. viii Ra1jat. iv

tanu- , tanū- , su-.
(H1) cl.1.
(H2) mfn.
[L=87355]giving up , offering
dīrghá--prā* a [p= 482,2] [L=93126]
having long breath A1pS3r. vi , 20 , 2.
(H3) mfn.
dūr [p= 489,2] [L=94894]
of the prā*a or vital breath regarded as a deity S3Br.
(H1) N.
dhāraā [p= 515,2] [L=100975]
(cf. °a , col.1) the act of holding , bearing , wearing , supporting , maintaining MBh. R.

Kat2hUp. Gr2S. MBh. BhP.

Mn. MBh. Sus3r. Ka1v. Pur. &c

MWB. 239 (°ā-dh , to exercise concentration Ya1jn5. ; °ā gata , having composed one's self R. )

Ya1jn5. iii , 73


Mn. MBh.

the 8th to the 11th day in the light half of month jyaiṣṭha Var.
(H2) f.
[L=100976]retaining , keeping back (also in remembrance) , a good memory
[L=100977]collection or concentration of the mind (joined with the retention of breath)
[L=100979]understanding , intellect
[L=100980]firmness , steadfastness , righteousness
[L=100981]fixed preceptor settled rule , certainty
nabha--prā* a [p= 527,3] [L=103719]
" sky-breath " , air , wind L.
(H3) m.
násya [p= 532,2] [L=104844]
belonging to or being in the nose (as breath) S3Br.
násya [L=104847]
the hairs in the nose VS.
násya [L=104848]
a sternutatory , errhine MBh. R. Sus3r.
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
nā́ri--ṣṭ [p= 537,1] [L=105996]
" the fire of digestion and the wind of breath " TS.
(H3) m. du.
ni- √ yam [p= 552,1] [p= 551,3] [L=109120]
-yacchati , to stop (trans.) , hold back , detain with (loc.)  ; 
A1.) to stop (intrans.) , stay , remain RV.  ; 
to keep back , refuse
A1.) to fail , be wanting ib.  ; 
to fasten , tie to (
loc.) , bind up (hair &c ) ib. &c  ; 
to hold over , extend (
śarma) AV.  ; 
to hold downwards (the hand)
TS.  ; 
to bring near , procure , bestow , grant , offer , present (rain , gifts
&c ) RV. AV. Br. &c  ; 
to hold in , keep down , restrain , control , govern , regulate (as breath , the voice , the organs of sense
&c ) Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to suppress or conceal (one's nature)
Mn. x , 59  ; 
to destroy , annihilate (
opp. to √ sj) BhP.  ; 
to restrict (food
&c ; cf. below)  ; 
to fix upon , settle , determine , establish
Sarvad. Katha1s. BhP. Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 66  ; 
(in gram.) to lower , pronounce low
i.e. with the anudātta RPra1t. : Caus. -yamayati , to restrain , curb , check , suppress , restrict MBh. Ka1v. &c
(H1) P.
ni-° ruddha---kaṇṭha [p= 554,1] [L=109417]
having the breath obstructed , suffocated MW.
(H4) mfn.
nir- √ dh [p= 555,3] [L=109675]
Pass. aor. -adhāri S3is3. ix , 20) , to settle , ascertain: Caus. -dhārayati , to hold back (the breath) VPra1t. Sch.  ; 
to take or pick out , particularize (determine
Pass. pres. p. -dhāryamāa) Pa1n2. 2-3 , 42 Sch.: Desid. of Caus. -didhārayiati , to wish to ascertain or define S3am2k.
(H1) (only
ni- √ śvas [p= 561,2] [L=110647]
-śvasiti , ep. also °sati (pf. -śaśvāsa aor. or impf. ny-aśvasat MBh. ; °śvasīt Das3. ; ind.p. -śvasya) , to draw in the breath , inspire  ; 
to hiss , snort
&c MBh. Ka1v. &c (often v.l. nih-śv°).
(H1) P.
ni-° śvasita [L=110648]
ní-) n. breath , expiration or inspiration S3Br. S3is3.
(H3) (
pari- √ tam [p= 595,1] [L=117641]
-tāmyati , to gasp for breath , be oppressed Sus3r.
(H1) P.
pari- √ tyaj [p= 595,2] [L=117678]
-tyajati (°te R. Ma1rkP. ; ind.p. -tyajya) , to leave , quit , abandon , give up , reject , disregard , not heed Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
deham) to forsake the body i.e. die BhP.  ; 
prā*ān , or jīvitam) to resign the breath , give up the ghost Mn. MBh. Das3. Vet.  ; 
nāvam) to disembark MW. : Pass. -tyajyate , to be deprived or bereft of (instr.) Mn. Pan5c. Hit. &c : Caus. -tyājayati , to deprive or rob a person of (2 acc.) R.
pari-tyaj [L=117685]
id. MBh.
(H1) P.
(H3) mfn.
pary-ā- √ śvas [p= 608,2] [L=119841]
-śvasili , or -śvasati , to breathe out , recover breath , take heart , be at ease MBh. R. : Caus. -śvāsayati , °te , to comfort , console MBh.
(H1) P.
pávana [p= 610,3] [L=120356]
" purifier " , wind or the god of wind , breeze , air (ifc. f(ā).) MBh. Ka1v. &c

Sus3r. Sarvad.

nakatra svāti and the north-west region Var.

of the number 5 (from the 5 vital airs) ib.



of a son of manu uttama BhP.


bharata-ketra W.
pávana [L=120368]
or m. purification , winnowing of corn L.
pávana [L=120369]
a potter's kiln , S3r2in3ga1r.
pávana [L=120370]
an instrument for purifying grain &c , sieve , strainer AV. A1s3vGr2.
pávana [L=120371]
blowing Kan2.
pávana [L=120372]
water L.
pávana [L=120373]
clean , pure L.
(H2) m.
[L=120357]vital air , breath
[L=120358]the regent of the
[L=120360]a householder's sacred fire
[L=120361]a species of grass
[L=120363]of a mountain
[L=120364]of a country in
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) mfn.
pávana--vijaya [L=120389]
" victory over the wind or breath " , N. of sev. Tantric works.
(H3) m.
pigalā́ [p= 625,1] [L=123627]
a species of bird L.
pigalā́ [L=123628]
a kind of owl Var.
pigalā́ [L=123629]
Dalbergia Sissoo L.
pigalā́ [L=123630]
= karikā L.
pigalā́ [L=123631]
a kind of brass L.
pigalā́ [L=123632]
a partic. vessel of the body (the right of 3 tubular vessels which according to the yoga philosophy are the chief passages of breath and air ; cf. ChUp. viii , 6 , 1)
pigalā́ [L=123633]
a kind of yellow pigment (= go-rocanā) L.
pigalā́ [L=123634]
N. of lak Gal.
pigalā́ [L=123635]
of a courtezan who became remarkable for her piety MBh.
pigalā́ [L=123636]
of the female elephant of the South quarter L.
pigalā́ [L=123637]
of an astrological house or period W.
pigalā́ [L=123638]
heart-pea W.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
(H2B) f.
pū́ti--nasya [p= 641,3] [L=127499]
a disease of the nose causing offensive breath Sus3r. (w.r. pūta-n°).
(H3) n.
pū́ti--vaktra [L=127515]
" fetid-mouthed " , one who has offensive breath Ya1jn5.
(H3) mfn.
pūra [L=127548]
( √ p , Caus.) filling , making full (cf. i-)

cf. kāma-)
pūra [L=127550]
the act of filling , fulfilling &c Ka1v. Pur.
pūra [p= 642,1] [L=127551]
the swelling or rising of a river or of the sea , a large quantity of water , flood , stream (also met. = abundance , high degree , esp. ifc.) Ka1v. Sus3r. &c
pūra [L=127552]
a cake R. (cf. ghta-)
pūra [L=127553]
a kind of breath-exercise = pūraka below BhP.
pūra [L=127554]
the cleansing of a wound L. (cf. pūraa)
pūra [L=127555]
the citron tree (= bīja-pūra) L.
pūra [L=127557]
a kind of incense L.
pūra [L=127558]
bdellium L.
pūra [L=127559]
(ā)n. a sort of unleavened cake fried with ghee or oil W. (cf. pūrikā below) .
(H1) mfn.
[L=127549]fulfilling , satisfying (
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) mf
pra-ī [p= 660,2] [L=131199]
) P. A1. -ayati , °te to lead forwards , conduct , advance , promote , further RV. &c  ; 
to bring or lead to , convey (
esp. the sacrificial fire or water or soma to its place at the altar) ib.  ; 
to offer , present
Bhat2t2.  ; 
to produce , perform , execute , finish
Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to do away with , remove , dispel
MBh.  ; 
to manifest affection , love , desire
MBh.  ; 
to show , represent (a drama)
Ba1lar. Prasannar.  ; 
to inflict (as punishment)
Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to apply (as a clyster)
Car.  ; 
to establish , fix , institute , promulgate , teach
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to write , compose
Sarvad.  ; 
A1.) to draw in (the breath) S3Br. : Desid. -ninīati (!) , to wish to lead or conduct RV.
pra-ī́ [p= 660,3] [L=131264]
a leader or guide TBr.
pra-ī́ [L=131265]
guidance , furtherance , devotion (?) RV. iii , 38 , 2.
(H1) ( √
(H2) m.
(H2B) f.
praty-° āgata---prā* a [p= 676,3] [L=134173]
one who has recovered his breath or life MBh.
(H4) mfn.
pra- √  [p= 682,3] [L=135199]
-pīayati , to press , squeeze S3Br. MBh. Sus3r.  ; 
to suppress (the breath)
ChUp.  ; 
to afflict , torment , harass
MBh. Ka1v. &c
(H1) P.
pra-śvasitavya [p= 696,1] [L=137709]
(impers.) recovery of breath i.e. recreation should be procured for (gen.) or by (instr.) or through or by means of (instr.) TUp.
(H3) n.
prāa 1 [p= 701,3] [L=138763]
(for 2. » [p= 705,1].) filled , full L.
prā* á 2 [p= 705,1] [L=139500]
(ifc. f(ā). ; for 1. » under √ prā , p.701) the breath of life , breath , respiration spirit vitality

RV. &c (prā*ān with √ muc or √ or pari-tyaj , " to resign or quit life " ; with √ rak , " to save life " ; with ni-han , " to destroy life " ; tvam me prā*a , " thou art to me as dear as life " ; often ifc. ; cf. pati- , *na-pr°)

prā*a , apā*na and vyāna AitBr. TUp. Sus3r. ; usually 5 , viz. the preceding with sam-āna and , ud-āna S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. &c cf. MWB. 242 ; or with the other vital organs 6 S3Br. ; or 7 AV. Br. Mun2d2Up. ; or 9 AV. TS. Br. ; or 10 S3Br. ; pl. the 5 organs of vitality or sensation , viz. prā*a , vāc , cakus , śrotra , manas , collectively ChUp. ii , 7 , i ; or = nose , mouth , eyes and ears GopBr. S3rS. Mn. iv , 143)
705,2] [L=139503]
AV. S3Br.

MBh. R. &c (sarvaprā*ena or -prā*ai , " with all one's strength " or " all one's heart " ; cf. yathā-prā*am)

÷6 vināikā) Var. A1ryabh. VP.

of a kalpa (the 6th day in the light half of brahmā's month) Pur.

khya) the spirit (= purua) Tattvas.

vedānta) the spirit identified with the totality of dreaming spirits Veda7ntas. RTL. 35 (cf. prāā*tman)



N. of the letter y Up.

sāman Ta1n2d2Br. (vasiṣṭhasya prā*ā**nau A1rshBr. )

brahmā L.

viṣṇu RTL. 106

vasu BhP.

vasu dhara Hariv.

marut Ya1jn5. Sch.

dhāt Pur.

vidhāt BhP.

ṛṣi in the 2nd manv-antara Hariv.
prā* a [p= 1330,3] [L=337000]
(H2) mfn.
(H2) m.
[L=139502]a vital organ vital air (3 in number , viz.
[p= air inhaled , wind
[L=139504]breath (as a sign of strength), vigour , energy , power
[L=139505]a breath (as a measure of time , or the time requisite for the pronunciation of 10 long syllables = 1
[L=139509]poetical inspiration
[L=139512]of a
[L=139515]of a
[L=139516]of a son of the
[L=139517]of a
[L=139518]of a son of
[L=139519]of a son of
[L=139520]of a
(H2) (in
prā* á--grahá [p= 705,2] [L=139526]
" breath-catcher " , the nose , A.

N. of partic. soma vessels TS.
(H3) m.
prā* á--cít [L=139531]
forming a deposit of breath S3Br.
(H3) mfn.
prā* á--cití [L=139532]
a mass or deposit of breath ib.
(H3) f.
prā* á--tejas [L=139536]
°á-) mfn. whose splendour or glory is life or breath S3Br.
(H3) (
prā* á--tvá [L=139541]
the state of breath or life S3Br. Kap.
(H3) n.
prā* á--dā́ [L=139546]
Terminalia Chebula L.
prā* á--dā́ [L=139556]
giving breath VS.
(H3B) f.
(H3) mfn.
prā* á--dh [L=139563]
(nom. -dhk) sustaining or prolonging the breath Ka1t2h.
(H3) mfn.
prā* á--nigráha [L=139582]
restraint of breath Veda7ntas.
(H3) m.
prā* á--patnī [L=139588]
" breath-wife " , the voice Shad2vBr.
(H3) f.
prā* á--parigraha [L=139591]
possession of breath or life , existence Amar.
(H3) m.
prā* á--pā́ [L=139594]
protecting breath or life VS.
(H3) mfn.
prā* á--prā* śanin [p= 705,3] [L=139603]
feeding only on breath (i.e. on the mere smell of food or drink) , Pracan2d2.
(H3) mfn.
prā* á--bhaka [L=139609]
feeding only on breath or air (cf. -prā*śanin) S3rS.
(H3) m.
prā* á--bhakam [L=139610]
while feeding only on breath or air Ka1tyS3r.
(H4) ind.
prā* á--bhūta [L=139615]
being the breath of life R2itus.
(H3) mfn.
prā* á--máya [L=139621]
(ī)n. consisting of vigorous air or breath S3Br.
(H3) mf
prā* á--randhra [L=139633]
" breath-aperture " , the mouth or a nostril BhP.
(H3) n.
prā* á--rodha [L=139635]
suppression of breath BhP.

of a partic. hell ib.
(H3) m.
prā* á--vidyā [L=139642]
the science of breath or vital airs Col.
(H3) f.
prā* á--vīrya [L=139645]
strength of breath , Ta1n2d2Br.
(H3) n.
prā* á--sayama [L=139652]
suppression or suspension of breath (as a religious exercise) Ya1jn5.
(H3) m.
prā* á--sahitā [L=139657]
a manner of reciting the Vedic texts , pronouncing as many sounds as possible during one breath VPra1t. Sch.
(H3) f.
prā* nuga [p= 706,1] [L=139694]
following a person's breath i.e. following him (acc.) unto death Hit.
(H3) mfn.
prā* ā* yāma [L=139709]
(also pl.) N. of the three " breath-exercises " performed during sadhyā (» pūraka , recaka , kumbhaka IW. 93 RTL. 402 MWB. 239) Kaus3. Ya1jn5. Pur.
(H3) m.
prā* ā* yāma---śas [L=139710]
with frequent breath-exercises A1past.
(H4) ind.
prā* ā* ° min [L=139711]
exercising the breath (in 3 ways) Ya1jn5.
(H4) mfn.
prā* ā* varodha [L=139715]
suppression of breath Mr2icch.
(H3) m.
prā* e* śa [L=139718]
" lord of life " , a husband Sa1h.

N. of a marut Ya1jn5. Sch.
(H3) m.
[L=139719]" lord of breath " ,
prā* o* tkramana [L=139726]
( MW. ) ( Katha1s. ) " breath-departure " , death.
(H3) n.
prā o* tkrānti [L=139727]
( Katha1s. ) " breath-departure " , death.
(H3) f.
bahi--prā* a [p= 727,1] [L=144211]
external breath or life , anything near the heart or as dear as life R.
727,2] [L=144212]
bahí--prā* a [L=144213]
one whose breath or life is outside TS.
(H3) m.
[p= money
(H3B) mfn.
mañju--guñjat-samīra [p= 774,1] [L=154492]
exhaling a sweet-sounding breeze or breath , S3a1ntis3.
(H3) mfn.
mánas [p= 783,3] [L=156776]
mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers) , intellect , intelligence , understanding , perception , sense , conscience , will RV. &c &c (in phil. the internal organ or anta-karaa of perception and cognition , the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul IW. 53 ; in this sense manas is always is always regarded as distinct from ātman and purua , " spirit or soul " and belonging only to the body , like which it is - except in the nyāya - considered perishable ; as to its position in the various systems » for nyāya and vaiśeika IW. 63 ; 67 ; 76 , for khya and vedā*nta ib. 84 ; 109 ; 117 ; in RV. it is sometimes joined with hd or hdaya , the heart Mn. vii , 6 with cakus , the eye)

asu in animals ; cf. above ) ib.
784,1] [p= 783,3] [L=156778]
ib. (ifc. after a verbal noun or an inf. stem in °tu = having a mind or wishing to ; cf. draṣṭu-m° &c ; manak , to make up one's mind ; with gen. , to feel inclination for ; manak,pra-k , √ dhā , vi- √ dhā , √ dh , √ bandh and Caus. of ni-viś with loc. dat. acc. with prati , or inf. , to direct the mind or thoughts towards , think of or upon ; mana with sam-ā-dhā , to recover the senses , collect one's self ; with √ han » mano-hatya ; mánasā ind. in the mind ; in thought or imagination ; with all the heart , willingly ; with gen. , by the leave of ; with iva = °se*va , as with a thought , in a moment ; with √ man , to think in one's mind , be willing or inclined ; with sa-gam , to become unanimous , agree ; manasi with √ k , to bear or ponder in the mind , meditate on , remember ; with ni-dhā , to impress on the mind , consider ; with √ vt , to be passing in one's mind)
784,1] [L=156779]
of the 26th kalpa (s.v.) Cat.

mānasa BhP.

N. of a sāman A1rshBr. [cf. Gk. μένος ; Lat. miner-va.]
(H2) n.
[L=156777]the spirit or spiritual principle , the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death (called
[p= thought , imagination , excogitation , invention , reflection , opinion , intention , inclination , affection , desire , mood , temper , spirit
[p= N.
[L=156780]of the lake
[L=156781]manaso doha
manda--prā* a [p= 788,1] [L=157744]
having slow or weak breath
(H3) mfn.
mandā* su [p= 788,2] [L=157801]
having slow or weak breath , one from whom the breath of life is departing R.
(H3) mfn.
marút [p= 790,2] [L=158299]
(prob. the " flashing or shining ones " ; cf. marīci and Gk. μαρμαίρω) the storm-gods (indra's companions and sometimes e.g. Ragh. xii , 101 = devā , the gods or deities in general ; said in the veda to be the sons of rudra and pśni q.v. , or the children of heaven or of ocean ; and described as armed with golden weapons i.e. lightnings and thunderbolts , as having iron teeth and roaring like lions , as residing in the north , as riding in golden cars drawn by ruddy horses sometimes called pṛṣatī q.v. ; they are reckoned in Naigh. v , 5 among the gods of the middle sphere , and in RV. viii , 96 , 8 are held to be three times sixty in number ; in the later literature they are the children of diti , either seven or seven times seven in number , and are sometimes said to be led by mātariśvan) RV. &c

hanumat and regent of the north-west quarter of the sky) Kir. Ra1jat. (cf. comp.)

Ka1v. Pur. &c


= tvij Naigh. iii , 18

ib. i , 2

ib. iii , 7

of a sādhya Hariv.

bhad-ratha MaitrUp.
marút [L=158308]
Trigonella Corniculata L.
marút [L=158309]
a kind of fragrant substance (= granthi-para) L.
(H1) m. pl.
[L=158300]the god of the wind (father of
[L=158301]wind , air , breath (also applied to the five winds in the body)
[L=158302]a species of plant
[L=158307]of the prince
(H1B) f.
(H1B) n.
marka 1 [p= 791,1] [L=158407]
an ape , monkey BhP.

of vāyu , the wind L.

marká 2 [L=158450]
( √ mc cf. marc below) seizure i.e. eclipse (of sun) RV. x , 27 , 20 (márka) , N. of the purohita of the asuras (held to be a son of śukra) VS. TS. Br.


of a yaka Cat.
marka 3 [L=158453]
(accord. to Un2. iii , 43 fr.marc) the vital breath which pervades the body L. (others " wind " and " body ") .
(H2) m.
[L=158409]the mind
(H1) m.
[L=158451]a demon presiding over various sicknesses of childhood
(H1) m.
mā́ruta [p= 812,1] [L=163305]
(ī)n. or mārutá (fr. marut) relating or belonging to the maruts , proceeding from or consisting of the maruts RV. &c

Mn. Hariv. &c
mā́ruta [L=163305.10]
N. of viṣṇu RV.
mā́ruta [L=163305.15]
of rudra VarBr2S.
mā́ruta [L=163305.20]
a son of the maruts (applied to vāyu , ūrdhva-nabhas , dyutāna or nitāna) VS. TS. Br. S3rS.
mā́ruta [L=163305.25]
(= marut) wind , air , the god of wind Mn. MBh. &c
mā́ruta [L=163305.30]
vital air , one of the 3 humours of the body Sus3r.
mā́ruta [L=163305.35]
breath S3iksh.
mā́ruta [L=163305.40]
a chief of the maruts g. parśv-ādi
mā́ruta [L=163305.45]
N. of a marut Ya1jn5. Sch.
mā́ruta [L=163305.50]
of agni Gr2ihya1s.
mā́ruta [L=163305.55]
pl. the maruts (regarded as children of diti) MBh. R.
mā́ruta [L=163305.60]
N. of a people MBh. (B. ; C. maaka)
mā́ruta [L=163305.75]
(scil. kska or nakatra) the constellation svāti L.
mā́ruta [L=163305.80]
N. of a sāman A1rshBr.
(H1) mf
[L=163305.05]relating to or derived from the wind , windy , aerial
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
mukha--māruta [p= 820,1] [L=164929]
" mouth wind " , breath Ka1lid.
(H3) m.
mukha--vasa [L=164955]
" mouth-perfume " , a perfume used to scent the breath Pan5cat. BhP. Pan5car.

partic. intoxicating drink L.

(H3) m.
[L=164957]fragrant grass
mukhā* nila [p= 820,2] [L=165005]
" mouth-wind " , breath A1pS3r. Comm.
(H3) m.
mukhā* rcis [L=165011]
" mouth -flame " , hot breath (?) Pan5car.
(H3) n.
mukho* cchvāsa [L=165025]
breath A.
(H3) m.
yatā* kā* su-mano-buddhi [p= 845,3] [L=170276]
one who controls his eyes and breath and soul and mind BhP.
(H3) mfn.
yaṣṭí--prā* na [p= 848,3] [L=170981]
one whose strength lies (only) in his staff , powerless , feeble , out of breath MBh. (cf. yaṣṭy-utthāna).
(H3) mfn.
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 29.4, 34.10, 34.10
Whitney Roots links: ric
ric [p= 880,2] [L=177975]
( Dha1tup. xxix , 4) riákti , rikte cl.1 P. ( Dha1tup. xxxiv , 10) recati  ; 
cl.4 A1. (cf. Pass.) rícyate (ep. also °ti ; pf. riréca , riricé RV. &c &c : riricyām , arirecīt RV. ; p. ririkvás , riricāná ib. ; aor. ā́raik RV. ; ariki ib. Br. ; aricat Ka1v. ; fut. rektā Gr. , rekyati , °te Br. &c ; inf. rektum Gr.) , to empty , evacuate , leave , give up , resign RV.  ; 
to release , set free
ib.  ; 
to part with
i.e. sell (" for " instr.) ib. iv , 24 , 9  ; 
to leave behind , take the place of (
acc.) , supplant AV. TS. Br.  ; 
to separate or remove from (
abl.) Bhat2t2. : Pass. ricyáte (aor. areci) , to be emptied &c RV. S3Br. &c  ; 
to be deprived of or freed from (
abl.) Vikr. BhP.  ; 
to be destroyed , perish
R. : Caus. (or cl.10. Dha1tup. xxxiv , 10 ; aor. arīricat) , to make empty Das3.  ; 
to discharge , emit (as breath , with or
scil. mārutam) , Amr2itUp. Pan5car.  ; 
to abandon , give up
Ka1v. : Desid. ririkati , °te Gr.: Intens. rericyate , rerektiib. [cf. Zd. ric ; Gk. λείπω , λοιπός ;Lat. linquo , licet ; Lith. likti ; Goth. leihwan ; Angl.Sax. leo4n ; Eng. loan , lend ; Germ. li7han , leihen.]
(H1) cl.7 P. A1.
reca [L=178027]
» [p= 887,1].
reca [p= 887,1] [L=179301]
the emptying of the lungs by exhalation (» next) , emission of breath , Amr2itUp.
reca [p= 887,2] [L=179362]
&c » col.1.
(H3) &c
(H2) m.
(H1) recaka
recaka [p= 887,1] [L=179302]
(ikā)n. emptying , purging , aperient , cathartic L.

recaka [L=179304]
the act of breathing out , exhalation VarBr2S.
recaka [L=179305]
(esp.) expelling the breath out of one of the nostrils (one of the three prāāyāmas [q.v.] or breath-exercises performed during sadhyā) , Amr2itUp. BhP. &c RTL. 402
recaka [L=179306]
a syringe BhP.
recaka [L=179307]
a partic. movement of the feet VP.
recaka [L=179308]
saltpetre L.
recaka [L=179309]
Croton Jamalgota L.
recaka [L=179310]
Clerodendrum Phlomoides L.
recaka [L=179311]
N. of a forester Vikr. (v.l. redhaka)
recaka [L=179312]
N. of a people MBh. (B. ārocaka)
recaka [L=179313]
a kind of soil or earth L.
recaka [L=179314]
the fruit of the yellow myrobalan L.
recaka [L=179315]
a purge , cathartic W.
recaka [L=179316]
or n. (?) = bhramaa Harav. (cf. next) .
(H2) mf
[L=179303]emptying the lungs , emitting the breath
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m. pl.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) m.
recana [L=179318]
(ī)n. purging , cathartic , aperient Sus3r.

recana [L=179321]
the act of emptying , lessening , exhausting Ka1m.
recana [L=179322]
emission of breath , exhalation Yogas. Sch. (cf. reca and recaka)
recana [L=179323]
purging , evacuation Sus3r. Sarvad.
recana [L=179324]
clearing (the head) Car.
recana [L=179325]
a kind of earth L.
recana [L=179326]
mucus Gal.
(H2) mf
[L=179319]clearing (the head)
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
laghú [p= 893,3] [L=180778]
( , or u)n. (a later form of raghu , q.v.) light , quick , swift , active , prompt , nimble Mn. MBh. &c (also said of a partic. mode of flying peculiar to birds Pan5cat. ; applied to the nakatras hasta , aśvinī , and puya VarBr2S. )

AV. &c


Hariv. Ka1lid.



MBh. iii , 8449


opp. to guru)

va , as opp. to madhyama and guru)

S3Br. &c

Mn. MBh. &c

» -bhrāt)

» -vāsas)

Katha1s. BhP.

MBh. Ka1lid.
laghú [L=180794]
bdellium L.
laghu [L=180795]
u) f. Trigonella Corniculata L.
laghú [L=180797]
a light carriage L.
laghú [L=180798]
a slender or delicate woman W.
laghú [L=180799]
a partic. measure of time (= 15 ṣṭs= 1÷15 ikā) L.
laghú [p= 894,1] [L=180800]
a partic. species of agallochum L.
laghú [L=180801]
the root of Andropogon Muricatus L.
laghú [L=180802]
lightly , quickly , easily &c S3ak. (laghu-man , to think lightly of. S3ak. ) ([cf. Gk. -λαχύς ; Lat. le8vis for le1vis , lenhuis ; Lith. lengvu8s , le8ngvas ; Angl.Sax. lungre , " quickly " ; Eng. lungs , " lights. "])
(H1) mf
[L=180779]light , easy , not heavy or difficult
[L=180780]light in the stomach , easily digested
[L=180781]easy in mind , light-hearted
[L=180782]causing easiness or relief
[L=180783]well , in good health
[L=180784]unimpeded , without attendance or a retinue
[L=180785]short (in time , as a suppression of the breath)
[L=180786](in prosody) short or light (as a vowel or syllable ,
[L=180787](in gram.) easily pronounced or articulated (said of the pronunciation of
[L=180788]small , minute , slight , little , insignificant
[L=180789]weak , feeble , wretched , humble , mean , low (said of persons)
[L=180790]young , younger (
[L=180791]clean , pure (
[L=180792]soft , gentle (as sound)
[L=180793]pleasing , agreeable , handsome , beautiful
(H1B) m.
(H1B) (
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1C) ind.
vádana--pavana [p= 916,2] [L=185536]
" mouth-wind " , breath S3is3.
(H3) m.
vásu--prā* a [p= 931,2] [L=188879]
" breath of the vasus " , fire L.
(H3) m.
vāg--vyaya [p= 937,1] [L=190100]
expenditure of words or speech , waste of breath MW.
(H3) m.
vāyú 1 [p= 942,2] [L=191228]
(fr. √2. ) wind , air (as one of the 5 elements ; in MBh. 7 winds are reckoned) RV. &c

indra in the g-veda , as vāta [q.v.] with parjanya , but although of equal rank with indra , not occupying so prominent a position ; in the puruasūkta he is said to have sprung form the breath of purua , and elsewhere is described as the son-in-law of tvaṣṭṛ ; be is said to move in a shining car drawn by a pair of red or purple horses or by several teams consisting of ninety-nine or a hundred or even a thousand horses [cf. ni-yút] ; he is often made to occupy the same chariot with indra , and in conjunction with him honoured with the first draught of the soma libation ; he is rarely connected with the maruts , although in i , 134 , 4 , he is said to have begotten them from the rivers of heaven ; he is regent of the nakatra svāti and north-west quarter » loka-pāla) ib.

VPra1t I1s3Up.

prā*a , apā*na , samāna , udāna , and vyāna ; or nāga , kūrma , kkara , devadatta , and dhana-jaya) Hariv. Sa1m2khyak. Veda7ntas.


Ka1d. Vcar. (cf. -grasta)

astron.) N. of the fourth muhūrta

N. of the letter ya Up.

of a vasu Hariv.

daitya ib.

gandharvas VP.

marut R.

the maruts Katha1s. Ma1rkP.
vāyú 2 [p= 943,1] [L=191393]
(fr. √ vai) tired , languid RV. vii , 91 , 1.
vāyú 3 [L=191394]
(fr. √ ) desirous , covetous , greedy (for food , applied to calves) TS.

(H1) m.
[L=191229]the god of the wind (often associated with
[L=191230]breathing , breath
[L=191231]the wind of the body , a vital air (of which 5 are reckoned , viz.
[L=191232](in medicine) the windy humour or any morbid affection of it
[L=191233]the wind as a kind of demon producing madness
[L=191235]a mystical
[L=191237]of a
[L=191238]of a king of the
[L=191239]of a
(H1) mfn.
(H1) mfn.
[L=191395]desirable , desired by the appetite
vāyú--dvāra [p= 942,3] [L=191281]
the door of breath , Amr2itUp.
(H3) n.
vi-° jmbhikā [p= 960,3] [L=195201]
gasping for breath Ka1d. Sus3r.
vi-° jmbhikā [L=195202]
yawning Sus3r.
(H3B) f.
(H3B) f.
vi-recaka [p= 983,2] [L=199290]

vi is priv.) Va1m. ii , 2 , 8 (in a quotation).
(H2) mfn.
[L=199291]not accompanied by breath-exhalation (in this sense
vi-śe° o* cchvasita [p= 991,1] [L=200683]
the peculiar breath or life (cherished object) , a peculiar treasure (applied to an object especially dear) MW.
(H3) n.
vi- √ śvas [p= 995,1] [L=201568]
-śvasiti (ep. also -śvasati , °te) , to draw breath freely , be free from fear or apprehension , be trustful or confident , trust or confide in , rely or depend on (acc. gen. , or loc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c : Caus. -śvāsayati , to cause to trust , inspire with confidence , console , comfort , encourage Ka1v. Katha1s. Pan5cat. &c : Desid. of Caus. -śiśvāsayiati , to wish to inspire confidence or to encourage Bhat2t2.
(H1) P.
vi-sarjanīya [p= 1001,1] [L=202810]
(fr. vi-sj) to be sent forth or emitted &c W.

vi-sarjana) » vrata-visarjanīya
vi-sarjanīya [p= 1001,2] [p= 1001,1] [L=202812]
(cf. vi-sarga above ) N. of a symbol in grammar (usually marked by two perpendicular dots [:] representing a hard and distinctly audible aspiration ; it generally , but not always , occurs at the end of a word , often taking the place of final s and r ; it is called visarjanīya either from its liability to be " rejected " or from its being pronounced with a full " emission " of breath , or from its usually appearing at the " end " of a word or sentence ; Pandits in some parts of India seem to pronounce a vowel after it , e.g. nara like naraha , agni like agnihi) Pra1t. Pa1n2. &c
(H2) mfn.
(H2B) m.
vaikharī [p= 1020,3] [L=206680]
N. of a partic. sound Ra1matUp. Pat.



(H1) f.
[L=206681]speech in the fourth of its four stages from the first stirring of the air or breath , articulate utterance , that utterance of sounds or words which is complete as consisting of full and intelligible sentences
[L=206682]the faculty of speech or the divinity presiding over it
[L=206683]speech in general
vy- √ an [p= 1031,2] [L=208700]
-aniti , to respire , breathe , inhale and exhale RV.  ; 
to draw in the breath through the whole body
(H1) P.
vy-āna---dā́ [L=208702]
giving breath VS.
(H3) mfn.
śīt [p= 1077,3] [L=218268]
(also written sīt) a sound made by drawing in the breath (to express any sudden thrill of pleasure or pain and esp. pleasurable sensations during sexual enjoyment).
(H1) onomat.
śoa [p= 1085,1] [L=220026]
» 1. śoa , [p= 1092,2].
śoa [L=220056]
2. śoa , [p= 1092,2].
śoa 1 [p= 1092,2] [L=221669]
(fr. √1. śu) drying up , desiccating (also fig. = " removing , destroying ") BhP.
śoa 1 [L=221670]
the act of drying up , desiccation , dryness MBh. Sus3r.
śoa 1 [L=221671]
pulmonary consumption (also personified as an evil demon) Sus3r. VarBr2S. Hcat.
śoa 1 [L=221672]
(also w.r. for śotha or śopha.)
śóa 2 [L=221694]
(fr. √ śū = śvi ; cf. śūa) breath , vital energy VS. ( Mahi1dh. )
(H2) &c
(H2) »
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1) m.
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 24.61
Whitney Roots links: Svas
śvas 1 [p= 1105,3] [L=224373]
cf. √3 -śu) cl.2 P. ( Dha1tup. xxiv , 61) śvasiti (Ved. and ep. also śvásati , °te ; Impv. śvasihí AV. , śvasa MBh. ; impf. [or aor.] aśvasīt , ep. also aśvasat ; Pot. or Prec. śvasyāt , ep. also śvaset ; pr. p. śvasat , ep. also śvasamāna [for śvasamāna » below] ; pf. śaśvāsa MBh. ; fut. śvasitā Gr. ; śvasiyati MBh. ; inf. śvasitum ib. ; ind.p. -śvasya ib.) , to blow , hiss , pant , snort RV. &c  ; 
to breathe , respire , draw breath (also = live)
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to sigh , groan
ib.  ; 
to strike , kill
Naigh. ii , 19 : Caus. śvāsayati (aor. aśiśvasat) , to cause to blow or breathe &c  ; 
to cause heavy breathing
Sus3r. : Desid. śiśvasiati Gr.: Intens. śāśvasyate , śāśvasti ib. (only p. śāśvasat , snorting MaitrS. )
śvás 2 [p= 1106,1] [L=224431]
to-morrow , on the following day (śvá śva , " day by day " ; śvó bhūté , " on the morrow " , " next day ") RV. &c


(H1) (
(H1) ind.
[L=224431.1]in the future (sec
[L=224431.2]a particle implying auspiciousness
śvasátha [p= 1105,3] [L=224374]
the act of blowing , hissing , snorting , panting , breathing , breath RV. S3Br.
(H2) m.
śvasaná [L=224375]
blowing , hissing , panting , breathing RV. S3a1n3khBr. VarBr2S.

śvasaná [L=224377]
air , wind (also of the body) or the god of wind MBh. R. Sus3r.
śvasaná [L=224378]
N. of a vasu (son of śvāsā) MBh. i , 2583
śvasaná [L=224379]
(śvás°) N. of a serpent-demon Suparn2.
śvasaná [L=224380]
Vanguieria Spinosa Car.
śvasaná [L=224381]
breathing , respiration , breath Ka1v. Pur. Sus3r.
śvasaná [L=224382]
heavy breathing Sus3r.
śvasaná [L=224383]
clearing the throat ib.
śvasaná [L=224384]
hissing (of a serpent) S3is3.
śvasaná [L=224385]
sighing , a sigh Ratna7v.
śvasaná [L=224386]
feeling or an object of feeling BhP. (Sch.)
(H2) mfn.
[L=224376]breathing heavily
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
śvasaná--randhra [L=224388]
" breath-hole " , a nostril BhP.
(H3) n.
śvasaná--samīraa [L=224390]
wind (caused) by breathing , breath S3is3.
(H3) n.
śvasita [L=224397]
breathed , sighed &c
1106,1] [L=224398]
śvasita [L=224399]
breathing , breath , respiration , sighing , a sigh Ka1v. Pur.
(H2) mfn.
[p= possessed of breath or life , vivified , revived
(H2B) n.
śvāsa [L=224401]
hissing , snorting , panting R. Katha1s. BhP.

= prā*a , asu) MBh. Ka1v. &c

RPra1t. , Introd.


S3ak. Sa1h.

kudra , tamaka , chinna , mahat , and ūrdhva) Sus3r.
(H2) m.
[L=224402]respiration , breath (also as a measure of time
[L=224403]breathing or aspiration (in the pronunciation of consonants)
[L=224405]sighing , a sigh
[L=224406]affection of the breath , hard breathing , asthma (of which there are five kinds , viz.
śvāsa--kāsa [L=224410]
" breath-cough " , asthma (°sin mfn. suffering from it) Hcat.
(H3) m.
śvāsa--tā [L=224412]
the being breath , the being aspirated (cf. above ) RPra1t.

(H3) f.
[L=224413]breathing , respiration , aspiration